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Ian Brabner, Rare Americana

The Eight Hour Movement

The Eight Hour Movement,” an Address by Wendell Phillips, Tremont Temple. Dec 21, 1865 [manuscript caption title]

Wendell Phillips (1811-1884)] [Likely Boston. ca. 1865?]. [32]ff. Sm. Folios; ruled. 12¾ x 7¾ inches. Unpublished. Manuscript copy, on rectos; pencil docketing on first leaf's verso. Some emendations and corrections. Folds; very good. Manuscript copy of a major address on labor and capital by Wendell Phillips, celebrated American abolitionist, orator, and reformer. Phillips' December 1865 address, "The Eight Hour Movement," here transcribed by an unknown hand (not Wendell Phillips'), was delivered in Boston's progressive Tremont Temple Baptist Church. The address was part of an extended campaign of lectures that year to shorten the common laborer's workday to eight hours. Earlier that month, Phillips had spoken at the city's Faneuil Hall giving a general call to political action on the "Labor Question" and supporting legislative reform to shorten the workday to eight hours. Here in his major address, "The Eight Hour Movement," Phillips speaks exclusively on the topics of labor (including the situations in Massachusetts and Great Britain), strikes, capital, worker productivity, etc. and the eight-hour workday: "I ask to introduce to its [the assembly's] acquaintance a new topic-that of the eight hour movement of the laboring men of this state.a question which grows from no uneasy ambition or restless caprice of a class or of individuals, but a question which is the natural outgrowth of the great elements which go to make up our civilisation. Every man acquainted with the history of this generation knows that just so fast as we have gotten rid of the old nobility of birth, the feudalism of blood, the system of the barons by hereditary right, that.there has grown up in the vacant space.the almost unlimited power of united capital. What we call manufactured, whether furniture or clothing, whether articles used in architecture or in any one of the great industrial arts, they are all manufactured by machines, and through the hands of capital the man who works the machine sinks almost into being a part of it. (pp3-4)" Phillips' address mentions American abolitionist Theodore Parker, English utilitarian philosopher Jeremy Bentham as well as the work of "Eight-Hour" advocate Robert Owen (whom Phillips mistakenly calls "Dale Owen," confusing him with his son Robert Dale Owen). Continuing, Phillips compares Massachusetts with the progressive labor situation in Great Britain, arguing that the eight hour day will improve productivity: "I am ready to maintain that the reduction from ten hours to eight will have the same result that it had from fourteen to twelve and from twelve to ten: that while it produces a more intelligent, manly, cultivated and elevated laboring class, it will produce exactly as much and even more for the result of daily manufacture. To-day we stand here behind England, Massachusetts refuses to cover her laborer with that shield which England has covered him with ever since 1848. The capitalists of Lawrence and Lowell demand of the State House the right to grind out of labor more than the Parliament of England permits to Manchester and Sheffield. (pp19-20)" This same year, Phillips joined with reformer and "Eight-Hour" advocate Ira Steward (1831-1883) to form the Grand Eight Hour League. Phillips address, "The Eight Hour Movement," does not appear to have been published in his collected speeches and lectures. Note. 1. Wendell Phillips, Theodore C. Pease, Speeches, Lectures and Letters of Wendell Phillips. accessed online. 2. Ness, ed., Encyclopedia of American Social Movements (London and New York, 2004), p474. Refs. Stewart, Wendell Phillips Liberty's Hero (Baton Rouge, 1986), p261.
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Document Showing The testimony given before the judge of the fifth judicial circuit of the State of Missouri, on the trial of Joseph Smith, jr., and others, for high treason, and other crimes against that State. February 15, 1841[caption title]

Mormons; Smith, Joseph et. al.] [Washington:] Blair & Rives,printers, 1841. 26th Congress, 2d Session. Senate 189. 47, [1, blank]pp. Cleanly removed from bound volume, very good. Important document on the Mormon difficulties in Missouri, the organization of the Danites, the Mormon bands formed to defend their Missouri settlements against the older settlers, the burning, pillaging and fighting which followed, and the surrender of the Mormon stronghold of Far West, Missouri, after it was surrounded by the state militia. Sabin 83239. "The fourth government document in U.S. history to discuss the Mormons, and the first printing of the testimony at the trial which sent Joseph Smith and others to the Liberty jail." Sabin 8323. Fales & Flake 4. Flake 5428. Howes S-625n. Rick Grunder Mormon List 50 -citing research by L.R. Jacobs which demonstrates that this document, in which W. W. Phelps was a witness for the State of Missouri against Sidney Rigdon and the Mormons, was actually printed prior to the Fayette, Missouri printing (Flake 5427). The latter printing is extensively cited by LeSueur in The 1838 Mormon War in Missouri (1987). Grunder cites, in particular, the Masonic language and character of the Danite oath which appears in the testimony of Sampson Avard (p. 2).
The Residence of Mrs. Anne C. Morck 205 West First Street. Oil City

The Residence of Mrs. Anne C. Morck 205 West First Street. Oil City, Pennsylvania. [“Chamor” estate formerly owned by Dr. August Carl Morck, Oil City South Side Historic District.]

Trinity Court Studio, Ralph W. Johnston]; [Anne C. Morck]; [August Carl Morck (1859-1925)] ["Portraits by Trinity Court Studio, Ralph W. Johnston."] C. 1927. [24]ff. Photograph Album. Oblong folio, 14¼ x 19 inches. Black turkey morocco, ribbon-tied, initials in gilt, watered silk endpapers, interleaved with tissue sheets. Twenty-four heavy stock leaves with printed title page and 47 color tinted photo plates, one to a page, each measuring approx. 10 x 12¾ inches. Near fine in very good original black cloth clamshell box with ribbon pull-out for lifting the oversized album out of the box. This is "Chamor" the home and family of Dr. August Carl Morck (1859-1925), an optometrist, inventor of bifocal improvements and a prominent citizen in Oil City, Pennsylvania. The house was built circa 1876 and was first the property of businessman Wesley Chambers, before Morck married into the family. The structure underwent a Colonial Revival-style remodeling ca. 1915. The house also includes some architectural decorative elements and furnishings in the Arts and Crafts style. The house along with others in the Oil City South Side Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1997. The de luxe album (c. 1927) is elaborately illustrated with full-page color tinted photographs showing a series of exterior and interior views of the remodeled house as well as gardens and grounds. An exterior view of the original house is included and the album features family portraits of grown children and grandchildren, plus a final portrait of a young woman, Augusta "Gus" Avery, in a lovely Hupmobile Eight Roadster. A rare period architectural and design document, privately printed, one of a few copies likely made for family members, this copy presented to Dr. Morck's son, William Allen Morck. Not on OCLC. A unique survivor?
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Phylon, The Atlanta University Review of Race and Culture [Volumes I and II]

W.E.B. Du Bois (1868-1963), editor Atlanta, Georgia: Atlanta University, 1940-1941. Two Volumes: Vol. I, Nos. 1-4 and Vol. II, Nos. 1-4. 400pp and 420pp. Lg. 8vos. Maroon library buckram; gilt tilting on spine. Ex-Fisk University Library (Nashville) with their bookplates; no spine labels. Halftone illustrations; one fold-out color plate; upper wrapper of first number of each volume bound in. Very good. First two volumes-eight issues in all-of Phylon, a quarterly academic journal dedicated to issues of race and culture from an African American perspective, edited by scholar and civil rights activist, W.E.B. Du Bois (1868-1963). Du Bois was the chair of the department of sociology at Atlanta University, now known as Clark Atlanta University, when he founded Phylon. "During this period Du Bois continued to be an active lecturer and an interlocutor with young scholars and activists; he also deepened his studies of Marxism and traveled abroad. He sought unsuccessfully to enlist the aid of the Phelps-Stokes Fund in launching his long-dreamed-of project to prepare an encyclopedia of black peoples in Africa and the diaspora." (ANB) Contributions to Volumes I and II include: "Ascension, A Poem" by William Stanley Braithwaite; "Faith in the Death Chamber" by Horace Mann Bond; "The Poetic Philosophy of Countee Cullen" by Bertram L. Woodruff; "Estevanico, Negro Discoverer of the Southwest" by Rayford W. Logan; Du Bois' own "Moto of Hampton and Tuskegee"; "Charles W. Chesnutt, Pioneer in the Fiction of Negro Life" by High M. Gloster; "Sociology of Race Riots" by Bernard F. Robinson; "The Negro in the Organization of Abolition" by Charles H. Wesley; and "Songs Called the Blues" by Langston Hughes. Du Bois edited four magazines during his long academic career, most notably The Crisis, edited for the NAACP from 1910 to 1934. Writing about Phylon in a later volume in 1944, Du Bois, a noted sociologist, stated that he ".sought to publish a review of race and culture, which begins its investigation naturally with American Negroes.and which proceeds from this beginning of scientific investigation with this segregated group, to look out upon the whole world of social development and interpret it accordingly." Notes 1. W. E. B. Du Bois in Georgia | New Georgia Encyclopedia accessed online: "In Georgia, Du Bois wrote some of his best-known works, includingThe Souls of Black Folk, Dusk of Dawn, andBlack Reconstruction, and established a journal dealing with the African American experience calledPhylon. Du Bois'slife and work in Georgia improved the lives of blacks in the state and across the country while educating all races about the contributions of African Americans to American society." 2. Kirschke and Sinitiere, editors, Protest and Propaganda, W.E.B. Du Bois, The Crisis, and American History (U. of Missouri Press, 2016), p43.
Signed by Rosa Parks:] "Rosa Parks Wouldn't Budge" within American Heritage

Signed by Rosa Parks:] “Rosa Parks Wouldn’t Budge” within American Heritage, February 1972

Janet Stevenson (1913-2009); Bruce Catton, Senior Editor (1899-1978); [Rosa Parks (1913-2005)] New York: American Heritage Publishing Co., 1972. Volume XXIII, Number 2 (February, 1972). 111, [1]pp. 11¼ x 8¾ inches. Pictorial paper-covered boards. Signed and dated by Rosa Parks on the free front endpaper. Brief rubbing to extremities and small scuff to upper cover; some toning to spine and lower board; very good. February 1972 issue of American Heritage magazine featuring the article "Rosa Parks Wouldn't Budge" about her key role in the second phase of the African American civil rights movement. This copy signed on the endpaper by Rosa Parks during Black History Month, 1987. The ten-page, illustrated article by Janet Stevenson is subtitled "When one weary woman refused to be harassed out of her seat in the bus, the whole shaky edifice of Jim Crow began to totter." It tells the story of the Montgomery, Alabama bus boycott which began when Parks refused to give up her seat on a segregated public bus to a white passenger. Parks' resistance to discrimination and her defiance of the law contributed, in part, to the rise of the young Montgomery minister, Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.-via her collaboration with him in Montgomery, and to the Alabama U.S. District Court decision in Browder v. Gayle that bus segregation is unconstitutional under the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. Article author Janet Stevenson adapted material in this article for her children's book The Montgomery Bus Boycott, December, 1955; American Blacks Demand an End to Segregation (New York, 1971). From the library of an African American bibliophile, we surmise this copy of the hardcover magazine was signed by Rosa Parks at a Black History Month event in West Chester, Pennsylvania.
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The Booker T. Washington Papers [9 volumes (of 14)]

Louis R. Harlan and Raymond W. Smock, editors; [Booker T. Washington (1856?-1915)] Urbana [Illinois]: University of Illinois Press, (1972-1980). 9 Volumes, i.e. Vols. 1-9 (of 14). xl, 469pp + plates; xl, 557pp + plates; xxx, 618pp + plates; xxx, 593pp; xxviii, 747pp; xxx, 661pp + plates; xxviii, 574pp; xxx, 625pp + plates; and xxxii, 747pp. 8vos. Publisher's beige cloth; pictorial dust jackets. Edges lightly foxed; brief wear, spine dulling, and/or small loss to first two dust jackets; overall, very good. First nine volumes of the collected speeches and outgoing and incoming letters of Booker T. Washington (1856?-1915), educator, orator, African American civic leader, and author of the critically acclaimed autobiography, Up from Slavery (1901). The volumes cover the years 1860 to 1908 and include Washington's autobiographical writings: Vol. 1. The Autobiographical Writings, Vol. 2. 1860-89, Vol. 3. 1889-95, Vol. 4. 1895-98, Vol.5. 1899-1900, Vol.6. 1901-2, Vol.7. 1903-4, Vol.8. 1904-6, and Vol.9. 1906-8. Four additional volumes, covering the end of Washington's life, and an index volume were subsequently published. "[Washington] tirelessly preached an upbeat, optimistic view of the future of his fellow blacks. 'When persons ask me,' he said once, 'how, in the midst of what sometimes seem hopelessly discouraging conditions, I can have such faith in the future of my race in this country, I remind them of the wilderness through which and out of which a good Providence has already led us.' When he also wrote that he would 'permit no man, no matter what his color, to narrow and degrade my soul by making me hate him,' he was undoubtedly sincere. His message to his fellow blacks that hard work, good citizenship, patient fortitude in the face of adversity, and love would ultimately conquer the hatred of the white man was appealing to the majority of whites of his time and foreshadowed the similar message of a later leader,Martin Luther King, Jr." (ANB)
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The Letters of William Lloyd Garrison [6 volume set complete]

Walter M. Merrill and Louis Ruchames, editors; [William Lloyd Garrison (1805-1879)] Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1971. 6 Volumes. First Editions. Frontispieces, xxx, 616pp; xxxi, [1], 770pp; xxiii, [1], 719pp; xxv, [1], 737pp; xxx, 597pp; xx, 637pp. Lg. 8vos. Publisher's quarter beige cloth and printed paper boards (Vols. I-III) or publisher's gray pictorial cloth (Vols. IV-VI); illustrated dust jackets. Some text illustrations. Light foxing to some dust jackets and edges; overall, very good in very good dust jackets. Collected letters of newspaper editor, reformer, and seminal American abolitionist, William Lloyd Garrison from 1822, at age 17, to his death in 1879. "[M]ost historians generally agree that Garrison embodied perhaps better than anyone else the full and complex spirit of America's antebellum reform movements." (ANB) Garrison's letters-accompanied by scholarly, editorial annotations-are here compiled in six chronologically-arranged volumes, sub-titled as follows: 1. "I Will Be Heard!, 1822-1835"; 2. "A House Dividing against Itself, 1836-1840"; 3. "No Union with Slaveholders, 1841-1849"; 4. "From Disunionism to the Brink of War, 1850-1860"; 5. "Let the Oppressed Go Free, 1861-1867"; and 6. "To Rouse the Slumbering Land, 1868-1879." These volumes are an important source of historical and biographical documentation-with contextual insight by the editors, offering extensive insight into the mind of this influential reformer. Topics seen within include race relations, abolition of slavery, the rights of women, the role of religion and religious institutions, and the relation of the state and its citizens.
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Copy of 1785 John Dickinson Land Warrant Ordering a Survey in Bedford County, Pennsylvania; issued by him as President of the Supreme Executive Council]

Porter, Andrew, S[urveyor]. G[eneral].; [Dickinson, John (1732-1808)]; [Carlile, David (Carlisle?)]; [Lukens, John] Lancaster [Pennsylvania], March 3, 1812. [1]p. Document Signed. 8 x 13¼ inches. Folio; laid paper; partly printed and completed in manuscript; docketing on verso. Illustrated with coat of arms of Pennsylvania; with embossed paper and wax seal of the Surveyor General of the Sate of Pennsylvania. Folds; minor losses or closed tears at folds; very good. In 1785 John Dickinson, President of the Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania ordered John Lukens to survey 400 acres of land in Bedford County sold to David Carlile. The land warrant describes the location of the tract: "Whereas David Carlisle of the County of [blank] hath requested to take up Four hundred acres of land including an improvement on both sides [of] the little cove creek bounded on the north by John Scott and on the south bite Denton Jacques & Co. in the little cove in Air Township in the County of Bedford (provided the land is not within the last purchase made of the Indians) for which he agrees to pay, immediately, into the office of the Receiver General, for the use of this state, at the rate of ten pounds per hundred acres, in gold, silver, paper-money of this state, or certificates; agreeably to an act of assembly, passed the first day of April, 1784. Interest to commence from the first day of March 1773 These are, therefore, to authorise and require you to survey, or cause to be surveyed, unto the said David Carlile at the place aforesaid, according to the method of townships appointed, the said quantity of acres, if not already surveyed or appropriated; and to make return thereof into the Secretary's office, in order for confirmation; for which this shall be your warrant. To John Lukens Esquire, Surveyor-General. [manuscript additions in italics]" In 1812, this copy of the 1785 John Dickinson land warrant (not autographed by Dickinson, but bearing his name) was executed and is here certified as ".a copy of the original, remaining in the Surveyor-General's office." It was signed on March 3, 1812 by Andrew Porter, Surveyor-General and the embossed seal of his office affixed upon the document.
Grant

Grant, Lincoln and the Freedmen. Reminiscences of the Civil War with Special Reference to the Work for the Contrabands and Freedmen of the Mississippi Valley

John Eaton (1829-1906) in collaboration with Ethel Osgood Mason New York: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1907. First Edition. Frontispiece, xxxviii, 331pp + [3] plates (incl. one fold-out). 8vo. Publisher's dark blue cloth; gilt spine titling. Ownership inscription and annotation on free, front endpaper. Brief rubbing at extremities; some foxing to endpapers; very good. Autobiography of American Civil War general (brevet) and U.S. Commissioner of Education, John Eaton (1829-1906). Eaton attended Andover Theological Seminary and was ordained in 1861. During the American Civil War he served as a chaplain in Missouri and Tennessee with the 27th Regiment of Ohio Volunteers. "In November 1862 [General Ulysses S.] Grant selected the young chaplain for the difficult task of caring for the negroes who flocked into the army camps. Under Grant's orders Eaton organized the freedmen into camps where provision was made for their physical needs and their education, and they were set to work picking cotton on abandoned plantations and cutting wood for the river steamboats. Eaton's jurisdiction as superintendent of freedmen was extended over the whole department of the Tennessee, including Arkansas. When the Freedmen's Bureau, for which Eaton's successful organization was an important precedent, was organized in [March 1865], he was appointed an assistant commissioner in charge of the District of Columbia, Maryland, and parts of Virginia." (DAB)