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Bartleby's Books

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MESSAGE OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES [virtually a complete issue of “Democratic Expositor and United States Journal for the Country”]

Polk, James K. (1795-1849; 11th President of the United States) 8vo. [353]-368 pp. [printed double-column]. Polk's first Annual Message to Congress covers pp. [353]-367 of this issue of the newspaper, preceded by short reports on the opening two days of the congressional session on the first page and followed, on the final page, by reports of congressional activities on two succeeding days and several news and commentary shorts. In his first "State of the Union" message, Polk gives an update on the annexation of Texas which he signed into law later in December, after all the remaining procedures outlined here had been fulfilled: "The terms of annexation which were offered by the United States having been accepted by Texas, the public faith of both parties is solemnly pledged to the compact of their union . questions deeply interesting to Texas, in common with the other states, the extension of our revenue laws and judicial system over her people and territory, as well as measures of a local character, will claim the early attention of Congress, and therefore upon every principle of republican government she ought to be represented in that body without unnecessary delay . if we consider the extent of the territory involved in the annexation, its prospective influence on America, the means by which it has been accomplished, springing purely from the choice of the people themselves to share the blessings of our union, the world may be challenged to furnish a parallel." Much of the rest of the first half of the message covers other situations that would lead to further expansion by the United States during Polk's term, as he related in detail problems with Mexico that would lead to war the following year and negotiations with Great Britain over the status of the Oregon Territory; in the second half, Polk addressed financial issues and other domestic policy, closing with a short eulogy for Andrew Jackson, his mentor who died the previous June. OCLC records 8 copies of this issue as part of runs (Stanford, Library of Congress, Newberry, American Antiquarian Society, New York Public, Dickinson College, Texas-Austin, Western Reserve Historical Society). Completely untrimmed and unopened, quite rare thus; accompanied by two other issues, Vol. 1, Nos. 17 and 23, the former with a celebratory poem on the prospect of Texas becoming a state, the latter with a note that Ex-Republic of Texas President Mirabeau Lamar and Gen. Thomas J. Rusk had been nominated to be the first U.S. Senators from that state (Rusk and Sam Houston were elected to fill the seats). Original self wrappers (a little soiled). (10775).
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THE PURSUIT

Tait, A.F. [artist] Hand colored lithograph, painted by A.F. Tait, and lithographed by L[ouis] Maurer (his signature on the plate) for N. Currier's New York firm. 52 x 68 cm. A couple of shallow chips along the margins, not affecting image; professionally cleaned, a nice, bright image. The lithograph depicts a dramatic race across a grassy plain, a buckskin clad frontiersman on horseback with pistol drawn is in pursuit of a Native American who has slid to one side of his horse in order to aim his spear at his pursuer. In the background, other Native Americans are likewise being chased by another frontiersman. The frenzy of the chase plays out in the faces of both men and horses. Arthur Fitzwilliam Tait was a British artist who immigrated to the United States in 1850, was known for his natural and wildlife paintings. Currier & Ives reproduced many of his works. Currier & Ives Catalogue Raisonne, [Detroit: c1983], no. 5396. Nathaniel Currier (1813-1888) founded his own lithography firm in New York City in the mid-1830s, having first apprenticed with the Pendleton Brothers in Boston, then briefly with M.E.D. Brown in Philadelphia, and Adam Stodart in New York. James Ives (1824-1895) joined him in 1852, first as a bookkeeper and then in 1856, as a partner. According to Jay Last's book "The Color Explosion: Nineteenth Century American Lithography," [Santa Ana, CA: 2005, p.67], although there were many advances in the creation of color lithographs in the 1850s, Currier & Ives continued to print their work on hand presses, and to have their staff hand-color the prints.
ANATOMICAL AND SURGICAL LECTURES

ANATOMICAL AND SURGICAL LECTURES

Cooper, E[lias] S. (1820-1862) Printed circular. Single sheet of watermarked pale grey paper, folded to 27 x 22 cm., one page of text, in the form of a letter, signed in type by E.S. Cooper, A.M., M.D. A very good copy. Dr. Cooper offered his series of lectures, which he commenced giving in San Francisco in October 1855, free for the "ensuing year" and recommended "the advantages which the climate of San Francisco offers above that of any other city of this Continent, or perhaps the World besides, for prosecuting the study of Practical Anatomy and of Operative Surgery." He extolled the "salubrious breezes" of the coast which allowed for the preservation of cadavers for "any desirable length of time." He recommended his courses particularly to medical students of the Tropical Countries, the Southern States of the Union, and the Hawaiian Kingdom. HIs stated purpose for offering the free lectures was to better acquaint himself with other Pacific coast medical men and "to keep Practical Anatomy and the principles of Surgery always before me." Dr. E.S. Cooper arrived in San Francisco in May 1855, after a sojourn in Europe, determined to found a medical school there. Cooper had had a medical practice in Peoria, Illinois where he had fallen afoul of the Peoria and Illinois State Medical Societies for his agressive self-promotion in advertising his medical skills. Once in San Francisco, he began to do the same, printing business cards and circulars and running ads in the local newspapers. He was a very able surgeon, but considered an overly ambitious outsider by some of the older medical doctors in the city. This circular in a revised version of his first one, printed in July 1855, and advertises an expanded curriculum. Cooper founded and was head of surgery at the Medical Department of the University of the Pacific, considered to be the first medical school on the Pacific Coast, and was editor of the San Francisco Medical Gazette. Stanford University Medical School is considered the "lineal descendant of this pioneer medical school." [see an article from Stanford Univ. Medical History Center, Lane Medical School, on "Stanford University School of Medicine and the Predecessor Schools: Historical Perspective," with its chapters on Dr. E.S. Cooper]. OCLC lists five copies: California Hist. Soc., Univ. of California- Berkeley, Univ. of California- San Francisco, Univ. of Rochester Med. Ctr., and Yale.
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INAUGURAL ADDRESS OF GOVERNOR THOMAS E. BRAMLETTE [drop-title over first column of text]

Bramlette, Thomas E. Newspaper extra. Double-folio broadside, 21 5/8 x 15 1/2 inches, printing the inaugural address in six columns of dense text, with an editorial introduction to the address covering half of the first column and announcements and advertisements filling out three quarters of the sixth column. Bramlette (1817-1875; 23rd Governor of Kentucky, 1863-1867), a judge at the beginning of the Civil War, resigned to accept an appointment as a colonel in the Union army, raising and commanding the 3rd Kentucky Infantry; in 1862 he declined a promotion to brigadier general to accept Lincoln's appointment as U.S. District Attorney for Kentucky. The following year he was nominated for the governorship by the Union Democrats, winning election easily. In his inaugural address Bramlette spoke out forcefully for the Union and government under its constitution, "we have now, and will have at the close of the rebellion, the identical constitution, which the extremists seek to destroy," and opposed raising African-American regiments, arguing that "arming of negroes humiliates the just pride of loyal men and injuriously affects their interests," worrying further about what might happen to such soldiers once the war is over. Bramlette supported the 13th amendment abolishing slavery, but finished his four-year term opposing passage of the 14th and 15th amendments. Not recorded separately on OCLC (which locates one copy of a 14-page pamphlet printing of the address). Paper toned, but a very good copy. Folded. (10793).
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THE BANK CASE: A Report on the Cases of the Bank of South Carolina and the Bank of Charleston, upon “Scire Facias” to Vacate Their Charters, for Suspending Specie Payments, with the Final Argument and Determination thereof, in the Court for the Correction of Errors of South Carolina, in the Years 1842, and 1843. Printed by order of the Legislature of South Carolina

First edition. Large 8vo. v, (2), 550 pp. Speculation helped create the Panic of 1837 which was followed by five years of recession, during which time business and farming bankruptcies were common and banks across the nation failed. The Bank of South Carolina and the Bank of Charleston suspended specie payments several times, the last in 1840, resulting in the legislature passing new regulations; the state took the banks to trial, the revocation of their charters hanging in the balance. The judge in the case, A. P. Butler (whose copy of "The Bank Case" this is) ruled for the banks but the decision was reversed on appeal. However, since by that time the banks had resumed specie payments, the general assembly passed new legislation allowing the banks to keep their charters, so long as they abided by the new regulations. For a detailed consideration of this case, see W.A. Clark's "The History of Banking Institutions in South Carolina Prior to 1860" (Columbia, S.C., 1922). "State of South Carolina initiates action against two banks for failure to comply with Act of 1840" (OCLC; rather widely held, citing about 40 locations). Sabin 87448. American Imprints 44-356. Goldsmiths'-Kress 33846.39. Cohen 11229. Turnbull II, p.489. Rather persistent light foxing, but a very good copy with an excellent double-South Carolina association, including a presentation inscription from the state's attorney general to the judge who oversaw these controversial trials. Contemporary sheep (spine ends a little chipped, joints showing some wear), ornamental scroll framing the boards, leather spine label (another, paper spine label almost entirely removed, "1843" in ink on spine). (10767). Inscribed on the front pastedown "Hon. A. P. Butler / with the respects of the Atty Genl. [Henry Bailey] / Jan. 1845." and signed just below the inscription "M. C. Butler / 1857." Andrew Pickens Butler (1797-1857) was a South Carolina lawyer and judge who served in the U.S. Senate, 1846-1857, supporting the interests of the slaveholding states from his position as chairman of the judiciary committee. Butler was the presiding judge at the trials for these two cases, finding for the banks, but being overturned in each case. Bailey (1799-1849; SC Attorney General, 1836-1848) took these cases to court and was ultimately successful in their prosecution. Matthew Calbraith Butler (1836-1909), nephew of A. P. Butler and of Oliver Hazard and Matthew Calbraith Perry, a young lawyer just before the Civil War began, raised a company in Edgefield for the Hampton Legion, becoming its captain; he served through the conflict, losing a foot at Brandy Station and rising to major general in command of a division by war's end. Active in state politics after the war, he was elected to the U. S. Senate, serving, 1877-1895. For long articles on both of the Butlers, see their entries in the DAB.