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Correspondence, Documents, Papers and Ephemera, of attorney Thomas Overton Moss, of Richmond, Virginia, some of which concerns his work while he was on the staff of Virginia Governor Henry Flood Byrd, 1917-1928

Moss, Thomas Overton 112 letters, 117 pp. (mostly typed), dated 8 December 1917 to 30 October 1928, plus 33 documents, papers, and ephemera. The bulk of correspondence concerns Thomas O. Moss seeking appointments for himself in the Naval Reserve, or on the staff of Governor Byrd?s administration, after working on the governor?s successful campaign, and political matters including: Moss helping others to obtain appointments in the state government, fundraising for candidates, attempts to secure the African American vote, and political issues. Thomas O. Moss (1893-1939) Thomas Overton Moss was born on 13 October 1893, at Beaverdam, Hanover County, Virginia. He was the son of Thomas Overton Moss (1839-1915) and his wife Nina Wood (-1930). Thomas O. Moss senior, served in the Confederate Army as a 1st Lieutenant in Company G, 23rd Virginia Infantry Regiment, under General Stonewall Jackson?s Command and being among the soldiers at the surrender at Appomattox. Moss Jr. was the grandson of Robert Field Moss and Frances White of Louisa County. The younger Moss attended Bedford Academy and Hampden-Sydney College where he became a member of Phi Kappa Sigma. After Hampden-Sydney, he attended and graduated from the T.C. Williams Law School, at University of Richmond, in 1915. He remained in Richmond and began the practice of law. When America entered World War One, we find Moss seeking an appointment to the United States Navy. He enlisted at Norfolk on 13 December 1917 in the United States Naval Reserve and first served at the headquarters of the Fifth Naval District, Norfolk. He served overseas from Jan to Aug 1918, serving on the U.S.S. Middlesex and on 12 September 1918 was discharged from the Naval Reserve in order that he might accept appointment as ensign in the United States Navy. In that rank he served with the Third Naval District and at the Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland, and on 24 December 1918, was placed on inactive duty, receiving his honorable discharge from the service. Moss later joined the Naval Reserves being commissioned a Lieutenant in the Volunteer Naval Reserves on 17 February 1926, whereby later he sought to get promoted to Lieutenant Commander. He served as Lieutenant ? Legal Section, U.S. Naval Reserves, Aide-de-Camp, to Governor Harry F. Byrd. After the war Moss returned to Richmond to his law practice and became active in local and state politics. He would go on to become a member of three former Virginia Governor's staffs; Governor John Garland Pollard (1930-1934), Governor Harry F. Byrd (1926-1930) and Governor George C. Peery (1934-1938). Moss at one point was associated with Leith S. Bremner (1888-1968) one of the best-known defense lawyers in Richmond. Moss married to Virginia Belle Johnson (1898-1986) in 1918 and the couple divorced about 1931. His wife remarried the following year to Donald Ferris McCord (1898?1961). Moss married a second to a woman by the name of Louise. He is also stated to have married a third time on 9 August 1937 to Doris Braur Mann of Washington D.C., and they had an adopted daughter. Thomas O. Moss became ill while working at the Law &Equity Court and died of a heart attack while in his office at Richmond, Virginia, on 23 June 1939. He was buried at Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond. Description of Collection: 10 letters, 10 pp., dated 8 December 1917 to 14 May 1918; mostly typed recommendation letters written by various individuals for Thomas Overton Moss. 102 letters, 107 pp., dated 4 January 1925 to 30 October 1928; mostly typed letters, of the 102 letters, 55 of them are retained copies written by Thomas O. Moss to others; the remaining 47 letters are incoming letters to Moss. Of the 55 outgoing letters (57 pp.) that Moss writes, he wrote 13 letters to Virginia Governor Harry Flood Byrd between 4 January 1925 and 6 October 1927, before and during Byrd?s term as governor. Moss worked to get Byrd elected and his letters to Byrd are mainly inquiries seeking Byrd?s
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Manuscript Diary and Physician?s Day Book of Dr. Levi Henderson, of Iowa, Oregon, and Washington Territory, kept before, during, and after his military service with Co. C, 46th Iowa Volunteer Infantry during Civil War, and his medical practice in Oregon and Washington Territory, 1855-1875

Henderson, Levi folio, 259 manuscript pp., entries dated 1855 to 12 October 1875; bound in contemporary split calf over boards, boards worn, pieces of the cover leather missing, and slightly warped, a couple of leaves loose, a few others missing, otherwise in good condition, nearly all the pages are at least partially used, entries written in both ink and pencil in a legible hand. An interesting ledger offering up two decades of Levi Henderson?s activities on the fast developing mid-western and western frontier, punctuated by the Civil War. The writer was a physician and much of the latter part of the ledger is devoted to treatment of patients in the various towns he lived, as well as the drugs he prescribed for their ailments. The diary chronicles Levi's life from his displacement as a teenager from Morgan Co., Indiana in 1855, to Dallas County, Iowa. There are also entries about his life as a young teacher in Des Moines, Iowa; as well as random jobs as he tries to find his footing as a young man. He eventually volunteers in the Army, where he continues his diary through the Civil War. The diary continues after the war as he practices as a physician in Oregon and Washington Territory and he uses the journal to keep accounts of his medical practice. Henderson avoided military service until the Civil War had less than a year left, and on 1 May 1864 we find the following entry: ?Volunteered this morning at Redfield Dallas Co., Iowa.? Henderson goes on to detail his training and 100-day service with Co. C., 46th Regiment Iowa Volunteer Infantry. On 11 June 1864 we find: ?The whole regiment was formally mustered into the service today Also drew clothing, arms, accoutrements, etc.? Following this entry there are day-by-day descriptions of camp life, disease, deprivations, and debilitation. By the end of October 1864, he was back at home recuperating: ?I am quite weak and much reduced in flesh. Six months ago, I weighed 150 lbs., now only about 90 lbs.? By 1868, Henderson is in Oregon, with many entries in the ledger describing cold, rainy days, and in the early 1870?s he is devoting most of the space in the journal to prescriptions and treatments of his patients. He is now evidently practicing as a physician. There are also general writings on health, chemistry, and related matters; financial accounts; and commentary and philosophical musings. There are a couple of prescriptions pasted down in the rear from his later physician's practice in Oregon, as well as an 1875 calendar and engraving of Des Moines Iowa pasted on the inside rear cover. The first section in the ledger, covers his life from 1855 in Morgan County, Indiana, until his enlistment in May 1864, and chronicles his father?s efforts to rebuild his blacksmithing business in Iowa after the failure of a railroad company in Indiana made his shop and property less valuable, and they moved to Dallas County, Iowa in a forty five day wagon trip in 1858. His father ,as well as Levi, and his brothers Taylor and Thomas helped to build a farm and cabin for themselves . Levi attended the first schoolhouse in Washington Township that same year. He later went to school in Des Moines, Iowa, where Levi was teased for being a ?country boy?: ? being a country chap, I had a very tough time with the students until I blacked a few eyes and faces.? Great details in this section describing the schoolhouse, environment and conditions, bullies, layout and more. He also takes the times to list his pupils one by one. Levi graduated and expressed a desire to become a teacher, which he later did, but also peruses odd jobs like rail making, producing art, and more, none of which seemed to suit him or prove remunerative. At this point in the diary the drumbeats of civil war begin to sound, with talk of the pending Southern rebellion: ?A gathering of the people shows a determination that the South shall pay dearly for attempting a dissolution of the Union. The old flag went t
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Autograph Letter Signed, Cairo, Egypt, March 6, 1898, to ?My Dear Hattie?

Charlie, quarto, two pages, neatly written in ink, very good, clean condition. ?My dear Hattie, We are back in Cairo having returned last evening from Luxor after six days absence. I intended to write you from Luxor but we were so much occupied looking at Temples and Tombs over 3000 years old that it was impossible to find any time for letter writing. According to my recollection my last letter to you was written or rather mailed eight days ago on our arrival at Alexandria Feby 25. I found two letters one from you and from Nelson also a copy of the Sunday Herald of Feby 6, and the Monday Post and have had nothing since The Hotel Royal where we are stopping is an old building and while the rooms are not as fine as the newer houses the Table is excellent. Shepheards is the best Hotel and the Continental and the New Hotel are next while there are 8 or 10 which are very good the Hotel Royal being among the number. We leave here Tuesday morning mch 8th for Alexandria giving us 11 ½ days in Egypt. We have enjoyed our visit very much. On Saturday Feby 26 we commenced our sight seeing by a carriage to the great pyramid of Cheops which we ascended. Came with one guide and I with two who would pull me up about a foot higher than needed then drop me down quickly (I suppose they did for their own diversion) When I arrived at the top I was nearly out of wind. The coming down was not at all fatiguing. We also explored the inner chambers which was also somewhat tiresome. I do not believe it pays to ascend the Pyramid of Cheops when one considers the effort required to do it we were at the citadel this afternoon and the view to my notion is finer than from the top of the great Pyramid ? and can be done by carriage to within a short distance and with no fatigue on our return from the Pyramids and the sphinx we stopped at Gizele Museum where we remained the remainder of the day seeing during the time 86 of 91 rooms set apart for the Museum. Of course during such a hurried visit it was quite impossible to see one article in fifty ? As you have no doubt devoted much more time than we have done it is idle for me to describe anything we saw. I anticipate much pleasure when I return in talking over the various interesting sights we have both seen ? On Sunday 27, we joined a small Cooks party of (16) and on a steam Launch we visited the site of ancient Memphis 17 miles above Cairo and 8 miles further from the river to its western border at Sakkara and the step Pyramid. Nothing is left of Memphis but the two Collossal Statues of Ramses the great. I have forgotten whether you were at Memphis when here or not. On Monday morning Feby 28th we left on the RR for a 13 ½ hours ride to Nag Hamade (the dustiest & dirtiest ride I ever made) and about 12 hours on the steamer to Luxor ? The Steamer ride was very enjoyable. Both the R.R. and the steamboat rides were by day or early evening thus giving us a good opportunity to see the Country as we passed through ? It is said the Nile valley is the most productive soil in the world; much of it producing three crops annually. We saw them gathering sugar cane, cutting clover, planting water melon seed and ploughing the land as far as we could see. We see thousands of camels and Donkeys on the way to market carrying immense loads on their backs. We saw Mohammedens on their knees looking towards Mecca praying to Allah. What was particularly noticeable the people we saw particularly the adult population were mostly males ? The women never work in the fields as in France or Germany. But as the hour is late 10:30 and we have a long day before us tomorrow our last day in Cairo I must close ?
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Autograph Letter Signed, St. Louis, Missouri February 20, 1825 to his brother Nicholas Biddle

Biddle, Thomas (1790-1831) Quarto, 1 page, formerly folded, neatly inscribed in ink, very good, clean condition. Thomas Biddle was an American military hero during the War of 1812. Biddle was killed in a duel with Missouri Congressman Spencer Pettis. Thomas Biddle was born into the powerful Biddle family of Philadelphia. His father Charles was a Revolutionary War officer and vice-president of the Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Two of Thomas? brothers, James and Edward, had served in the U. S. Navy, while brother John was a U. S. Army officer before becoming an early mayor of Detroit, Michigan. Nicholas Biddle, his older brother, to whom Thomas writes was president of the Second Bank of the United States. Thomas Biddle married Ann Mullanphy, daughter of Missouri?s first millionaire, John Mullanphy. Mullanphy was director of the St. Louis branch of the Bank of the United States, the Biddles were financially well-off and at the peak of young St. Louis Society, often hosting lavish parties for business and political luminaries. It was their involvement in local politics that would have deadly consequences, however. ?Dear Nicholas, The death of our dear mother has recalled very strongly to my mind all the members of my family: this melancholy event was not necessary to awaken my affection for you, which has never been dormant, but it has reminded me of the length of the time that has elapsed since I have written to you. I think of you often and affectionately; in fact of a wayward & desultory life has left any predominating feeling it is one of attachment to my family ? In nothing do I feel more interest than in your happiness & prosperity. I consider myself permanently fixed on the Mississippi. If I remove from the state it will be to the Cotton & Sugar country below. I have no intention of doing so. ?
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Archive of Business Correspondence, Documents, Papers and Ephemera of Milliken and McGuire, Timber Merchants and Timber Land Brokers, of Minneapolis, Minnesota, 1900-1914

Milliken & McGuire The archive consists of the following: 98 letters, 146 pp., dated 18 June 1900 to 30 Oct 1929, with bulk being from 1900-1914; contains mainly incoming business letters to the firm of Milliken & McGuire, with several outgoing retained copies of letters, or miscellaneous letters sent with an incoming, or outgoing letter; with over 415 pieces of related ephemeral materials, as follows: Approximately 160 legal documents and papers related to land, and or land companies, including abstracts of titles, affidavits, agreements, trust agreements, amendments to articles of incorporation, by-laws of companies, homestead receipts, indentures, land patents, land register certificates, leases, probate papers, warranty deeds, and other land related documents such as scrip applications, timber contracts, option contracts, etc., all dated late 1880s to 1910s, and mainly for properties in various counties of Minnesota including Aitkin, Cass, Clearwater, Hubbard, Itasca, and St. Louis Counties. Approximately 220 pieces of printed and manuscript ephemera, including receipts, some used checks, postcards, account papers, used envelopes, as well as several pamphlets such as the Woodsman?s Handbook, Rand-McNally Shipper?s Guide of Louisiana; Rand-McNally Shipper?s Guide of Minnesota, dated circa 1900s -1910s. 7 bank issued calendar notebooks, containing various memoranda, notes, addresses, names, etc., dated 1907-1910, 1913-1914, and 1927. 29 maps, various sizes, some oversize, mostly printed, a couple hand drawn, various states of condition, some with tears along folds, at edges, etc. These are mainly land maps, township maps, county maps, of Minnesota and Wisconsin. Some maps have hand written notations, likely working maps for the Milliken & McGuire business. 1 plat map book, measuring 11? x 8 ½?, bound in cloth, binding worn, chewed by insects, includes 70 black and white printed maps of sections, townships and ranges, within Northern Minnesota, with penciled notations on homestead locations, vacant homesteads, etc., inside front board is inscribed ?H. McGuire / Forestry / U. of M.? Milliken & McGuire Hartley McGuire was born about 1858 at Presque Isle, Maine. He relocated to Minneapolis, Minnesota in 1878 and went into the lumbering business, which he conducted for about 25 years before he died on 19 June 1912. He was buried in St. Mary?s Cemetery at Minneapolis. At the time of his death, his obituary stated he had two brothers, Miles McGuire of Northome, Minnesota, and D.E. McGuire of Presque Isle, Maine; and two sisters, Mrs. Walter Ames of Minneapolis and Mrs. Horace Austin of Littleton, Maine. McGuire married Lucy Trusty in 1888 and had one son, Herman. Besides buying and selling timber, he also bought and sold lumber lands, as well as real estate, particularly real estate in Minneapolis, where he owned a two-story brick building business block at Lyndale and Twentieth Avenues North. He purchased half of this property from the estate of his partner Washington I. Milliken. Milliken was a partner with McGuire in the firm of Milliken & McGuire, 332 Boston Block. Milliken was also born in Maine, circa 1844. He went to Minneapolis about 1880 and soon became interested in the lumber business. McGuire worked for Milliken for about 5 or 6 years, before Milliken made him a partner in the firm and together, they carried on the business for about 19 years until Milliken, while visiting St. Paul, Minnesota, was struck and killed by a trolley car in June 1905. After Milliken?s death, McGuire settles the affairs of the company and the correspondence tends to be written to McGuire at this point. Up until about 1903, Milliken & McGuire?s firm was confined to the region around Grand Rapids, Michigan, but as the timber gave out at that place, they transferred their business to International Falls, Minnesota. The firm had an office in the Boston Block in Minneapolis once they switched to International Falls. Their office was located at Gr
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Pair of Manuscript Civil War Diaries of James Henry Blakeman, Co. D, 17th Connecticut Volunteer Infantry Regiment, 1863-1864

Blakeman, James Henry Two Diaries: 1863 Diary, includes 122 pp. of diary entries, 3 pp. cash accounts. 1864 Diary, includes 122 pp. of diary entries 2 pp. memoranda notes; both volumes are pocket diaries, bound in limp leather, with flaps, measuring 3? x 4 ¾?; bindings are worn; both volumes are three days entries per page format, with all days having entries, entries written in pencil, in a legible hand. J. Henry Blakeman (1841-1918) James Henry Blakeman was born 20 November 1841, the son of James Blakeman (1804-1881) of Stratford, Connecticut and his wife Cornelia Salmon (1807-1887), and the grandson of James Blakeman (1847-1835), a veteran of the Revolutionary War. He was from the Oronoque section of Stratford and was a life-long resident of the town and attended its public schools. James Henry Blakeman enlisted on 29 July 1862 as a private in Company D, 17th Regiment Connecticut Volunteers. He was 20 years old at the time. Blakeman was severely wounded on the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg. His regiment supported Battery G, 4th U.S. Artillery, which had taken position on Blocher?s Hill (now called Barlow Knoll), a mile or so north of Gettysburg. He was struck by a rifle ball in the left side between the hip and ribs passing through the flank, before ever having a chance to fire his gun. After being wounded he had to hobble for about two miles to a barn hospital (11th Corps Hospital near Gettysburg - probably the Spangler Farm), before being sent to Jarvis U.S. General Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland by train. After recuperating for ten months, or so he rejoined his regiment in early June 1864 in St. Augustine, Florida, and served with the army until the close of the war when he mustered out with his regiment on 19 July 1865. Blakeman had a cousin, Selah G. Blakeman, who served with him in the 17th Connecticut Volunteer Infantry Regiment. On 24 October 1866 he married Amelia J. Burr (1845-1913) a school teacher, of Monroe, Connecticut. She was the daughter of Isaac Burr (1799-1889) and his second wife Mary A. Babbitt (1804-1872). Together Blakeman and his wife Amelia had several children: Mattie (1868-1909), and Grace E. (1878-), a graduate of Storrs Agricultural College; and a son George (1877-). Blakeman engaged for many years in the seed growing, stock breeding and general farming business. His son-in-law R. O. Spamer became associated with him in business and were known for their fine breed of Holstein Friesien cattle. Blakeman was active locally in town of Stratford, serving as a town constable, collector of taxes, auditor of town accounts, assessor, justice of the peace, deputy sheriff and notary public. He was elected to the Connecticut Legislature and served on the Committee of Appropriations. Blakeman was a prominent member of the order of Patrons of Husbandry. He filled the offices of Master of Housatonic Grange of New Haven County, Pomona and Fairfield Count, Pomona Granges and general deputy of the Connecticut State Grange. He was also prominent in the G.A.R., I.O.O.F., and O.U.A. M. Henry James Blakeman died on 21 September 1918 in Stratford, Fairfield County, Connecticut. His wife died in 1913. 17th Connecticut Volunteer Infantry Regiment The 17th Connecticut Infantry was organized at Bridgeport, Connecticut, on August 28, 1862, under the command of Colonel William H. Noble. The regiment was attached to Defenses of Baltimore, Maryland, VIII Corps, Middle Department, to October 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XI Corps, Army of the Potomac, to August 1863. 2nd Brigade, Gordon's Division, South End Folly Island, South Carolina, X Corps, Department of the South, to February 1864. 1st Brigade, Ames' Division, District of Florida, Department of the South, to April 1864. District of Florida, Department of the South, to October 1864. 4th Separate Brigade, District of Florida, Department of the South, to July 1865. The 17th Connecticut Infantry mustered out of service July 19, 1865. Service: 1862 - Duty at F
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Autograph Letter Signed Black Rock, [Buffalo, New York] August 12, 1849 to his sister Harriet, Canandaigua, New York

Jacob, William quarto, three pages, plus address leaf, formerly folded, neatly written in ink in a clear, legible hand, very good, clean condition. Jacob, a city toll gate keeper, writes his teen-age sister about the execution of Henry Shorter, a 24 year old African American man, for the murder of Stephen Brush, a 19 year old white youth who offended Shorter inciting an angry exchange and resulting in Shorter?s stabbing Brush to death. Close to midnight on a September evening in 1848, Stephen Brush, a 19 year-old white youth and several friends who lived in a blue-collar industrial section of Buffalo, were returning from a Minstrel show, laughing about one of the characters in the cast who had played a ?Negro servant?. Brush apparently used the ?N? word just as he was passing two young African American men ? 24 year-old Henry Shorter, a hotel barber from Fredonia, and a friend who had just moved to New York from Ohio. Shorter took offense and an angry exchange ensued. Shorter pulled out a short knife and attacked Brush, pursuing him into the street, where he stabbed him in the abdomen, on the arm, cutting off one of his fingers, and above the eye. The African American men ran off as bystanders carried Brush to a tavern where he soon died. A police investigation led, within hours, to the home of Shorter, who was awakened and arrested when blood was found on his hands and clothing. He allegedly confessed to the killing, saying it was not premeditated, ?the impulse of the moment?, and that his friend had nothing to do with the crime. Local newspapers called this a ?cold blooded murder committed in our streets upon an unsuspecting and inoffensive citizen?. Brought to trial, Shorter was represented by two brothers, leading criminal attorneys of Buffalo; they found most prospective jurors had already formed an opinion of Shorter?s guilt. During the trial, the lawyers argued that Shorter, despite his alleged confession, had acted in self-defense. Twenty witnesses were called for the prosecution, ten for the defense who testified as to Shorter?s ?good character?. The Judge instructed the jury not to regard Shorter as rich or poor, white or black, but just to consider the facts as presented in court. The jury deliberated for eight hours and returned with a verdict of guilty. Before pronouncing sentence, the Judge stressed that he, Shorter, had received a fair trial, (as was Shorter?s friend, who was acquitted of the crime and set free.) He then pronounced the sentence of death by hanging as Shorter silently betrayed ?considerable emotion?. Shorter?s lawyers appealed to the New York Supreme Court. Shorter told the Justices that he had ?provocation? for attacking Brush, and that some witnesses had lied about details of the incident. His Appeal was denied; the execution, delayed for eight months, was set for August 1849 ? the event described in Jacob?s letter. According to news reports, Shorter?s last words on the scaffold were, ?I am about to leave you. I die innocent of the crime of murder.? He hoped ?God will forgive? the city officials who had ?testified falsely against me?. ?Dear Sister Harriet, I have been quite busy since I was down to see you I arrested 8 duchmen [sic] in one day and on Friday last went to attend the execution of Shorter, who was condemned to be hung for the murder of Brush it being the first time I ever beheld a mans life taken amid shouts of applause or joy and that was the case from those from without the limits of the jail yard who could not see but hear when the platform fell and which was heartrending to hear I was one of the officers chosen for assisting in the execution when he was taken down I assisted in extricating the Rope from his neck and then carried him aloft in the jail for his friends to take and there left him it was a solemn thing to behold him drop the distance of six feet and fetch up on nothing but air. When he was led forth from the dungeon dressed in
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Diary of Mary Vail Hawkins, Goshen, Orange County, New York, written on the Home Front during World War One, 1917-1918

Hawkins, Mary Vail small quarto, 95 manuscript pages, entries dated 31 March 1917 to 17 December 1918; bound in limp leather, spine chipped, boards scuffed, old tape on boards and spine, interior clean, entries written in ink, in a legible hand, on lined paper. The diary is not signed, but there is enough internal evidence in the diary to determine authorship. The diarist makes several references to towns near Goshen, Orange County, New York (Middletown, Bullville, etc.), and she also makes short trips into New York City, or to Ocean Grove and Asbury Park, New Jersey. The author also visits and vacations with other women and goes out on dates with men. The author also mentions that she lives at home with her mother. She also mentions two cousins with the surname of Hawkins, and her grandmother Collard, who was 99 years old in 1917. A couple of her friends whose names she mentions are found in census records as living in the Goshen, New York area. She also mentions a ?roomer? at her house who is doing the gardening work. His name was Roozer, and she mentions neighbors by the name of Jackson, with five sons. An examination of the 1900 and 1920 Federal Census and the 1915 New York State Census for Goshen, New York shows the Jackson family with five sons, living in Goshen in 1915. And enumerated 17 houses after them at 51 Main Street in Goshen was a family by the name of Hawkins that ran a boarding house with six boarders, one having named J. Roozer, another an elderly woman listed as 95 years old by the name of Phibi Collers (born 1820). This would appear to be the ?roomer? (Roozer) mentioned in the diary, and ?Phibi Collers? appears to be the writer?s grandmother (Collard), with only a slight variation in age and name by the census enumerator. The boarding house is run by Josephine Hawkins and her daughter Mary. Further research on the Hawkins family of Goshen, New York, shows that the matriarch, Josephine Hawkins, was born on 18 May 1848, and that our diarist mentions on 18 May 1918 that it was her mother?s birthday. Further research shows that Josephine had five children, four boys and only one daughter, Mary, thus our diary writer is Mary Vail Hawkins. Mary Vail Hawkins recounts her daily activities in her diary entries over the course of just over twenty months. She mentions wartime activities and events on the home front, such as food shortages, working with the Red Cross, the many men going off to war, speakers giving lectures about the war, war bonds, etc. Mary also mentions the Spanish Flu epidemic that was prevalent at the time. Mary finds time to make trips into New York City, Ocean Grove and Asbury Park, New Jersey, and to Florida (but does not recount the trips to Florida). She also details her everyday domestic life including: helping her mother with running the boarding house, visiting girlfriends, going out on dates with soldiers, going to church, concerts, shows, etc. Mary Vail Hawkins (1884-1926) Mary Vail Hawkins was born in December 1884. She was the daughter of Josephine Green (1848-1926) and her husband Moses Hawkins (1831-1904). Mary?s parents were married about 1870 and made their home at Goshen, Orange County, New York. Together Mary?s parents had four other children besides Mary: Ira Hawkins (1871-1936), William Hawkins (1872-1896); Charles Hawkins (1876-), and Arthur Hawkins (1881-). Moses Hawkins was a farmer and his sons helped him work the farm. When the 1900 Census was taken the Hawkins, family was found at Goshen; included is the mother, father and four of the five children, as their son William died in 1896. In 1904, Moses Hawkins died in Bullville, Orange Co, New York. He was buried at Chester Cemetery, Chester, Orange Co., New York. After the death of her husband, with four children still living at home, Josephine started taking in more boarders. The family is found up in the 1910 and 1920 Federal Census and in the 1915 New York State Census, living at Goshen. In 1915, they had six boarders, inc
Manuscript Account Book of a Joiner

Manuscript Account Book of a Joiner, and Furniture Maker of Northampton County (later Carbon County), Pennsylvania, 1815-1827

quarto gathering of several fascicles, whip-stitched together, totaling 104 manuscript pages, lacks binding (possibly never had one), entries written in ink, in a legible hand, worn at edges, some soiling and tanning, otherwise good, entries dated 16 February 1815 to 11 June 1827. The account book is not signed thus it is unclear who kept it. What is clear is that the keeper was a joiner, and furniture maker. The evidence in the volume also shows the unidentified craftsman lived in what would have been at the time (1815-1827) Northampton County, Pennsylvania, later the southern part of Carbon County (1843). In 1752 Northampton County, Pennsylvania was erected out of Bucks County, Pennsylvania. At that time, all of Northampton north of the Blue Mountains was known as the Towamensing District, ?Towamensing? being an Indian word for ?wilderness?. The Moravians, who established the first white settlement, knew the region north of the mountains as ?St. Anthony?s Wilderness?. By 1768 the district was divided into Towamensing Township on the east bank of the Lehigh River and Penn Township on the west bank and in 1808 Lausanne Township. Was erected out of the upper section of Penn Twp. Penn Twp. Was further divided into East and West Penn, with West Penn being in newly formed Schuylkill County. The place names of Penn Township and Towamensing, as well as Allentown, are mentioned in this account book: ?July 15th, 1815 Paul Solt in Penn Township Dr. To 1 day of reaping? ?[June] 7 [1816] William Kern, Dr. To cash at rafting in Allentown 0.11.3 To cash give John Eckhart for him 0.15.0? ?[Oct 1825] Trustees of the Towamensing Church Dr. do 8th to 4 ½ days of work at church by apprentice do 15th to 5 ¾ days of do by do do 29th to 1 ½ days of do by do? When comparing the names of the individuals that have accounts in this volume against the 1810 and 1820 population censuses for Pennsylvania?s Northampton County, we find there are many matches for people living in Penn, Towamensing, and Allen Townships, all located at that time in Northampton County. In 1818, the town of Mauch Chunk was founded. Josiah White and Erskine Hazard traveled from Philadelphia up into the Lehigh River wilderness with a crew of 18 men from White?s wire rope factory at the falls of the Schuylkill River to begin work on river improvements. White and Hazard had formed the Lehigh Coal Co. and the Lehigh Navigation Co., the first to mine the coal, the second to bring it to market. Work began on the river at the mouth of the Mauch Chunk Creek on the Lehigh, thus founding the town. These two companies would merge into the Lehigh Coal & Navigation Co. in a few years becoming a prominent coal mining and transportation infrastructure moving the coal of Northeast Pennsylvania to Philadelphia. It ultimately encompassed source industries, transport, and manufacturing, making it the first vertically integrated company in the United States. On 23 August 1827, Mauch Chunk Twp. Was formed out of the northern part of E. Penn Twp. And a small section of southern Lausanne Twp. Mauch Chunk Twp. Included the villages that would later be the boroughs of Mauch Chunk, Summit Hill and Nesquehoning. Lansford also lay within the Twp., but at the time of its formation there was no village of Lansford. Finally, in 1843, Carbon County was formed out of Northampton and Monroe counties. It is from this area of Pennsylvania (Carbon County) that this account book detailing a joiner and furniture maker?s business, is from. Another clue in the book which may reveal the author?s name is an entry for Daniel Arners who appears to have made shoes for our author and his sons: ?June 2nd 1817 Daniel Arners work To 2 days at sawmill To making a pair of shoes for me To 1 pair for Peter and one pair for Daniel ? This would seem to show that our author was the father of two boys named Peter and Daniel.
Two Manuscript Volumes Dealing with the Estate of Madame Duquesnoy

Two Manuscript Volumes Dealing with the Estate of Madame Duquesnoy, widow of Pierre Duquesnoy, ?Conseiller – Secretaire du Roy? and ?recéveur Général des finances de Montauban?, circa 1754, with a contemporary folio advertising broadside, for a Paris Stationer

Two folio manuscript volumes, totaling over 900 pages, dealing with the settlement of the fairly extensive estate of Madame Duquesnoy, widow of Pierre Duquesnoy, nobleman and French official employed by the King as an adviser and secretary and as receiver of Finances for Montauban. A reference to Pierre Duquesnoy can be found in the Dictionnaire Genealogique, Hearaldique, Historique et Chronologique contenat I?origine & l?état actuel des premieres Maisons de France, des Maisons souveraines & principals de L?Europe Paris: 1751, vol II, p. 544, the citation, is in reference to his daughter and reads as follows: ?Marie-Louise-Adelaïde Duquesnoy, fille de Pierre Duquesnoy, écuyer, conseiller-secrétaire du Roi, & receveur général des Finances de la généralité de Montauban, & de N le Febvre de Givry, Mercure de France du mois de Juin 1743, p. 1251 ?, their coat of arms follows. The volumes are as follows: Proces verbal d?apposition reconnaissance a levé de scollée aprèe le decès de dame Anonime Lefevre De Givry Veuve de Messire Pierre Duquesnoy Ecuyer, Coneseiiler Secretaire du Roy maison couronne de France et de ses finances et recéveur Général des finances de Montauban. Datte au commencement de duze May 1754 Commissaire de la Verge Folio, 562 manuscript pages, bound in contemporary vellum backed boards, binding somewhat worn and soiled, lower corner of rear board missing, notarial stamps on many sheets, manuscript text very clean and legible. Inventaire de Mad Duquesnoy Folio, 424 manuscript pages, bound in contemporary vellum backed boards, binding worn, portion of vellum missing from front board, notarial stamps on many sheets, some damp-staining to several leaves, else in very good, clean and legible condition. Lengthy inventory of Madame Duquesnoy?s estate. On the inside of the rear board of this volume there is mounted a contemporary (1754) illustrated small folio, advertising broadside for ?Poincelier, Marchand a Paris, demeurant Rue du Mouceau, entre Saint Gervais & Saint Jean?, entitled: Au Sans Pareil et La Vertu de Lancre, Pincelier was a dealer in ink, pens, and a wide variety of paper and stationary goods, playing cards, ledgers and account books, printed in Paris, measuring 11 ½ x 6 ¾ inches. (See image above).
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Autograph Letter Signed, Boonville, [Indiana] November 8, 1848 to Rev. Milton Badger, Secretary of the American Home Missionary Society, New York

Butler, Rev. Calvin quarto, 3 pages, plus stamp-less address leaf, in very good, clean and legible condition. Butler writes on behalf of Rev. Toelke, an evangelical Reformed minister who was taking over a congregation of Germans in Dubois County, 50 miles from Evansville. ?I think he is a devoted and good man and is in a sphere of great usefulness. We learn that the German population of this state is nearly 200,000 ? a class not to be reached except through the German ministration of the Word. For the supply he tells me there are about 20 ministers in this state. He said also that in the bounds of our Pres. There are about 40 congregations of Germans, some small and some quite large. Emigration from Germany is constantly pouring in upon us. At one time during the summer, he received 100 at Evansville from his own neighborhood in Germany, evangelical; they had singing and prayer as they embraced each other. He attended our Synod at Crawfordsville and there conversed with several of the Brethren, who urged him to apply to the A. H. M.S. for the renewal of its commission for $ 200.00 for one year in order that he might spend his whole time in missionating in this region, intending to receive from the different congregations where he labors, the rest of his support. If you can thus sustain him, I think it probable that no appropriation will be better expended. One of his converts from the interior is now an efficient Colporteur. Mr. Toelke is holding correspondence with several evangelical ministers in Germany in reference to emigrating to this country is expecting they will come and wishes to know whether he might encourage such, with a prospect of a part of a support for the time being, from your Society ? Butler himself had ?applied to your Society for aid for one half the time, the ensuing year that I might spend it very much the same way in English congregations in this region, as Dr. Toelke contemplates, and is doing among the Germans; but with this difference ? I shall go ? am going, to towns and villages where we have no congregations organized such as Cannelton, Troy, Rockport, Newbury etc. The application was made for $ 200 as my circumstances would require it, but with the promise to credit to you whatever I could receive from the people Presuming that a Commission would be granted, I commenced my labors at Petersburg; yesterday I returned from Troy having been absent almost a week. I also left appointments for Rockport and Troy again, designing to spend fully one half my time probably more in such destitute regions. While at Troy, I found 3 persons who were Presbyterians; one a very intelligent, warm-hearted man was urgent that the A. H. M. S. should sustain a missionary in such places, specially where there is no church nor people to sustain him in visiting such places the question has been forced upon my mind, with an energy not to be told, ?What can be done? What shall be done? Shall such flourishing towns continue to grow up, on the beautiful banks of the Ohio, with no moral and religious influence except a floating one ? no Presbyterian influence? Though I have long been a pioneer, I sometimes feel the answering ?No? ? it shall not be.? But still I am crippled, am poor, and almost alone. But I must hush. If you cannot send such a commission, please let me know immediately ? The influx of German immigrants into the Midwest followed the revolutions that broke out throughout Europe, beginning in France in February 1848 and spreading to Germany in March. The middle class in that country sought liberal reforms, while the working class demanded radical improvement to their working and living conditions. This social division allowed the conservative aristocracy to defeat the uprisings. Liberals forced into exile to escape political persecution became known as ?Forty Eighters?, many emigrating to the United States, settling through the Midwest and south as far as Texas. The emigrants were both Protestant and Catho
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Autograph Manuscript headed with the initials R.E.D., dated January 7, 1919

octavo, single sheet, folded, nicks at edges, affecting text slightly. This may have been a letter, or portion of a letter, evidently folded and mailed. In good legible condition. The content discusses the prospects for peace, the post war world and the death of Theodore Roosevelt. ?It looks as if the wings of peace might grow tired in hovering round before she can settle down to stay. A new line-up seems not impossible, and if the Bolsheviks of Russia nd Germany get together and persist in thinking themselves the enemies of the rest of the Bourgeois world there may be police work for all the troops, with possible mischief from malcontents here at home and in every country. Whether this would be making the world safe for democracy depends on the definition of democracy. I suppose such things have been in President Wilson?s view and may underlie his endeavors to keep peace terms within touch of the peoples as well as the statesmen of the world. Well, we shall see what we shall see. Roosevelt?s death dwarfs everything else just now, and long after things fall back into their usual perspective we shall miss him. Something big and strong and true has gone out of the world leaving an emptiness which it will take long to fill. And yet, such is the power of his personality, it will live on in the hearts and lives of those whom he touched, at least as long as this generation lasts. He was the biggest and most wide-reaching force in our life, and always for right.?
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Autograph Letter Signed ?Father? New York, Wednesday May 11, 1898, to his son Will

octavo, 4 pages, formerly folded, short separations along folds of second leaf, else in very good, clean and legible condition. Written on the letterhead of the ?Gentlemen?s Room The Fifth Avenue Bank of New York?. The letter reads: ?Dear Will, Every one is disappointed over the news to day that the Spanish fleet has returned to Cadiz. None more so than Admiral Sampson & the officers & men of his fleet. It is too bad because I am sure that Sampson would have destroyed the Spanish vessels as Am. Dewey did. If Dewey had been defeated in Manila Bay I think the Continental powers would have been ready to intervene by force of arms if necessary in Spain?s behalf. I I believe that all Europe would rejoice over our defeat by Spain. But that is not possible. It is nothing but self interest that has made Europe proclaim her neutrality in this war. We shall surely make Cuba free & the Philippine Islands also. The God of battles has ever been the ally of a righteous cause. There is a lesson we should learn. How shallow is the friendship of such foreign powers. We should also remember Washington?s warning to avoid entangling alliances. It is as true today as when he gave it. Owing to the retreat of the Spanish fleet it is probable that the Washington govt. may have to make some change in their present plans. There is a rumor that the Seventh Regiment is to be called out for active service very soon. I have seen Major Abrams. He says that the trouble has been with the authorities at Albany. They have been trying their utmost to ruin the regiment. All brought about through the influence of those who are jealous of the ?Seventh?. These miserable political soldiers have done their utmost to keep the Regiment at home. It will be a good triumph for the ?Seventh? if they can beat these frauds. Dick Jesup is home. Perhaps mother has told you. I am accumulating all the important items in regard to our war with Spain. It may be interesting to refer to in years to come. I wish somebody in our family had done this during the war of the Rebellion ?
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Autograph Letter Signed, Buffalo, July 20, 1859 to Eliza H. Schuyler

Dorsheimer, William octavo, 4 pages, neatly written in ink, in very good, clean and legible condition. Future New York politician, and biographer of Fremont and Grover Cleveland, critiques George William Curtis? novel, to the grand-daughter of Alexander Hamilton, 1859. Dorsheimer writes that he had not yet gone to New York, despite the urging of his parents who are ?thinking that in their old age, they have a claim upon my future ? But, to please his mother, he had put off a decision until October. ?You might have been sure that I would have sent you word if I had removed the prospect of renewing my association with your family from an eastern residence .? He continues: ?Literature seems to partake of the general midsummer stagnation. How do you like ?Trumps?? I am afraid [George William] Curtis is too anilitic [sic] He has mounted a very difficult enterprise in introducing such a variety of characters and in rejecting the melodramatic element which is the source of power for all young and most old novelists. Bulwer and Scott for instance. Besides one often encounters in Trumps passages which are very Thackeray-ish and others very like Dickens. But this may be because he is wandering through the same fields and it would be strange if some of the flowers in his basket were not like the ones gathered by those who went before him ? Like other multi-faceted American politicians of the ante-bellum period, William Dorsheimer had a literary bent. After attending Harvard (he never graduated but later received an honorary degree), he settled in Buffalo, as a lawyer, joined the Republican Party, supported Lincoln, and at the start of the Civil War, became aide-de-camp the General Fremont, writing an account of Fremont?s ?hundred days in Missouri? after he left the Army. Post-war, he was US Attorney for northern New York, switched parties to become a Democrat and was elected New Yok Lieutenant Governor. He then returned to private law practice as partner of the eminent David Dudley Field, published a biography Grover Cleveland and was again appointed US Attorney. Before his death in 1888, Dorsheimer became publisher of the New York Sun, one of the trio of influential New York City newspapers, together with the Times and Herald Tribune. The book which he critiqued in this letter to Alexander Hamilton?s grand-daughter, a social and intellectual grande dame, was the least popular novel of the prolific writer George William Curtis, who, as political editor of Harper?s Weekly was another political literati of the day, though he always refused appointment to government office except for chairing President Grant?s commission on reform of Civil Service.
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Collection of Incoming Correspondence to Kate Elizabeth Carr, of Bradford, New Hampshire and later Salem, Massachusetts, written by family, friends, and her finance, and later husband, Dr. Charles A. Carlton, of Salem, Massachusetts, 1864-1898

Carr Family Letters) Collection of 43 letters, 184 manuscript pages, dated 23 December 1864 to 10 June 1898; the bulk, (33), of the letters date from 1864 to 1873. The correspondence in this collection consists of four different groups of letters. The first group is from female friends and cousins writing to Kate E. Carr when she was a single woman (Dec. 1864-Dec, 1872). The second group was written to Kate when she was engaged to Dr. Carlton, these letters being both before and after their wedding (June 1870 to Sept. 1872). The third group consists of miscellaneous letters written back and forth between Kate, her mother, and brother William, then a final, and smaller, fourth group of correspondence between Kate?s brother Frank and his wife Nellie (1888-1890). Carr Family of Bradford, New Hampshire Daniel Carr was born in Newbury, Massachusetts, 2 August 1801. His father, Moses Carr, was born 10 October 1778 and died 10 February 1815, and his mother, Abigail Noyes, was born 11 February 1777 and died 20 July 1863. Sometime after 1801 Moses Carr removed from Newbury, Massachusetts, to Hopkinton, New Hampshire where he purchased a large farm on Sugar Hill. There the rest of his children were born and there he died. Daniel Carr tired of farming when he was about 14 and set out to seek his fortune. He sought and found employment as a clerk in the store of Lewis Bailey, in South Sutton, New Hampshire. There he remained until 1824 (?). when with the little patrimony received from his father?s estate, he purchased the store and merchandise of Mr. Bailey and commenced business on his own account. On 20 February 1827 Daniel married Rhoda Bartlett (1800-1836), daughter of Joseph Bartlett, of Warner, New Hampshire. They had one son William A. Carr, born 10 January 1828. William A. Carr appears to have married Harriet Martin (1832-1865) on 10 January 1856. They had several children: William M. Carr, Mabel M. Carr, Charles B. Carr, Frank M. Carr. William M. Carr (1857-) married on 22 February 1882 to Mary L. Hartshorn. About 1834, Daniel Carr sold his store to his brother Moses Carr, and moved to Concord, New Hampshire. There he went into trade and remained until the death of his wife Rhoda on 29 November 1836. He then moved to Bradford, New Hampshire, buying out the store of John D. Wadleigh, and there he remained in business until July 1854, when his son was admitted as a partner, and the firm was re-named D. & W. A. Carr. This co-partnership continued until July 1875, when Daniel Carr retired. Daniel Carr?s son, William A. Carr, remained in trade until January 1887, when he turned over the business to his son William M. Carr. The family store, William M. Carr & Company, was a purveyor of general merchandise. William M. Carr & Co. touted a full line of ?Dry and fancy goods, groceries, grain, furniture, carpets, curtains, crockery, glass and silverware, wallpaper, boots, shoes and general merchandise.? The company supplied all manner of goods to south central New Hampshire for over one hundred years. On 1 January 1839, Daniel Carr was married a second time to Caroline Lucinda Tappan (1819-1898), daughter of Weare Tappan (1790-1868) and Lucinda (1792-1866). Caroline?s brother was Mason Weare Tappan (1817-1886), a New Hampshire state representative, a U.S. Congressman from 1855 to 1861, a colonel during the American Civil War and the New Hampshire Attorney General. Daniel and his new wife had two children, Frank Tappan Carr (1844-1919) and Kate E. Carr (1846-1942). Daniel Carr died 17 August 1887 at age 86 and was buried at the family plot at Pleasant Hill Cemetery, Bradford. Moses Carr, who succeeded Daniel, continued in trade at South Sutton for a time, when he went to Sanbornton Bridge, now Tilton. He died in Ohio 16 September 1876. Daniel Carr?s son with his second wife was Frank Tappan Carr. He was born 28 October 1844 in Bradford, Merrimack Co., New Hampshire. He died on 27 May 1919 in Bradford and was buried at the Pleasant Hill Cemeter
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Collection of Correspondence, Papers, and Ephemera, of the Edward Casey and Mary Norton Families, of Farmington, Connecticut; Lanesborough, Massachusetts; and Whiting, Vermont, 1809-1829

Casey and Norton Family Letters) 19 letters, 39 pages, plus 10 manuscripts totaling 76 pages, as well as related ephemeral material. The collection consists of the following items: 19 letters, 39 pp., dated 4 September 1809 to 11 December 1821; 8 letters are not dated, but are from the same period, early 19th century, as the rest of the letters in the collection, which includes: - John Casey to Joshua Casey, [Ferrisburgh], 1809. - Charles Smith to Edward Casey, 1815. - Beloved Mother to Beloved Friend and Respected Husband, Lanesborough, 1816. - Alexander Ely to Eli Garlish, dated Pittsfield, 1816. - Edward Casey to Mary Casey, New York, 1816. - J. Bis[sup] to Edward Casey, Pittsfield, 1817. - ? to Edward Casey, Mr. [Stanneys], 1817. - Gideon Norton to Edward & Mary Casey, Pittsfield, 1817. - Lucy Norton to Edward & Mary Casey, Lanesborough, 1818. - Sally Norton to Mary N. Casey, Lanesborough, 1819. - Edward Casey to ? , Pittsfield, 1821. - Remaining letters are not dated, they were written by: J and A. Casey to C. and M. Casey; Sally Norton to Mary Casey; to Edward Casey; Eliza Phelps to Edward Casey; others incomplete. 10 manuscript papers, totaling 77 pages, dated 12 April 1806 to 1 May 1829, as follows: - 44-page manuscript dated 12 Apr 1806 to 26 July 1807, which is a religious reflective diary of sorts, by an unknown author, but the author does tell us he was 18 years old on 12 April 1806, giving the author a birth year of 1788, which suggests Joshua Casey, Mary Norton Casey as prospective authors. - 16-page manuscript dated 1 May 1829, ?Town Clerk?s Office Whiting, [VT],? distribution of estate of Ezra Allen, Esq. - 2-page manuscript dated 1 October 1818, estate distribution of Charles Norton, Lanesborough, Massachusetts. - 1-page manuscript dated 10 February 1818, for 25 acres in Whiting, Vermont for the poor. - 1-page manuscript not dated, includes 3 epitaphs for gravestones of Timothy S. Norton, Daniel C. Norton, and Charles Norton. - 1-page manuscript, dated January 1813, concerns part of a quarry being sold by J. Elijah Phelps, of Lanesboro, to Edward Casey, also of Lanesboro. - 12 pages of miscellaneous manuscript writings, some with religious content. 15 manuscript ephemeral items, including receipts, invoices, memoranda, notes, etc., dated 26 February 1810 to 23 February 1817. Some of the manuscript material and correspondence in the collection consists of correspondence between family members and friends. Much of the material has highly religious content which specifically references and deals with the Second Great Awakening, a period of strong religious revival that took place in America during the first several decades of the 19th Century. While it occurred in all parts of the United States, the Second Great Awakening was especially strong in the Northeast and the Midwest. This religious awakening was unique in that it moved beyond the educated elite of New England to those who were less wealthy and less educated. The center of revivalism was the so-called Burned-over district in western New York, the region produced dozens of new denominations, communal societies, and reform. The correspondents in this collection lived in towns in Massachusetts and Vermont that straddled the border of New York State. Closely related to the Second Great Awakening were other reform movements, such as Temperance, which is touched on in one letter. Sample Quotes: ?Pittsfield Augt 29, 1816 Mr. Eli Garlish Sir, Mr. Casey informs me that you refuse to let him quarry on your land either as agent for Elisha Ely or myself. That you are abusive & threaten to use all legal & illegal methods in your power to prevent his working the Quarry. A man possessing a Lordship of six or eight hundred acres of land ought in order to command respect to be a gentleman. At least he ought to be above pocketing $500 for a lease of part of his estate and then refuse the lease the right of occu
Archive of American Artist Marion Greenwood

Archive of American Artist Marion Greenwood, of New York City and Woodstock, New York, including Correspondence, Documents, Ephemera, Original Art, Photographs, along with Diaries, Journals, and Writings, of her husband, writer Robert Plate, 1929-1986

Greenwood, Marion (1909-1970) Large Archive consisting of the following: 470 letters, 654 pp., (18 retained mailing envelopes), written by and to Marion Greenwood, her husband Robert Plate, and others; dated 21 August 1929 to 25 October 1983. (See complete inventory below). 101 pieces of Artwork of Marion Greenwood, and others, including drawings, prints, sketches, and watercolors, circa 1920s to 1960s. 8 bound diaries and journals (1582 pp.), 1 account book (34 pp.), 1 notebook (22 pp.); 32 short stories (387 pp.); 237 loose pp. of journal writings; 90 loose pp. of magazine writing; all of Robert Plate, dated 1936 to 1986. 2 address books (86 pp.) of Marion Greenwood, not dated; plus, small diary possibly of Charles Fenn, 1939. 157 photographs mostly of Greenwood, family, husbands, artist friends, 1910s-1960s. Over 280 paper and manuscript ephemeral items, c1930s-1970s. Large and compelling archive of Marion Greenwood, American artist who had a successful career from the 1920s through the 1950s. She was a painter and muralist and knew and corresponded with many of the leading artists of the day, Isamu, Noguchi, Diego Rivera and others. The archive would be of interest for scholars and historians of the period, and of woman artists, not only for Greenwood?s correspondence, but the journals of Robert Plate comprise a fascinating and lively account of the New York City art scene of the 1950s. OCLC does not record a repository for Greenwood?s papers, the largest consisting of 0.4 linear feet, mainly photographs, catalogs, etc., was donated to the Smithsonian Archives of American Art by Greenwood in 1964. Life of Marion Greenwood (1909-1970) Marion Greenwood was an American social realist artist who became popular starting in the 1920s and became renowned in both the United States and Mexico, first as a muralist, then as a painter. She is most well known for her powerful murals, but she also practiced easel painting, printmaking, and frescoes. Marion Greenwood was born on 6 April 1909 in Brooklyn, New York, and was the daughter of Walter Greenwood and Kathryn Boyland. Her father Walter was a painter by trade and worked in a paint store. Walter and his wife had at least four children. Marion?s two older brothers, Irwin Greenwood (1893-1969) and Lester Greenwood, were both listed as artists in Census records from 1920 to 1940. Marion?s sister Grace Greenwood Crampton (1902-1979) also became an artist. When the 1930 Census was taken, Marion was the only one of the children still living at home and was listed as an artist. Marion exhibited artistic talent at a very young age and left high school at the age of fifteen to study with a scholarship at the Art Students League. There she studied with John Sloan and George Bridgman. She also studied lithography with Emil Ganso and mosaic with Alexander Archipenko. At eighteen, she made multiple visits to Yaddo in Saratoga Springs, New York. There, she painted portraits of intellectuals-in-residence and gained experience and knowledge through conversation. It was also at Yaddo that Josephine Herbst began her enduring relationship with Greenwood, as well as the poet Jean Garrigue (who was also having an affair at the time with another Yaddo resident, Alfred Kazin). Still in her teens, Greenwood used the proceeds from a portrait of a wealthy financier to begin her travels through Europe. While she was there, she studied at the Academie Colarossi in Paris, where she met Isamu Noguchi. In early 1927, after receiving a Guggenheim Fellowship, sculptor and landscape artist Isamu Noguchi (1904-1988) traveled to Paris, working as a studio assistant to Constantin Brancusi for six months before continuing to Japan. Around 1928, after his return to New York, he turned to studio portraiture as a means of earning income. One of his subjects included the young painter Marion Greenwood, who he had met at the Académie de la Grande Chaumiére in Paris. Although Noguchi?s portrait of Greenwood pr
Pictorial History of Operation Highjump Task Force Sixty-Eight United States Atlantic Fleet 1946-1947. Richard E. Byrd U.S. Navy (Retired).

Pictorial History of Operation Highjump Task Force Sixty-Eight United States Atlantic Fleet 1946-1947. Richard E. Byrd U.S. Navy (Retired).

Folio, large photograph album, measuring 17 ¼ x 15 ¼ inches, 541 black and white photographs mounted on 137 blue paper leaves, the images are high quality black and white silver prints measuring between 4 x 5 and 8 x 10 inches. They are bound in a heavy blue cloth backed board binder, boards somewhat rubbed, few leaves loose, title printed in black on gray cloth front board with mounted photograph (see image above), images in very good, clean, sharp condition. This is Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd?s copy, the commander of the expedition. Very Rare Photograph Album documenting every aspect of Operation Highjump a United States Navy operation organized by Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd, Officer in Charge, Task Force 68, and led by Rear Admiral Richard H. Cruzen, USN, Commanding Officer, Task Force 68. Operation Highjump began 26 August 1946 and ended in late February 1947. Task Force 68 included 4,700 men, 13 ships, and 33 aircraft. Operation Highjump?s objectives, according to the U.S. Navy report of the operation, were: 1. Training personnel and testing equipment in frigid conditions? 2. Consolidating and extending the United States? sovereignty over the largest practicable area of the Antarctic continent (publicly denied as a goal even before the expedition ended); 3. Determining the feasibility of establishing, maintaining, and utilizing bases in the Antarctic and investigating possible base sites; 4. Developing techniques for establishing, maintaining, and utilizing air bases on ice, with particular attention to later applicability of such techniques to operations in interior Greenland, where conditions are comparable to those in the Antarctic; 5. Amplifying existing stores of knowledge of electromagnetic, geological, geographic, hydrographic, and meteorological propagation conditions in the area; 6. Supplementary objectives of the Nanook expedition (a smaller equivalent conducted off eastern Greenland). Tentative plans for Operation Highjump were to navigate the ice pack and to establish an American base on the Ross Ice Shelf in the vicinity of Byrd?s 1940-41 Little America III Camp. During and after the establishment of ?Little America IV,? a ?systematic outward radial expansion of air exploration? would take place with ship based planes operating around the Antarctic perimeter and land-based aircraft operating out of Little America once the base was completed. A central objective of Operation Highjump was the systematic aerial mapping of as much of Antarctica, particularly the continental rim as possible. The mapping was done for the purpose of laying claim to as much of Antarctica as possible for the United States. Operation Highjump was to be ? and remains to this day ? the largest Antarctic expedition ever organized, and its basic objectives were military, not diplomatic, scientific, or economic. The U.S. Navy rushed men and ships south in 1946-47 as part of a general military exercise that at once reflected and was in reaction to the coming cold war with the Soviet Union. Much of Operation Highjump?s exploration was to be accomplished by air. Admiral Byrd was able to accomplish this due to the long range planes (R4D?s) developed during World War II and he also had experienced combat pilots from the recently concluded conflict to fly them. During a period of 144 hours, pilots, planes and their crews, supported by diligent and competent ground personnel, worked to the edge of exhaustion and beyond to accumulate over 200 hours of flight time and an impressive list of discoveries, confirmed by an exhaustive photographic record. All of which was accomplished under extremely harsh weather and climactic conditions. The territory covered by Byrd and his men had never been seen before. The eastern curve of the Ross Ice Shelf had been photomapped. The ?west coast? ranges of Victoria Land and the Queen Maud escarpment had been traced and with sufficient
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Archive of Business and Family Correspondence and Ephemera of the family of John King McLanahan, of Hollidaysburg, Blair County, Pennsylvania, and their various companies, 1882-1936

cClanahan, John King Large archive of 4075 letters, 5235 pages, dated 27 September 1882 to 17 March 1936; with over 3500 pieces of related ephemera. Exceptional and extensive archive documenting western Pennsylvania Industrial History. The collection contains correspondence from three generations of the various McLanahan family related businesses: Blair Limestone Company, Juniata Limestone Company, Keystone Manganese and Iron Company, Lawrence Ore Banks ? Pinkney Mine, McLanahan & Stone Machine Company, Price & McLanahan Architects, St. Clair Limestone Company, Whiteside & McLanahan Real Estate, & Woodbury Clay Company, etc. The bulk of the correspondence up to 1918 focuses on J. King McLanahan, and after his death the archive continues with correspondence of his sons, J. Craig McLanahan and Martin Hawley McLanahan, who both figure prominently in the collection, and his grandson. The collection comprises a large amount of business correspondence of companies that did business with the McLanahan family companies, many of them in the steel and iron industry, or coal and transportation, industrial machinery, as well as banking, insurance and law. There are also letters of grocers, nurseries, department stores, clothing and furnishings, etc., which would appear to be of a more personal nature. (For a more detailed list of correspondents see below). The collection also includes many family letters written between J. King McLanahan, his wife, and their children, as well as grandchildren, cousins, nieces and nephews, or siblings of McLanahan. Overall, the collection offers great insight into the development and early years of this great American manufacturing company, which was founded in the mid-19th Century and is still in business today, albeit with a different name, however a fifth generation of the McLanahan family is still with the company, in Hollidaysburg to this day. History of the McLanahan Family and Companies James McClenaghen emigrated from Northern Ireland in 1734 to the American mainland due to religious persecution. Upon his arrival in the Thirteen Colonies, McClenaghen purchased a great deal of land in Pennsylvania and began his life anew. Following the Revolutionary War, the family name changed to McLanahan and a son, James Craig McLanahan (1794-1865), was born on 22 May 1794. In 1810, James Craig traveled north to Blair County, Pennsylvania from his family farm near Greencastle, Pennsylvania, and began his career in the iron industry. He started by keeping the books for his uncle?s foundry near Williamsburg (Cove Forge, as it was known). After his work at his uncle?s foundry, James Craig took another job managing a larger forger in Spruce Creek before becoming the manager of operations at one of the area?s largest forges, Bedford Forge. While at Bedford Forge, he was introduced to the owner's daughter, Elizabeth King (1804-1895). The two were married on 15 May 1827. In 1835, looking for an opportunity to move into the ownership side of the forge business, James Craig took on two investment partners (known only by their last names), Evans and Devine, and bought majority ownership in a foundry operation. McLanahan, Evans, and Devine created the Bellerophon Foundry in Gaysport, Pennsylvania. Named after a hero from an ancient Greek legend, the Bellerophon Foundry quickly experienced ownership changes when Devine was bought out by Michael Kelley. Kelley?s small machine and blacksmith shop paired with Bellerophon and the business began to expand. In 1848, McLanahan bought out his original partner, Evans. Together with his remaining partner Kelley, the men moved the foundry into a canal warehouse situated on a riverbank in Gaysport, renaming the business Kelley and McLanahan. In 1849, at the age of 21, James Craig's oldest son, John King McLanahan (1828-1918) known as ?King,? joined the family business, running the operations as manager. He married Mary Anne Martin (1832-1903), daughter of John Martin (1805-1864) and his w
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Autograph Letter Signed New York October 9, 1851 to fellow artist Jasper Francis Cropsey, West Milford, Passaic County, New Jersey

Falconer, John, (1820-1903) quarto, 4 pages, neatly inscribed in ink on thin light gray paper, some holes, splits and tears to last leaf, affecting some text, strip of old cello tape on foredge of first leaf, else good. John M. Falconer, Scottish born American portrait, landscape and genre painter writes to his friend and fellow artist Jasper Francis Cropsey (1823-1900) relating all of the recent news from New York: ?Dear Frank, Yours caught me at 8 ½ last Monday morning Just fancy Roberts? picture of ?Destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans under Titus? done in colours in nice printing by Haghe & that it is four feet long & brilliant in effect & with much quiet yet evocative tone and yet news of all this triumph the bad flickerings of Williams & Havens window which seems more besieged than ever ? don?t you wish you could get a quiet peep at it & refresh your memories with the glow of the original on top of this imitation in the same window is a pendant to the ?Going with the Stream? in which lovers were floating smoothly ? this one is ?Going against the Stream? he is sulky, & she looks unkind in the same boat as mister Jenkins painted them before. W & S have no fresh supplies of any colour you want except the ?Terra Vert? which I give by mail to the tender mercies of Sloatsburg jolting to see whether or not it gets safe ? for I hear of no one going your way. Hunt has the impressions for you & you will look for them when you come here. I was at the American Institute last night & I saw a few ears of good wheat in the way of useful things amid bushels of rubbish very useless & unpromising for practice. Pretty girls abounded, but they don?t attract me & I glid batchelorishly about as usual. The fine arts there shewn are abominable & are attested by usual as the work of precocities of 9, 10 & 12 years of age some daguerreotypes are fine ? one a set of illustrations by Root ?The Old Arm Chair? pretty good ? but the poetry of the subject has been missed ? for the chair is a very new style & tufted & stuffed & with newest covering ? Water colour summons its students to life study from the 20th proximo 2 evgs a week at Browns ? The Academy takes charge of its own schools this season tho? I cannot well see how it can with propriety. Poor Downey our Bootmaker met with an affecting loss his daughter aged 16 went to visit a friend ? her dress caught fire & she lingered injured for several days till the summons of Death released her. Her father said she was prepared to die & she then died well Business rather slackens ? this bank panic don?t add to prospects of profits over living expenses ? the really bad [ba]nks are however few ? Peoples of Patterson New Jersey, Commercial of Perth Amboy N.J. the other Bank issues that are secured by State stocks pass quite freely in trade ? difficulty is to get enough of them. The Bro[kers] are principally to blame for the excitement but as they get bread by their muddling peaceful streams they merit excuse for wishing to steer clear of the poor house. The Herald from enquiry made to every public place of amusement makes out that $ 21,000 are spent just now nightly ? truly anything but bad times if money be an indication of plenty commerce Leutzes picture not open yet ? Autumn has touched up her trees with warmish tints & last Sunday her array of hues at Hoboken were very choice. An exquisite lake scene ? twilight in feeling of that new set of Calame?s won approbation from me the other morning in passing Delany?s window ? wanted to step right in & buy it but prudence made me go bye without it ? ?Christmas with the Poets? is one of the choicest of all wood cut illustrated volumes I ever met with ? it is to be published for the holidays & I may be [lick]y enough to get an advance copy There is a sale of modern pictures by artists of the Hague, advertised for next week, they are said to be above the line of such importations in general. Glad your pictures