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Chaucer's Canterbury Pilgrims. Etched by Lewis Schiavonetti and finished by James Heath.

Chaucer’s Canterbury Pilgrims. Etched by Lewis Schiavonetti and finished by James Heath.

Stothard, Thomas. [London: 1809-1817]. 925 x 300 mm., with large margins. Recently cleaned, in fine condition. § "Much has been written concerning Thomas Stothard's Pilgrimage to Canterbury and the later, remarkably similar, composition by his one-time engraver, William Blake. This large engraving and the painting upon which it was based were the cause of a permanent rift between William Blake and two of this most important employers, the publisher R.H. Cromek and the artist Thomas Stothard. Indeed, the argument surrounding these men and the subject of the Canterbury Pilgrims has led to lasting academic debate. Robert Cromek is said to have suggested the subject of the procession of Chaucer's Canterbury Pilgrims to Thomas Stothard as the subject for a painting in about 1806. In that year Cromek commissioned Thomas Stothard to design a large painting of this subject with the aim of producing the engraving shown here. Thomas Stothard's painting was completed by 1807 and was an immense popular success. It was exhibited first at Cromek's house and then went on tour of the British Isles as an advertisement for subscriptions to the projected engraving.Cromek commissioned Louis Schiavonetti to engrave Thomas Stothard's composition, but when Schiavonetti died in 1810 he had completed only the etched state of the plate. The copper plate was given to Francis Engleheart to complete, but Cromek's death in March 1812 again interrupted progress. His widow gave the plate to Niccolo Schiavonetti, Louis's younger brother, but he too died. The plate was finally completed by James Heath and was published on 1st October 1817." (Campbell Fine Art).Ref: Shelley M. Bennett, 1988, pp.44-9; R.N. Essick The Separate Plates of William Blake, 1983, p.88.
Chirurgie (Surgery). Encyclopédie

Chirurgie (Surgery). Encyclopédie, ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers. Plates vol. 3.

Diderot, Denis. Paris (1763). 54 pages of descriptive text & 45 loose plates with their accompanying 2 text sheets. Slight browning to margins, a little spotting otherwise very good. § The 37 plates and descriptive text for the entry of Chirurgie from volume III of plates with the additional 8 plates from the Supplementary Plates Volume. Plates from volume III are numbered 1-36, excluding the suite's frontispiece, with plates 13 & 14 continuing onto a second sheet. The supplementary plates are numbered 1-8.Also with the relevant entries listed under Chirurgien in the Table Analytique et Raisonnée du Dictionnaire des Sciences, Arts et Métiers. Vol I (1780)5 pages (350-354) from volume III of the Encyclopédie (1753) including La chirurgie en général2 pages (802 & 803) from volume VIII of the Encyclopédie (1765) including information on Hippocrate habile dans cet art and Les instrumens de chirurgie12 pages (929-940) from volume IX of the Encyclopédie (1765) including Maladies chirurgicales6 pages (496, 501) from volume XI of the Encyclopédie (1765) including L'Opérateurs and Les opérations chirurgicales4 pages (246 & 355-357) from volume III of the Encyclopédie (1753) which includes Chirurguiens du Châtelet and Les chirurgiens en général under Chirurgien1 page (926) from volume VII of the Encyclopédie (1757) which includes information on Greffiers qui lui appartiennent under Chirurgien6 pages (496-498 & 902-904) from volume IX of the Encyclopédie (1765) which includes information on Qualités nécessaires dans un chirurgien confidéré comme opérateur and Maître en chirurgie under Chirurgien12 pages (929-940) from volume XIV of the Encyclopédie (1765) which includes information on Semaines d'épreuves pour les aspirans à la maîtrise de chirurgie under Chirurgien6 pages (448-452 & 882) from volume III of the Supplément à l'Encyclopédie (1777) which includes Chirurgien major : ses fonctions and Chirurgiens royaux under ChirurgienWith some browning to a few leaves.The suite of plates on Chirurgie begins with its own allegorical frontispiece by Bonaventure-Louis Prévost. Many different pieces of apparatus follow, including saws, grinders, drills, shears and scalpels. Surgical procedures and dissections are shown, with detailed illustrations of operations on the eyes, reproductive organs and the bladder. Orthopedic procedures are explained, and a number of prosthetic devices are also shown. Surgery chairs, bandages, straps and braces are shown as well. Also included are the text entries for Chirurgie by Chevalier Louis de Jaucourt, the aristocrat who contributed around one quarter of the Encyclopédie, and a number of papers by Antoine Louis, a French surgeon who built the first prototype for the guillotine. His entries include Chirurgiens, Instruments en Chirurgie, Opérateur, Opération, Opération Césarienne and Hopitaux d'Armée.