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The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication.

Darwin, Charles Octavo. Two volumes. Original green cloth and black with black coated endpapers. Very little wear and rubbing to the boards. A trimmed copy. 32 pages of advertisements dated January 1876 bound in the back of volume 2. With 43 woodcut illustrations of animals and plants in text. A very attractive copy. Freeman 880. Second edition Fourth Thousand. (185 x 120mm) Author's presentation copy of his 'big book' on evolution by natural selection, with 11 revisions in the hand of Darwin's amanuensis. 'This represents the only section of Darwin's big book on the origin of species which was printed in his lifetime and corresponds to its first two intended chapters' (Freeman, p.122).he gestation of Darwin's theories was extremely long, starting with his observations and findings on the Beagle voyage, culminating over many years of painstaking research with an unwieldy 250,000 word treatise entitled 'Natural Selection' that was far from complete. Wallace's letter of June 1858 forced Darwin into writing an abstract of this work called On the Origin of Species. However, Darwin was determined to publish the research that had led h im to the Origin, and work on Variation began two days after the second edition of the Origin appeared on 7 January 1860. Along with the ascertainable facts of artificial selection, it contained Darwin's hypothesis of pangenesis. Francis Darwin recorded that 'about half of the eight years that elapsed between its commencement and completion were spent on it. The book did not escape adverse criticism: it was said, for instance, that the public had been patiently waiting for Mr. Darwin's pièces justicatives, and that after eight years of expectation all they got was a mass of detail about pigeons, rabbits and silk worms. But the true critics welcomed it as an expansion with unrivalled wealth of illustration of a section of the Origin' (The Autobiography of Charles Darwin and Selected Letters, ed. F. Darwin, New York, 1958, p. 281). The book's slow progress towards publication was due not only to its size, but also the author's ill health. It was finally published on 30 January 1868, the first issue consisting of 1500 copies. For this second edition, the text was substantially revised, and the format reduced in size to crown octavo. It is the final edition of the text – all subsequent editions were printed from stereotyped plates. There were 25 recipients of presentation copies of this second edition (Darwin Correspondence, vol. 24, p.596f.), including the German J. Victor Carus, and the Italian Giovanni Canestri, the translators of the 3rd German (1878; Freeman 916) and first Italian (1876; Freeman 920) editions respectively. It is possible that this copy is one of these, since the corrections, although of a minor nature, correspond largely with revisions in those editions. These textual corrections are found on pp. 170, 262, 264, 425, 434 and 442 of vol. I; and in the index only, on pp.431, 439, 450, 456 and 461 of vol. II. The hand is identifiable as that of Francis Darwin, Charles' amanuensis at that period. The book block has been shaved to spare Darwin's recipients of presentation copies the trouble of opening the gatherings, and the inscription in Darwin's own hand – rather than in the hand of the publisher's clerk as often found – suggests this is an important association copy.
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The Atlantic Telegraph

Russell, W.H. v,(1),117,(4) pp. Tall Folio (42.6 X 31 cm. Bound in the original pebbled purple cloth with highly decorative green cloth gilt paste-on, laid on the front board. All edges gilt. Heavily gilt very decorative spine. Boards are very slightly worn but very bright overall. Illustrated with 25 hand coloured plates and an illustrated vignette on the title page. Single engraved chart. All illustrations by Robert Dudley. Text printed on thicker paper. Occasional very light foxing throughout but mainly marginal and more pronounced only on the title page. Early 20th century bookplate on the front pastedown along with a typed provenance of the ownership of the book. Overall, a tight, bright spectacular copy. Rare! although we have handled a number of copies of the regular edition of the book, this is first copy of this spectacular large and thick paper copy. The Great Eastern was an iron sailing steam ship designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, one of the greatest Victorian designers and industrialist's. She was the largest ship ever built at the time of her 1858 launch, and had the capacity to carry 4,000 passengers around the world without refueling. Under Captain, Sir James Anderson she laid 4,200 km of the 1865 transatlantic telegraph cable. Under Captains Anderson and then Robert Halpin, from 1866 to 1878 the ship laid over 48,000 km of submarine telegraph cable including from Brest, France to Saint Pierre and Miquelon in 1869. Lande 2166. O Dea 704a. Sabin 74396. TPL 9497
Artillery Retrospect of the Last Great War

Artillery Retrospect of the Last Great War, 1870: with its lessons for Canadians

Strange, T. Bland vi,(5),34-95 pp. Octavo. Original Victorian moire fabric covered paper boards. Engraved bookplate on the front pastedown. Half title. 6 plates, 3 folding lettered A to E. 8 numbered plates. 4 tables. A clean tight copy. Rare offprint issue of and article Strange presented at the Literary and Historical Society of Quebec. The paper is in two parts, 1. Field Artillery and the second Sieges. The illustrations are base on European battles. Strange presented the pamphlet Oct. 21, 1874 to the Library of the Royal Artillary Institution and has their acceptance bookplate on the front pastdown. Strange (15 September 1831 – 9 July 1925), known as 'Gunner Jingo', was a British soldier noted for his service with the Canadian militia during the North-West Rebellion of 1885. Strange was a retired major-general at the time of the rebellion, and was raising cavalry horses near modern Calgary, Alberta. At the outbreak of the rebellion, his old friend Adolphe-Philippe Caron, who was minister of militia and defence in the government of Sir John A. Macdonald, asked Strange to organize a field force for the District of Alberta. This force, consisting primarily of inexperienced militiamen and a few members of the North-West Mounted Police, participated in the Battle of Frenchman's Butte fighting against forces under the command of Cree leader Big Bear. Strange's greater importance is as the father of the Canadian artillery and one of the initial organizers of the Canadian army. (Wikipedia)