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En découvrant l’existence Avec Husserl et Heidegger.

LEVINAS, EMMANUEL. - [INTRODUCING PHENOMENOLOGY IN FRANCE] Paris, Vrin, 1949. 8vo. Original printed wrappers. Back wrapper loose and lower part of spine missing. Water damage to upper right corner of front wrapper and leaves (not affecting text). A few pencil-underlinings in the text, otherwise internally clean. 107,(5) pp. The uncommon first edition of this collection of early essays, constituting the first appearance in book form of two highly important articles by one of the most significant philosophers of the 20th century. The two articles were originally published in Revue Philosophique in 1932 and 1940, but only really with their appearance in book form did they exercise their great influence in France. The essays by Levinas on the phenomenology of Husserl and Heidegger served to introduce this strain of philosophy in France where it would go on to dominate academic philosophy until the middle of the 1970s. As such, these essays are crucial documents to anybody with an interest in the development of 20th century continental philosophy.However, this volume has the added attraction of providing us with an insight into the genesis of Levinas' own thought. The experience of the Second World War, which Levinas spent as a prisoner of war in Germany, led him to question the ethical foundations of phenomenology and to reconsider his earlier uncritical attachment to Heidegger. It is thus by engaging critically with the conception of philosophy that is manifested in his own pre-war works that Levinas shall elaborate such masterpieces of philosophy as Totalité and Infini and Autrement qu'être.
Mémoire sur les granits de France

Mémoire sur les granits de France, comparés a ceux d’Égypte (+) Memoire sur quelques corps fossiles peu connus [In “Histoire de L’Academie Royale des Sciences. Année M. DCCLI” 1751,].

GUETTARD, JEAN ÉTIENNE. Paris, l'Imprimerie Royale, 1755. 4to. In a nice contemporary full mottled calf binding with five rasied bands and rchly gilt spines. Gilt borders on covers. In "Histoire de L'Academie Royale des Sciences. Année M. DCCLI" 1751, entire volume offered. Small tear to upper part of spine and ex-libris pasted on to pasted down front end-paper. A fine copy. Pp. 164-210 + folded map. [entire volume: (8), 202, 536 pp + 23 folded plates. First edition of Guettard important paper which includes one of the very earliest mineralogical/geological maps of the eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East.Guettard, French naturalist and mineralogist, was born at Étampes, near Paris. In the mit 1740ies, he communicated to the Academy of Sciences in Paris a memoir on the distribution of minerals and rocks, and this was accompanied by a map on which he had recorded his observations. He thus, as remarked by W. D. Conybeare, "first carried into execution the idea, proposed by Martin Lister years before, of geological maps." In the course of his journeys he made a large collection of fossils and figured many of them, but he had no clear ideas about the sequence of strata.The present volume contain many original scientific contributions by scientists such as Du Hamel, Daubenton, Fouchy, Bouguer.
book (2)

Betriebs-Ordnung für den Kaiser-Wilhelm-Kanal nebst Anlagen [.] Traffic Regulations for the Kaiser Wilhelm Canal with Appendices.

KAISER-WILHELM-KANAL - Kiel, Schmidt & Klaunig, 1895 4to. Bound the original wrappers in contemporary half cloth. Stamp to end-papers and front wrapper. Internally fine and clean. 56 pp (8 pp. with coloured signals codes). Rare first publication of the traffic regulations of the then newly opned Kaiser-Wilhelm-Kanal, now known as the Kiel Canal (or Nord-Ostsee-Kanal). The canal was finished in 1895, but later widened, and links the North Sea at Brunsbüttel to the Baltic Sea at Kiel-Holtenau. An average of 250 nautical miles (460 km) is saved by using the Kiel Canal instead of going around the Jutland Peninsula. This not only saves time but also avoids storm-prone seas and having to pass through the Sound or Belts.The first connection between the North and Baltic Seas was constructed while the area was ruled by Denmark-Norway. It was called the Eider Canal, which used stretches of the Eider River for the link between the two seas. Completed during the reign of Christian VII of Denmark in 1784, the Eiderkanal was a 43-kilometre (27 mi) part of a 175-kilometre (109 mi) waterway from Kiel to the Eider River's mouth at Tönning on the west coast. It was only 29 metres (95 ft) wide with a depth of 3 metres (10 ft), which limited the vessels that could use the canal to 300 tonnes.After 1864 Second Schleswig War put Schleswig-Holstein under the government of Prussia (from 1871 the German Empire), a new canal was sought by merchants and by the German navy, which wanted to link its bases in the Baltic and the North Sea without the need to sail around Denmark.After World War I, the Treaty of Versailles required the canal to be open to vessels of commerce and of war of any nation at peace with Germany, while leaving it under German administration.(The United States opposed this proposal to avoid setting a precedent for similar concessions on the Panama Canal. The government under Adolf Hitler repudiated its international status in 1936, but the canal was reopened to all traffic after World War II. In 1948, the current name was adopted.
Viable offspring derived from fetal and adult mammalian cells. [In: Nature. Vol 385

Viable offspring derived from fetal and adult mammalian cells. [In: Nature. Vol 385, no. 6619, 27 February, 1997].

WILMUT, I, A E SCHNIEKE, J MCWHIR, A J KIND & K H S CAMPBELL. - [DOLLY, THE WORLD'S MOST FAMOUS CLONE] 1997. Small folio. Entire volume of no. 6619 of Nature, in the original illustrated wrappers, with the cloned sheep Dolly on the front wrapper. Very minor signs of wear to corners and capitals. Original label with address of original buyer to front wrapper. An excellent, clean and fresh copy. Pp. 810-13. [Entire volume: 753-844, 44 pp. (Classified) + 3 subscription-leaves]. Richly illustrated. The scarce volume of Nature, in which the completey groundbreaking article on Dolly the sheep, the first mammal in history successfully cloned fron an adult body cell, appears for the first time. This seminal paper constitutes a milestone in the history of genetics, a spectacular scientific breakthrough, which not only provided the modern world with a wealth of new medical advances and sparked a revolution in our understanding of mammal reproduction, ageing, genetics in general, etc., but also raised a storm of ethical questions, pushing our boundaries of man's abilities to play God. "Dolly was an important milestone, inspiring scientists to continue improving cloning technology as well as to pursue new concepts in stem cell research. The endgame was never meant to be armies of genetically identical livestock: Rather, researchers continue to refine the techniques and combine them with other methods to turbocharge traditional animal breeding methods as well as gain insights into aging and disease." (George Seidel, in The Conversation)."[I]n February 1997, Ian (now Sir Ian) Wilmut and his research team at the Roslin Institute announced Dolly’s birth in the prestigious science journal "Nature". This provoked political and ethical debates that have never truly stopped. issues relating to cloning technology remain crucial to debates over biomedical research and its regulation.The announcement - with a description of the method used to bring Dolly into existence - triggered a feverish worldwide response because of the possible implications for human cloning. It was immediately obvious that SCNT could, in principle, be used to create human babies. Across the world, many countries banned human cloning - often with significant punishments, such as lengthy jail terms, even for attempting such a thing." (Russell Blackford in The Coversation)Dolly is now the symbol of modern medical technology, of our exitement with mankind's ability to create specific kinds of life as well as the symol of the fear of a "brave new world". "It’s been 20 years since scientists in Scotland told the world about Dolly the sheep, the first mammal successfully cloned from an adult body cell. What was special about Dolly is that her "parents" were actually a single cell originating from mammary tissue of an adult ewe. Dolly was an exact genetic copy of that sheep - a clone." (George Seidel, in The Conversation)."Before the decades of experiments that led to Dolly, it was thought that normal animals could be produced only by fertilization of an egg by a sperm. That's how things naturally work. These germ cells are the only ones in the body that have their genetic material all jumbled up and in half the quantity of every other kind of cell. That way when these so-called haploid cells come together at fertilization, they produce one cell with the full complement of DNA. Joined together, the cell is termed diploid, for twice, or double. Two halves make a whole.In contrast, Dolly was produced by what's called somatic cell nuclear transfer. In this process, researchers remove the genetic material from an egg and replace it with the nucleus of some other body cell. The resulting egg becomes a factory to produce an embryo that develops into an offspring. No sperm is in the picture; instead of half the genetic material coming from a sperm and half from an egg, it all comes from a single cell. It's diploid from the start.To date, the most valuable contribution of these somatic cell nuclear transplantation experiments has been the scientific information and insights gained. They’ve enhanced our understanding of normal and abnormal embryonic development, including aspects of aging, and more. This information is already helping reduce birth defects, improve methods of circumventing infertility, develop tools to fight certain cancers and even decrease some of the negative consequences of aging - in livestock and even in people. Two decades since Dolly, important applications are still evolving." (George Seidel, in The Conversation).
Charl'z Darvin [Tekst]: per.s angl. Grant Allen; Pod red. A. N.Engel'gardta [i.e. Charles Darwin: Translated from English. Grant Allen; Edited by A. N. Engelhardt].

Charl’z Darvin [Tekst]: per.s angl. Grant Allen; Pod red. A. N.Engel’gardta [i.e. Charles Darwin: Translated from English. Grant Allen; Edited by A. N. Engelhardt].

ALLEN, GRANT (+) CHARLES DARWIN - - [CHARLES DARWIN IN RUSSIAN] St. Petersburg, Izd. L. F. Panteleyeva. Tip.i Litogr. V. A.Tikhanova, 1887. 8vo. In contemporary half calf. Edges bumped, spine rubbed. Internally fine and clean. (4), IV, 327, (1) pp Rare first Russian translation of Grant Allen's classic biography on Charles Darwin, printed only two years after the original english publication (1885). Although Darwin's first biographies in Russia appeared during his lifetime, this edition is widely considered to be a standard introduction to the life and work of one of the greatest scientists of the time.A part of the English Worthies series, the original English version of Charles Darwin's biography was written by the Canadian scientist and one of the main popularizers of Darwin's scientific merit Grant Allen (1848-1899). Two years later, the Russian military officer and agricultural scientist Alexander Engelhardt (1832-1893) issued the first Russian translation of the book. The edition consists of two sections. The first section covers Darwin's biography from his early years and the main scientific accomplishments to the last days of his life. The second section features the Russian translation of Darwin's Essay on Instincts, which the author omitted from the 7th chapter of On the Origins of Species (1859). The English version of the Essay was published posthumously in Mental Evolution in Animals (1883) by the founder of the comparative psychology George John Romanes' (1848-1894) with whom Darwin collaborated on the study of the instincts. This translation of the Essay is likely to be one of its first appearances in Russian print.