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Voyage de M. Le Vaillant

Voyage de M. Le Vaillant, dans l’Intérieur de l’Afrique,

LE VAILLANT François par le Cap de Bonne-Espérance Dans les Années 1780, 81, 82, 83, 84 & 85.First edition. 2 vols in 1. Large paper copy, the 9 numbered plates coloured, the 2 views and frontispiece uncoloured. 4to. Contemporary calf, rubbed, some minor spotting throughout, but a very good copy. xvi, 400pp. Paris, Leroy, A most attractive copy of the first edition of Le Vaillant's first journey, which includes the plate La Hottentote which was subsequently suppressed. Born in Dutch Guiana in 1753 and educated in Europe, Le Vaillant was fascinated by the idea of seeing the natural history specimens which he had studied in Paris in their natural habitat. Through a meeting with the Treasurer of the Dutch East India Co. he was able to secure passage on one of the Company's ships bound for the Cape the day before hostilities between Britain and the Netherlands broke out in December, 1781. Having boarded another ship at the Cape Le Vaillant made for Saldanha Bay, where he hunted and collected samples before his ship, along with all his worldly goods, was destroyed by the British under Capt. Johnstone. Having nothing more than his gun, ten ducats and the clothes on his back, Le Vaillant was forced to rely on the kindness of the Dutch fiscal Mr. Boers to whom this book was dedicated. With his help the author returned to the Cape and prepared for his inland expedition, which soon took him via Swellenham to Mossel Bay, and then East to Algoa Bay and the Fish River. On his return journey Le Vaillant travelled via the ?Sneuw Bergen? and through the Eastern Cape crossing the Gamka, Buffalo and Touws Rivers before finally reaching Saldanha Bay after some sixteen months. The narrative provides much information on the natural history and the Dutch settlers of the interior of southern Africa and is ?characterised by the intelligent and interesting manner in which it is written, although the rapsodies on the Hottentots must have sounded strange to colonial ears? (Mendelssohn, p890). Mendelssohn III, p103.
De vanitate mundi

De vanitate mundi, deq; solida hominis foelicitate. Explicatio Ecclesiastes Salomonis

MANSUS Victorinus 4to (220 x 150mm.) [16], 195, [1]p., title within a woodcut frame, woodcut initials large and small, contemporary limp vellum, a little marginal browning, lacking ties Florence: ex bibliotheca Sermartelliana, 1580 (ex off. Sermartelliana, 1579) Rare first edition with an interesting contemporary provenance. The work is a commentary on Ecclesiastes, called in Hebrew Qoheleth, one of the Wisdom Books of the OT, and much read in the sixteenth century. The work is commented on sentence by sentence, the lemmata being printed in italic type and the commentary in Roman. See Christianson, E. Ecclesiastes through the Centuries, Oxford: Blackwell, 2007. The author was a Benedictine from Aversa near Naples (hence Victorinus ab Aversa in the title) where he died in 1611. The title to this work describes him as provost of an abbey at Florence where the book was published, but later (1588-92) he was abbot of La Trinità della Cava dei Tirreni, near Salerno. Subsequently abbot of S. Severino at Naples, where his Harmonia theologica 1593 was published, he became in 1599 Bishop of Castellammare, and in 1603 of Ariano. In 1608 in Rome was published an extract from this work De ecclesiasticis magistratibus. In 1595 (and again in 1605) in Venice was published his Praeclara institutio modi procedendi in causis regularium, revised (according to the title) by Timotheus, a monk of S. Severino. The dedication to cardinal Antonio Carafa (1538-91) relates how cardinal Hosius (Stanislaw Hozjusz 1505-79) whilst staying at Subiaco for the summer, was instrumental in urging Manso to publish this commentary. This interesting copy, which clearly found its way quickly into Germany (vide infra), where the text was reprinted in 1580 in 12mo in Cologne (VD16 M662), has some annotations and, throughout the volume, underlining in red ink. Throughout the text there are frequent citations of Scripture, generally indicated in the margin, and occasional mentions of ancient authors, such as Horace on p. 54 and Bias of Priene on p. 55 in connection with the well known saying, known to Aristotle, Cicero, and mediated probably through Erasmus (Adagia 1072) 'Ama tanquam osurus, oderis tanquam amaturus'. A most interesting passage (p. 74) is the commentary on verses 15 and 16 of Ecclesiastes:15. Vidi cunctos viventes qui ambulant sub sole cum adulescente secundo qui consurgit pro eo. 16. Infinitus numerus est populi omnium qui fuerunt ante eum et qui postea futuri sunt non laetabuntur in eo sed et hoc vanitas et adflictio spiritus. I considered all the living which walk under the sun, with the second child that shall stand in its stead. There is no end of all the people, even of all that have been before them: they also that come after shall not rejoice in him. Surely this also is vanity and vexation of spirit. Here Manso draws attention to the fact that ridding oneself or the state of an evil, generally brings another ill to follow, and he cites the assassination of Caesar and the triumvirate which followed it with all the ills which befell Rome. The point is further covered in a passage from Aristotle where he draws attention to a fable or Aesop told by Aristotle (Rhetorica 1393b22-1394a1) about the Samians: 'Aesop defending before the Samians a popular leader who was being tried for his life, told this story: ?A fox, while crossing a river, was driven into a ravine. Being unable to get out, she was for a long time in sore distress, and a number of dog fleas clung to her skin. A hedgehog, wandering about, saw her, and, moved by compassion, asked her if he should remove the fleas. The fox refused, and when the hedgehog asked the reason, she replied: ?they are already full of me and draw little blood; but if you take these away, others will come that are hungry (?famescentes?) and will drink up all the blood what remains to me? So, men of Samos', said Aesop, ' my client will do you no further harm. But if you put him to death, others will come along who are not rich, and their peculations will empty your treasury completely'. The fable is no. 427 in Perry, Aesopica, 1 p. 490. Provenance: Johann Gross preacher (concionator) of Orn[bau?] in Bavaria, the gift of Friedrich Staphylus the younger, counsellor to the Bishop of Eichstätt, and his brother Andreas (born 1558), dated 1 December 1580. They were the sons of Friedrich Staphylus (1512-64) from 1560 a theologian at Ingolstadt. The inscription on the first fly-leaf is by Gross and that at the end of the text by the Staphylus brothers, whose engraved 'bookplate' is also pasted in; later owner's name C. Arnold. CNCE 33698; copies are widespread in continental libraries, but there is no copy in UK of this edition and no work by Manso is found at Harvard or Yale. .


PEREIRA Brig-Gen. George A substantial archive of notes, military reports, and maps covering Manchuria, Korea, and China (Yunnan, Gansu, Tibet, Altai-shan, Sichuan, Bhamo (Shan States, Vietnam), and Hainan Island). Overall in very good condition. 1882- George Edward Pereira joined the Grenadier Guards as a lieutenant on 23 August 1884, was promoted to captain in 1896 and to major on 2 May 1900. He served in China (1900) with the 1st Chinese Regiment, where he received the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) for his conduct during the Boxer Rebellion. He spent nearly two years as a Military Attaché in Korea and from the beginning he seems to have had a penchant for walking and exploration: He traversed the country from South to North and East to West, possibly the first Westerner to have achieved this. Pereira compiled a number of interesting reports about the country in the style of travel journals, using his characteristically lively language to paint a colourful (and often surprisingly frank) picture of local customs and characters. Some of the 1905 reports are of little strategic or political significance as they focus mostly on the living conditions of the people and the challenges of travel in the remote regions (they always include remarks on the state of the roads). ?In all my Oriental travels, I am accustomed to be looked upon as an extraordinary freak of nature, but this journey has surpassed my most sanguine expectations, not only am I an object of ceaseless amusement to the children, but the yokels on the road gaze at me open mouthed with the same speechless amazement that a labourer in some country lane in England might feel if turning round a corner he suddenly found himself face to face with the evil spirit in person. The animals also meet me with the same boundless consternation? June 14thWiju: This inn hold the record for flies, & though it is boiling hot, I have to hear gloves and a handkerchief round my neck to protect me, & even then I am driven wild. ? (p.7 & p.10 typed report on Korea, file 1a). The large 90pp. ?Confidential? Report on Corea (dated 1904) provides a wealth of detail on political and other events in the country. It starts with the observation that the last few months have seen a rise in anti-foreign feeling in the capital of Seoul: A recently built tramway along the main road was a bone of contention and when a little child was killed by a tram a mob attacked the offices of the tram company and broke their windows. Clearly the events surrounding the Boxer rebellion in Peking added to a general feeling of nervousness. Pereira then proceeds to describe the events leading to the outbreak of hostilities between Russia and Japan: ?The Russian legation at Seoul was always most optimistic, and, until the blow fell, they ridiculed the idea of hostilities. To take a small point to show this, one member of the legation laid a bet of 5/1 against there being any war, and within a week he and the rest of the Russians in Seoul were fugitives on board the French ship ?Pascal? at Chemulpo? Whilst the Russians were sleeping in false security, the Japanese were moving with ceaseless energy?? (p. 2-3, Report on Events in Corea. File 1b) The rest of the Report provides a wealth of detail on Japanese troop movements, command structures, strength of forces and casualties etc. etc. It is an important first-hand account. British and Japanese intelligence cooperated during the Russo-Japanese War and in May 1905 he crosses from Korea into Liaoning province to observe Japanese troop movements in China: ?In some of the Chinese houses we visited, 9 Japanese soldiers are billeted in a room about 7 yards long by 6 yards wide, the rooms are kept very clean and tidy. Chinese sentries were posted outside the village, in addition to the Japanese sentries. ? The former are useful for identifying the natives and preventing doubtful strangers from entering the village? Rode from T?ung-chiang-k?ou nearly due north to Liang-chia-tzu (6 ¼ miles) which is headquarters of 14thDivision, Lt. General Oshima commanding, Col Adachi (artillery) chief of staff, Capt. Kisiwada (on the staff)?? (June 24th, p. 3 ?Diary of Journey to T?ung-chiang-k?ou? File 1a) ?Tsang Chow is reckoned as a town of 40,000 or 50,000 inhabitants in normal times, though some had fled from the famine probably more have come into the city from the stricken areas? The city wall is partly brick and mostly mud, the latter in a very dilapidated state, and one good brick building is broken. An old coolie from France [where presumably he had spent time during WW1] talked about Babary (Poperinghe) and San O Mere as he ferried us across.? (Report of Journey from Tientsin for Tsang Chow, 15 Feb. no year, but ca. 1910. p. 1-2, file 6). ?Mongrel in villages, the poorer eat them in times of stress, they object and yap at the foreigner in foreign clothes, (a missionary who wears both told me that they take no notice of him when in Chinese clothes). They also instinctively follow and bark at all beggars.? (idib. p. 2-3) ?We passed a coffin, when they go to a great distance they have a cock tied on top, so that if the spirit of the deceased goes astray and gets lost, he hears the cock crowing and return to the coffin.? (ibid. p. 5) [Pingyao Hsien:] ?The first missionaries who came here 40 or 50 years ago had a rough time, one of the pioneers told me that, hearing there was a mad dog he took his gun and shot it, thinking he was doing a public service. The rich owner however, came and demanded compensation and he had to attend the funeral of the dog as chief mourner.? (ibid, p. 9) {Pingyang:] ?Mrs. Carr told me that the price of a wife has gone up here considerably, formerly 40 taels was an extreme price, now they cost up to $300.? (ibid. p. 20) He was posted to Peking in 1905 and three years later (June 1908) wrote to Colonel Haldane (General Staff) in London to ask for permission to ask for a period of leave: ?I want to get several months leave to return to England ove
Australija in nje otoki. [Australia and its Islands.]

Australija in nje otoki. [Australia and its Islands.]

VRHOVEC Ivan First edition. Illustrated throughout, two maps. 8vo. Original pictorial wrappers, spotted with a library sticker to upper wrapper, a little chipped, library stamps to title-page. [ii], 224pp. Klagenfurt, Dru?bsv Mohorja, A profusely illustrated history of Australia and the Pacific, published to encourage Slovenian emigration. In addition to his work as a theatre director, actor, and teacher, Ivan Vrhovec (1853-1902) wrote several historical and educational works and so would have been an obvious choice for the Saint Mohor Society, a Catholic press, which specialised in missionary and educational works. The first half of the book is devoted to Australia, the second covers the Pacific islands, with separate chapters on New Zealand and Samoa, but also information on Papua New Guinea, Tahiti, New Caledonia, and Tonga. There are notes on natural history, and the dingo, platypus, emu, lyre bird, and kangaroo are all illustrated. In the section on Australian Aborigines three images of Aboriginal men, one a dignified portrait, another hunting, and the third in ceremonial dress. Full-page views of Sydney, Queenstown and Wellington also feature. There is a world map showing the spread of migrants across the world, and another of the Western Pacific. The text states that Catholic missionaries have had the greatest success with indigenous populations in these parts, and warns that the United States might close its borders to migrants, where Australia and its neighbours are in need of labour to support their growing economies. Not in Ferguson.