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SOVIET LEADING STUDY ON CHAPLIN'S FILMS] Charl'z Spenser Chaplin: Ocherk rannego perioda tvorchestva [i.e. Charles Spencer Chaplin: A Sketch of the Early Period of Activity]

SOVIET LEADING STUDY ON CHAPLIN’S FILMS] Charl’z Spenser Chaplin: Ocherk rannego perioda tvorchestva [i.e. Charles Spencer Chaplin: A Sketch of the Early Period of Activity]

Avenarius, G. 266, [1] pp.: ill., 1 portrait. 27x21 cm. In original cloth with lettering on the front cover and spine. No dust jacket. Slightly rubbed, otherwise very good. First and only edition. A foreword by notable film critic Rostislav Yurenev. Book design was produced by a designer Nikolai Sedel'nikov (1905-1994). Graduated from VKHUTEMAS, he primarily worked as a master of type design and photomontage compositions. Sedel'nikov illustrated this book with numerous film stills and stacked them along the outer margins, hinting at film shots. This is a monograph by a leading Soviet specialist of Chaplin's early acting, Georgii Avenarius (1903-1958). He was one of the pioneering film historians in the USSR, an actor of Ukrainian silent films and camera operator. He was interested in Chaplin since the 1930s, at that time he published an article on Chaplin's acting (Radians'ke Kino, 1936, #8), then wrote a range of other articles and finally presented the monograph. This 1957 dissertation of Chaplin's early acting was published in two years after submission, containing five chapters, bibliography and filmography up to 1923. The volume of further Chaplin's activity was never published because of Avenarius' death. Analyzed movies were included with numbered frame recording that was written on the base of copies at the State Film Fund. Occasionally originally text frames from films are given. Worldcat shows copies in LoC, Princeton, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Texas, Ohio, Wisconsin, Northwestern Universities, etc.
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MUTEFERRIKA – PERSIA] Târîh-i seyyâh der beyân-i zuhûr-i Afgânîyan ve sebeb-i inhidâm-i binâ-i devlet-i Sâhân-i Safevîyân [i.e. The History of the Afghan Wars in Persia and the Reasons of the Fall of the Safavid Empire]

Krusinski, Jan Tadeusz [7], 97 leaves (numbered in Eastern Arabic system). 20,5x14,5 cm. Black stamps on the first and the last leaves, short manuscript notes in Ottoman Turkish on leaves 1, 7 and 8. 19th century dark brown quarter sheep with black pebbled paper boards. Binding slightly rubbed on extremities, repaired on hinges, otherwise a very good copy. First edition in Ottoman Turkish. This is the third of seventeen 'Turkish incunabulas', published in the fi rst year of the existence of the printing house by the legendary Basma Khane of Ibrahim Muteferrika (1674-1745) in Istanbul - the fi rst typography of moveable Arabic type under Islamic auspices. Opened by permission of Sultan Ahmet III in 1727, Basma Khane was the fi rst of its kind in the Islamic world, and published 17 titles in 22 volumes between 1729 and 1742, including geographies, histories, and dictionaries. Hungarian-born, Müteferrika was educated as a Calvinist minister and converted to Islam after being enslaved by the Ottomans between 1692-93. Well-educated and fluent in Latin, he often acted as an editor and translator of the books published in his typography. Printed with a run of 1200 copies, ''Târîh-i seyyâh der beyân-i zuhûr-i Afgânîyan.'' became the third book published by Muteferrika. Written by Tadeusz Krusinsky, a Jesuit missionary who served as a secretary-interpreter to the bishop of Isfahan in 1707 - ca.1725, the book is one of the most important chronicles unfolding the history of the late Safavid Iran - one of the biggest rivals of the Ottoman Empire at the time, and the history of the Afghan Invasion of Iran and the fall of Isfahan in 1722 which the author witnessed. The Turkish translation was made from Krusinski's ''Relatio de mutationibus Regni Persorum'' (Rome, 1727) - a highly popular book which was quickly published in English (1727), French (1728), Italian (1730), and German (1732). The book is ''a Turkish translation of the history of Iran written in Latin by the Jesuit missionary Jan Tadeusz Krusi?ski (1675-1751). The work, whose title can be translated as A voyager's description on the apparition of the Afghans and on the reasons of the Safavid Empire being undermined, focuses on the Afghan invasion of 1722 which led to the fall of the Safavid dynasty, but also offers an overview on the historical processes of early 18th-century Safavid Iran. The publication of this work was made actual not only the vicinity of Iran to the Ottoman Empire, but also by the historical turn reorganizing the relations of power in the region and triggering the intervention of the Ottomans as well. This may have been the reason that among the first Turkish incunabula this was the work published in the highest number of copies. This publication also offers an early example of copyright disputes, as Krusi?ski considered the Turkish translation as his own work, while Müteferrika, who does not mention his name in the printed version, suggests himself to be the translator'' (The mysterious printer Ibrahim Muteferrika and the beginnings of Turkish book printing/ Library of Hungarian Academy of Sciences online). ''The printing press is known to have existed in the Middle East amongst non-Muslims as early as the 16th century but it was not until 1729 that a Muslim, Ibrahim Müteferrika, began printing texts via this method. Müteferrika, based in Istanbul, secured a firman (edict) in 1727 from Sultan Ahmed III permitting him to print works of a non-religious nature. Müteferrika's press, called the Dârü't-t?bâ'ati'l-ma'mûre, but more widely known as the Basma Kh?ne (printing house), would print 23 texts on grammar, history and other non-religious subjects over the course of its history. In total, Müteferrika produced approximately 13,000 physical volumes. The Basma Kh?ne operated between 1729 and 1742 though its initial reception was greeted with trepidation. Calligraphers were the principal opposition to the printing press after the ferman had been issued. Calligraphy was seen as a pious and devotional act whereas the printing press, with its ability to mass produce texts, was regarded as a threat to the livelihood of many calligraphers. The Basma Kh?ne laid the foundations for the development of moveable printing presses in other Muslim countries, e.g., the Bulaq Press in Egypt. These presses, in response to a host of events and developments in the nineteenth century, allowed for the increased printing and dissemination of newspapers, journals, books and ephemera in the region'' (McGill University Library).
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MIDDLE EAST – ISLAMIC PHILOSOPHY] Ta’likat Mir Sayyid Sharif fi sharh-e shamsiya [i.e. Commentaries of Mir Sayyid Sharif in Shamsiya Explanation]

Gurgani, Mirsayyidsharif Tehran (?)., n.d. Commentaries added in 1283 H. [1866]. Octavo (ca. 22x16,5 cm). Lithographed edition. 48 unnumbered leaves. Text and commentaries on the margins in Arabic: main text in ruq'ah script, commentaries - in nastaaliq script. Weak typography stamp on verso of the first leaf. Pastedown endpapers are leaves from a different printed work, the front one includes lithographed portraits of a Persian warrior and a Persian lady. Period brown full sheep with worn paper title label on the spine. Binding weak on the front hinge, paper slightly age toned, otherwise a very good copy in very original condition. Rare work with no copies found in Worldcat. Interesting 19th century Persian edition of "Sharh-u al-Risalah al-Shamsiyah" - a treatise on logic and religious philosophy, by a prominent Persian encyclopedic writer, theologist and astronomer Mir Sayyid Sharif. Born under the name of Zeinuddin Ali al-Gurgani in the Persian city of Astarabad, he became a professor of theology in Shiraz and a close friend of such outstanding Islamic theologians as Mulla al-Fanari (1350-1431) and Al-Taftazani (1322-1390). Al-Gurgani became known for his treatises on the purity and ideal concepts of conservative Islam, commentaries and remarks on Islamic law, and the problems of kalam ("Islamic scholastic theology"). This book is Al-Gurgani's commentary on the work by his friend, Qutb al-Din Muhammad (b. Muhammad al-Razi al-Tahtani; d. H 966/1364 AD), titled "Tahrir al-Qawa'id al-Mantiqiyah fi Sharh al-Risalah al-Shamsiyah" [Analysis of Logical Rules in the Explanation of al-Shamsiyah Letter], being itself a critical analysis of "al-Risalah al Shamsiyah" by Shams al-Din (d. H 780/1378 AD). Al-Gurgani's book is supplemented with commentaries on the margins; the names of the calligraphers are mentioned, but not identified. The book deepens Islamic philosophical concepts, such as the meaning of primary idea, nature and components of knowledge, et al.
STARS OF THE 1920s: A COLLECTION OF 20 BROCHURES]

STARS OF THE 1920s: A COLLECTION OF 20 BROCHURES]

A COLLECTION OF 20 BROCHURES (INCLUDING 1 DUPLICATE) DEDICATED TO SOME OF THE MOST FAMOUS SOVIET AND FOREIGN MOVIE STARS AND DIRECTORS OF THE 1920S. The 1920s was a pivotal point in the history of Soviet film industry: the decision to import foreign movies into the Soviet Union resulted in the Hollywood completely taking over the Soviet market. American films dominate, inundate, glut, overwhelm the Russian motion picture houses today. Clara Kimball Young has a theatre devoted solely to her in Moscow. In the Arbat, centre of the workers' quarters of the Russian capital, a new building celebrates the glory of Douglas Fairbanks in electric letters three feet high. It is a bit depressing, - wrote an American journalist visiting the Soviet Union in the summer of 1925. Obsession with the Hollywood movie industry was bolstered by the Soviet state publishing house, Kinopechat [i.e. Cinema Press], which issued a series of booklets focusing on the popular foreign film idols and, very reluctantly, on the domestic ones. In 1926-1927, the number of the booklets dedicated to European stars reached one and a half million, compared to only 260,000 copies sold of the biographies of Soviet personalities. While American films retained their appeal right through to 1931 when imports ceased, it was not long before the profits made on the distribution of foreign movies were used to recover domestic film production. Enthusiastic work of the new avant-garde Soviet film-makers (Sergei Eisenstein's Battleship Potemkin (1925), Ten Days That Shook The World (1927); Dziga Vertov's Man with a Movie Camera (1929); Vsevolod Pudovkin's Mother (1926), etc.) marked the beginning of the new Soviet cinema. The focus had finally shifted to the Soviet movie industry, and Kinopechat kept abreast of the Soviet audience's new preferences. From 1926, the number of booklets dedicated to the domestic actors gradually began to increase. Prominent art theorists and film directors narrated the stories of extremely popular movie industry stars (Soviet, American, European) in the small brochures distinguished with the constructivist design and photomontages. With the print run of approximately 20,000 copies, Kinopechat's pamphlets became a manifestation of El-Lissitzky's words: The (painted) picture fell apart together with the old world which it had created for itself. The new world will not need little pictures. If it needs a mirror, it has the photograph and the cinema. 1) Tolkachev, Ye. Standartnyy geroy Charl'z Khetchinson [i.e. A Standard Hero - Charles Hutchinson]. Moscow: Tea-Kino-Pechat', 1928. 16 pp.: ill. 17,5x12,9 cm. In original photomontage wrappers. Few damp stains. Otherwise near fine. Second edition. First edition published in 1927. An interesting brochure dedicated to the American film actor, director, and screenwriter Charles Hutchinson (1879-1949). Although Hutch directed numerous independent silent features (Hurricane Hutch in Many Adventures (1924), The Winning Wallop (1926), etc.), he is best remembered as Pathé's leading male serial star from 1918 to 1922. Hutchinson's most famous movies include: The Golden God (1917), Hutch Stirs 'em Up (1923), Hurricane Hutch in Many Adventures (1924). The brochure was written by Evgeniy Tolkachev (1896-1960), a Soviet journalist, publisher, and translator. 2) Oganesov, K., Yutkevich, S. Milton Sils [i.e. Milton Sills]. Moscow: Kinopechat', 1926. 16 pp.: ill. 15x11.5 cm. In original photomontage wrappers. Mild stains on the wrappers, tear of the spine. Otherwise in very good condition. Second edition. First edition published earlier that year. A booklet dedicated to the American leading man of silent pictures Milton Sills (1882-1930). Starting out as a philosophy professor, Sills debuted as an actor in the movie The Pit in 1914. By the early 1920s, Sills had achieved matinee idol status and was working for numerous film studios. His most famous works are: The Making of O'Malley (1925), The Knockout (1925), Puppets (1926), etc. Sills died suddenly of a heart attack while playing tennis at the age of 48. 3) Tatarova, A. Adol'f Menzhu [i.e. Adolphe Menjou]. Moscow: Kinopechat', 1927. 16 pp.: ill. 15x11.5 cm. In original photomontage wrappers. Former bookshop stamp on the verso of the front wrapper. Otherwise near fine. First edition. A brochure about American actor, Academy awards nominee, and the best dressed man in America Adolphe Menjou (1890-1963). Adolphe made his movie debut in 1916 in The Blue Envelope Mystery. After toiling in small roles for a few years, Menjou gained notoriety in Charlie Chaplin's A Woman of Paris: A Drama of Fate (1923). In 1931, Adolphe starred in the Front Page for which he received a Best Actor Oscar nomination. Menjou's exceedingly conservative political views and his drastic comments (Hollywood is one of the main centers of Communist activity in America) eventually tarnished his reputation to a degree. 4) Korolevich, V. V. Malinovskaya. Moscow: Kinopechat', 1927. 16 pp.: ill. 15x11.5 cm. In original photomontage wrappers. Fine. First edition. A short brochure about Soviet actress Vera Malinovskaya (1900-1988). She debuted in 1924 in a film To Everyone's Joy where she had a small part. But already next year she was casted in the successful The Stationmaster based on Pushkin's novel. It made her famous. In 1927, after her return from Soviet Russia, Mary Pickford gave a lengthy interview in which she had such a passage: In Russia, I met a charming young Russian star - a tall girl with long blond hair - she was the heroine of the best picture I've seen there, The Stationmaster. The brochure was compiled by Vladimir Korolevich (1894-1969), a Soviet poet, actor, and movie director. 5) Trauberg, I. Vil'yam Khart [i.e. William Hart]. Moscow: Kinopechat', 1926. 16 pp.: ill. 15x11.5 cm. In original photomontage wrappers by M. Getmanskiy. Fine. First edition. A small brochure about American actor, director, and the biggest money making star in the United Stat
STUDENTS IN TSARIST RUSSIA] Studenty v Moskve. Byt. Nravy. Tipy: Ocherki [i.e. Students in Moscow. Daily Life

STUDENTS IN TSARIST RUSSIA] Studenty v Moskve. Byt. Nravy. Tipy: Ocherki [i.e. Students in Moscow. Daily Life, Social Mores, Types: Sketches]

Ivanov, P. 296 pp. 16x22.7 cm, Owner's binding. Tiny holes on the p. 3 (no text affected), p. 29 is detached, private library stamp (Arkadiy Ioasafovich' Izmaylov) on the title-page and p.3. Otherwise in a very good condition. Scarce. Second edition. First edition published earlier the same year. ONE OF THE MOST DETAILED ACCOUNTS OF STUDENT CULTURE IN THE PRE-REVOLUTIONARY RUSSIA. Published by the Russian writer Petr Ivanov (1876-1956), this interesting book provides a rare window into the lesser-known details of student life in Moscow at the turn of the century. The edition was printed two years after the author graduated from Moscow University (Faculty of History and Philology) and is based on Ivanov's own impressions and experience from daily life as a student. The publication opens with a brief overview of the four types of students' budgets (average, minimal, high, ideal) and describes money distribution patterns with the accompanying challenges: the lack of finances for food and clothes, the hardships of sharing a room, the temptation of moral depravity, etc. The author offers a lively account of the apartment options for students (chambres garnies, apartments, hostels) and recounts all the "dangers" anticipating a poor newcomer, including bedbugs and exploiter landlords. Ivanov also sets off ten types of students (freshman, unstable, activist, decadent, bon vivant, exotic type, enlightener of young ladies, etc.) and unleashes their social mores through interesting sketches. From the detailed description of student menus and the celebration of Tatiana Day to an overview of the different sources of income, the edition answers such curious questions as: How did students in Tsarist Russia survive on 18 rubles a month? What was their relationship with alcohol? How did students fight with loneliness and why did their encounters with promiscuous women often result in romantic feelings? The book was first published in 1903. The same year, after the first edition ran out of print, the writing came out in second edition. The author published the third edition of the book in 1918, five years before he emigrated to Germany. Abroad, Ivanov collaborated with different magazines and published a number of works, among which the most famous are Smireniye vo Khriste [i.e. Humility in Christ] (1925), Tayna svyatykh - vvedeniye v Apokalipsis [i.e. The Secret of the Saints - An Introduction to Apocalypse] (1949). Overall, the book provides a unique panorama of life in the early 20th century Russia and serves as the first comprehensive account of student culture at the time. Worldcat shows copies of the edition in New York Public Library, University of Chicago Library, Temple University Libraries, Library of Geneva, Cantonal and University Library of Lausanne.
FIRST NORTHERN AIR EXPEDITIONS] Puti Severa. (Severnyye vozdushnyye ekspeditsii 1927 i 1928 gg. Ostrov Vrangelya i pervyy Leninskiy reys) [i.e. Ways of the North. (Northern Air Expeditions of 1927 and 1928. Wrangel Island and the First Lena Flight)]

FIRST NORTHERN AIR EXPEDITIONS] Puti Severa. (Severnyye vozdushnyye ekspeditsii 1927 i 1928 gg. Ostrov Vrangelya i pervyy Leninskiy reys) [i.e. Ways of the North. (Northern Air Expeditions of 1927 and 1928. Wrangel Island and the First Lena Flight)]

Krasinsky, G. 160 pp.: ill. 21,8x15,4 cm. In original illustrated publisher's wrappers. Open tears to the spine, slight wear, several pages loose. Otherwise in a very good condition. First edition. Scarce. Black-and-white illustrations in text. THIS RARE FIRST-HAND ACCOUNT OFFERS A VIVID INSIGHT INTO THE FIRST AIR EXPEDITION TO WRANGEL ISLAND AND THE FIRST LENA FLIGHT. The publication was written by George Krasinsky, a renowned Arctic explorer and leader of both travels. The expeditions were organized by the order of the Society for the Promotion of the Defense of the Aeronautical and Chemical Industries of the USSR in 1927 and 1928. In the first section of the book, the author describes the 1927 voyage that consisted of a steamship Kolima (under the command of P. Milovzorov) and two seaplanes Savoya (under the command of E. Luht) and Iunkere (under the command of E. Kosnelev). The expedition followed the route from Vladivostok via Hakodate, Cape Dezhnev, Cape Schmidt (from where the seaplanes flew to Wrangel island on July 15), Medvezhie and Lyakhovsky Islands to Irkutsk. The journey, which began on June 21 and ended on August 28, was supposed to determine the possibility of creating regular air communications between the mouth of the Lena River and Irkutsk, as well as to provide the Chukchi and Russian settlers (60 people displaced in 1924) on Wrangel Island with food, medications, etc. The larger goal was to secure control of the Soviet Union over the island, which in 1921 was declared the property of Great Britain. From the historical and geographical overview of the region to the description of the encounter with the settlers and complications along the travel, the edition provides a unique panorama of this first Northern air expedition. The second section of the book features information on the air expedition undertaken a year after the successful travel from Vladivostok to Irkutsk. The voyage had to follow the route from Vladivostok via Sakhalin, Sea of Okhotsk, Petropavlovsk, Wrangel Island, Taymyr Peninsula to Arkhangelsk. The intent of the journey was to conduct geographical research in the area of the Medvezhie Islands and provide the settlers of Wrangel Island with medications and other supplies. The expedition consisted of the steamship Lazovskiy (under the command of Kondratiev) and the plane Dorne-Val (under the command of A. Volynsky) which took off from Vladivostok on July 16, 1928. Although the travel went down in history as the first Soviet flight over the Sea of Okhotsk, the plane crashed in the Kolyuchinskaya Bay due to the bad weather and the crew had to make its way through the tundra and mountain ranges before departing for Vladivostok on the steamer Stavropol. Providing an interesting first-hand account of the incident, the book offers Krasinsky's analyses of the unsuccessful flight and features a detailed description of the travel. The publication comprises numerous black-and-white photographs depicting the steamship Stavropol near the Wrangel Island in 1924, the steamship Kolima, the planes Kolima and Iunkere, the fishermen near Stolbovoy Island, a house built on Wrangel Island in 1926, a family of settlers, plane crash, etc. Overall, a rare illustrative evidence to the first Northern air expeditions.
RUSSIAN ARCHITECTURE DESTROYED BY THE NAZIS] Pamiatniki zodchestva

RUSSIAN ARCHITECTURE DESTROYED BY THE NAZIS] Pamiatniki zodchestva, razrushennie nemetskimi zakhvatchikami [i.e. The Monuments of Architecture Destroyed by the German Invaders]

Volumes 1-2 [all published]. Moscow: Gosudarstvennoe Arkhitekturnoe Izdatelstvo Akademii Arkhitektury SSSR, 1942-1944. Vol 1. 1942. 79 pp.: ill. 22,5x17 cm. One of 3000 copies printed. Vol 2. 1944. 72 pp.: ill. 21,7x17,4 cm. One of 3000 copies printed. The edition was prepared by the Academy of the Architecture of the USSR. The 1st volume was produced in October of 1942 and covered the damage of the architectural landmarks in Tver, Kaluga, Mozhaisk, Bogoroditsk, Yarpolets. The second part of the volume includes photographs from the sights damaged with the photos of how they looked before the destruction. The overview of the damages was given in the article 'The Protection and Restoration of the Architecture' by professor Dmitrii Sukhov (1867-1958) (vol. 1). It mentions that the special committee for the accounting of the damage was created in July of 1942 and the planning of the restoration has begun. The 2nd volume gives the overview of the damages of New Jerusalem monastery, Staritsa, Torzhok, Nikolskoe-Gagarino, Ershovo, Borovsk. All of the chapters are accompanied by photos, and in the case of New Jerusalem professor Sukhov painted two views of the monastery - before and after the destruction. Both volumes were edited by Benedict Kotlovker (1872-after1944) who is best-known as a publisher in pre-revolutionary Russia who was printing some of the most popular newspapers of the 1910s: 'Kopeika' (with the print run of 250 000 copies in 1914), 'Vampir', 'Solntse Rossii', 'Vsemirnaya Panorama'. In the 1920s-40s he was working as an editor of the literature on architecture. Important historic evidence of the time.
IVAN PAVLOV - LIFETIME EDITION] Proba fiziologicheskogo ponimaniya simptomologii isterii [i.e. An Attempt to Understand the Symptoms of Hysteria from Physiological Point of View]

IVAN PAVLOV – LIFETIME EDITION] Proba fiziologicheskogo ponimaniya simptomologii isterii [i.e. An Attempt to Understand the Symptoms of Hysteria from Physiological Point of View]

Pavlov, I. 36 pp. 17x13 cm. In original illustrated publisher's wrappers. Fine. First edition. Very rare. With the dedication leaf: "Dedicated to the deeply respected comrade Alexei Vasilyevich Martynov on the occasion of the fortieth anniversary of his outstanding scientific, teaching and practical work from the grateful author". Martynov (1868-1934) was a noted Russian surgeon and head of the Surgical Clinic of the Moscow University. A friend of Pavlov, he successfully operated on Ivan who was struggling from gallstone disease in 1927. AN INTERESTING WORK ABOUT HYSTERIA WRITTEN BY ONE OF THE GREATEST PHYSIOLOGISTS OF ALL TIME, IVAN PAVLOV (1849-1936). The study presented in this book is based upon the concept of the conditioned reflexes developed by Ivan Pavlov and up to date considered his greatest achievement. In the early 20th century, the scientist examined the activity of the salivary glands in dogs. After a series of experiments, Pavlov discovered that the animals could get so accustomed to associating a bell with food that they salivated when the buzzer was sounded, even though no food was present. The scientist termed the phenomenon conditioned reflexes - an acquired response in which the subject learns to associate a previously unrelated neutral stimulus (bell) with a different stimulus (food) that elicits some kind of reaction (salivation). Following Leningrad's devastating flood in 1924, Pavlov noticed that the animals that he used for experiments on conditioned reflexes began to show anxiety and fear. This sparked his interest regarding the treatment of neurosis in traumatized human behavior. Based on the concept of the conditioned reflexes, Pavlov argued that abnormal human activity was the product of the interplay between the individual's first and secondary signaling system and the environment. According to Pavlov, hysteria resulted from a nervous system too weak to guide individuals through their environment and produce a proper response to the conditioned reflexes (due to the association of external stimuli with a harmful event). Published in 1932 this work went down in history as the first publication providing a detailed insight into Pavlov's study of hysteria. The edition consists of two sections. While the first section showcases a physiological overview of the phenomenon of the conditioned reflexes, the second section extends upon hysteria and describes the relationship between the psychological category and the conditioned reflexes. Overall, the first-hand account serves as an important contribution towards understanding how one of the most important discoveries in the history of psychology was made.
FIRST SOVIET EDITION OF TEN DAYS THAT SHOOK THE WORLD] 10 dnei

FIRST SOVIET EDITION OF TEN DAYS THAT SHOOK THE WORLD] 10 dnei, kotorye potriasli mir [i.e. Ten Days that Shook the World] / prefaces by V. Lenin and N. Krupskaya, translated by V. Yarotskiy

Reed, John 315, [1], 4 pp. 23,5x15,5 cm. Original illustrated wrappers by Sergei Chekhonin. A few small bits of the spine missing, the front wrapper is restored (the right bottom corner is missing, not affecting the image). Overall a very good copy. First edition. Extremely rare, especially comparing to the editions of 1924 and 1925. The iconic book by the American journalist and socialist John Reed (1887-1920) about the October Revolution in Russia in 1917, which Reed experienced firsthand. Reed followed many of the prominent Bolshevik leaders closely during his time in Russia. John Reed died shortly after the book was finished, and he is one of the few Americans buried at the Kremlin Wall Necropolis in Moscow, a site normally reserved only for the most prominent Soviet leaders. This edition was prepared after the direct instruction from Lenin, who has praised the book in the preface, mentioning that ''this book I would like to see in million copies printed and translated to all languages, as it gives the truthful account of the events that are important for understanding what is the dictations of dictatorship of the proletariat''. With that blessing the book was reprinted dozens of times in USSR and translated to 49 languages worldwide. Lenin has seen the Russian edition before passing away in early 1924. Nadezhda Krupskaya has written the special preface for the Russian edition and lbert Rhys Williams (1883-1962) has written the biography of John Reed. Williams at the time was living in Moscow. 'Ten Days that Shook the World' became an important marker of the early Russian 1920s in USSR and in USA.
MEYERHOLD]

MEYERHOLD]

Three fine programs of Meyerhold Theater displaying the last period of its activity. Strongly opposed to socialist realism, Meyerhold's experimental performances were alien to the Soviet state's demands but lasted even after the party clamped down on all avant-garde art. Despite the time being already retaliatory towards the avant-garde, the programs were designed by different artists in constructivist style. Collected brochures also show that the theater had a flexible team where contributors changed positions depending on performance. Each staging attracted lots of people to the scene and behind it. For example, for one of these plays, a complicated construction of stage design was brought to life by 18 workers (listed in program). Designs of two first programs (and probably the third one as well) were produced by German architect and designer Hans Leistikow (1892-1962), invited to the USSR together with architect E. May in 1930. Among his Soviet activities was collaboration with Meyerhold in 1933-1937, for whom the artist created costumes, decorations and posters until he left country during the Great Purge. Overall, extremely rare and valuable editions. 1. Poslednii reshitel'nyi. Moscow. 7 fevralia 1931 g [i.e. The Last Resolute. Moscow. February 7, 1931] / V. Vishnevskii, V. Meyerhold. Moscow, 1931. 14 pp. 21,5x15 cm. In original constructivist wrappers. Mint. Premier program of a play, embodying Meyerhold's sight on the contemporary theater and pitting it against the old one. The work was commissioned by Leningrad Theater of Opera and Ballet but it was rejected and offered to Meyerhold. On the contrary, he agreed immediately. Meyerhold changed the text after censor accepted it and interesting that the script passed censorship again after the premier. 2. Dama s kameliiami [i.e. The Lady of the Camellias]. Moscow, [1934]. 8-leaf brochure with step cut indexing. 11x15 cm. In original printed wrappers. Very good. One of 1000 copies. Play praising Zinaida Reich main actress and wife of Vsevolod Meyerhold. The director added six characters to plot and, suddenly for his approach of those period, put an abundance of things on the stage. The artist Leistikow designed it in the impressionist style, with an antique furniture set. That was a breath of pre-revolutionary bogema in Stalinist era. Although Meyerhold was criticized for admiration of bourgeois values, the play was crowned with success and lasted until the theater was closed in 1938. 3. Les. Komediia A.N. Ostrovskogo [i.e. Forest. Comedy by A. Ostrovsky]. Moscow, 1934. Leaf folded in half. 23,5x17,5 cm. Very good. Mounted typewritten line of music accompaniment. Design showing contrasting Roman numeral X above an image of recognizable decoration-bridge that served as an upper platform. "This was an exceptional performance staged by Meyerhold, evaluating its artistic value and innovative pathos. Public hadn't seen more democratic thing than Meyerhold's 'Forest'", - wrote well-known critic B. Alpers. The program was printed for the 10th anniversary of the play was transformed and staged by Meyerhold. He considered Ostrovsky's work as a material that might to be altered. He recombined five acts to 33 episodes straightening dynamics of the work. All the worthy theatrical ideas of the previous 15 years were implemented in the 'Forest' producing grotesque and a riot of colors. Spectators were delighted and the performance got a tremendous success. Worldcat locates the only copy 'The Lady with the Camellias' in Northwestern Univ.
STRATOSPHERIC FLIGHT] Potolok mira [i.e. The Ceiling of the World] / A. Harry

STRATOSPHERIC FLIGHT] Potolok mira [i.e. The Ceiling of the World] / A. Harry, L. Kassil’

[Moscow]: Sovetskaia literatura, 1934. 130, [2] pp.: ill. 26,5x20,5 cm. In original dust jacket, original cardboard with lettering on the spine and Order of Lenin on the front cover. Restored dust jacket and slightly rubbed, otherwise very good. One of 15 000 copies. Design was produced by VKUTEMAS graduate, Efim Pernikov (1903-1966) who worked on posters and books tending to agitational photomontages. For this edition, he used pictures provided by photograph A. Sorokin. This is a captivating account of the Soviet stratospheric ascent that broke a record and reached a height of 19,000 meters in 1933. Soaring above Moscow, this high-altitude balloon was featured on the dust jacket that was divided almost in half by earth and sky. The book's charm continued with photomontage endpapers showing enthusiastic people on the ground watching those who floated far in the air. Shortly after the title page (in Russian, English and German) a double-page photomontage contains a balloon flown to the Moon in the starry sky. Another photomontage in a chapter with a loud headline 'Lenin Style' depicts nine engineers in front of their masterpiece, spherical gondola with lettering 'SSSR-1'. The edition is fully illustrated with photographs and some of them were produced at night before release, the rest - by daylight. There are many photographs of the balloon and equipment. For example, p. 93 features a fine picture of a man, lifted by a jumping balloon, who was checking out the toughness of a gasbag for the grandiose flight. In fact, the jumping balloons as a thrilling sport were spread in the USSR a little later - they were used only by aerostat engineers during the early 1930s. That is why this balloon appeared on several photographs. The book contains pictures of how equipment of the gondola and devices were inspected before the flight and how it finally occurred. Bearing in mind the overall thrill of sky exploration, the compilers added a double-page picture where a plane and a rocket took off above the Palace of Soviets and crowded city. The attention was also drawn to involved people. Among them are three pilots Georgii Prokofiev, Konstantin Godunov and Ernst Birnbaum, two female engineers developing balloon fabric, groups of engineers constructed the gondola, engine, etc. One of them was no doubt executed. A photograph and capture of him were neatly erased not affecting the neighboring picture of aircraft designer Vladimir Chizhevskii and the book in general. This is the overwhelming proof of how significant was this event and the book on it. None of the following Soviet stratospheric flights were succeeded. Worldcat locates copies in Library of Congress, Indiana, Oklahoma, Wisconsin, Chicago, California, Yale Universities and Harvard College.
STALIN AND CHILDREN] Stalin i dity [i.e. Stalin and the Children]

STALIN AND CHILDREN] Stalin i dity [i.e. Stalin and the Children]

[Kharkiv]: Ditvidav TsK LKSMU, 1939. 12 leaves of autolithographs in the folder. 31x41 cm. In original cloth portfolio with the photograph inset to front board. Extremely rare. One of 1500 copies. No copies found in the Wordlcat. A very important edition for capturing the peak moment of the cult of personality in the context of the propaganda aimed at children and young families, showing the idyllical image of Stalin, 'the friend of all children', in warm embraces with multi-ethnical children of USSR. The collected portraits depict Stalin receiving honors and accolades from children who are by turns presenting him with flowers, receiving his autograph, discussing his work in a reading group. Each portrait was completed in Socialist realist style by artists associated with the Kharkov Art Institute - the full list include Gavril Pustovoit, O. Rubanov, S. Besedina, Daitsa Ji, A. Devnianin, M. Zhevago, V. Kasiian, V. Kriukov, V. Mironenko, V. Nevskii, E. Solov'ev, M. Khazanovskii. The book is also important from the point of view of Ukrainian art, which arguably has suffered the most from the repressions of art intelligentsia in Stalin era, starting with the extermination of the art, the memory and the circle of students of Mikhail Boichuk to the repressions of the 1940s, after and during WWII. Another notable image of Stalin cradling his young daughter, Svetlana Alilueva was done by Gavril Pustovoit (1900-1947), a Ukrainian graphic artist and illustrator. During WWII Pustovoit worked as a frontline artist. For his naturalistic and gruesome depictions of Stalingrad he was arrested in 1942, accused of "anti-Soviet activities" and sentenced to 10 years of hard labor, with his works, such as the one in this collection, subsequently suppressed. Boris Kriukow (1895-1967), another contributor to this portfolio, a prominent illustrator of the 1920s and 1930s, has stayed in Kiev during German occupation, then moved to Lviv and even organized his art exhibitions during the German period of the city. From 1944 to 1948 he lived in Austria and painted under the pseudonym of Ivan Usatenko, taking part in art exhibitions in Salzburg, Innsbruck, etc. Later immigrated to Argentina where he became one of the most productive book illustrators of Ukrainian emigre community. Kriukow's name became forbidden in USSR after the war and the books illustrated by him were banned and excluded from the public libraries. Some of these portraits were printed from famous press photographs of the leader, most strikingly the image of Stalin receiving flowers from the Buriat girl Gelya [Engelsina] Markizova taken in 1936. The image went "viral" and served as a basis for artworks and sculptures of the leader with the little girl, until Gelya's father, Ardan Markizov, a representative of People's Commissar of Agriculture in the remote Buryat-Mongol Autonomous Republic in Siberia, was arrested in 1937. Accused of spying for Japan, he was executed in 1938. In an effort to erase Gelya's name, all subsequent images of Gelya were re-attributed as images of Mamlakat Nakhangova, a famous Pioneer from Tajikistan who founded the Shock worker movement among Pioneer youth at the age of 11. Mamlakat's photograph with the leader was also readily reproduced, and an autolithograph from the photographs is included here. This is likely the last publication in which both girls are represented with Stalin in their individual portraits and proper name attributions. For all the above reasons, the portfolio could have been included in the lists of banned editions in Ukraine, which explains its rarity.
book (2)

FARSI-ARABIC-RUSSIAN DICTIONARY] Polnyi persidsko-arabo-russkiy slovar’ [i.e. Complete Farsi-Arabic-Russian Dictionary]

Yagello, Ivan Tashkent: Electr.-steam typo-lithography of Turkestani military district HQ, 1909. [2], IV, 1815, [4] pp. Contemporary half-leather. Small piece of the title page is missing from the top (restored). Otherwise near fine copy. First and the only edition. The first attempt to create the universal dictionary for Turkic people of Russian Empire. Even though Arabic studies were quite developed in Europe, in Russia I.Yagello was among the pioneers of Middle East studies, and his dictionary preceded and inspired great Russian linguist Harlampij K. Baranov (1892 - 1980) to create his absolutely brilliant Arabic - Russian dictionary. I.Yagello developed effective system of root alphabetic order, which is implemented in contemporary comparative dictionaries. Pg. III contains Rules of pronunciation for "harakyat", i.e. common for all Arabic -based alphabets signs for vowels. The author presents detailed explanation of every vowel, comparing it with Russian sounds. This edition is the first academic work compiling full dictionary of Farsi, Arabic and Russian language, where Farsi is the base while Arabic roots are used mainly to define the Arabic sub stratum in Persian and Hindustani. Lexis of Arabic origin is marked, and even though it is quite limited but still enough to demonstrate all the necessary examples of common lexical units for both Arabic and Farsi. As soon as the dictionary was meant to become the 1st part of fundamental Hindustani language dictionary, I.Yagello implies that it should be used equally for all the languages containing adoptions from Arabic and Farsi, e.g. Turkic, Azeri, Urdu, Pashto, Hindustani, Benghali, Tatar etc. Russian translation for this lexis made this book a universal source for studying large group of languages. The importance of this edition recognized mainly because of Russian strategic plans of that time - composing key scholar work on Hindustani, I. Yagello meant to comply with the needs of Turkestani military disctrict, where Russian Empire was involved in power-play with Great Britain for the influence in Northern India and I.Yagello himself was engaged in Imperial Intelligence in Turkestan district which was one of the crucial points of the Great Game. Russian political strategy required specialists speaking Indian languages to communicate with potential rival, so Yagello created his dictionary as a perfect guide for those who wanted to get deeper into Indology and Turkology within a short space of time. Taking into consideration the fact that I.Yagello served as a Secretary of Commission for Turkestan district Intelligence and trained officers to work in British India, his work contains all required language data for officers to acquire Hindustani skills and abilities for language improvisation. Ivan Yagello was born in 1865 in Russian noble family, his father was a high - ranking officer, and Yagello followed in his wake. In 1892 he entered Oriental Languages Faculty for officers in Asiatic department of Ministry of Foreign Affairs, after that special decree assigned him to Paris to Oriental Languages School where he studied Urdu. In 1897 following political course of Russian Empire to India Military administration of Caspian Area issued a decree to start Hindustani courses in military organizations of the area, and I.D. Yagello was appointed to be the first in Russian empire Hindustani teacher, because before this time in Russia only Sanskrit was taught. The courses were organized in Ashgabat, and whereas it was the first Hindustani course ever taught in Russia, Yagello created language books - "Practical Grammar of Hindustani - Urdu", "Hindustani - Russian dictionary", and adapted for officers "Bagh-e bahar" ("Garden and Spring"), classical poem by famous Mir Amman Dihlavi (1748-1806). In 1933 was persecuted for political reasons, but then acquitted, died in 1942. WorldCat doesn't show any copies in the USA.
POULTRY PHOTOMONTAGES] Ptitsevodstvo. Krolikovodstvo [i.e. Poultry Breeding. Rabbit Breeding] / compiled by A. Kuz'michev

POULTRY PHOTOMONTAGES] Ptitsevodstvo. Krolikovodstvo [i.e. Poultry Breeding. Rabbit Breeding] / compiled by A. Kuz’michev, edited by V. Karelin, designed by A. Belov

Moscow: Sel'khozgiz, 1940. [126] pp.: ill. 29x23 cm. In original cloth with gilt embossed design and gilt lettering on the front cover and spine (faded). Slightly rubbed, few defects of the back cover, some soiling of lower outer corner, otherwise very good. First and only edition. One of 5000 copies. Design by A. Belov. Illustrated throughout with black and white photographs and photomontages as well as three leaves with colored illustrations. Extremely rare with only copy located in Ohio University. One of the Soviet photobooks of animal husbandry connected with VDNKh pavilions. Richly illustrated, the edition opens with a woodcut title page; both chapters have half-titles with photographs of the appropriate pavilion. The books of VDNKh often start with its main entrance and this one shows a sculpture "Tractor Driver and Female Farmer" installed on a high pedestal (overall 13,5 meters) near the original (pre-war) entrance. In the 1950s the sculpture was changed and moved atop the entrance itself. The dynamic design of the Soviet photobooks comprised curious photomontages. This album was no exception proving success of the state in the animal husbandry. The pictures of the first chapter feature various breeds of geese, ducks, chickens and turkeys. There are fowl crowds, "portraits" of record-breakers as well as photographs of human specialists working with them. In contrast to numerous birds, the second chapter of this book features much more "portraits". They are complemented with farm and laboratory views, as well as photographs of human specialists working with rabbits. Both chapters show that the Soviet state studied and selectively developed the domesticated animals - and text pieces explained how the farmers succeeded in that. Also, the album carries some information about products of rabbits and geese' fur. It resembles El Lissitzky's book design, in particular, his last and least-known photobook 'The Cattle' (1940), devoted to VDNKh pavilion as well. The gilt cover decor is similar to the metope or bas-relief, the edition contains a few colored plates and photomontages, materials are arranged from 'leaders' of poultry/rabbits through farming to customers. Iksusstvo ubezhdat' [i.e. Art of Convincing], p. 253.
PRINTED HERITAGE OF KOLYMA CAMPS]

PRINTED HERITAGE OF KOLYMA CAMPS]

Five editions connected with Sevvostlag (North-Eastern Camp) that located on the territory of Dalstroy (Far North Construction Trust). Among them are richly illustrated magazine (1946), jubilee collection of essays (1967) and six issues of three newspapers (1940-1946). It all began when the 1920s expeditions to the little-known region of North-Eastern Siberia gave an impulse to gold mining in this region - and therefore road construction. Dalstroy was a base for further long-term, integrated development of almost uninhabited territories. The first hundred of the Soviet inmates appeared in that region in 1932 and by 1940 this number was doubled. New administrative center Magadan and other settlements arose around Dalstroy. The publishing power of this 'great construction' was relatively higher than other camps had because of the special status and huge financing of Dalstroy. 1. Kolyma. Organ Glavnogo upravleniia stroitel'stva Dal'nego Severa [i.e. Kolyma. Organ of the Head Administration of Far North Construction]. Magadan: Sovetskaia Kolyma, 1946. 112 pp.: ill., 6 ills. 28x20 cm. In original illustrated wrappers. Good. Tears of the spine and the last page, covers with p. 1-8 detached from the block, mounted picture on p. 5 lost, soiling. An inscription 'This magazine will tell you about far Kolyma area' on the inner side of front cover are followed by ink captures under some photos: "We visited this theater 3 times" on p. 35, "We reached this shore on September 30, 1947, at 11 am" on p. 53, "We knew this woman personally" on p. 91, "We walked several times in this lobby" on p. 96. Very rare. One of 12 000 copies produced. Drawings by Ivan Parkhomenko (1916-1997) who worked in Kolyma in 1938-1949, designed Magadan streets, parks and created portraits of Dalstroy shock-workers. Photographs were taken by V. Antoshin, V. Gordeev, N. Gribkov, Sh. Gurovich, N. Lobovikov, G. Philippovich. Special issue of the monthly magazine dedicated to the 15-year development of Dalstroy. The journal was published in 1936-1999, excluding a period of 1948-1949. The copy features photomontages on built factories and houses, supplies of equipment and tractors to construction, the success of the Kolyma publishing industry, including compositions where different local periodicals, books and posters gathered. The photographs of agriculture, sports and cultural events are included. 2. Oktiabr' na Kolyme. Sbornik posviashchaetsia 50-letiiu Sovetskoi vlasti [i.e. October on Kolyma. A Collection Dedicated to the 50th Anniversary of the Soviet Rule]. N.p.: Otdely propagandy i agitatsii Verkhnekolymskogo i Srednekolymskogo raikomov KPSS, [1967]. [266] typewritten and printed pages with illustrations at the end. 28,5x20,5 cm. In original cardboards with gilt lettering and small image of gilt deer on the front cover. Rubbed, bumped, signature and inscription on the blank leaf, signature on t.p. This typewritten edition gathered essays on how Kolyma was inhabited and developed. It comprises archived materials on pre-revolutionary exiles to these places, memoirs on arrival of the first inmates (revised) and statistical data on Kolyma economics in the further period. Compilers brought together information on all well-known revolutionaries contributed to the Kolyma region, supplemented them by portrait and view photographs. 3. Sovetskaia Kolyma [i.e. Soviet Kolyma] May 1, 1940; May 1, 1944, October 1, 1944. Magadan: Tip. Glavnogo upravleniia Dal'stroia, 1940-1944. Overall 3 issues. In very good condition, some tears of edges. Very rare. The major newspaper of Dal'stroi published in 1935-1954. It contained a chronicle of civil construction and mining industry of this camp. 4. Na ostrie karandasha. Veseloe prilozhenie k gazete "Sovetskaia Kolyma" [i.e. On a Knife Edge. A Jolly Supplement for 'Soviet Kolyma' Newspaper] #2, 3 for 1943. Magadan: Sovetskaia Kolyma, 1943. In very good condition, some tears of edges. This rare satirical supplement appeared as the last page of 'Soviet Kolyma' newspaper (as we may see in May issue for 1940), then was printed separately. Including local jokes and caricatures, the periodical published photomontage caricatures of prisoners and mentioned certain names (for example, issue #3). 5. Gorniak Indigirki. Organ politotdela IGPU Dal'stroia [i.e. Indigirka Miner. Organ of Political Department of Indigirka Mining Administration of Dalstroy] October 20, 1946. Ust'-Nera: IGPU, 1946. 2 pp.: ill. In very good condition, some tears of edges. Very rare survival of camp miners' periodical. The edition has been published since 1945 under different titles: 'Indigirka Miner', 'New North' and 'Northern Dawn' - up to now. Not in Worldcat.
LENIN] Velikii vozhd. Khudozhestvenno-literaturnyi sbornik [i.e. The Great Leader. Literary and Art Collection] / edited by N. Semashko

LENIN] Velikii vozhd. Khudozhestvenno-literaturnyi sbornik [i.e. The Great Leader. Literary and Art Collection] / edited by N. Semashko

Moscow: izdatelstvo komissii pomoshchi detiam pri prezidiume Mossoveta, 1924. 224 pp.: ill. 34x26,5. Original illustrated cardboard. Few bumps of the edges, but generally a very good copy. First edition. One of 10000 copies produced. Very rare. Of all the kaleidoscope of the editions dedicated to the death of Lenin, this one gives the widest overview of the perception of the leader at the time. The contributors of the collection are numerous and eclectic, and the man, responsible for putting the materials together - the professor of medicine, one of the organisers of the Soviet medical system, Nikolay Semashko (1874-1949), who knew Lenin quite well, fits perfectly for the purpose. The different sides of Lenin's life are represented in the panegyric: his economical views, the approach towards the science, foreign policy, etc. The whole edition could be considered naive comparing to the propaganda o fthe mid-, late- 1930s, when the art of praise of the 'great leaders' was taken to the new levels, but the principles were sampled and canonised after 1924, Lenin's death became one of the main reasons. If we regard the 1930s as the heyday of the Soviet propaganda parade book (paradnaya kniga - the term coined by Mikhail Karasik), this particular edition should be viewed as a early prototype of the tradition, well-established in Stalinist times. The team of artists who worked on the edition is equally eclectic - they represent the spectrum from realism to avant-garde with possible deviations on the way. Alexander Shpir's best known for his illustrations of Soviet fantasy writings of the 1920s-'30s and in some of his headpieces for the book we could see the cosmic motifs. Georgiy Pashkov (1886-1925), the designer of the first Soviet stamps, uses more traditional approach, his woodcuts resemble Chekhonin and echo his icon painter background. Nikolay Vysheslavtsev and Alexey Rybnikov, Failliev, Bekhteev, Ivanov also contributed to the different elements of the book design. The works reproduced in the section 'Lenin in Art' include the sculptures, monuments and portraits. The works correspond well with the elements of typographic design of the artists mentioned above, especially portraits by Georgy Vereiskiy and Natan Altman and the proposed design of the monument to Lenin in Leningrad by professor Vladimir Schuko, the monument that was built, but in simpler design. Shchuko is best known for his design of the palace of the Soviets. Worldcat shows copies at Amherst College, the British Library, National Diet Library (Tokyo).
KIRILL ZDANEVICH ON BOOK DISPLAY] Pokaz knigi v khnizhnom magazine [i.e. The Display of the Book in a Bookstore]

KIRILL ZDANEVICH ON BOOK DISPLAY] Pokaz knigi v khnizhnom magazine [i.e. The Display of the Book in a Bookstore]

Tsetkin, I. Moscow: Knigotsentr OGIZa, 1931. 76, [4] pp.: ill. 19,5x13,5 cm. In original illustrated wrappers. The wrappers and the title pages are restored. Overall a good copy. First and only edition. One of 4050 copies. The abridged list of architects and artists, associated with the book, include Kirill Zdanevich, Naum Segal', Lavinsky brothers and Grigoriy Zamskii. Extremely rare and richly illustrated manual on how to display books both inside and outside of Soviet bookstores. The book is divided into two relevant sections. The first one started from the outer look: the edition explained how to design window display and signboards to attract passers. The author drew attention to different types of internal display furniture: store counters, shelves and racks. Among them is a book display invented by A. Abramov that was commonly used for book exhibiting and displaying. Simple in construction, it was presented in a technical drawing and photographs together with assembly instructions. Other photographs depict examples of how to arrange books in general and how to prepare a store for thematic display (on the May Day, for instance). The second section is more interesting: it is dedicated to pop-up bookstalls, mobile bookstores on wheels or sleigh as well as even wandering booksellers. The edition features a range of constructivist projects and scale models of street stationary and mobile book displays that were subjects of competitions between artists. Almost all bookstores by this time were centralized and all designs included Gosizdat (OGIZ) publisher's mark. Apart from that, they varied shape, number of decorations and complexity. The Soviet wandering booksellers carried bag, suitcase or box: each of them was shown on photographs, closed and fully-opened with books inside. According to the Worldcat, copies located in Library of Congress, Princeton and Northwestern Universities.
CONSTRUCTIVIST FURNITURE] Za novuiu mebel' [i.e. For the New Furniture]

CONSTRUCTIVIST FURNITURE] Za novuiu mebel’ [i.e. For the New Furniture]

Moscow: GOSTEKHIZD, 1933. 87 pp.: ill. 17x12,5 cm. Original illustrated wrapper. Near fine. Extremely rare. No copies according to the Worldcat. The book includes the two theoretical works by Benenson and Murashov on the development and goals of the Soviet furniture industry and the chapter by N. Guchev. The chapter by N. Guchev describes the results of the contest, that was called collectively by 25 different organisations, including the all-Union committee for unification, central committee of wood and carpenter workers, Soyuzmebel and others. The content entered 149 projects, the examples of them are given in the chapter. The jury included engineers, urban planners, wood workers and one delegate from the Communist academy. One of the most interesting parts of the book is the actual projects with illustrations provided (total of 57 images). Despite the progressing attack on the formalist art in Soviet art the projects included the examples of constructivism and even Bauhaus-inspired designs. The same year Hans Meyer has created the famous Birobidzhan city plan, partly embodied in the Soviet Far East. However there is not much information about the influence of Bauhaus on Soviet furniture design of the 1930s. The projects however show that the anonymous designers have gained some inspiration from there. The shortlist of laureate included the projects like 'Cheiorniy kvadrat' [i.e.'Black square'], 'Na perehodnom etape' [i.e. During the transmission period], 'Zeleniy shum' [i.e. Green noise]. Apart from the projects 'The Black Square' there's also 'Black and Red Square' which alludes to Malevich. He was probably unaware of this projects, but the analogy is interesting. The bed 'Black Square' has a large headboards with black squares located on it in the chaotic order. One of the most surrealist projects is 'The Green Noise', in which the table has skyscraper like catalogue shelves from both sides of the chair, allowing the minimal space in between. Overall, an interesting overview of the Soviet furniture that was never produced.
ERZYA LANGUAGE] Moksherziatnen eriamo pingest [i.e. The History of Mordva]

ERZYA LANGUAGE] Moksherziatnen eriamo pingest [i.e. The History of Mordva]

Markelov, M.T. Moscow: Tsentrizdat, 1929. 184 pp., 1 map. 22x15 cm. Original illustrated wrappers with the strict constructivist design. Illustrated throughout including the map of Finno-ugric speaking nations in USSR. Very good, few tears of the spine. The book is printed in Erzya language, spoken in Republic of Mordovia, by nearly 100 000 people nowadays. Extremely rare. No copies according to the Worldcat. Tsentrizdat was the publishing house which full name translates as 'The central publishing house of the peoples of USSR', it existed from 1924 to 1931. Based in Moscow it was formed following Lenin's idea, articulated at the Xth party meeting, 'to help the working masses of the non-Russian nations [i.e. nevelikorusskim narodam] to catch up with the Central Russia, that is ahead'. By 1931 it was printing the periodical and non-periodical editions in 63 different languages, using latin, Cyrillic, Arabic and Chinese scripts. Mordvinic language has been first recorded in the late 17th century, and is now regarded as two separate languages, Erzya language and Mokshan language. As they are Finno-ugric languages they have never switched to Latin script, and the Cyrillic script was used starting from the first abc for Erzya in 1884. The first books and newspapers started to appear in 1920. This book is the first full account of the region in the language of the region. The author Mikhail Markelov (1899-1937) is the representative of Erzya people. In the 1920s he led many folklore filed expeditions in the different areas of Mordovia to collect different kind of spoken traditions. This was the first book by the author, he was preparing the second one called 'The Songs of Mordva' for publication in 1932, but after the smear he was arrested as a contra-revolutionary, who was calling for the separation of Finno-ugric people from USSR. After spending 5 years in exile and camps Markelov was executed in 1937. This book remained the only publication by the author.