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Hünersdorff Rare Books

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Records of manorial dues – primary sources for French pre-revolutionary land taxation

France. Nailloux. Manuscript land tax accounts & atlas of feudal tenancies France. Nailloux. Manuscript land tax accounts & atlas of feudal land tenancies relating to the seigneurie de Nailloux in the region of Haute Garonne, southwestern France, penned in ink in neat calligraphy on paper. a) Lieve des censives de Nailhoux et rentes locatairies due a [un]messire Dufaur d'Encun suivant les reconn[aissance]ce retenues par M.Auréjac no. Nailloux, dated 8 October 1788. Folio (36 x 34cm). 67 numbered leaves including 57 pages with original tax entries; 5 pages with an alphabetical name index of tax payers; 6 leaves with additional tax entries during the early 19th century by the Dufour family utilizing blank spaces throughout including the inside of frontcover; 5 leaves removed. Contemporary mottled sheep with title superlibro giltstamped on frontcover; remains of green silk ties; edges painted in red; spine defective, corners worn; some inner blank tailend margins with traces of light waterstaining; a few isolated traces of worming not affecting text. b) Plans des Nailhoux. Seven double-page manuscript maps (overall size : 57.2 x 84cm) showing precisely demarcated landed properties conceded to tenants, or 'censitaires', under the jurisdiction of Nailloux; each map is surrounded with a double-line border and incorporates a list of the respective tenants paying the 'cens', or manorial dues. Each commune is indicated in a small ink drawing of a house. [Nailloux, 1788]. Elephant folio (58 x 45.5cm). Contemporary mottled sheep with supralibro gilt-stamped on frontcover; worn with minor damage and abrasions on frontcover; edges in red; remains of green silk ties a) Official record of annual dues paid in money and in kind to one Dufour d'Encun, land- holder in the seigneurie of Nailloux, compiled by the accountant Auréjac on 8th October 1788, seven months before the outbreak of the French Revolution on 14 July 1789. The dues consisted mostly of 'censives', or annual manorial quit-rents and in 3 cases of 'rente fonçiere', or property tax. The annual 'cens' was a fixed token payment by the tenant or 'censitaire' made to the feudal land-holder who conceded the land in perpetuity in return for money or payment in kind. Among the tax payers here listed are a blacksmith, carpenters, a domestic, retired officers, a weaver and a cartwright; taxes in kind consisted mostly of grain, oats, 'gelinen', chicken, etc. The widespread destruction of the records of manorial dues during the peasant revolt of 17 July to 3 August 1789 provoked the abolition of feudalism at the beginning of the Revolution. b) The plans orientated to the left demarcate the extent of landed tenancies with the names of the tenants and number of parcels listed to the right : The commune of Pourquier has a total of 60 parcels of land; Capelle, Garaud & Moudoui have 39 tenancies; Bugain & Bisterne only 9 ; LeTambouret, Arnaud Guilhem & Plumat have 36 ; Campane, Randal & Labourdelle with 15 ; Pieusse & Combouil with 30; Gabachous & Nugoy have 17 tenancies. The verso of map 6 contains a history of the Dufour d'Encuns family added in neat 19th century manuscript by a descendant. The land atlas is generally in good condition considering heavy use; some traces of waterstaining in top outer margins; isolated worming in tailend blank margins; beginning & end of volume with some soiling and traces of waterstaining, but not affecting maps.
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Japanese horsemanship in handcoloured drawings

ILLUSTRATIONS OF HORSE TRAINING IN EDO JAPAN Japanese horsemanship. Emakimono manuscript paper scroll with 17 large multi-coloured drawings (up to 30cm in height) illustrating the art of riding, handling and training horses. Dated on stylistic grounds to mid or late Edo Period [Japan,18th or early 19th century]. Manuscript size : 37.5 x 752cm (overall size : 43 x 828cm). Final section of gilded scroll with decorative pattern on reverse, edges worn; remains of original title strip pasted on the outside. Preserved in Paulowna wood box with protective sliding carton. A striking series of well drawn large coloured images of horses and grooms in various stages of training. Manuscript on paper neatly mounted in 29 segments on later gilded textured paper forming a scroll. The drawings are coloured in white, blue, red, grey, light brown, green, beige and black; 11 figures contain neat calligraphic instructions by the draughtsman for completing the colouring of some the grooms' dresses which remain unfinished. The horses are shown in different exercise positions always controlled by their grooms with bits and bridles : four horses are standing with the groom dismounted, the others are all of mounted grooms riding without saddles, two riders are trotting, three are gallopping, seven are shown humorously as they attempt to restrain their horses who are valiantly struggling to throw them off in turbulant movements. An image represents a groom running, presumably after losing his horse. Twelve horsemen wear black tall cylindrical rounded hats suggesting a higher social rank, five are donning small peaked black caps, presumably stable boys. Indigenous horsemanship - bajutsu or military equestrianism- became very popular in Japan with the rise of the military class during the Edo period (1615-1868), when twenty different schools gradually developed. Horse- riding remained an elite art restricted to nobles and high-ranking samurai because of the relative scarcity of horses in Japan at the time. The manuscript is in remarkably good condition; only isolated traces of light soiling in 5 segments; neat repairs to segment 23 and 29 not affecting images; an abrasure in blank margin of first segment.
Osservazione fitologiche sopra alcune piante esotiche introdotte in Roma.

Osservazione fitologiche sopra alcune piante esotiche introdotte in Roma.

Gili, Filippo Luigi & Gapar Xúarez. 4to. 64 pages of text. With printer’s device (Romulus & Remus suckling a wolf) on title. 10 engraved plates by L. Maioli after C. & A. Maioli in contemporary hand-colouring. Ornamental woodcut head-piece on first text page. Contemporary quarter sheep, gilt; spine wormed; decorative boards. First issue of an annual review of exotic plants introduced into the Vatican gardens from Latin America, also from Africa, Asia, and the Orient. The present survey, for the year 1788, contains descriptions of ten plants including the Chinese Nettle, Tulip Tree, and Ground Nut, together with details of their successful cultivation in Rome. Among the plants described as flourishing, some originating, in pre- Columbian America are the Sweet Potato and Ground Nut (Mexico, Peru, Paraguay, and Brazil). Among the many medical applications discussed are the treatment of scurvy with papaya seeds, toothache using crushed laburnum leaves, and the use of ground nuts as an antidote for snake bites. Each description is accompanied by a hand-coloured illustration. A second and third part (each also treating 10 plants) was published for the years 1790 and 1792, none further were issued. Xúarez (1731-1804), the first Argentine botanist, was a Jesuit priest born in Tucuman, whom Palau cites as author of John Hill’s 'Decade di alberi curiosi' (1786) of which he was only the translator. Both works on the subject of newly-discovered plants would seem to be part of the same project introducing foreign species to Italy; they are published in a similar format and the same artist (P. Maioli) has drawn the plates. Gili (1756-1821), the director of the Vatican Observatory, attracted the attention of the celebrated Spanish botanists Ruiz & Pavon for his collaboration on this work, & who named a plant after him. A small spot in inner blank margin of first quire, otherwise a fresh copy in its first binding. Nissen BB, p67; Palau 101886; Pritzel 3332.
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Opere in versi e in prosa .

Gozzi, Gaspare. Influential Venitian humourist & moralist Gozzi, Gaspare. Opere in versi e in prosa del signor conte Gasparo Gozzi veneziano dedicate a sua eccellenza il Sig. Daniele Farsetti. Venice, Bartolomeo Occhi, 1758. 6 vols in 8vo. viii + 232p; [12] + pp13-213 + [1 blank]; 213 + [3 blank]p; 232p; 162 + [2 blank]p; 152p. Half-length frontispiece portrait of the author citing from Dante engraved by F[rancesco] Bartolozzi in volume I; engraved arms of dedicatee 2, 2 vignette on titles, typographical ornaments. Old boards with gilt title labels in red & green; edges untrimmed, partially uncut & unopened. First edition of the author s works including his plays (vols I III), poetry (rime : vols IV & V), and Letters (vol VI). Gozzi (1713-86) was a Venetian humourist and moralist influenced by ancient classical writers and contemporary French authors (Hilaire Bernard de Longepierre) whose works he translated into Italian. He attempted theatrical reform by founding the Literary Academy of the Granelleschi. He was later editor of Gazzetta Veneta and official book and Venetian press censor. The dedication is to Daniele Farsetti (1725-87), Venetian patrician, collector and patron of arts. Noteworthy is the fine engraved frontispiece showing a portrait by the author citing from Dante by the highly esteemed Florentine painter and engraver, Francesco Bartolozzi (1727-1815), who was trained in Venice, but spent most of his productive life in London, where he became a member of the Royal Academy and Royal Engraver. For the author see: Findlen, Roworth & Sama, Italy s 18th Century, pp80, 129, 137, 139-140, 144, 146- 147, 389n51, 391n67, 391n70, 392n77,
Autograph letter by a Prussian lady to Francesco Algarotti (1712-64)

Autograph letter by a Prussian lady to Francesco Algarotti (1712-64), influential essayist, scientist, poet, art advisor and collector, whom Voltaire called ‘the Swan of Padua’

Algarotti, Francesco (1712-64), influential essayist, philosopher, scientist, poet and art collector ennobled by Frederick the Great. Confidential autograph letter in French written to Algarotti by a close lady friend from the Prussian Court at the height of the Seven Years' War, dated : Berlin, 2 December [1762] 4 pages in ink in a neat, legible hand surrounded by a pretty blue stencilled ornamental border. The writer knows Algarotti well from the time when he served as Prussian Court Chamberlain ten years' earlier before leaving for Italy for health reasons. She sharply criticizes Algarotti for pandering to princes to maintain their favour : 'You are very careful to give important presents to Princes, I think there is nothing so low and so ridiculous'; she also refers to his fragile health : ' I am annoyed that the bad weather has obliged you to leave the country, .I imagine this is beneficial to your health.' She refers to mutual art dealings, telling Algarotti that she is displeased with him for contacting someone in Potsdam :' I don't know what he is about, but I am annoyed that you have sent him word that you have authorized me to make prices for the pictures . he will pester me for reductions and I don't like giving largesse with my friends ' properties' (referring to his pictures); it is some time ago that you promised me some of your works, but you are not too much troubled about keeping you word to me'. (Algarotti was art adviser to Augustus the Strong of Saxony and to Frederick the Great of Prussia). The letter ends on a personal note : 'Our carnival will begin quite late this year . My nonsense amuses you . I am very much annoyed that I cannot offer you some today.' She encourages her correspondant to get married : ' believe me you would do well to marry, in a few years from now you will be very happy to have a companion at home, for one cannot always be working; you will tell me perhaps that you are free to take a mistress home with you . but I am rather suspicious about the feeling of all your paid mistresses.moreover this is just my advice to you, but remember I have given you some that was very good.'
Autograph letter from Prussian lady to Francesco Algarotti (1712-64)

Autograph letter from Prussian lady to Francesco Algarotti (1712-64), influential essayist, philosopher, scientist, poet and art collector. Voltaire’s ‘Swan of Padua’

Algarotti, Francesco, count (1712-64), Essayist, philosopher, scientist, poet and art collector whom Voltaire called 'the Swan of Padua'. Autograph letter in French written to him in Italy by a lady friend from the temporary Prussian Court of Frederick the Great at the height of the Seven Years' War, dated: Magdeburg, 17 February 1762. 2 pages. The writer knows Algarotti well from the time when he lived in Berlin as Prussian chamberlain ten years' earlier; she mentions an unsuccessful attempt on the king's life by an officer imprisoned at Breslau, the death of the Empress Elizabeth of Russia 'exactly at the time when when our enemies believed that they only had to strike the last blow in order to annihilate us (Miracle of the House of Brandenburg), refers to impending peace negociations - 'political news I can send you is that the truce is assured, between the Russians and us, the prisoners released without exchange on either side.' , the first fruit of this good fortune will be our return to Berlin, perhaps Austria will consent to an honourable peace, otherwise we shall wage war on more equal terms and finally Frederick the Great will not lose a sou from his magazine. To my joy, it is possible that the English, far from abandoning us, will make greater efforts, inspite of the war with Spain;' the writer asks Algarotti to send some flowers from Italy for Princess Wilhelmina of Prussia, the king's sister, 'to the value of 3 gold ducats' which she will arrange to be paid from Augsburg . Algarotti was highly regarded by Frederick the Great who admired his encyclopaedic knowledge and taste, and paid for his epitaph 2 years later.