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Milestones of Science Books

De Symmetria partium in rectis formis humanorum corporum

De Symmetria partium in rectis formis humanorum corporum, Libri in Latinum conversi (per J. Camerarium).

DÜRER, Albrecht Folio (301 x 204 mm). 80 unnumbered leaves (last blank). Signatures: A-E6 F4 G-N6 O4. Title with 8-line verse to the reader above Dürer's woodcut monogram, gothic letter text in single and double columns, woodcuts throughout including 85 full-length figures of the human body. 18th-century vellum over pasteboards with gilt-lettered morocco spine label (extremities little rubbed, corners bumped, little worming to boards, head of spine and endpapers), marbled endpapers, blue-colored edges. Minor browning and spotting to text, title and a few other pages with light brown stains, erased stamp(?) on final leaf. Provenance: bookplate with monogram "VGL" to front pastedown and small stamp to title-page. A fine, unmarked and unrestored copy. ---- Adams D-1044; Fairfax Murray German Books 152; Bohatta 20. - First Latin edition by Camerarius of book I and II of the "Vier Bücher der menschlichen Proportion" (books III and IV were published in 1534 under the title "De varietate"). The woodcuts are derived from the German edition of 1528. Unlike his Italian contemporary, Leonardo da Vinci, who published nothing, Dürer lived and worked in the world of printing and engraving. Dürer's treatise on human proportion was the earliest of the three theoretical works written in his later years. Dürer began formulating mathematical rules for the proportions of the human form soon after his first trip to Venice in 1494-5. For his mathematical formulations he drew upon the works of antiquity as well as the Italian rediscoveries; as for his other theoretical works, his goal was to establish a scientific basis for aesthetics and to provide practical guidelines for draftsmanship. "The book is the synthesis of Dürer's solutions to his self-imposed formal problems; in it he sets forth his formal aesthetic. Dürer's aesthetic rules are based firmly in the laws of optics--indeed, he even designed special mechanical instruments to aid in the measurement of human form. He used the height of the human body as the basic unit of measurement." (DSB). Erste lateinische Ausgabe der 1528 deutsch erschienenen grundlegenden Proportionslehre der Renaissance. "De Symmetria" umfaßt Buch I u. II des deutschen Werkes. Die Illustrationen sind die der Original-Ausgabe. Ein von Bohatta vermuteter erster lateinischer Druck der "Symmetria" von 1528 existiert nicht. - Visit our website for additional images and information.
Mémoire sur la dispersion de la lumière.

Mémoire sur la dispersion de la lumière.

CAUCHY, Augustin-Louis Important Sammelband on light and astronomy, including Cauchy's 1830 Memoir on dispersion: CAUCHY, Augustin-Louis. Mémoire sur la dispersion de la lumière, Paris: Chez de Bure frères, 1830. 4to (257 x 204mm). [2], 24 pp. [Bound with:] II. STEVENSON, Alan. Observations on the Application of Catadioptric Zones to Lights of the First Order in the System of Fresnel. Edinburgh: Neill & Co., 1840, 12, [4] pp., 1 plate. One engraved plate (slight marginal browning). [Bound with:] III. HERSCHEL, William. Observations of a Second Comet, with remarks on its construction. Extract from Philosphical Transactions, [London, 1812, Vol. 102], pp.229-237. [Bound with:] IV. HERSCHEL, William. Experiments for Ascertaining how far Telescopes will enable us to determine very small angles, and to distinguish the real from the Spurious Diameter of celestial and terrestrial Objects. Extract from Philosphical Transactions, [London, 1805, Vol. 95], pp. 31-64. Lacking plate. [Bound with:] V. CAVENDISH, Henry. Experiments to Determine the Density of the Earth. Extract from Philosophical Transactions. [London, 1798, Vol. 88], 469-526, 2 folding engraved plates (slightly foxed). [Bound with:] VI. DOWNES, Olinthus Gregory. On the Physical Constitution of Comets. London: C. & E. Layton, 1860. [4], 45 [1] pp, half-title, 3 lithographed plates. [Bound with:] VII. FORBES, James D. Bakerian Lecture - On the Transparency of the Atmosphere and the Law of Extinction of the Solar Rays in passing through it. Extract from Philosophical Transactions. [London, 1842], pp. 225-273 [1], 9 plates, 6 folding (slight browning and some marginal dampstaining). [Bound with:] VIII. AIRY, George Biddell. The Bakerian lecture - On the Theoretical Explanation of an apparent new Polarity in Light. Extract from: Philosophical Transactions. [London, 1840], pp. 225-244. Folding plate. All bound in later blue pebbled cloth, spine with gilt lettering and printed paper label (hinges and spine repaired). Little age browning of text and plates, first title with clean tear repaired. ---- EXCEPTIONALLY RARE FIRST EDITION of the Memoir in which Cauchy first explained the dispersion of light from the undulatory theory of light. On June 7 and 14, 1830, three years after Fresnel's death, Cauchy presented a comparatively short (given his customary standards) memoir on light before the Académie in Paris, which appeared there after in the Bulletin de Férussac; he also had it printed separately by de Bure Frères . Then, after the appearance in 1830 of the Memoir on light that he had presented on June 14 of that year before the Académie, Cauchy published one further paper on light in Férussac, and nothing more until 1835. We do however know that at the time of his June 14 presentation he also announced to the Académie that he 'had the formulas relative to the dispersion of light that he had read at the last session.' The Procès Verbaux for the meeting accordingly noted that Cauchy had presented a memoir 'on the subject.' (J.Z. Buchwald, Chapter 22 - Cauchy?s Theory of Dispersion Anticipated by Fresnel). In 1830, using the discrete model of a medium (ether), Cauchy tried to explain dispersion of the light under the assumption that the light represents elastic waves with a very large frequency. He showed that for wavelengths that are much greater than the distance between the neighbouring particles in the one-dimensional lattice, the wave velocity does not depend on the wavelength. However, for the short wavelengths, that is, for high frequencies, the wave velocity is a function of wavelength and can vary essentially. Cauchy reprinted the Memoir of 1830 during his stay in Prague in 1835 and further expanded his theory in successive Memoirs published in Prague between 1835 and 1836. - Visit our website for additional images and information.
Astronomiae reformatae. Tomo duo

Astronomiae reformatae. Tomo duo, quorum prior observations, hypotheses, et fundamenta tabularum. Posterior praecepta pro usu Tabularum Astronomicarum, et ipsas Tabulas Astronomicas CII continent.

RICCIOLI, Giambattista Two parts in one volume. Folio (370 x 247 mm). [14], xii, 374 [2]; [8], 35 [1], 128 pp. Text printed in two columns, general title printed in red and black and with large engraved armorial device, woodcut device on each of both part titles, 2 fine engraved double-page lunar maps by Domenico Fontana after Francesco Maria Grimaldi, woodcut initials, head- and tailpieces, several woodcut diagrams (some full-page) within text, with blank leaf 3A4. Signatures: [pi]1 [cross]6 [paragraph]6 A-3A4, a4 A-T4 V6. Contemporary calf, spine with 5 raised bands, faint gilt-lettering and -tooling, boards with blind-tooled decorative border and ruling, red-dyed edges (hinges split but cords holding, some rubbing and light soiling). Text generally crisp and bright, one leaf with small burn spots, very light dampstaining towards upper corner of a few leaves, leaf 2M2 with torn upper corner not affecting text (paper flaw?), 22 leaves with wormtrack in blank fore-margin (just touching text field and affecting ruled border of 2 illustrations). Provenance: Peter and Margarete Braune (bookplate on front pastedown). A fine, clean and untouched copy. ---- Norman 1827; Riccardi I (2); Houzeau-Lancaster 9230; Sommervogel VI, 1801 no. 9; DSB XI, p.411. RARE FIRST EDITION of this anti-Copernican work by a Jesuit astronomer which seeks to prove the immobility of the earth. "This work, which the author thought of as a third part of his Almagestum Novum, contains a valuable collection of observations. It is composed of a series of specialized treatises of the different bodies of the solar system and the fixed stars" (Houzeau-Lancaster). Riccioli noted the colored bands parallel to the equator of Jupiter and published his observations of the phases of Saturn. He knew of Huygen's Systema Saturnium, but disagreed with Huygen's ring theory. Most of the Tabular material in the second volume was the work of his student Francesco Maria Grimaldi" (Norman). - Visit our website for additional images and information.
Anti-newtonianismi pars prima (-quarta). Pars prima in qua Newtoni de coloribus systema ex propriis principis geometricae everitur

Anti-newtonianismi pars prima (-quarta). Pars prima in qua Newtoni de coloribus systema ex propriis principis geometricae everitur, et nova de coloribus theoria luculentissimis experimentis demonstratur. Pars secunda in qua rejectis methodo, et philosophandi regulis newtonianis, totiusque sectae principiis indicatis evertitur prae caeteris, argumentis ut plurimum ex adversariorum penu depromptis, vacuum, vis inertiae, mutua gravitas et attractio. Pars tertia, in qua virium universi natura, origo, mensura propagatio &c. enucleantur. Pars quarta in qua astronomiae newtonianae pricipia expeduntur et novae systemate universi, motibus corporum caelestium, ac de aestu maris conjecturae proponuntur.

COMINALE, Celestino Four parts bound in two volumes. 4to (237 x 180 mm). [12], 184, [14] pp. and 14 plates (5 folding); [24], 253, [7] pp. and 2 plates; 27, [5], 190, [2] pp. and 10 plates; [8], 200 pp. and 7 plates. Including half-title to each volume, woodcut printer's device on title pages, woodcut head-and tailpieces, and a total of 33 engraved plates as called for. Without final blank bb4 in vol. I. 19th century half vellum, spines with ink lettering, marbled edges (minor rubbing of extremities, corners scuffed). Uneven browning and foxing to text and plates, occasional minor dampstaining and soiling. Text and plates collated complete. ---- Riccardi I, 359. FIRST AND ONLY EDITION. Celestino Cominale's Antinewtonianismi is a detailed, largely fallacious refutation of almost everything that Newton wrote, including his theories of light and gravitation. Celestino Cominale (1722-1785) was Professor of Medicine at Naples and held fast to his compatriot Descartes' theory of vortices. - Visit our website for additional images and information.
Exercitationes de structura viscerum

Exercitationes de structura viscerum, nominatim hepatis, cerebri corticis, renum, lienis, cum dissertatione de polypo cordis: quibus accesserunt ob materiae vicinitatem . epistolae duae de pulmonibus . ad Joh. Alphonsum Borellum, perscriptae . . . editio altera correctior.

MALPIGHI, Marcello 12mo (128 x 68 mm). [10], 280, [48] pp. Title printed in red and black, 2 folding engraved plates, final leaf blank, woodcut initials and headpieces. Contemporary vellum, new endpapers, spine with modern ink lettering. Text browned throughout, stronger from p.109 onwards including plates, torn lower corner of leaves b7 and b8 with paper restoration affecting two letters of text, short inner margin. Provenance: Robert J. Hayhurst (bookplate to front pastedown). Still very good copy. ---- Wellcome IV, p.37; NLM/Krivatsi 7339; Frati 25; VD17 12:170444L. RARE FOURTH (FIRST FRANKFURT) EDITION of Malpighi's collection of anatomical treatises, which includes Malpighi's classic treatise on the kidney, De renibus proemium, in which he described the uriniferous tubules as well as the "Malpighian bodies." It was first published in Bologna in 1666 under the title De viscerum structura exercitatio anatomica. The work also includes the first description of Hodgkin's disease. "Malpighi's studies of the kidney gave support to his iatromechanical theory of glands as secretion machines; he concluded that the glomeruli were in direct contact with both arteries and veins, and postulated a similar connection between the glomeruli and uninary vessels" (Norman, for first ed). The final work included is his chief hematological treatise, De polypo cordis dissertatio, which contains Malpighi's demonstration that the polyps consisted of coagulum found in normal blood. - Visit our website for additional images and information.


BIBLIA LATINA April 14, 1480. Royal folio (370 x 263 mm). 462 (of 468) leaves only, lacking first unfoliated leaf (1)1 plus foliated leaves j-iii, xi and ccclxvi. Gothic type 3:110G, 4:160G; text in double column, 49-53 lines, headline, initial spaces, shoulder notes to Gospels. Collation (unsigned): [112 2-2210 23-246; 25-3610 37-386; 39-4110 42-438; 44-4810; 496]. Colophon on (48)10v: Anno incarnationis dominice. Millesimo quadringentesimo octuagesimo. Mai vero kalen-das. octuaodecimo . In oppido Nurnbergensis. per Antonius Coburger prefati oppidi incolam industria cuius quam diligentissime fabrefactum. Initials supplied in alternating red and blue ink (a few double-colored and with additional penwork filling), red capital strokes. Bound in 18th-century half pigskin, spine with 5 raised bands and with 2 gilt-lettered labels, boards with some blind ruling, original brass clasps, catches and pigskin latches (light rubbing, upper hinge with partial split towards head of spine). Pasted to inner front-board is a handwritten description in German of this copy and its defects probably dating back to the time it was rebound (early 18th-c). The book received additional thick endpapers at a later stage for reinforecement with the front pastedown excised to show the manuscript text and an old shelf mark ("no. 799"). The text is slightly browned throughout, old damp with some pink mildew has stained several pages towards gutter of the lower margin, some watertaining (stronger on first pages) and lamp-oil smudging is present elsewhere, the first 10 leaves have been restored at gutter with paper reinforecements (partially obscuring text), some old paper repairs of tears elsewhere, wormholes are present in the first 30 leaves, 5 pages with holes (affecting text) repaired with silk paper, a few leaves closely trimmed at upper margin (touching headlines on 2 pages). Several ink notes in neat contemporary hands can be found mostly in the first half of the book. Still a good copy despite the stronger staining. ---- THE 6TH BIBLE BY ANTON KOBERGER. Like Koberger's editions of 1477, 1478, and 1479 (Goff B-552, 557, 559, 564), this contains the tract of Mendardus (which fell out of the printed tradition of later Vulgate Bibles), Eusebian canons, and marginal Gospel concordances. It is the last Royal folio Vulgate Bible of the fifteenth century."Anton Koberger's printing ranks high among the early typographers. His Gothic type is beautiful, the ink a rich black, the page composed - all uniting to produce a distinguished example of incunabula printing." "Berkowitz, In Remembrance of Creation, no. 97). Koberger produced 15 Latin Bible editions. Latein. Bibeldrucke D74; GW 4243; BMC C 7198; Polain (B) 655; Hain/Cop. 3076; Goff B-568. - Visit our website for additional images and information.
Nouvelles Récréations Physiques et Mathématiques . . . Troisième Édition.

Nouvelles Récréations Physiques et Mathématiques . . . Troisième Édition.

GUYOT, Edme-Gilles 3 volumes. 8vo (202 x 122 mm). Vol. I: [2], xv [1], 375 [1] pp. and 32 plates; vol. II: vii [1], 410 pp. and 48 plates; vol. III: [4], 408, [4] pp. and 22 plates. Half-title to each volume, title pages with printer's woodcut device, woodcut head- and tailpieces, and a total of102 engraved plates. Bound in uniform contemporary mottled calf, spine with 5 raised bands gilt in compartments and with morocco lettering piece in first and second compartment of each volume, marbled edges and endpapers (spine ends scuffed, boards rubbed, light wear to extremities, hinges partially split with old repairs, cords holding). Text and plates somewhat browned, occasionally spotted and a trifle dust-soiled, light dampstaining to lower corner of vol. I. Provenance: Giancarlo Beltrame Library. Still a very good set. ---- Honeyman 1584; Caillet 4900 (both for 1st edition). THIRD EDITION of this popular work (first published 1769) on recreational mathematics and science originally published in 1769-70, covering experiments on magnetism and electricity in the first volume; optics in the second; and number games, chess, cards, slight of hand, and cryptography in the third. The author was a French polymath and manufacturer of both serious scientific instruments and conjuring apparatus; his fascination with magic and illusion is clear from this intriguing work. - Visit our website for additional images and information.
Dissertatio epistolica de bombyce.

Dissertatio epistolica de bombyce.

MALPIGHI, Marcello 4to (249 x 185 mm). [10], 100 pp., 12 folding engraved plates, including initial blank. Pages of main text uncut and unopened. Bound in near contemporary half calf, gilt-lettered spine (wear to extremities, corners scuffed, boards rubbed and soiled). Text leaves with light marginal browning and soiling, preliminary leaves including title with cut edges, praefatio ad lectorem leaf with small cut-out at blank upper margin not affecting text, plates I-III misbound after plate XII, slight offsetting to some folding plates. Provenance: Marquis de Vichy (armorial bookplate to front pastedown), inscription in ink on first flyleaf. A very good, largely unsophisticated copy. ---- Garrison-M. 293; NLM/Krivatsy 7334; Norman 1428; DSB IX, p.65; Wing M-349; Wellcome, IV 38. - First edition. "Malpighi's work on the silkworm represents the first monograph on an invertebrate and records one of the most striking pieces of research work on his part. He dissected the silkworm under the microscope with great skill and observed its intricate structure; before the appearance of this work the silkworm was believed not to have internal organs" (Garrison-M). "In de bombyce Malpighi had carefully observed the artisan nature construct each of the three stages - larva, chrysalis, and moth - through which the silkworm is formed. He further remarked on the specific apparatuses with which the silkworm is provided, among them the air ducts (tracheae) and the blood duct with a number of pulsating centers (corcula)" (DSB IX, p.65). - Visit our website for additional images and information.
Traité élémentaire de chimie

Traité élémentaire de chimie, présenté dans un ordre nouveau et d’après les découvertes modernes; avec figures. . .

LAVOISIER, Antoine Laurent 2 parts in 1 volume. 8vo (199 x 127 mm), xliv, 322; viii, 323-653, [3] pp., including half title to each part, 2 folding letterpress tables in part I and 13 folding engraved plates bound at end of part II. Very little even browning, minors occasional spotting and marginal dust soiling of text and plates, 3 plates tanned at blank fore-margin. Contemporary calf, gilt-decorated spine with gilt-lettered morocco label (hinges cracked, spine ends chipped, extremities worn), all edges gilt, marbled endpapers. Very good copy with ample margins. ---- Dibner 43; Grolier/Horblit 64; PMM 238; Wellcome III, p. 460; Norman 1295; Duveen 340. - FIRST EDITION, second issue. Lavoisier's Traite ".was a decisive move in the final overthrow of alchemy and the phlogiston theory introduced by Stahl a century earlier. By the use of the balance of weight determination at every chemical change and the building of a rational system of elements, Lavoisier laid the foundation of modern chemistry" (Dibner). The illustrations for this edition were conceived and executed by Lavoisier's wife, a skilled painter and engraver who had studied under Louis David, and who collaborated with her husband in his scientific experiments and researches. The second issue contains tables and various approvals of the work not included in the single-volume first or trial issue, of which only two copies are known. - Visit our website for additional images and information.
Beobachtungen über die Sonnenfackeln und Sonnenflecken samt beylaeufigen Bemerkungen ueber die scheinbare Flaeche

Beobachtungen über die Sonnenfackeln und Sonnenflecken samt beylaeufigen Bemerkungen ueber die scheinbare Flaeche, Rotation und das Licht der Sonne.

SCHRÖTER, Johann Hieronymus. 4to (215 x 175 mm). 103 [1] pp., including woodcut headpiece and five folding engraved plates. Bound in contemporary sprinkled sheep, spine with 5 raised bands and some gilt ruling, gilt-decorated board edges (slightly rubbed, some creasing and wear to lower joints). Text generally bright and clean, occasional light offsetting of printer's ink. Provenance: Hamilton College Library, Clinton, NY (engraved book label to front pastedown, early ink ownership name to front free endpaper). A fine, wide-margined copy. ---- Poggendorff II, 846; ADB XXXII, 570; VD18 15321797; E. Zinner, Die Geschichte der Sternkunde, 1931, p. 621. RARE FIRST EDITION in book form of the Schröter's noted monograph on solar flares and sunspots. It is based on a lecture given by him at the Kurfürstlichen Mainzischen Akademie nützlicher Wissenschaften, on June 2nd, 1788. It was also published in the academy's Acta for 1788 and 1789. "Schröter was an amateur astronomer who set up in Lilienthal (near Bremen) his own observatory. In 1779 he acquired a 91 cm long achromatic refractor with a 50 mm lens to observe the Sun, Moon, and Venus. His solar observations are mainly contained in his book Beobachtungen über die Sonnenfackeln und Sonnenflecken, printed in Erfurt in 1789." J.M. Vaquero, M. Vázquez, The Sun Recorded Through History, Springer, 2009, p. 133). "Schroeter's zahlreiche litterarische Arbeiten betreffen fast ausschliessend denjenigen Zweig der Wissenschaft, welchen man heutzutage als topographische Astronomie bezeichnet." (ADB) - Schröter (1745-1816), der später in Lilienthal wohnte, hatte sämmtliche seiner Bücher auf eigene Kosten drucken lassen. 1813 wurden die noch vorhandenen Exemplare beim Brand seines Hauses zerstört. "Beginnend im Jahre 1779 mit einem kleinen 3-füßigen achromatischen Refraktor, setzte Schroeter zunehmend seine Spiegelteleskope ein, um Sonnenflecken und Fackeln zu studieren. Da die lichtstarken Geräte viel Wärme konzentrierten, und diese hauptsächlich durch ein dichtes Dämpfglas am Okular abgefangen werden musste, war die Sonnenbeobachtung ein nicht ganz ungefährliches Unternehmen. Mehrere Male sei ihm beim Sprung eines Glases 'der Blitz des Lichtkegels ins Auge gefahren'. Neben den Oberflächenphänomenen ermittelte J.H. Schroeter den Durchmesser und die Rotationsperiode der Sonne und erkannte die kraterartige Vertiefung der Sonnenflecken (Wilson-Effekt). Er suchte nach Erklärungen zur 'physischen Beschaffenheit ihrer Oberfläche und ihres Lichts'. Zwar bezweifelte er die Hypothese des französischen Astronomen De la Hire, nach der die Sonne ein dunkler Körper sei, umflossen von einem Lichtfluidum, konnte sich ihr aber nicht ganz entziehen." (Hans-Joachim Leue, Telescopium Lilienthal, online-resources). - Visit our website for additional images and information.
Trattato elementare di chimica presentato in un ordine nuovo dietro le scoperte moderne; con figure: del sig. Lavoisier . recato dalla francese nell'italiana favella e corredato di annotazioni da Vincenzo Dandolo veneto. Tomo primo [-terzo].

Trattato elementare di chimica presentato in un ordine nuovo dietro le scoperte moderne; con figure: del sig. Lavoisier . recato dalla francese nell’italiana favella e corredato di annotazioni da Vincenzo Dandolo veneto. Tomo primo [-terzo].

LAVOISIER, Antoine Laurent / MORVEAU, Louis Bernard Guyton de / DANDOLO, Vincenzo 3 volumes only (of 4). 8vo (207 x 142 mm). viii, 408 pp., 2 folding tables; viii, 411-745 [1] pp., 13 folding engraved plates; [4], viii, 347 [1], [4: blank] pp. Title of vol. III reads "Esame delle affinità chimiche di tutti i relativi sistemi de' più celebri chimici d'Europa" (the general title printed on half-title page only). Uniformly bound in contemporary half calf over sprinkled boards, flat spines with gilt decoration and gilt morocco lettering pieces, old shelf-mark paper label to vol. I (morocco label missing for vol. I, some chipping of spine leather, wear to extremities and spine ends, joints partially split but holding), red-dyed edges. Text and plates very crisp and clean with very little age-toning only, small wormholes to inner margin of first few leaves of vol. I; light spotting of final two plates in vol. II, a few short clean tears elsewhere. Provenance: Joan. Ant. de Somalea Militis Hieros (bookplate to front pastedowns), Giancarlo Beltrame Library. A fine, wide-margined set. ---- Duveen & Klickstein p.180 and p.149; Guareschi, La chimica in Italia, pp. 444-6. - FIRST ITALIAN EDITION based on Lavoisier's second edition of 1789 of his "Traité elementaire de chimie", which includes Morveau's et al. Nomenclature. Our set without Vinceno Dandolo's Dizionarii vecchio e nuovo di nomenclatura chimica (tomo quarto), but complete in itself with Lavoisier's Traité elementaire de chimie (volumes I and II), and Morveau's Esame delle affinità chimiche di tutti i relativi sistemi de' più celebri chimici d'Europa. (vol. III). - Visit our website for additional images and information.
Lecons sur la théorie mathématique de la lumière - Professées pendant le premier semestre 1887-1888

Lecons sur la théorie mathématique de la lumière – Professées pendant le premier semestre 1887-1888

POINCARÉ, Henri 8vo (235 x 156 mm). iv, 408 pp., including half-title. Bound in polished half-calf over marbled boards, spine ruled and lettered in gilt and with paper sticker (extremities rubbed, slight wear to corners). Text with light even browning and scattered foxing throughout. Illegible pencil signature on half-title and ink shelf number on title. Provenance: Giancarlo Beltrame Library. Very good copy. ---- br>Sotheran I, 3671 (2nd edition only); DSB XI, pp. 51-61. EXCEPTIONALLY RARE FIRST EDITION of Poincaré's lectures course on the mathematical theory of light. Another course of lectures in mathematical physics by Poincaré, on the same subject, was published in 1892 under the title Théorie mathématique de la lumière II. "The development of mathematics in the nineteenth century began under the shadow of a giant, Carl Friedrich Gauss; it ended with the domination by a genius of similar magnitude, Henri Poincaré . . . For more than twenty years Poincaré lectured at the Sorbonne on mathematical physics; he gave himself to that task with his characteristic thoroughness and energy, with the result that he became an expert in practically all parts of theoretical physics, and published more than seventy papers and books on the most varied subjects, with a predilection for the Théories of light and of electromagnetic waves." (DSB XI, p.51, 58). This book is surprisingly rare. We can trace no copy in US libraries and only one at auction (Sothebys, May 12, 1969, lot 463). - Visit our website for additional images and information.
Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine

Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine, ou Analyse électro-physiologique de l’expression des passions. Avec un atlas composé de 74 figures électro-physiologiques photographiées.

DUCHENNE DE BOULOGNE, Guillaume 8vo (270 x 179 mm). vi [2], 194 pp., including frontispiece with albumen print, 9 plates of albumen prints each showing 16 images of physiognomic studies. Bound in contemporary three-quarter calf, spine with gilt-lettered morocco label and some gilt decoration, marbled endpapers (slight rubbing of extremities, corners bumped and scuffed). Text with minor uneven scattered foxing, a few pages little browned, but generally a fresh and clean copy. ---- Hirsch II, p.226ff; cf. Garrison-Morton 4973; Waller 2607. RARE FIRST EDITION. Duchenne studied the mechanism of facial expression during emotion; his atlas of photographs is a most important contribution to medical photography." (Garrison-Morton). "Duchenne was the first to use electricity for the study of the anatomy of the human body. For this specific work, he stimulated the muscles of the face with electricity and recorded the various results in photographs that he himself made. In doing so, he in effect distanced himself from the traditional notion that the passions and expressions were metaphysically motivated. The results of his research were used by Charles Darwin in The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals (1873). - Visit our website for additional images and information.
Corporis humani disquisitio anatomica; in qua sanguinis circulationem in quavis corporis particula plurimis typis novis . . . prosequutus est.

Corporis humani disquisitio anatomica; in qua sanguinis circulationem in quavis corporis particula plurimis typis novis . . . prosequutus est.

HIGHMORE, Nathaniel Folio (278 x 179 mm). [14], 262, [10] pp. Including additional engraved allegorical title, typographic explanation of engraved title bound at beginning, typographic title printed in red and black, extra engraved portrat frontispiece of the author by A. Bloooteling tipped in, 18 numbered anatomical engravings of which 8 full-page (engraving 12 is an inserted plate), 2 small unnumbered engravings, woodcut head-piece and initials, with final blank leaf. Contemporary calf, old rebacking retaining contemporary blind-ruled calf covers, gilt-lettered red morocco spine label, marbled endpapers, red-dyed edges (extremities rubbed and with minor chipping, corners heavily scuffed). Little browning mostly to margins, engraved title with some foxing in outer margins, plate 12 with 3 clean tears (one repaired) and 2 marginal chips (without loss of image), plate 18 trimmed close at fore-marging just touching frame of engraving, a few smaller ink smudges. Provenance: W. Bruce Fye; Library of the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland (old bookplate to front pastedown), old ownership inscriptions and extensive marginal notes throughout text and the final blank in neat contemporary hands. Norman 1071; Garrison-Morton 382; Heirs of Hippocrates 499; NLM/Krivatsy 5602; DSB VI, p.386-7; Russell 416; Waller 4456; Wellcome III, p. 263. FIRST EDITION of the first English anatomy to accept William Harvey's theory of the circulation of the blood. "Although Highmore's physiology reflects the still medieval thinking of his time, the book was accepted as a standard anatomical textbook for many years and brought the author immediate recognition in England and abroad" (DSB). The work is dedicated to Harvey, with whom Highmore had worked at Oxford on experiments concerning the embryonic development of the chick. The engraved title represents an allegory of the body as a well-watered garden. Highmore's work was intended "to redesign physiology and anatomy in the direction of Harvey's theory of the circulation of the blood . . . Agreeing with Harvey that the heart's sustaining relationship to the body was analogous to the sun in the wider macrocosm, Highmore explicitly defined the origin and function of circulation beyond Harvey's more circumspect treatment" (ODNB). The Corporis includes some spectacular illustrations of the heart and vascular system. They represent the first original interpretation of the cardiovascular system after Harvey's discovery (which contained no illustrations save for Fabricus ab Aquapendente's illustration of the venous valves in the forearm. Highmore devotes the entire second part of his second book to the heart and circulation. Plates 13 and 14 depict the interior of the opened heart with the connections of the great vessels. These are the first original anatomical plates of the heart published after the discovery of the circulation. The Corporis also contains the first description of the 'antrum of Highmore' (maxillary sinus) and of the 'corpus Highmori' (mediastinal testis). Russell, British Anatomy, p.415 points out that the British Library Sloan MS 546 & 547 are manuscripts for this work. Sloan MS 546, in Highmore's hand, corresponds to Book One of the printed edition, and includes two drawings, presumably by Highmore, which were reproduced in the printed edition. If so, it is possible that the author drew the remainder of the illustrations for his book. The tipped-in engraved portrait of the author by A. Blooteling is dated 1677 and does not belong to this edition. - Visit our website for additional images and information.
De motu cordis et aneurysmatibus

De motu cordis et aneurysmatibus, opus posthumum in duas partes divisum.

LANCISI, Giovanni Maria Folio (347 x 230 mm). viii, 160, [2] pp. Engraved portrait frontispiece of the author by Jakob Frey after Sebastian Conca, title printed in red and black with engraved vignette by C. Gregori, engraved text illustration on p.123, errata leaf and 7 engraved plates of the heart and coronary system after N. Riccioli bound at end. 20th-century half vellum over xylographic paper covered boards, spine with gilt-lettered morocco label, red dyed edges. Light dampstaining to fore-margin of frontispiece, little uneven browning of text, very minor occasional spotting, light waterstaining to blank fore-margin of 7 text leaves, tear at upper corner of errata leaf repaired without loss, plates mounted on stubs and with some tears repaired. Provenance: Stanescu family (collection stamp with motto "Six luceat lux" and shelf-mark stamp to first free endpaper, faint red stamp to title-page, stamp to blank backside of plates). A generally crisp and clean copy. ---- Norman 1275; Osler 3152; Cushing, L 32; NLM/Blake 254; Wellcome III, p.441; Garrison-Morton 2973. RARE FIRST EDITION of a posthumously published work on cardiac pathology - a continuation of Lancisi's study on the movement of the heart and aneurysms, started with his earlier book on sudden death, De subitaneis mortibus libri duo (1707). In the present work Lancisi showed that many heart lesions were syphilitic in nature and gave the first clinical description of syphilis of the heart. He noted the frequency of cardiac aneurism and demonstrated the importance of syphilis, asthma, palpitations, violent emotions and excess as causes. Based upon his own experiments, Lancisi also reported that mercury injected into the coronary arteries shows up in the chambers of the heart, which led him to speculate that the injected material escaped through venous channels. With Vieussens Lancisi shares the honour of laying foundation of the pathology of heart disease. - Visit our website for additional images and information.
Tractatus de corde. Item de motu & colore sanguinis et chyli in eum transitu.

Tractatus de corde. Item de motu & colore sanguinis et chyli in eum transitu.

LOWER, Richard 8vo (175 x 109 mm). [16], 220, [20] pp., including 7 engraved folding plates bound at end (plate 1 misbound after 2), preliminary leaf A6 a cancel, ornamental woodcut initials and typographical headpieces; bound without initial blank A1. Contemporary mottled calf, rebacked with blind-stamped spine and gilt-lettered morocco label, marbled edges, original endpapers present (minor rubbingto extremities). Text with light even browning, occasional minor spotting, lower edge of plates 5 to 7 shaved into platemark affecting a few mm of image, plate 1 with repaired clean tear outside platemark. Provenance: Sir Henry Mainwaring, baronet of Over Peover (armorial bookplate with motto "Devant, si je puis" to front pastedown). Generally a clean and crisp copy with ample margins. ---- PMM 149; Norman 1397; Garrison-Morton 761; Grolier Medicine 34; NLM/Krivatsy 7157; Waller 6046; Wellcome III, p. 552; Wing L-3310; J.F.Fulton, The Oxford Physiologists: Richard Lower 1631-1691. FIRST EDITION, SECOND ISSUE of 'the most important contribution to circulatory physiology after William Harvey's De motu cordis' (Grolier Medicine). Lower was a London physician who had studied at Oxford, where he knew Thomas Willis, Robert Boyle and Robert Hooke. Tractatus de corde reports his observations on the scroll-like structure of the cardiac muscle, the velocity of blood flow and its quantity, as well as the effects of aeration on the blood as it passes through the lungs. He also described a blood transfusion between dogs, thus demonstrating the safety of a method that was later to revolutionize surgery. "Lower's main work was on the anatomy and physiology of the blood system. He gave the most accurate description of the structure of the heart to date, and explored the structure and function of the veins and arteries. He elucidated the mechanism of respiration. It had been known since antiquity that venous and arterial blood differed in colour; Lower showed conclusively that this difference was caused purely by the admixture of air as the blood from the right side of the heart flowed through the lungs. He even showed that venous blood could be made to resemble arterial blood by shaking a sample in air. He concluded that the change in colour was caused by the blood's absorption of air, which explained why air is necessary to life. His experiments were admirably devised and conducted, and De Corde ('A Treatise on the Heart') is a worthy successor to Harvey's De Motu Cordis" (PMM). The Tractatus de corde exists in two issues, the first with the original leaf A6 containing the catchword 'Im-', the second (ours) with a cancel leaf containing the catchword 'quic-'. According to Fulton, the reason for the change was "to modify (very slightly) a scurrilous remark that Lower had originally made concerning the Irishman O'Meara" (Fulton, p. 17). It is often stated that the first issue of the first editin is rarer than the seond. Fulton recorded only 14 copies of the first edition, all but four were the second issue. However, of the 8 copies we could trace at auction in the past 30 years 5 are of the 1st and only 3 of the 2nd issue. - Visit our website for additional images and information.
Universal arithmetick: or

Universal arithmetick: or, a treatise of arithmetical composition and resolution. Written in Latin. Translated by the late Mr. Ralphson; and revised and corrected by Mr. Cunn. To which is added, a treatise upon the measures of ratios, by James Maguire, A.M. The whole illustrated and explained, in a series of notes, by the Rev. Theaker Wilder, D.D.

NEWTON, Isaac Two parts in one volume. 8vo (203 x 124 mm). viii, 1-346, [5], 348-464, [1], 468-536; [2], 63, [3] pp. 3 pages errata and 8 folding engraved plates bound at end of part II. Contemporary mottled calf, spine with 5 raised bands and gilt-lettered red morocco label (joints cracked towards head of spine, extremities rubbed, corners little scuffed). Text and plates very little browned only, a few pages with faint foxing. Provenance: William Morrison (incribed on front pastedown and title), A. Mc.Donald (inscribed on first flyleaf and dated 1890). A very good, unstained copy in untouched contemporary binding. Collated complete. ---- Babson 203; Gray 285. Third and last edition in English, and the only one edited by Theaker Wilder for the use of his students at Dublin. Very rare on the market with no copy sold at auction since 1977. Originally published and edited by William Whiston, who succeeded Newton as Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge in 1701, "The Universal Arithmetic, which is on algebra, theory of equations, and miscellaneous problems, contains the substance of Newton's lectures during the years 1673 to 1683. Whiston extracted a somewhat reluctant permission from Newton to print it, and it was first published in Latin in 1707. Amongst several new theorems on various points in algebra and the theory of equations Newton here enunciates the following important results. He explains that the equation whose roots are the solution of a given problem will have as many roots as there are different possible cases; and he considers how it happens that the equation to which a problem leads may contain roots which do not satisfy the original question. He extends Descartes's rule of signs to give limits to the number of imaginary roots. He uses the principle of continuity to explain how two real and unequal roots may become imaginary in passing through equality, and illustrates this by geometrical considerations; thence he shews that imaginary roots must occur in pairs. The most interesting theorem contained in the work is his attempt to find a rule (analogous to that of Descartes for real roots) by which the number of imaginary roots of an equation can be determined" (W.W.R. Ball, A Short Account of the History of Mathematics). - Visit our website for additional images!
Ueber bakteriologische Forschung. Vortrag in der 1. allgemeinen Sitzung des X. internationalen medicinischen Congresses am 4. August 1890.

Ueber bakteriologische Forschung. Vortrag in der 1. allgemeinen Sitzung des X. internationalen medicinischen Congresses am 4. August 1890.

KOCH, Robert 8vo (241 x 148 mm). 15 [1] pp. Original publisher's printed wrappers, stapled as issued (fore-edge with rather crude scissor opening cut, crayon underlining of author's name and further crayon note at top margin, light dust-soiling, shelf-mark stamp). Text little age-toned only. A very good, unsophisticated copy. ---- FIRST EDITION of Koch's important conference paper, rare in the original wrappers. At the tenth International Medical Congress at Berlin in 1890, Koch, in a keynote lecture, announced his belief that he had found a remedy for tuberculosis. On March 24, 1882 Robert Koch announced the discovery of the tuberculosis pathogen - his lecture on the "etiology of tuberculosis" made him famous over night. Tuberculosis had developed into a widespread disease in the course of the 19th century. About a seventh of the German population died at that time of the so-called white plague. Cause and distribution of the disease were unclear. Koch showed that tuberculosis is triggered by tubercle bacilli. In order to be able to detect these, special nutrient media, new culture conditions and specific staining techniques were necessary. Beside cholera, tuberculosis remained a major research topic in Koch's life. He looked for ways to curb or prevent infectious diseases specifically from the outset. However, his desire to find a therapeutic or even an anti-tuberculosis vaccine was not fulfilled. The remedy developed by him "tuberculin" - a mixture of components of devitalized tubercle bacilli, which Koch presented at the X International Congress of Medicine in Berlin in 1890 - later proved to be ineffective. Long-term cures did not occur, some patients even died after the treatment. Nevertheless, the scientific achievements of Koch and the increasing importance of bacteriology at the end of the 19th century prompted the Prussian government to set up its own research institute for Robert Koch. Koch was awarded the 1905 Nobel Prize in Medicine for his discovery of Tuberculosis bacilli (online resources: Robert Koch Institute, Berlin). - Visit our website for additional images and information.
Grundzüge der Wissenschaftlichen Botanik nebst einer methodologischen Einleitung. . . Two volumes in one.

Grundzüge der Wissenschaftlichen Botanik nebst einer methodologischen Einleitung. . . Two volumes in one.

SCHLEIDEN, Matthias Jacob 1842-1843. 8vo (210 x 130 mm). [i-xi] xii-xxvi, [1] 2-289 [3]; [i-v] vi-xvii, [1] 2-564 pp., including half-titles, errata leaf at end of vol. I, pp. 225-240 misbound after p.272 in vol. I, errata on pp. [559]-564 in vol. II. Contemporary half cloth over marbled boards, spine lettered in gilt (head of spine chipped, extremities little rubbed and chipped, upper inner hinge cracked, corners bumped, front endpaper repaired, binding somewhat weak, tape residue to boards). Light browning and occasional minor spotting of text, some dog-earing and creasing to lower corner, little staining of second half title from formerly inserted pressed plant. Provenance: Botanische Staatssammlung München (library stamps to front flyleaf, half-title and some text pages, shelf mark in pencil to half-title). Still very good copy. Collated complete. ---- Dibner 31; Horblit 93b; Sparrow 177; Norman 1908; Pritzel 8224; Waller 11732; D.S.B XII, p.174-5. - FIRST EDITION, AND EXCEPTIONALLY RARE, of Schleiden's most extensive and influential botanical work. Schleiden's botany textbook "introduced new pedagogical standards that were to dominate the teaching of botany for years. Schleiden considered the inductive method the only valid one in biology, and the first part of the book constitutes an important document for the study of the methodology of natural history. The entire structure of Schleiden's textbook was fundamentally new. The lengthy work begins with a study of the material elements of the plant. Next there is a large section on plant cytology [which expands upon Schleiden's important 1838 article on cell formation], and then a treatment of morphology and organology. The book, which established the teaching of botany on a completely new basis, was often reprinted and appeared in various translations and adaptations" (DSB XII, p.174-5). "Schleiden eagerly applied himself to the microscopic study of plant structure and growth. From it he derived the imponant conclusion that the cell was the basic unit of any living organism, plant or animal. The latter were no more than aggregates of individual, independent, complete beings - the cells themselves." (Dibner 31). The separate 3-leaf errata in vol. II that is mentioned in Norman 1908 appears to be a ghost (the errata is found on pp. 559-564). This work is quite rare. The last copy recorded at auction was the Norman copy (Christie's, New York, 1998, lot 1289, sold USD 4025.00). - Visit our website for additional images and information.
Catalogus oder Register

Catalogus oder Register, aller Apoteckischen Simplicien und Compositen, so in den beyden Messen, zu Franckfurt am Mayn, durch die Materialisten, Kauffleut, Wuertzeltraeger und Krautler, auch durch die Apotecker daselbst verkaufft werden. Allen Apoteckern, Materialisten, Kauffleuten, Wuertzkraemern.

BASSE, Nikolaus 4to (193 x 147 mm), [2], LXXXV [1] pp. Signatures: (A-L)4. Title printed in red and black with Basse's woodcut device, floral decorated woodcut initials. The main pages are double-ruled to the right of the text forming three blank columns where users of the catalogue can enter prices in three different currencies (this copy here without entries). Bound-in after the text is a 46-pages closely-spaced manuscript on the same subject written in contemporary German with Latin names of plants. Bound in 17th century full vellum (covers soiled and spotted). The text little browned throughout, occasional minor spotting, title page with partially cancelled inscription, a few pages with some offsetting of printer's ink. ---- This register by Basse, dedicated to Herzogin Elisabeth, Pfalzgräfin bei Rhein, isn't of official character and it's print was predominantly pushed by the great amount of a variety of exotic plants daily arriving from India and the new world. The empty columns are intended to add by hand prices in Gulden, Batzen or Creutzer currency. (F. A. Flückiger, Documente zur Geschichte der Pharmacie, p.28). The register offers a neat insight into the 16th century apothecary commerce of raw and processed products, such as herbs, wines, oils or gems. Each item is listed with the proposed unit, such as the weight units libra pound and centner. The manuscript text list the Latin names of plants in an alphabetic order and is subdivided into the general parts of the plants (leaves, flowers, fruits, roots, barks, seeds). Added in German are remarks and prices. - Visit our website for additional images and information.