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Milestones of Science Books

De umbris idearum

De umbris idearum, implicantibus artem, quaerendi, inueniendi, iudicandi, ordinandi, & applicandi: ad internam scripturam, & non vulgares per memoriam operationes explicatis – Ars memoriae.

BRUNO, Giordano Two parts in one volume. 8vo (165 x 100 mm). [39], [1], 80 leaves. Signatures: *4 a8 e8 i8 o8 u4 (a-k)8, u4 blank. Woodcut initials and headpieces, drop title for second part, 12 astrological woodcut diagrams and 19 smaller vignettes of the planets and the Zodiac. Bound in its original limp vellum of the time, yapp edges, spine lettered in manuscript, fore-margin with pained title and decoative ornaments (possibly the coat-of-arms of former owner), boards with traces of missing ties (vellum browned, stained and soiled). Text little browned throughout, insignificant smaller dampstains at outer margins, mainly of first part, a few text markings. Provenance: Don Juan Velasquez (old ownership inscription to title), libraire A. Aubry (old sticker on front pastedown), further ink notes about an old auction sale on front pastedown. A very good and unsophisticated copy. ---- EXCEPTIONALLY RARE FIRST EDITION OF BOTH PARTS OF GIORDANO BRUNO'S FIRST PUBLISHED WORK. Giordano Bruno entered the order of the great Dominican convent in Naples at the age of fifteen. Here he acquired a grounding in Scholastic philosophy and also became proficient in the art of memory, for which the Dominicans were noted. When Bruno left Naples in 1576 to avoid prosecution for heresy, beginning a life of wanderings through France, England and Germany, he was able to use his mnemonic skills to his advantage: "an ex-friar who was willing to impart the artificial memory of the friars would arouse interest, particularly if it was the art in its Renaissance or occult form. . ." (Yates, p. 200). From about 1579 to 1581 Bruno was in Toulouse, where he lectured at the university on, among other things, the sphere of Sacrobosco. In the summer of 1581 Bruno went to Paris where his interest in memory techniques attracted attention from intellectuals at the court of Henri III. It is from this first sojourn in Paris that Bruno's earliest surviving works dates. The De umbris, which he dedicated to king Henri III of France, "is an example of his transformation of the art of memory into a deeply magical art, and its title is taken from that of a magical book mentioned in the necromantic commentary on the Sphere of Sacrobosco by Cecco d?Ascoli, an author whom Bruno greatly admired. Bruno thus came before the world in his first Parisian period as a magician teaching some extremely abstruse art of memory that apparently gained the interest and approval of the king of France, who gave him letters of recommendation to the French ambassador in England. This is the first indication of some mysterious political, or politicoreligious, undercurrent in Bruno's activities and movements." (DSB, p.540). In the first part of De umbris Bruno reworks Lullian and other material on the art of memory, on the basis of a platonic link between the physical and ideal world. In the second and third sections dealing with practical applications of the art of memory, he touches particularly on how certain astrological and hermetic elements are embedded in this. In the Cantus circaeus, which is cast in the form of two dialogues between Circe and a disciple Moeris, he presents a concrete application of the art he has already expounded in De umbris. The text also contains allusions to the magic arts of Aesclepius and a list of 150 magic images of the stars. Contemporary readers would have recognized the work "as belonging to certain contemporary trends, here was a book on memory presented as a Hermetic secret and obviously full of magic. Seized with dread or disapproval, some readers would have discarded the book." (Yates, p. 207). "The magical animism that permeates Bruno's philosophy of nature, his vision of the living earth moving round the sun, of an infinite universe of innumerable worlds moving like great animals in space, is inseparably connected with his pseudo-Egyptian religion. . . - Visit our website for more images and further reading!
Die Grundlage der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie.

Die Grundlage der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie.

EINSTEIN, Albert 1916 [but 1919]. 8vo (231 x 155 mm). 64 pp. Second issue with Omnitypie-Ges. imprint on verso of title. Modern cloth, publisher's original printed wrappers bound in (wrappers somewhat brittle and dust-soiled, upper one detached, brittle and slightly chipped at fore-margin and with old repair). Text age-toned and slightly browned at margins. ---- Grolier/Horblit 26c; PMM 408; Weil *80a. Norman 696 (all first issues) - FIRST EDITION, SECOND ISSUE, of Einstein's fundamental statement of the General Theory of Relativity. "Whereas Special Relativity had brought under one set of laws the electromagnetic world of Maxwell and Newtonian mechanics as far as they applied to bodies in uniform relative motion, the General Theory did the same thing for bodies with the accelerated relative motion epitomized in the acceleration of gravity. But first it had been necessary for Einstein to develop the true nature of gravity from his principle of equivalence. Basically, he proposed that gravity was a function of matter itself and that its effects were transmitted between contiguous portions of space-time. Thus the universe which Newton had seen, and for which he had constructed his apparently impeccable mechanical laws, was not the real universe. Einstein's paper gave not only a corrected picture of the universe but also a fresh set of mathematical laws by which its details could be described. [The Haskell Norman Library of Science and Medicine. Part III. R.WE. Clark, Einstein, New York, 1984. "The theory of relativity has transformed astrophysics, and indeed the whole scientific outlook" (PMM 408). "What is today known as the general theory of relativity bears upon the notion of gravity and corrects certain problems in Newtonian physics. It was developed from 1907 until its publication in 1916. The general theory is effectively an extension of the special theory to systems in accelerated motions, such as bodies in space. From the general theory of relativity issues all of 20th-century cosmology - from an explanation of the 'red shift' that indicates the universe is expanding, to the notion of black holes. The great consequence [of the theory] is that gravitation is not simply the force in nature by which all objects are attracted to each other. It is rather the 'warping' of space and time by physical mass. The existence of mass shows that space must be 'curved'-non-Euclidian in shape and measurable, given the speed of light. Although general relativity and classical laws give basically the same results in the ordinary world, Einstein's theory not only can describe the elliptical orbits of the planets, but corrects certain Newtonian anomalies, such as the orbit of Mercury around the sun. Einstein became, virtually overnight, a great public celebrity. On November 7, 1919, the London Times announced: 'Revolution in Science. New Theory of the Universe. Newtonian Ideas Overthrown'" (Simmons, Scientific 100, 11-13). - Visit our website to see more images!
Observations on Mount Vesuvius

Observations on Mount Vesuvius, Mount Etna, and other Volcanos: In a series of letters, addressed to the Royal Society . . . To which are added, explanatory notes by the author hitherto unpublished, new edition.

HAMILTON, Sir William 8vo (192 x 122 mm). iv, 179 [1] pp., five engraved plates, folding engraved map, additional engraved plate showing the eruption of Mt. Vesuve of Aug. 8, 1779, and not belonging to this work, pasted on inner front board. Contemporary sprinkled calf, spine with 5 raised bands gilt in compartments and with gilt-lettered morocco label, gilt-tooled board edges (hinges split, extremities rubbed, corners and spine-ends worn). Text crisp and clean, title page a bit browned, light offsetting from plates as usual. Provenance: William Ambler (signed and inscribed "Durham, 1776" on title-page), St. Hugh's College, Tollerton (ink stamp on first flyleaf). A fine copy internally with wide margins and in untouched binding of the time. ---- Hoover 385; Ward 1002; Zittel 6. THIRD, ENLARGED, EDITION of the observations on the volcanoes of southern Italy and Naples by the diplomat and noted collector Sir William Hamilton (1730-1803). The fine engraved plates are the same as those in the 1772 first edition and show the Vesuve, Aetna and Stromboli volcanoes. William Hamilton is best known for his gathering up examples of classical vases, frescos and other antiquities. The folding map shows the Gulf of Naples with Mt. Vesuve. The final page contains an advertisement for the four folio volumes of 'A Collection of Etruscan, Greek, and Roman Antiquities'. "First collected edition, edited by Thomas Cadell, with additional notes supplied by Hamilton, of papers first published in Philosophical Transactions. Hamilton was elected FRS in 1766, and these papers were the first published the results of his extensive studies on volcanoes - he climbed Vesuvius at least twenty-two times. These detailed reports were important in the development of "vulcanism" (Porter, Earth Sciences 5-14). His great colour plate book of views of volcanoes, Campi phlegraei, was not published until 1776." (Schuh, Curtis, Bibliography of Mineralogy, The Mineralogical Record, Online resources. Visit our website to see more images!
Die Sieben puszpsalm mit deutscher auszlegug nach dem schrifftlichen synne tzu Christi und gottis gnaden

Die Sieben puszpsalm mit deutscher auszlegug nach dem schrifftlichen synne tzu Christi und gottis gnaden, neben seyns selben. ware erkentniß. grundlich gerichtet. 1517.

LUTHER, Martin (LUDER, Martinus) 4to (208 x 155 mm). 46 unnumbered leaves. Signatures: A4 (B-H)6 (H6 blank). Colophon on H5v reads " Gedruckt tzu Wittenbergk yn der Churfurstlichen stad durch Joannem Grunenbergk Nach Christ geburt Tausent funffhundert und im sibentzen jar. Bey den Augustinern." Bound in 18th century xylographic wrappers (light soiling). Text evenly browned, occasional minor, mostly marginal, spotting and dust soiling, fol. C6r with brown staining; one wormhole running all through (affecting some letters of text), and a few further at blank margins. Ink annotation in contemporary hand on title-page and fol. D6v. Provenance: form a Hungarian private collection; no library stamps (including erased stamps) or other ownership entries present. A very good, wide-margined copy. ---- "No book, no Reformation" (Bernd Moeller). IMPOSSIBLY RARE FIRST EDITION, ISSUE B, of Martin Luther's first original publication, Die sieben Busspsalmen (the seven penitential psalms), which appeared in the spring of 1517, about half a year before the nailing of his 95 Theses on a church door at Wittenberg. Only a handful of copies are known to exist (see further below). Before autumn 1517, Martin Luther was not much more than a rather obscure Augustinian friar and preacher in a small German town, but his 95 Theses, in which he vigorously objected to the corrupt practice of the Roman Catholic Church of selling indulgences to absolve sin, changed the world and became the foundation of the Protestant Revolution. Luther intended his 95 Theses, which were written in Latin and in a remarkably humble and academic tone, rather as the basis of a scholarly disputation. No copies of a Wittenberg printing have survived, which is not surprising as Luther was not famous and the importance of the document was not recognized at that time. When Luther posted his Theses, it is likely that no one would have noticed, if not for the press. Luther used the press so well because he knew his audience and used the language of the common people. It was this vernacular and not the Latin that he learned to use in his street orations, and he naturally turned to the vernacular for his message to his German colleagues as he sought a way to embody his new theology. And it was his use of the printing press to get that vernacular message out quickly and effectively that made the difference. (M. McIntosh-Doty). Die sieben Busspsalmen is the first of Luther's biblical commentaries and translations into German vernacular, published just before he changed his name from Luder to Luther. Bluhm notes that it was probably written in January and/or February, 1517, perhaps even in the last months of 1516 according to a letter of Luther to Lang dated March 1, 1517 (Bluhm, p.103). The New Testament epistle of Romans and Israel's Old Testament book of psalms were the two that Luther was predominantly studying and teaching as professor of biblical studies at Wittenberg University in the years preceding his posting of the Theses. "It was these two books of Scripture that radically affected Luther and changed the course of human history. While Romans would principally formulate his doctrine, it was the Psalms that dramatically emboldened him to proclaim God's message to the world. In other words, Romans gave Luther his theology, but it was the Psalms that gave him his thunder. The Psalms gave Luther a towering view of God, so much so that in preaching the gospel, he was ready to fight the devil himself. In so doing, these two biblical books laid the scriptural foundation for the Protestant Reformation." (Steven J. Lawson, Preaching the Psalms, 2012). The success of Luther's Busspsalmen was instantaneous and widespread. His "searching analysis of the human situation made a deep impression upon the many readers who, like the author's superior in the Augustinian order, gave the slender volume an enthusiastic reception. . . Visit our website for additional images and further reading!
Sammelband with three early and rare pharmacological and anatomical works: I. Opus medicum practicum

Sammelband with three early and rare pharmacological and anatomical works: I. Opus medicum practicum, varium, vere aureum, et postremae lectionis : Claudii Galeni . De compositione pharmacorum localium, siue secundum locos, libri decem / II. De anatomicis administrationibus libri novem. De constitutione artis medicae liber. De theriaca, ad Pisonem commentariolus. De pulsibus, ad medicinae candidatos liber / III. Medicorum principis, De compositione medicamentorum [kata gene?] lib. VII.

GALENUS, Claudius I. Opus medicum practicum, varium, vere aureum, et postremae lectionis : Claudii Galeni . De compositione pharmacorum localium, siue secundum locos, libri decem. Basel: Froben & Episcopius, 1537. [28], 549, [3] pp., 1 illustration in text, woodcut initials. Signatures: a4 *10 (b-y)6 z8 (A-Z)6 &4. Colophon on &3r, printer's device on title and &4r. Cornarius' commentary has separate title page. II. De anatomicis administrationibus libri novem. De constitutione artis medicae liber. De theriaca, ad Pisonem commentariolus. De pulsibus, ad medicinae candidatos liber. Basel: Andreas Cratander, 1531. [4], 87 (i. e. 86) leaves, title and final leaf recto with printer's device, fine pictorial woodcut border on p.1, woodcut initials. Signatures: [alpha]4 a-n6 o8. III. Medicorum principis, De compositione medicamentorum [kata gene?] lib. VII. Basel: Andreas Cratander, 1530. [4], 99, [3] leaves, title and final leaf recto with printer's device, fine pictorial woodcut border on p.1, woodcut initials. Signatures: a4 A-R6. Folio (306 x 210 mm). Bound in contemporary pigskin over wooden boards, expertly restored with most of original leather preserved and laid down, new brass clasps and catches, new endpapers (original flyleaf loosely inserted), contemporary hand-lettering to fore-edge. Little even browning of text, minor worming throughout, stronger to work III, which however doesn't affect legibility of the text. Final 16 leaves of work III with paper repairs to blank fore-margin and lower corner, with the 6 final leaves additionally cleaned and silked. A few near contemporary ink marginalia throughout. A well preserved copy in its original binding of three rare and important works by Galen. ---- I. NLM/Durling 1863. FIRST COMPLETE EDITION of Galen's pharmacological work in the translation by Janus Cornarius to which is added a commentary by him. A first Latin translation of the complete 10 books by Johannes Guinterius of Andernach was printed in Paris by Simon Colines already in 1535 after a first part of 7 books dealing with the composition of drugs was published in 1530 by the same printer and reprinted by Cratander the same year in Basel (see III). At the time of publication, Cornarius did not know of the Guinterius' translation printed two year before by Colines in Paris and assumed his was the first, revealed by his dedication of the commentary to the Landgraf Philipp von Hessen in Nordhausen (see Griechischer Geist aus Basler Pressen, Universitätsbibliothek Basel, GG 336). "Three major works on materia medica by Galen still survive: On the Nature and Powers of Simple Medications, On the Composition of Medications according to Places, and On the Composition of Medications according to Kind . . . From the theoretical standpoint, On the Nature and Powers of Simple Medications is of particular relevance . . . Galen's concept of drug action rests ultimately on the same theoretical foundation as does his theory of the structure of the body - the four elements/elemental qualities as the fundamental components of matter. A medication (or drug) acts on the krasis of the body or body part of the patient being treated according to the allopathic principle articulated by Hippocrates - opposites cure opposites. Each medication has specific properties and powers (dunameis), and in Galen's scheme, four degrees of intensity. In treatment, attention must be given to the issue of matching the intensity of the medication with the severity of the dyskrasia. With compound as opposed to simple medications, it is more difficult to determine what the overall effect will be, inasmuch as mixture itself may alter the powers of the individual components. Galen also makes a distinction between the basic and the derivative properties of a drug, the latter being its effect on the body. . . - visit our website to see more information and images!
Physico-Mechanical Experiments on Various Subjects. Containing an Account of several Surprizing Phenomena touching Light and Electricity.

Physico-Mechanical Experiments on Various Subjects. Containing an Account of several Surprizing Phenomena touching Light and Electricity.

HAUKSBEE, Francis 4to (203 x 159 mm). [14], 194 pp. Small engraved plate inserted between pp. 160 & 161 and 7 folding engraved plates at the end. Bound without blanks. Contemporary panelled calf (hinges restored, leather rubbed and worn). Text slightly browned and spotted throughout, a few pages foxed, clean tear to plate II repaired. A very good copy in contemporary binding. ---- Norman 1020; Wheeler Gift 232; Duveen p.282; Gedeon pp. 92-93. RARE FIRST EDITION OF 'ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT EARLY WORKS ON ELECTRICITY' (Duveen). Hauksbee was indebted to Isaac Newton for some of his theoretical ideas, while the results of his important experiments in electroluminescence, static electricity and capillarity in turn influenced Newton's revisions and additions to the new editions of his Principia and Opticks. Hauksbee was the first to demonstrate the optical effects produced by the passage of electricity through rarified air. "His demonstration of the efficacy of glass in producing frictional electricity opened the way for the work of Gray, Dufay and Franklin, and his discoveries in capillarity influenced Laplace nearly one hundred years later" (Norman). The improved airpump which Hauksbee described and illustrated was based on his discovery of the lateral communication of motion in air. His illustration of the optical effects of the passage of electricity through air was, in Duveen's view, "the starting point of modern researches, X-rays and the constitution of the atom." - Visit our website to see more images!
A human cardiac transplant: The interim report of a successful operation performed at Groote Schuur Hospital

A human cardiac transplant: The interim report of a successful operation performed at Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town.

BARNARD, Christiaan In: South African Medical Journal, Capetown, Vol. 41, No. 48, December 30, 1967, pp. 1271-1274. 4to (275 x 214 mm). Entire issue (devoted to human heart transplantation), pp. lviii (interspersed adverts), 1257-1278. Original printed wrappers, stapled as issued (slight bumping to lower corner). Little age-toned internally, but generally crisp and clean. ---- FIRST EDITION of the special heart transplantation issue of the South African Medical Journal in which all aspects of the first human heart transplant are described in detail. Christiaan Barnard and his 31 team members operated on Louis Washkansky on December 3, 1967. The operation took 5 hours and the patient survived for eighteen days. One important member of Barnard's team was the colored South African Hamilton Naki, who made significant contributions to the development of the surgical technique, which however were concealed be the apartheid regime. This special issue, published less than a month after the operation and just nine days after Washkansky's death, includes articles on the experimental background of human heart transplantation, issues relating to the selection of a donor, the preoperative assessment of the recipient, tissue typing tests, the anesthetist's view (with a chronology of the operation), the interim report on the case, and the provisional autopsy report on the first human to undergo a heart transplant.
Decas collectionis suae craniorum diversarum gentium illustrata - [prima - sexta

Decas collectionis suae craniorum diversarum gentium illustrata – [prima – sexta, nova pentas].

BLUMENBACH, Johann Friedrich 1790-1828. 7 parts bound in 1 volume. 4to (237 x 198 mm). pp. 30, pl. I-X; pp. 14 [1], pl. XI-XX; pp. 16, pl. XX1-XXX; pp. 16, pl. XXXI-XL; pp. 20, pl. XLI-L; pp. 19 [1], pl. LI-LX; pp. 11 [1], pl. LXI-LXV. Each part with separate title-page and pagination, general title-page with engraved vignette, no separate title-page to first part, 65 engraved plates in total. Text of second part printed on blue paper. Bound in contemporary half calf, spine gilt-lettered and gilt-decorated, marbled endpapers (rubbing of joints and extremities). Print year of part 1 added in manuscript on title. Minor age-toning only, occasional minor spotting, part 1 title-leaf with paper repair not affecting text, part 5 title-leaf and first text leaf with paper repair affecting 3 words of text on first text leaf, 5 plates shaved at foot with partial loss of imprints, part 5 with stronger foxing of text and plates. Very good copy, collated complete. ---- FIRST EDITION, AND EXCEPTIONALLY RARE WITH ALL SEVEN PARTS INCLUDING THE SUPPLEMENT, of Blumenbach's comparative anatomical studies of the human cranium. An eighth volume as mentioned in some bibliographies has never been published and is a ghost (see Lazlo Karolyi, p.195). There has however been a new edition by H. v. Ihering in 1873 of the "Nova Pentas" that includes descriptions of additional 5 skulls. "Blumenbach was the founder of craniology, and his craniological collection served as the principal foundation for his investigations into the natural history of mankind. He used the norma verticalis, the shape of the skull as seen from above, as the means of distinguishing three types: Mongols, Negroes, and Caucasians. The above work includes a description of the uncinate (Blumenbach?s) process" (Garrison-Morton 198). Blumenbach's collection of 250 skulls was the largest of his time. Blumenbach's ambition was to obtain as many skulls as possible from all continents. Several researchers and well known individuals, such as Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Alexander von Humboldt, Sir Joseph Banks, and Ludwig I King of Bavaria, contributed skulls to his collection (L. Karolyi, p.194). References: Garrison-Morton 198 (incorrectly mentions 7 parts plus supplement); NLM/Blake 51; Waller 1154-1160; Wellcome II, 183; Hirsch-H. I, 576; L. Károlyi, Die Blumenbach-Sammlung in Göttingen (Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Anthropologie), In: Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Anthropologie, vol. 57, 1966, pp. 192-98.
Geometria indivisibilibus continuorum nova quadam ratione promota. In hac postrema edictione ab erroribus expurgata.

Geometria indivisibilibus continuorum nova quadam ratione promota. In hac postrema edictione ab erroribus expurgata.

CAVALIERI, Bonaventura 4to (228 x 164 mm). [16], 543 [1] pp., half-title, woodcut publisher's device on title, woodcut diagrams in text, historiated woodcut initials, woodcut head- and tailpieces, some mispaginations. Contemporary limp vellum, ink-lettered spine, original endpapers (head of spine frayed, vellum over upper hinge partially split, light soiling and rubbing, binding partially cracked between pp. 542/43, first flyleaf trimmed to half width). Text with some uneven browning, occasional minor spotting, small hole in title-leaf not affecting text. Provenance: Francesco Gonnella (old signature on title page extended onto paper patch which replaces former signature), further inscription dated 1711 on title verso; Tito Gonnelli (signed on front pastedown). A very good, wide-margined copy in untouched binding of its time. ---- Norman 419; Cinti 250; Honeyman 650; Riccardi I 325. RARE SECOND ENLARGED EDITION, of Cavalieri's principal work on the differential calculus. Cavalieri started to write it as early as 1626 which is known from a letter by him to Galilei. The book was first printed in 1635, but the present edition is much corrected and enlarged by pieces omitted in the 1635 edition. The expression "indivisibilia" is very old; it was used by Brad Wardine, but only through Cavalieri it gained significance. The book is divided into seven parts, Cavalieri's law on the figures and bodies is developed in the second part. "Cavalieri's work on the use of "indivisibles" or infinitesmals . . . constitues the first textbook of what are now known as integration method. The work includes the statement of 'Cavalieri's principle' for the determination of areas and volumes, which considers an area as made up of an indefinite number of equidistant parallel line segments, and a solid as made up of an indefinite number of parallel plane areas. Cavalieri's principle provided a simple and speedy alternative to the method of exhaustion, enabling easy calculation of such problems as the area of an ellipse and the volume of a sphere" (Norman 419). Visit our website to see more images!
Principia philosophiae / Specimina philosophiae: seu Dissertatio de methodo recte regendae rationis

Principia philosophiae / Specimina philosophiae: seu Dissertatio de methodo recte regendae rationis, & veritatis in scientiis investigandae: Dioptrice et Meteora. Ex Gallico translata, & ab auctore perlecta, variisque in locis emendata.

DESCARTES, Rene Principia philosophiae. Amsterdam, L. Elzevir, 1644. [22], 310 pp., printer's device on title, woodcut initials, several woodcut illustrations in text, some full page, bound without the blank leaves b4 and 2Q4. [Bound with:] Specimina philosophiae: seu Dissertatio de methodo recte regendae rationis, & veritatis in scientiis investigandae: Dioptrice et Meteora. Ex Gallico translata, & ab auctore perlecta, variisque in locis emendata. Amsterdam, L. Elzevier, 1644. [16], 331 [1] pp., printer's device on title, woodcut initials, several woodcut illustrations and diagrams in text, 10 full page. 2 works in 1 volume. 4to (200 x 155 mm). Contemporary full vellum with yapp edges, spine lettered in manuscript, marbled pastedown, flyleaves gone (some soiling and spotting of vellum). Text generally crisp and clean with only very minor occasional spotting, some light dampstaining in places, short clean tear in two leaves, first title slightly dust-soiled at outer margins. A very-good, well-margined copy in untouched binding of its time. ---- I.: Norman 622; Guibert 118-119 nr. 1. STCN (5, i.a. BL London). BN Paris (2). Willems 1008. Guibert 104-105 nr. 1. STCN (3, i.a. BL London). BN Paris (5). Willems 1008. NLM/Krivatsy 3116. - FIRST EDITION OF DESCARTES? SYSTEM OF PHYSICS, in which he developed his theory of vortices. Based in part on his then unpublished work Le monde, which treated the creation and function of the universe in completely mechanistic terms, Descartes? Principia provides a systematic statement of his metaphysics and natural philosophy. The first part, Dc principiis cognitionis humanae (Of the Principles of Human Knowledge) deals with the nature of motion, rest, force, and action. He defines motion in Book II and distinguishes the difference between translation and 'the force that brings about this translation.' Descartes was careful in the Principia to qualify his mechanistic Copernican views with the idea that all motion is relative. 'His vortical theory allowed him to argue that since the earth is at rest in its surrounding medium it remains unmoved, although it, together with its entire vortex, necessarily circles the sun' (Norman). Descartes? system represents a truly comprehensive look at the universe in a fundamentally new, mechanistic and non-teleological way. His vortex theory was the starting point for all serious work in physical theory in the mid-l7th century, including Newton. The fourth and final part of the work contains the first scientific theory of magnetism. II.: Norman 623; Guibert, p. 104; NLM/Krivatsy 3116; Tchemerzine II, p. 777; Willems 1008. - FIRST LATIN EDITION of the Discours de la méthode, which omits the treatise Géometrie. It includes the first appearance of the Cartesian sound-bite: 'cogito, ergo sum'. Although separate works, these two Elzevir publications often appear together. Visit our website to see more images!
De re medica

De re medica, octo libri eruditissimi . . . Q. Sereni Samonici praecepta medica . . . Q. Remnii Fannii . . . de ponderibus et mensuris. 2 parts in one volume.

CELSUS, Aurelius Cornelius 8vo (160 x 101 mm). [8], 337 (i. e., 339) [1]; [8], 30, [2] leaves. Signatures: A8 (a-z)8 (A-T)8 V4 2A8; (A-D)8 including blanks A7-8, V4, and ²D8. Woodcut initials, separate title-page to second part. Contemporary limp vellum with yapp edges, spine title in ink, additionally lettered in ink on bottom edge (vellum soiled and spotted, minor wear to extremities, lacking ties). Text somewhat browned (stronger to gathering B), occasional spotting, scored contemporary signature in lower margin of title, occasional ink markings and manuscript annotation, small wormtrack at top blank margin of gatherings i-l (affecting one headline letter). Very good, well-margined copy in untouched original binding. ---- NLM/Durling 912; Wellcome b11208831 (fragment, first 28 leaves only); B. M. German STC p. 189, not in Waller. VERY RARE EARLY EDITION of Celsus' De Re Medica by the first printer in Solingen, Johannes Soter who moved from Cologne to Solingen in 1536 where he started operation of a papermill and printing in 1537. He published about 30 books between 1537 and 1543, mainly of humanistic and medical subjects. The Celsus is one of the earliest books printed by him. "The De Medicina is the oldest medical document after the Hippocratic writings. Written about AD 30 it remains the greatest medical treatise from ancient Rome and the first Western history of medicine. Celsus's superb literary style won him the title of Cicero medicorum. De medicina deals with diseases treated by diet and regimen and with those amenable to drugs and surgery. The manuscript . . . was lost during the Middle-Ages and re-discovered in Milan in 1443." (Garrison-Morton, 20). Celsus' work has gone through many editions, translations, expansions, and adaptations since its first appearance in print in Florence in 1478. Visit our website to see more images!
Gynaeciorum

Gynaeciorum, hoc est, de mulierum tum aliis, tum gravidarum, parientium & Puerperarum affectibus & morbis. / Moschionis Peri gynaikeion pathon [Greek for: De morbis mulicribus liber unus].

WOLFF, Caspar / MOSCHION Two works in one volume. 4to (207 x 164 mm). [10] leaves, 868 columns, [22]; [8], 63 [1] pages. Signatures: [alpha]-[beta]4 [gamma]2 (a-z)4 (A-Z)4 (2A-2L)4, *4 [Alpha-Theta]4. Second work printed in Greek and Latin and with separate title and pagination, printer's woodcut device on titles and at end of first work, woodcut illustrations in text. Bound in contemporary flexible vellum with the spine titled in manuscript (vellum wrinkled, soiled and spotted and with the yapp edge plus about 1 cm of the upper cover cut away). Text little browned and occasionally spotted, first leaves dog-eared, minor paper defects and fraying of blank fore-margin of first 4 and final 2 leaves restored, a few insignificant dampstains at lower margin, text markings on 4 pages, repaired clean tear in gatherings z and A, 16 leaves with small holes costing a few letters recto-verso, which however does not impair legibility of text. Provenance: Dr. Francoise Moutier (engraved bookplate to front pastedown). Still very good copy in untouched binding. ---- Norman 2256; NLM/Durling 2252, 3320; Garrison-Morton 6011, 6136; Hoffmann II, 601; Waller 3897; Wellcome I, 4465. RARE FIRST EDITION of the first encyclopedia of gynecology and obstetrics, also containing the first edition of the work by Moschion, dating from the 6th century A.D., "the earliest text specifically for midwives, based on the teachings of Soranus, the greatest obstetrical writer of antiquity" (Garrison-Morton). Other texts in this collection are by Albucassis, Trotula, Rocheus, Bonaciolus, Cleopatra and Sylvius. "Conrad Gesner gathered together the most important works on woman's diseases with the intent to publish them in a single volume, but he died before realizing his plan. He left the completion of the project to his literary executor Caspar Wolff, who added several sections on obstetrics and published the collection the year after Gesner's death. Gynaeciorum includes the editio princeps of Moschion's De mulierum passionibus liber; Moschion (fl. A.D. 500) abbreviated and translated the work of the Greek physician Soranus (d. A.D. 138), the first to specialize in gynecology and obstetrics. Composed ca. A.D. 580, Moschion's treatise presented Soranus's ideas in a popular catechism form, translated into Latin for the use of 'Latin matrons and obstetricians unskilled in the Greek tongue.' It also contained illustrations of the female reproductive organs and of the fetus in utero that may have dated back to classical times. These illustrations, copied and recopied in later manuscripts, were adopted with little change by the obstetric writers of the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries." (Norman 2256). Visit our website to see more images!
De separatione fluidorum in corpore animali dissertatio physico-mechanico-medica / De motu musculorum

De separatione fluidorum in corpore animali dissertatio physico-mechanico-medica / De motu musculorum, de effervescentia & fermentione dissertationes physico-mechanica. accedunt Petri Antonii Michelotti / Observationes et cogitata de Pestilentia quae annis MDCCXXXVIII et MDCCXXXIX in Ucrainia grassata est.

MICHELOTTI, Pietro Antonio / BERNOULLI, Johannes / SCHREIBER, Johann Friedrich De separatione fluidorum in corpore animali dissertatio physico-mechanico-medica. Venice: Giovanni Antonio Pinelli, 1721. [8], 362, [2] pp. Including half title, engraved frontispiece, title with engraved vignette, engraved headpieces, woodcut initials and tailpieces, errata leaf, one folding engraved plate. Handwritten index bound after second work. Signatures: [pi]4, A-Y8, z6. Text and plates crisp and clean, small waterstain to top margin of a few pages, finger soiling to p.137, few ink marginalia in contemporary hand, errata corrected in text. Inscribed on title-page "Bouillet - dono authoris." [Bound with:] BERNOULLI, Johannes. De motu musculorum, de effervescentia & fermentione dissertationes physico-mechanica. accedunt Petri Antonii Michelotti. Venice, 1721. [24], 123 (1] pp., half-title, title with engraved vignette, engraved headpieces, woodcut initials and tailpieces, 1 folding plate, errata on H6v. Signatures: [pi]4, *8, A-G8 H6. Text and plate crisp and clean. Inscribed on title-page: Bouillet - dono editoris." [Bound with:] SCHREIBER, Johann Friedrich. Observationes et cogitata de Pestilentia quae annis MDCCXXXVIII et MDCCXXXIX in Ucrainia grassata est. St-Petersburg: Typis Academiae Scientiarum, 1740. 45, [1] pp. Signatures: A-F4 [-F4], without final blank F4. 3 works and 5 short dissertations bound in one volume. 4to (270 x 195 mm). Contemporary vellum, spine with gilt-lettered morocco label, red-dyed edges (upper hinge split towards foot of spine, upper board with approx. 3 cm portion of vellum lost at foot, boards somewhat bowed, extremities and corners worn). Provenance: Bouillet, first two works presented by Michelotti according to inscriptions on titles. A very clean and crisp copy internally with wide margins. ---- I + II. WELLCOME, IV-131; BLAKE P.44 ET 304; OSLER, 2024 ET 3405. Riccardi II, 158. FIRST EDITION of Michelotti's treatise on the separation of fluids in animal bodies in which he deals with the function of the glandular organs. For iatro-mechanics, secretion is an essentially mechanical phenomenon, consisting in the selective separation of specific particles of fluid circulating in the vessels: they profess that blood already contains all the constituents and components of the various secretions, which can be found in blood plasma filtrates. Michelotti's teacher at Padua University Jacob Hermann, a disciple of Jacques Bernoulli, introduced him to differential and integral calculus and to two fundamental texts for the new iatro-mechanical doctrine, the Treaties De motu musculorum (1694) and From effervescentia and fermentation (1690) by Johann Bernoulli. In addition, Hermann revealed to him some original demonstrations that Michelotti later attributed in his essay De separatione fluidorum. By Hermann's means Michelotti was able to establish epistolary ties with Johann Bernoulli in 1714, and with Leibniz the following year. His correspondence with Bernoulli continued until the end of 1725 and was valuable to him, not only for the development of the De separatione fluidorum, but also for the compilation of his Animadversiones which he annexed to the second edition (Venice, 1721) of the two treatises of Bernoulli. On pp. 347-51 is a letter by Georg Wilhelm Leibniz that makes reference to the work of the Scottish physician Archibald Pitcairn, who had adopted the 'hydraulic' theory of medicine. In September 1715 Leibniz exchanged letters with the Venetian mathematician and pysician Pietro Angelo Michelotti on the subject of the separation of fluids. Leibniz's reply to Michelotti is entitled De secretione animali. III. NLM/Blake 409. RARE FIRST EDITION of Schreiber's observations of the plague epidemic in St. Petersburg, 1737-39. Dissertations: BARON, Theodoro. Uni et trino, virgini deiparae. An humor perspiratorius sit excrementitius? Drop title. Typis Quillau, 1742, 4 pp. LALOUETTE, Petro. An nutrimentum tandem detrimenti corporis causa? Typis Quillau, 1743, 4 pp. DE MAGNY, Guil
Dissertatio de arthritide: Mantissa schematica: De acupunctura: et orationes tres

Dissertatio de arthritide: Mantissa schematica: De acupunctura: et orationes tres, I. De chymiac ac botaniac antiquitate & dignitate: II. De physiognomia: III. De monstris.

RHIJNE, Willem ten (TEN RHYNE) 8vo (183 x 110 mm). [46], 334 pp. Signatures: A8 (a-b)8 (B-Y)8. Title page with small woodcut vignette, 6 folding engraved plates, of which 5 showing acupuncture points, final blank Y8. Lacking the engraved frontispiece portrait only. Contemporary calf, expertly rebacked, spine with 5 raised bands, richly gilt and with gilt-lettered morocco label (little rubbing to extremities), red and brown sprinkled edges, original endpapers. Text little browned only, occasional minor spotting, small worm track at blank gutter, short tears at fold of plates. Nice copy. ---- Norman 2062; Garrison-Morton 6374.10; NLM/Krivatsy 9603 (imperfect copy); Waller 9518; Wellcome IV, p. 517; Wing R-1326. - ¬VERY RARE FIRST EDITION OF THE EARLIEST PUBLISHED TREATISE ON CHINESE AND JAPANESE MEDICINE WRITTEN BY A EUROPEAN. Our copy without the author's portrait as often. From 1674 to 1676 Ten Rhijne served as resident physician at Deshima, the trading station of the Dutch East India Company at Nagasaki Bay, and the only channel for the exchange of scientific information between Europe and Japan during the Floating Kingdom?s two centuries of self-imposed isolation. "Ten Rhijne?s treatise provided the Western world with its first detailed descriptions of Japanese and Chinese medicine, including acupuncture and moxibustion . . . Ten Rhijne correctly described acu-tracts but confused them with blood-vessels, a misidentification that persisted in later Western studies of acupuncture . . . he also attempted to find a link between Chinese medicine and the Western Galenic-Aristotelian medical tradition by translating 'Yang' as 'innate heat' and 'Yin' as 'radical moisture'" (Norman 2062). The engravings are the first Western illustrations of the acu-points (those of Cleyer's Specimen medicinac sinicac (1682) show acu-tracts only). Although published a year later than Cleyer's better-known compilation of Boym's translations of Chinese medical texts, ten Rhijne's treatise is possibly the more important of the two works, as it represents the first attempt by a European to reconcile the widely divergent philosophies of Asian and European medicine. Visit our website to see more images!
Über eine bei jeder Rotation des Fortpflanzungsmittels eintretende eigenthümliche Ablenkung der Licht- und Schallstrahlen / Über die bisherigen Erklärungs-Versuche des Aberrations-Phänomens / Zwei Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der Optik / Über eine wesentliche Verbesserung der katoptrischen Mikroskope.

Über eine bei jeder Rotation des Fortpflanzungsmittels eintretende eigenthümliche Ablenkung der Licht- und Schallstrahlen / Über die bisherigen Erklärungs-Versuche des Aberrations-Phänomens / Zwei Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der Optik / Über eine wesentliche Verbesserung der katoptrischen Mikroskope.

DOPPLER, Christian Andreas I. Über eine bei jeder Rotation des Fortpflanzungsmittels eintretende eigenthümliche Ablenkung der Licht- und Schallstrahlen, zunächst angewandt auf mehrere theils schon bekannte theils neue Probleme der praktischen Astronomie, ein weiterer Beitrag zur allgemeinens Wellenlehre. From: Abhandlungen der königlich böhmischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften, 5. Series, Vol. 3. Prague: In Commission bei Calve, [1845]. 4to (288 x 223 mm). pp. [3], 420-430. Separate title page, 1 folding lithographed plate. Modern marbled paper-coated boards, new endpapers. Text somewhat browned and spotted mostly to margins, leaves reinforced at gutter. [With:] II. Über die bisherigen Erklärungs-Versuche des Aberrations-Phänomens. From: Abhandlungen der königlich böhmischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften, 5. Series, Vol. 3. Prague: In Commission bei Calve, [1845]. 4to (290 x 225 mm). pp. [3], 750-765 [1]. Separate title page, 3 text illustrations. Modern marbled paper-coated boards, new endpapers. Text slightly browned in margins, faint spotting, leaves reinforced at gutter. Provenance: Bibliotheque De Sichel (old red-ink stamp on title page). [With:] III. Zwei Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der Optik: 1. Optisches Diastemometer. 2. Uber ein Mittel, periodische Bewegungen von ungemeiner Schnelligkeit noch wahrnehmbar zu machen uund zu bestimmen. From: Abhandlungen der königlich böhmischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften, 5. Series, Vol. 3. Prague: In Commission bei Calve, [1845]. 4to (290 x 225 mm). pp. [3], 770-782. Separate title page, 1 engraved plate. Modern marbled paper-coated boards, new endpapers. Text slightly browned in margins, faint spotting, leaves reinforced at gutter. [With:] IV. Über eine wesentliche Verbesserung der katoptrischen Mikroskope. Offprint from: Abhandlungen der königlich böhmischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften, 5. Series, Vol. 4. Prague: In Commission bei Borrosch & Andre, 1845. 4to (290 x 227 mm). pp. [3], 4-38. Original printed wrappers bound in, 6 lithographed plates bound at end. Modern marbled paper-coated boards, new endpapers. Wrappers, text and plates slightly browned, marginal dust-soiled, spotted and foxed, leaves reinforced at gutter. Provenance: Bibliotheque De Sichel (old red-ink stamp on title page). ---- I. DSB IV, p.167f.; NDB IV, p.76f. Poggendorff I, 594. FIRST EDITION (journal issue) of this early and important treatise relating to the so-called Doppler effect. In 1842, Christian Doppler (1803-1853) tried to convince astronomers that the effect named after him later was the reason for the color shift detected in double stars between the two partner objects. In his opinion, these stars circle each other so fast that the color of the star moving away from the observer is perceived with a redshift, while the color of the observer approaching star is shifted into the blue region of the spectrum. Doppler's scientific fame is based on the Doppler principle he established for this purpose that relates the observed frequency change of a wave with the movement of the source or that of the observer relative to the medium in which the wave propagates. Visit our website to see more images!
Les oeuvres de chirurgie avec les portraicts et figures de toutes les parties du corps humain

Les oeuvres de chirurgie avec les portraicts et figures de toutes les parties du corps humain, & des instrumens nécessaires au chirurgien.

GUILLEMEAU, Jacques Folio (360 x 234 mm). [52], 1-167 [1], 32, 169-863 [1], [32] pp. Title printed in red and black and with large woodcut vignette, woodcut initials, head- and tailpieces, 21 full-page anatomical engravings, 11 full-page engravings of instruments and 14 smaller woodcut illustrations of chirurgical instruments in text. Signatures: a8 A-C6 G8 H-O6 *i-*viii2 P-Z6 2A-4D6 4E4. Blank leaves C6and Ss5 present. Contemporary mottled calf, spine lettered in gilt and with 6 raised bands gilt in compartments (rebacked preserving original spine, corners repaired, extremities rubbed). Light even browning of text, title-page somewhat spotted and soiled and with small holes at gutter not affecting text, occasional minor marginal dampstaining and scattered spotting, small tear in lower blank margin of leaf Aa1, a few light pencil markings. Provenance: illegible inscription on title-page and first flyleaf. Very good, wide margined copy. ---- NLM/Krivatsy 5138; Wellcome III, p. 179; Cushing G456. SECOND EDITION. Jacques Guillemeau was the most eminent pupil of Ambroise Paré as well as his son-in-law. He was physician to three French Kings. His classic contributions to obstetrics, dentistry, and ophthalmology are all contained in this volume. The anatomical plates are derived from Vesalius and the plates of instruments from Par. See Garrison-Morton 3669 for his contribution to dentistry, 5818 for his work on ophthalmology, which had been the first French book on the subject, and 6145.1 for his contribution to obstetrics. Seconde édition du traité de chirurgie de Jacques Guillemeau (1550-1613), disciple d'Ambroise Paré et chirurgien ordinaire de Charles IX, puis d'Henri III, Henri IV et Louis XIII.Paru pour la première fois en 1598, l'ouvrage renferme ses observations sur l'anatomie, les os, le système nerveux, les veines, l'obstétrique, etc.Remarquable illustration gravée sur cuivre, comprenant un premier frontispice architectural, dû à Léonard Gaultier, avec la figure allégorique de la Chirurgie, les portraits d'Hippocrate et de Galien, ainsi que les personnifications des quatre complexions, un second frontispice portant le titre La Chirurgie françoise Recueillie des Anciens Medecins et Chirurgiens, et 32 figures à pleine page d'écorchés, d'organes vitaux, d'instruments chirurgicaux, etc. De plus, 17 figures gravées sur bois dans le texte agrémentent les propos de l'auteur sur les accouchements.Le premier frontispice est une copie de celui des Tables anatomiques de Guillemeau, paru à Paris en 1586, et les gravures sur cuivre sont des copies inversées de celles du traité d'anatomie de Juan de Valverde (1560), qui ont elles-mêmes été copiées et retravaillées sur les illustrations du Vésale. Visit our website to see more images!
Almagestum novum astronomiam veterem novamque complectens observationibus aliorum et propriis.

Almagestum novum astronomiam veterem novamque complectens observationibus aliorum et propriis.

RICCIOLI, Giambattista Volume one (all published) in 2 volumes, Folio (357 x 243 mm). [12], xlvii [1], 763 (i.e. 771) [1]; [6], xviii, 675 [1] pp. Engraved frontispiece by F. Curtus in each volume, engraved arms on dedication leaves, 2 fine engraved double-page lunar maps by Domenico Fontana after Francesco Maria Grimaldi, each mounted on a guard, numerous woodcut diagrams in text. Bound in uniform contemporary calf, spines with 5 raised bands, faint gilt-lettering and -tooling, boards with blind-tooled decorative border and ruling, red-dyed edges (hinges split but cords holding, some rubbing and light soiling). Text generally crisp and bright, very light dampstaining to blank margin of a few leaves, two clean tears in first frontispiece backed with paper on blank verso, worm-track in first 3 leaves of vol. II, brown stain at top inner margin of about a third of vol. II. Provenance: Peter and Margarete Braune (bookplate on front pastedown). A fine, clean copy. ---- Linda Hall, The face of the moon, 7; Cinti 124; Riccardi I (2), 371; De Backer & Sommervogel VI:1798; Houzeau-L. 9223; Norman 1826. - FIRST EDITION of one of the most important anti-Copernican works: "Riccioli's scientific career epitomized the conflict between the old astronomy and the new: as a Jesuit committed to church doctrine, Riccioli was among the most vehement opponents of Copernican and Galilean theory, but as astronomer, Riccioli recognized that Copernican theory provided the simplest and best mathematical model of the solar system" (Norman). "Riccioli designed a series of experiments by which he hoped to disprove Galileo's conclusions, but instead he ratified them" (DSB). This work was the first to state that no water existed on the moon. "The Riccioli moon map is historically of great importance, since it provided the basis for the system of lunar nomenclature still in use. It is more properly referred to as the Riccioli/Grimaldi map, since the Jesuit optician Francesco Grimaldi was apparently responsible for the map itself, while fellow-Jesuit Riccioli invented the names (and wrote the book in which the map appeared). Thus the Sea of Tranquility (Mare Tranquillitatis) traversed by the Apollo astronauts acquired its name here, as Mare Tranquillitatis, as did such prominent lunar craters as Plato, Ptolemaeus, and Tycho" (Linda Hall, The face of the moon, 7). - Visit our website for additional images and information.
The Method of Fluxions and Infinite Series; with its Application to the Geometry of Curve-lines. Translated from the author's Latin original not yet made publick. To which is subjoin'd

The Method of Fluxions and Infinite Series; with its Application to the Geometry of Curve-lines. Translated from the author’s Latin original not yet made publick. To which is subjoin’d, a perpetual comment upon the whole work, consisting of annotations, illustrations, and supplements, in order to make this treatise a compleat institution for the use of learners. By John Colson.

NEWTON, Isaac 4to (245 x 185 mm). iv, ix-xxiv, 1-140 [2], [143]-[144], [1] 144-339 [1], [2] pp. Engraved plate bound as frontispiece facing title, several woodcut diagrams in text, woodcut initials, head-and tailpices, divisional title, errata/advertisement leaf [T]2 here bound at the end. Contemporary sprinkled calf, spine and boards ruled in gilt, gilt-lettered morocco spine label, original endpapers preserved, red-sprinkled edges (only minor repair to binding, boards rubbed, hinges cracked but cords holding, minor wear to corners and spine ends). Frontispiece slightly brown-stained at fore-margin, text with occasional faint spotting, but generally very clean and crisp throughout. Provenance: John Pniadecki (neat inscription on title page). A near fine copy in its original binding. ---- Babson 171; Norman 1595; Wallis 232; Honeyman 2427. FIRST EDITION. Newton's Methodus Fluxionum was originally prepared in 1671, but remained unpublished until this English translation by John Colson. In it he presents a method of determining the magnitudes of finite quantities by the velocities of their generating motions. Newton prepared this treatise for the use of learners just before his death and entrusted the Latin manuscript to Henry Pemberton, who never published it. The original text was not published in Latin until 1779. "Written in 1671, Newton's Fluxions is a key document in the controversy over whether Newton or Leibnitz had priority in discovering differential calculus. Newton did not publish anything on the calculus until after 1700, whereas Leibnitz began publishing papers on the subject in 1684; however, Leibnitz's manuscript notes on the calculus date back only to 1673, eight years after Newton began investigating the subject. By 1671, Newton was in a position to give his clearest statement to date of the fundamental problem of the calculus, and to present a successful general method. The second half of Fluxions is occupied by John Colson's 'perpetual comment' on Newton's work; however, Wallis mentions an issue (Wallis 232.1) without Colson's commentary" (Norman 1595). Colson writes in his preface to the present work: "I thought it highly injurious to the memory and reputation of the great Author, as well as invidious to the glory of our own Nation, that so curious and useful a piece should be any longer suppress'd and confined to a few private hands." Visit our website to see more images!
Recherches sur les Volcans eteints du vivarais et du Velay; Avec un Discours sur les Volcans brülans

Recherches sur les Volcans eteints du vivarais et du Velay; Avec un Discours sur les Volcans brülans, des Memoires analytiques sur les Schorls, la zeolite, le Basalte, la Pouzzolane, les Laves & le differentes Substances qui s’y trouvent engagees, &c.

FAUJAS DE SAINT-FOND, Barthelemy de Large folio (432 x 290 mm). [8], xviii, [2], 460 pp., including 2 engraved vignettes, woodcut initials, approbation leaf, general index, and 20 engraved plates (one double-page). Near contemporary calf, plain spine richly tooled in gilt and with gilt-lettered label, margins and edges of boards tooled in gilt, marbled endpapers, red-sprinkled edges (boards and extremities rubbed and scratched, lower board edges and corners worn). Text and plates generally crisp and clean, just some minor finger soiling, insignificant dampstain at lower margin of a few leaves leaves, very light uneven browning, plate 13 slightly brown-stained from formerly inlaid paper slip. Provenance: collectors stamp of unknown origin on title-page. A fine, wide-margined copy with the plates in strong impressions. ---- En Français dans le Texte 169; DSB IV, p.548; Brunet II, 1192; Hoover Coll. 294; Ward & Carozzi 779; Ebert 7369; Wellcome III, 12. - FIRST FOLIO EDITION of probably the most attractive work published on vulcanology. The volcanoes of central France had previously been studied by others but basalt was thought to be produced by the crystallization of water. This work, and that of Desmarest published in 1764, proved that it was formed through volcanic action. "Meanwhile, Faujas had been exploring the hilly districts of Vivarais and Velay in the east-central France and found that the basalt there was also volcanic . he embodied them in 1778 in a great folio work on the ancient volcanoes of Vivarais and Velay (accounts of other researches were included). The work established once and for all that basalt, a rock important scientifically because of its distinctive characteristics, its widespread occurrence, and the manner of its association with other kinds of rocks, was the product of volcanic action" (D.S.B. IV, p. 548). "Mais il fut le premier à mener dans cette province une enquête systématique, le premier à constituer une riche collection des différentes variétés de basalte, le premier à publier le résultat de ses investigations dans un ouvrage in-folio, superbement illustré de vingt grandes planches gravées par les meilleurs artistes du moment" (En Français dans le Texte 169). Visit our website to see more images!
Sur l'homme et le développement de ses facultés

Sur l’homme et le développement de ses facultés, ou essai de physique sociale. Two parts in one volume.

QUETELET, Lambert Adolphe Jacques 8vo (209 x 130 mm). [4], xii, 327 [1]; [4], viii, 327 [1] pp., including half-titles and 6 folding plates, of which 4 are engraved and 2 lithographed. Near contemporary half calf over marbled boards, spine with two lettering pieces lettered in gilt, sprinkled edges, marbled endpapers (upper hinge split but cords holding, slight rubbing to extremities). Text slightly browned in margins, occasional minor spotting, one plate somewhat foxed, tear in p. 323/4 of first part slightly affecting frame of table, a few clean short tears elsewhere, few pages with finger-soiling, lower blank corner of 3 leaves and blank fore-margin of one leaf torn with loss, a few light pencil markings. Very good copy. ---- Kress C.4017; Einaudi 4601; Palgrave III, 247; Garrison-Morton 1698.1; DSB XI, p.237. - EXCEPTIONALLY RARE FIRST EDITION of Quetelet's foundation work of social statistics. He was among the first to apply statistics to social science, planning what he called "social physics". His goal was to understand the statistical laws underlying such phenomena as crime rates, marriage rates or suicide rates. He wanted to explain the values of these variables by other social factors. "With Quetelet's work of 1835 a new era in statistics began. It presented a new technique of statistics or, rather, the first technique at all. The material was thoughtfully elaborated, arranged according to certain preestablished principles, and made comparable . Quetelet's average man became a slogan in ninetheenth-century discussions on social science . Quetelet's impact on nineteenth century thinking can in a certain sense be compared with Descartes's in the seventeenth century" (DSB XI, p.237). Visit our website to see more images!