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John Drury Rare Books

A good group of five of Zion Ward's very rare pamphlets.

A good group of five of Zion Ward’s very rare pamphlets.

WARD, John [spiritually called 'ZION'] One vol., well bound recently in cloth spine gilt lettered. The collection comprises: 1. THE CONDUCT OF JUDGE PARK,> Counsellor Clarke, Parson Dean, Constable Tomlinson, with others, fairly exposed in the mock trial, and eighteen months cruel imprisonment of two poor men, for publishing the truth about the Bible.> Birmingham: printed by John Bradberry. Sold by C. Bradley. N.d. [1834]. 8vo., 16pp. [together with], 2. THE TRUE FAST EXPLAINED;> or the patient turned doctor. The burdened, afflicted, and distressed people of England, having fasted long enough, by reason of heavy taxation, and supporting a numerous tribe of useless Bishops and clergy, now call on these fellows to fast On, On, Britons, Down with Priestcraft.> Birmingham, John Bradberry, [1832]. 8vo., 8pp., occasional minor soiling. [together with], 3. A LETTER ADDRESSED> to the true Reformers of Great Britain; proving, from the Scriptures of truth, that the literal keeping of any Sabbath day, or paying any observance to any Saint day or fast whatever, is Unchristianlike. And calling upon all sincere reformers to oppose, by every means in their power, the domination of priestcraft, through which the people have been gulled of their rights and rational pleasures.> Birmingham: J. Bradberry. N.d. [183-]. 8vo., 8pp., some minor soiling here and there. [together with], 4. THIS PENNY BOOK> contains the creed of the true believers in Shiloh, the Man of God, for whom all the Scriptures were written, and is well worthy the attention of all that are discontented with things as they are.> Birmingham, J. Bradberry [1832]. 8vo., 8pp. [together with], 5. PRIESTCRAFT FAIRLY EXPOSED,> or, the truth is out at last; by the honest confession of the Bishop of Landaff, wherein is clearly shewn that the Messiah did not come eighteen hundred years ago, as the old Christian world have been led to believe, without examination.> Birmingham: John Bradberry. Sold by C. Bradley. [1833]. 8vo., 8pp., last page soiled. JOHN WARD, 1781-1837,> mystic, was born in the south of Ireland near Cork. Without education, he became a shipwright in Bristol but for much of his life worked as a shoemaker in London. His life as a Calvinist, Methodist, Baptist and Sandemanian preacher, his rejection by the Southcottians, his claim to be the recipient of an 'illumination' and the establishment of his own 'church' in 1825 are all well documented. Styling himself 'Zion' or 'Shiloh', the last ten years of his life were spent travelling and preaching interspersed with several periods of imprisonment. He was a prolific writer, publishing numerous tracts and leaving many others in manuscript.
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A history of the origin and progress of adult schools: with an account of some of the beneficial effects already produced on the moral character of the labouring poor; also, considerations on the important advantages of which they are likely to be productive to society at large; with an appendix, containing, rules for the government of Adult School Societies, and for the organization of the schools, &c.

POLE, Thomas 12mo., 127 + (1)pp., with a large folding table, the table rather browned and foxed with a few marginal cuts and an old repair with minor loss, the text leaves rather browned throughout, rebound fairly recently in quarter calf over marbled boards, spine gilt lettered with raised bands. First published in Bristol in 1814. 'A little later, in 1812, a poor chapel-door-keeper named William Smith opened a school for men and one for women in Bristol to teach them to read the Bible. After thirteen months there were in existence nine schools for men and nine for women, and these had further increased to twenty-four and thirty-one in 1816, when Dr. Thomas Pole published an account of them At that time there were 1,581 people in attendance, and 3,321 had been admitted since their commencement. In one school writing was introduced, and 'occasioned an uneasiness and alarm in some individuals of the Committee,' but this was allayed when they visited the school and decided that writing facilitated the acquisition of reading 'A joyful acquisition to many of them has been the little they have learned. I heard one of them who has learned, at eighty-five years of age, to read the Bible, say that she would not part with the little learning she had acquired, for as many guineas as there were leaves in the Bible notwithstanding she ranked among the poorest of the poor. Many have acknowledged with tears of gratitude and joy flowing on their furrowed cheeks, the greatness of the blessing hereby conferred upon them'. Pole's account led to a rapid establishment of such schools in other parts of the country and even abroad.' [Frank Smith, >>A history of English elementary education 1760-1902,> pp.68-9.]
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An account of the commencement and progress in sinking wells, at Sheerness, Harwich and Landguard Fort, for supplying those dock-yards and garrisons with fresh water. To which is annexed, the correspondence between the Master-General of the Ordnance and the commanding engineer of those places, (Sir Thomas Hyde Page,) upon the subject, in the years 1778, 1781, and 1783.

PAGE, Sir Thomas Hyde 8vo., 42pp., wanting the final advertisement leaf, title-page generally rather soiled with the inner margin strengthened, bound in the 20th century in green cloth, spine gilt lettered. The Rothamsted copy> (inkstamp on front pastedown only). First separate edition. This was Page's own account of his attempts to supply fresh water to two key East-coast dockyards and the military fort at Landguard in Suffolk. Sir Thomas Hyde Page (1746-1821), military engineer, distinguished himself as A.D.C. to General Pigott at the Battle of Bunker's Hill (June 1775) where he was severely wounded and awarded an invalid pension. 'Captain Page was ‘engineer of the coast district’ in 1782, when the board of ordnance (Lord Townshend being master-general) took into consideration the ‘want of wholesome fresh water where dockyards and garrisons were established.’ The Parade within the garrison of Sheerness was the first place fixed upon for the intended well, and the works were placed under Page's direction. He determined to try to sink through the quicksands by means of two cylindrical frames of wood of different diameters, excavating within the small circle first, and lowering it progressively as the large circle was formed above it. The experiment failed, and Page was much blamed. In the House of Commons the experiment was said to be ‘not a well for fresh water, but a sink for the money of the public.’ A second attempt was made, this time in Fort Townshend at Sheerness, and was successful. Page's report upon the Sheerness well is dated 12 May 1783. Plans and sections are published in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society,> vol. lxxiv., together with an account of similar wells in treacherous soils at Harwich and Landguard Fort. An account of the borings will also be found in The Beauties of England and Wales> (1808, viii. 708-9). . He was knighted on 23 Aug. 1783, but states in his Account of the Commencement and Progress in sinking Wells at Sheerness,> p. 10, that he ‘considered the knighthood to have reference to his military services, and not to the well at Sheerness'.' [DNB]
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The present state of England, as to coin and publick charges. In three parts. Treating of the necessity of more money before taxes can be effectual, or trade revived and of ways and means to procure it: as calling in all the plate on ready money; restoring credit; bringing out hoarded money; rectifying the balance of trade; raising the value of money, against which the opposite prejudices, as injurious to King, Parliament and People, with Mr. Lock’s chief positions, are refuted by demonstrable reason and matter of fact. Most humbly presented to the King and Parliament. By J.H.

H[ODGES], J[ames] 8vo., xxviii + 340pp., contemporary calf, gilt ruled covers, rebacked, labelled and lettered. A very good crisp copy with an impressive 19th century armorial bookplate. First edition. This was part of the vigorous debate in England during the 1690s over the question of a recoinage of English currency. The protagonists included John Locke and William Lowndes and, to a lesser extent, James Hodges. 'The present state of England' formed pat of the recoinage debate with Hodges disagreeing with some of Locke's views. For example, in contrast to Locke, Hodges advocated a revaluation of money, suggesting that all the plate in England should be called in and melted down for a new coinage. Hodges's views were valid because he claims that he has '>>for some time bestowed [his] thoughts upon these three important Royal and National concerns, TAX, COIN, and CREDIT.'>
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The effect of the nitrous vapour in preventing and destroing contagion; ascertained, from a variety of trials, made chiefly by surgeons of His Majesty’s Navy, in prisons, hospitals, and on board of ships: with an introduction respecting the nature of the contagion, which gives rise to the jail or hospital fever, and the various methods formerly employed to prevent or destroy this.

SMYTH, James Carmichael 8vo., with the large folding plate of the Union hospital ship, and with a large folding printed table, xvi + 234pp., including the half-title, well bound recently in cloth spine gilt lettered. A good copy sometime in the library of the Birmingham Medical Institute> with its faint 19th century ink-stamp on title-page and occasionally elsewhere. James Carmichael Smyth (1742-1821), a scholarly London physician, was to be elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1799. 'Smyth's main published works were on gaol fever (typhus), contagion, nitrous acid, and the resultant controversy (1796, 1799, 1805); but he also wrote on swinging as a remedy for consumption in 1787 (better than sea voyages, he thought), edited the works of his friend William Stark (1788), and wrote a treatise on hydrocephalus. Smyth experimented with nitrous-acid gas for the prevention of contagion in cases of fever. At the request of the government he continued the experiments at the prison and hospital at Winchester, Hampshire, where there was an epidemic of typhus. He conducted a similar experiment to destroy contagion in 1795, on the HMS Union, a hospital ship which between September 1795 and January 1796 had taken on board 479 typhus sufferers from the Russian fleet. He heated crude nitre, presumably with carbon, and the oxides of nitrogen given off would, in fact, have been fatal to the lice which spread typhus, a disease not yet distinguished from typhoid. In addition, Smyth thought washing and cleanliness very important. For his experimental work, parliament voted Smyth in 1802 a reward of £5000. His claim to the discovery was disputed by Dr John Johnstone of Birmingham, for his father, Dr James Johnstone, and by M. Chaptal, for Guyton de Morveau. After a keen controversy, Smyth's claims were upheld. Shortly afterwards he was elected physician-extraordinary to George III.' [George Stronach, rev. Jean Loudon in ODNB]. The Spanish prisoners incarcerated in the old gaol at Winchester had been captured when Admiral Don Juan de Langara (1730-1800) had been defeated by Rodney in 'The Moonlight Battle' in 1780. Smyth suggests that to 'those who know the healthy situation of Winchester, the largeness and airiness of the prison wards, with the convenience and advantage of the airing ground, &c. &c. it will possibly be matter of surprise, that even a jail distemper should continue to rage for so long a time, and with such fatal violence, as was the case in the present instance'. He explains the particular circumstances of 'the seamen of Don Langara's fleet [who] had been long confined on board their ships before they sailed from the ports of Spain'. The sailors were dirty and had brought with them contaminated clothes and bedding.
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A proposal for the amendment and encouragement of servants.

SERVANTS] 8vo., (4) + 27 + (1)pp., including the half-title, 19th century half calf over marbled boards, gilt spine label. The Macclesfield copy with the North Library armorial bookplate.> A fine copy. First and only edition. The author notes that there had been frequent complaints about the 'very inconvenient and sometimes destructive' behaviour of servants due, he suggests, to the 'idleness and immorality [of servants] which have of late spread themselves so wide among the common people'. He believes that this highly unsatisfactory situation could be ameliorated by a system of rewards to servants for good behaviour rather than by relying only on punishments for poor service and bad behaviour. He sets out in some detail a 36-point plan. In the first place, a subscription would be opened for payment of servants who have given long service. The designation 'servant' would apply to all domestic servants (except apprentices). Such a scheme would be administered by a society to be named The Society for the Encouragement of Honest and Industrious Servants,> the management committee of which would process the awards schemes which would apply only to London and its environs. Other cities could 'provide for themselves'. It is perhaps relevant to note that in Highmore's Pietas Londinensis,> 1814, the author lists the similar British Society for Rewarding Servants> which Highmore suggests was opened in 1792 (pp. 958-9). There had actually been attempts to launch the same sort of scheme, but on a smaller scale, at Canterbury and Oxford.
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A statement, letters and documents, respecting the affairs of Trinidad: including a reply to Colonel Picton’s address to the Council of that island: submitted to the consideration of the Lords of His Majesty’s Most Honourable Privy Council.

FULLARTON, Colonel [William] 4to., (2) + 210 + 25 - 46 + 81 - 94pp., (as is correct and is the collation of all recorded copies), contemporary dark green half morocco over marbled boards with gilt lines and gilt devices in the compartments, occasional marginal toning, slight wear to joints. A near-fine copy. Colonel William Fullarton (1754-1808) served as a military commander in the Second Anglo-Mysore War against Haidar Ali in Southern India (the documents at the end concern this part of his career). The main part of the text concerns a notorious early nineteenth century case related to the island of Trinidad. Sir Thomas Picton (1758-1815) was accused, while Governor of Trinidad (1797-1803), of allowing torture to be used to extract a confession from a young free mulatto woman, Luisa Calderon, a suspect in a case of theft. He argued that this was permissible under Spanish law, applicable in the island, which had been captured from Spain in 1797, and had become a British colony. Following Picton's governorship, Fullarton had been appointed joint Commissioner of the island, 1803-4, along with Picton and Captain Samuel Hood and had demanded an account of all the criminal proceedings that had taken place since 1797. Picton was subsequently found guilty in the first trial in 1806 but in the retrial of 1808 the verdict was reversed. In fact, Picton had been arrested and sent home accused of a number of misdemeanours, including cruelty to practitioners of West Indian magic and healing, severity to slaves and the execution of suspects, possibly under martial law. He was charged, however, with the Luisa Calderon case. Those who supported him claimed that the picketing procedure was not Spanish torture, but a British army cavalry punishment, Calderon being subjected to one session of over fifty and one of over twenty minutes.
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A general description of all trades, digested in alphabetical order: by which parents, guardians, and trustees may, with greater ease and certainty, make choice of trades agreeable to the capacity, education, inclination, strength, and fortune of the youth under their care. Containing, I. How many branches each is divided into. II. How far populous, or necessary. III. Which they require most, learning, art, or labour. IV. What is commonly given with an apprentice to each. V. Hours of working, and other customs usual among them. VI. Their wages and how much may be earned by, or is commonly given to, journeymen. VII. What money is necessary to set up a person in each. VIII. Which are incorporated Companies, with the time of their incorporation, livery-sine, situation of their Hall, Court-day, description of their arms, mottos, &c. To which is prefixed, An Essay on divinity, law, and physic.

TRADES] 12mo., (4) + xxxii + 227 + (1)pp., contemporary gilt-ruled calf, a little overall wear, one corner of lower board bruised, neatly rebacked to match. An excellent copy. First edition. A comprehensive reference work on employment and apprenticeships in hundreds of trades with rates of pay and conditions of employment including hours of work. And so, just under the letter 'G', the author includes gardeners, gilders, girdlers, glaziers, glass-blowers, glass-grinders, glass-sellers, globe-makers, glovers, gold-beaters, gold-smiths, gold and silver wine-drawers, grinders, grocers, and gunsmith and gun-stock-makers. With particular reference to glass-blowers the author notes that 'the glass-houses are for the most part very advantageous to the proprietors, and the blowers, &c. have large pay, but the work is slavish, hazardous, and pernicious to health'.
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An essay on the population of England, from the Revolution to the present time. With an appendix, containing remarks on the account of the population, trade, and resources of the Kingdom, in Mr. Eden’s Letters to Lord Carlisle. The second edition, with corrections and additions.

PRICE, Richard 8vo., vi + 88pp., some general paper toning, and some dustsoiling but generally an excellent copy, stitched as issued and entirely uncut, now preserved in a simple cardboard portfolio. A very good copy. Price's Essay on population> had been first published as a supplementary part of William Morgan's Doctrine of annuities> (1779), before being published separately in 1780. Price's work on insurance and calculation of the expectation of lives naturally led him into the topic of population. His work was much influenced by that of the Swedish demographer, P.W. Wargentin, whose statistics Price had also made use of in the fourth edition of Observations on reversionary payments.> Central to his work on population were the ideas that the life of towns and cities was much less healthy than life in the country and that the expectation of life was better for the female than for the male. More controversial was his view that the population in England overall was in a state of decline. In his desire to see a healthy and increasing population, Price belonged less to the generation of Malthus than to that of Jonas Hanway who viewed the population of a country as its asset and natural resource.