Jonathan A. Hill Archives - Rare Book Insider

Jonathan A. Hill

  • Showing all 25 results

book (2)

Sentō tebikigusa æ —æ 手引草 [How to Run a Public Bath]

TSUTSUMI, Tōrin å¤ç‰ç , author & illustrator One double-page & two full-page woodcut illus. and one full-page calendar diagram on final leaf. .5, 34, .5 folding leaves. 8vo, orig. wrappers (wrappers a little tired), orig. title slip, new stitching. [Japan]: on final page: "May 1851." First edition of this half-satirical, half-serious work on running a public bath in Edo-period Japan. The author, who was also the illustrator, light-heartedly provides detailed information on every aspect of bath houses, from water quality and supply, requirements of wood to heat the water, labor, fees, rules of behavior for customers, standards of hygiene, plumbing problems, etc. The text begins with a history of bathing in Japan, which can be traced back to the sixth century to Buddhist purification rituals. By the Edo period, public bath houses were common and brought hygienic bathing to the daily life of all. The author begins with a brief history of bathing in Japan, describes the ten guilds of owners of bath houses (with information on how many members each guild had, rules of behavior between members, how to make a profit), describes the transition from coed to single-sex bath houses, the changing regulations governing public baths, how to deal with unruly clients, etc. A calendar on the last leaf highlights the days when the bath houses would use certain herbs to treat the water for various health conditions. For instance, in June peach tree leaves were steeped in water as a cooling agents. In September peony roots were used for reducing pain and swelling. The citrus yuzu was employed in November as a blood thinner. The first illustration shows a mother and her son walking to the bath house. Alongside them, a bath house employee is carrying wood to heat the water. The second woodcut - double-page - shows Empress Kōmyō å ‰æ˜Žçš‡åŽ (701-60), looking down on the interior of a public bath. A woman of great charity, she is famous for having opened a bath house, at the request of a buddha, for the welfare of the poor and sick. She helped bathe a thousand people, including lepers. The thousandth bather turned out to be the buddha Akshobhya. Nice copy, preserved in a chitsu. This is a rare book; WorldCat lists only one copy, at Columbia. A few leaves have careful mending in the upper margins, touching a few characters.
  • $3,750
  • $3,750
book (2)

Hōbaku zushiki ç ƒç ›åœ–å¼ [alternate title: Geka shÅ«kō å¤–ç§‘æ” åŠŸ] [Surgical Bandaging Illustrated]

HEISTER, Lorenz, author; ŌTSUKI, Genkan 大槻玄å , editor Many woodcuts (some full-page) in the text, all color-printed with a delicate blush color. 21 folding leaves. 8vo, orig. semi-stiff wrappers, remains of title slip, new stitching. [Japan]: Preface & Afterword dated 1813. First edition of this translation of the bandaging part of Heister's monumental Chirurgie (1718). In 1792, Ōtsuki Gentaku å¤§è¦çŽ„æ ¢ (1757-1827) completed the translation of the entire text of Heister's Chirurgie, using the 1755 Dutch edition. His translation, known as Yōi Shinsho, remained in 50 manuscript volumes, until his son, Genkan, began to publish parts in the 1810s and 1820s. The first part to be published was the present atlas on bandaging. "In 1813 Genkan Ōtsuki, the son of Gentaku, published a one-volume atlas on how to bandage with the title Hōtai zushiki [a misreading of the kanji]."-Mestler, A Galaxy of Old Japanese Medical Books, Part V, p. 214. The fine illustrations are by Untan Kaburagi é‘æœ é› æ½ (1782-1852), who was the official artist engaged by the Omura fiefdom in Nagasaki. They depict a series of bandaging techniques including compression bandaging of various parts of the body, types of bandaging materials, bandaging for burns of the face, fractures, splints to immobilize limbs, etc. One earlier full-page woodcut depicts the four kinds of bandages - the triangle, roller, four-tailed, and many-tailed. Very good copy but with some carefully mended worming. WorldCat54099658 attributes the authorship to Ōtsuki.
  • $3,500
  • $3,500
book (2)

Naika hiroku å §ç§‘ç§˜éŒ„ [Diagnosis and Treatment of Various Diseases]

HONMA, Soken æœ é–"棗軒 One finely hand-colored port. of the author & many full-page woodcuts (mostly hand-colored). 14 vols. 8vo, orig. wrappers, orig. block-printed title labels on upper covers, stitched. [Mito]: Jijuntei zo 自準äºè— et al., 1867. First edition. Honma (1804-72), a member of a distinguished family of physicians, studied under Phillip Franz von Siebold, who had brought many printed Western works on medicine and surgery to Japan. Honma also learned anesthesia from Seishu Hanaoka, the first Japanese physician to master this specialty. In Nagasaki, Honma studied vaccination. Honma established his practice in Tokyo, was physician to the local aristocracy, and became a professor of medicine. Not only an accomplished surgeon, Honma was deeply knowledgeable about internal medicine. He was one of the first physicians in Japan to make public his techniques and procedures. Hitherto, medical knowledge was kept closely guarded as family secrets for successive generations of doctors. This is Honma's great work on internal medicine in which he provides more than one hundred case histories. The most notable aspect of this book is the author's description of Western vaccination in Vol. 14. Each step of the treatment is described and beautifully illustrated in a series of well-colored full-page woodcuts, depicting the day-by-day progress of the procedure. Honma's use of vaccination met with great resistance because the general population feared being turned into cows by use of the cowpox virus. This book describes the anatomy of the body, circulation and the pulse, many types of ailments ranging from gout to fevers to arthritis, dysentery, infectious diseases, heart diseases, paralysis, pneumonia, asthma, spitting of blood, jaundice (finely illustrated), liver diseases, frostbite, psychological illnesses, and gynecological and pediatric diseases. The author describes many pharmacological recipes. The illustrations are clearly based on earlier Dutch medical books. Very good set. Occasional dampstaining. Some worming, touching a few images and carefully repaired.
  • $8,500
  • $8,500
book (2)

Mesamashigusa 目さまし草 [The Wakeful Weed]

Many woodcut illus. (several full-page). 37 folded leaves. 8vo, orig. semi-stiff wrappers, orig. block-printed title label on upper cover, new stitching. [Japan]: Preface dated 1815. First edition. Tobacco first arrived in Japan about 1570, and by 1820 nearly the entire population of Tokyo were tobacco smokers. "The tobacco merchant Seichutei Shukushin captured the popular fascination with tobacco and investigated its history in his book The Wakeful Weed (Mesamashigusa), published in 1815. Though purporting to be a popular rendition of a scholarly work transcribed 'for the benefit of women and children,' Seichutei drew upon a broad range of sources including evidence from visual and material culture, folklore, etymology, and popular literature. This approach makes Seichutei's text more than a collection of tobacco lore. He offered a meditation on historical methods useful to exploring the medieval past, locate Japan's place in world history, and gauge the development of his country's distinct culture of smoking."-Eric C. Rath, "An Herb for Reflecting on Hazy Memories: On the Origins of Smoking in Japan," University of Michigan online, "The Early Modern 'Medieval.' Reconstructing Japanese Pasts," 2011. The present work is based on the Enroku (1809) by Gentaku Ōtsuki 大槻玄澤 (1757-1827), which was written in Chinese with Japanese reading marks, making it difficult to read. Seichutei Shukushin, a student of Ōtsuki, wrote the present work in Japanese for the general public. It discusses the medical benefits of smoking tobacco (and using the smoke as an enema) and depicts various smoking devices including several interesting types of pipes, a man smoking a pipe atop an elephant (this elephant came to Nagasaki in 1813), a Western man smoking, and an Asian man reclining and smoking, etc. Fine copy, preserved in a chitsu.
book (2)

Cheyŏng sinp’yŏn [or] Jeyeong sinpyeon æ¿Ÿå °æ–°ç [New Compilation for the Aid of Children]

Two full-page woodcut illus. 29 folding leaves. 8vo (279 x 200 mm.), orig. patterned wrappers (wrappers a little tired), orig. stitching. [Taegu]: Udugŏ 牛痘局, 1889. First edition of one of the earliest Korean descriptions of smallpox vaccination, printed with movable type and dating from the period of the first government-sponsored anti-smallpox campaign in the country. Smallpox vaccination was disseminated in Korea via three routes: Western medical books translated in Qing China and circulated to Chosŏn; diplomatic missions returning from Meiji Japan; and foreign missionaries on Korean soil. Official programs for vaccination were begun in the early 1880s on the initiative of local government representatives. The earliest documented case dates from 1882 in Chŏlla province, when the authorities invited Chi Sŏgyŏng æ±éŒ«æ° to open a vaccination office in the city of Chŏnju (Marie-Océane Lachaud. "The Institutionalization Process of Smallpox Vaccination in Korea," 31st AKSE conference, June 2023). Chi was also the first to document the vaccination procedure in writing in Korea, in his 1885 treatise Udu sinsŏl 牛痘新說 [New Theory of the Cowpox] (An Sang'u 안상우, "KoÅisŏ sanch'aek (469): Cheyŏng sinp'yŏn" ê ì˜ì„œì‚°ì± (469) - æ¿Ÿå °æ–°ç , online). According to Yi Chaeha's Preface to our book, Chi had learned the cowpox vaccination method from the Japanese, whereas another pioneer of the procedure in Korea had learned it from Chinese individuals. Like Chi and his Udu sinsŏl, our book is linked to the regional vaccination bureaus set up in the Korean provinces. In 1889, Yi Chaeha requested the opening of a bureau in Kyŏngsang province (Lachaud). Kang Yongno å§œæ° è€, in his Preface to our book, writes that "in the spring of this year [of 1889], my colleague Yi Chaeha and I came to establish a public office in the Kyŏngsang area." The vaccination bureau, located in the provincial capital of Taegu (Daegu), published the book, which was thus clearly related to the efforts to disseminate the smallpox vaccine in Kyŏngsang. It is worth noting that the proponents of vaccination faced considerable opposition. The European origins of the vaccination method, coupled with the aggressive tactics of some of the vaccinators, alienated parts of the population. Notably, difficulties were caused by the opposition of the proponents of the cowpox vaccine to variolation (the introduction of a weak form of the smallpox virus through the nose), which was already practiced in Korea (Lachaud). Our book begins with a text titled "Udugo" 牛痘考 ["An Examination of Cowpox"], of which the authorship is ascribed to a certain "British physician" named Tŏk Chŏng å¾ è ž. This refers to John Dudgeon (1837-1901; Chinese name De Zhen, i.e., Tŏk Chŏng), a Scottish medical missionary active in Qing China since 1863. Dudgeon begins his examination with a discussion of the origins of smallpox, which he traces to the Eastern Jin (266-420) in China, with the illness appearing later in Western Asia and Europe. (Research has since traced smallpox to prehistorical times.) He then described variolation of the wife of a British consul to the Ottoman empire in 1717, noting that the method had been transmitted to the Ottoman empire from China. This is a reference to the case of Lady Mary Wortley Montague, who in reality, however, was a survivor of smallpox; it was her son that she had inoculated. The method had then been introduced to Europe, but because of the many cases where the patient contracted smallpox due to the procedure, it was banned. (It was indeed banned in England in 1840.) Dudgeon then describes the work of Edward Jenner ("born in the Qianlong period"), the development of the smallpox vaccine out of cowpox, and its spread in Europe and then to China in the early 19th century. Dudgeon describes European government-run vaccination bureaus with the same term as that used by Yi Chaeha and the other Korean proponents of the method: "cowpox bureau" (Ko.: udugŏ; Ch.: niudouju). Presumably, the inclusion of Dudgeon's description was intended to help promote the Kyŏngsang bureau that Yi and his colleagues were establishing. The book continues with the text "Chongduron" ç ®ç—˜è«– ["On Vaccination"], by another English missionary physician in Qing China, Benjamin Hobson (1816-73; Ko.: Hap Sin, Ch.: He Xin 合信). Hobson first distinguished the "two methods" of inoculation: the "old method" of variolation and the "new method" of the cowpox vaccine. He then gives statistics supporting the positive effect of the new method in various countries. "If everybody in the British [empire] and China all used this method, then the disease of smallpox would disappear from the face of the earth forever." Hobson then describes the ideal age of vaccinating children (3-6 months, but not when they are teething as they are already uncomfortable at that time) and the four signs of a successful procedure: initially a slight fever; "after nine days, there should be enough cowpox liquid [in the pustules?]"; the patient should feel some discomfort; and when the scabs fall off, there should be a small scar. There are variants of the procedure, by which shallow incisions that do not draw blood are made on the arm where the liquid is then applied. Hobson then describes other details of vaccination and musters more arguments in favor of the "new method." The third text in the book is titled "Non udu naeryŏk" 論牛痘來æ ["On the Background of Cowpox"], with excerpts from various publications. The first is taken from the Chinese missionary newspaper Wanguo gongbao è åœ‹å å±, others from early 19th-century Chinese writers Qiu Xi é‚±ç† , Zeng Wangyan 曾望顏 (d. 1870), Wen Rushi æº«æ±é (1755-1821), and others. Some texts, such as the excerpted Preface by Wen Bin æ–‡å½ from 1873, are more recent. After the Chinese writers, texts by Korean writers follow. Three Prefaces to Chi's Udu sinsŏl are included. The rest of the b
book (2)

San’iku zensho ç”£è‚ å æ› [Complete Book on Obstetrics]

Numerous woodcut illus. in the text. 12 vols. 8vo, orig. semi-stiff wrappers (wrappers a little soiled), orig. block-printed title labels on upper covers, new stitching. Kyoto, Edo, Osaka & Nagoya: various publishers, 1850. First edition and a complete set of this finely illustrated book, the most comprehensive work on obstetrics published in Japan before the arrival of Admiral Perry and Western influences. "In 1850 Sansetsu or Gihaku Mizuhara (1782-1864), whose real given name was Yoshihiro, published his definitive work on obstetrics entitled San'iku zensho (sometimes referred to as Jyunsei-an san'iku zensho) in 11 volumes [actually 12 volumes], divided into three sections plus an appendix volume. The first section [Gaihen; External Care], comprising the first seven volumes, was on general obstetrics with text and illustrations describing placentation, monsters, the use of massage in obstetrics, obstetrical examination per vagina and per rectum, (primitive) positions for delivery, preparation of the patient for delivery, and post-partum care of the mother. There is an interesting illustration showing the Japanese equivalent of the 'birth-stools' (obstetrical chairs) in common use in medieval Europe. "The second section [Naihen: tangen zuketsu; Internal Care: Illustrated Usages of Obstetrical Forceps], comprising volumes 8 to 10, was an amplification of Mizuhara's earlier atlas, the Sanka zushiki (1837), and described additional obstetrical instruments with illustrations showing them in use. Of special interest was an ingenious mechanical contrivance for the forceful extraction of the fetus if it got 'stuck,' and an illustration of that device which replaced, so to speak, the physician who prior to the development of that infernal machine had often found it necessary to lay on the floor and pull with all his might in the opposite direction whilst pushing with his bare feet planted squarely against the buttocks of the patient with her thighs abducted and externally rotated and her knees in flexion. A series of illustrations in this section of San'iku zensho showed the progressive events or stages in the birth of a baby presenting the feet first, one of these drawings being the original of that chosen by Dr. Ruhräh to illustrate his translation of Fujikawa's history of medicine in Japan. The management of the placenta was shown. "Volume 11 [Shikenho; Prescriptions Used in Practice] forms all of the third section and treated entirely of prescriptions, in particular those found useful in obstetrical practice. "The fourth part [Vol. 12] was in the form of an appendix [Betsu furoku inki zuhen; Addendum of Illustrations], with illustrations of female sex anatomy, innervation of the pelvic region, structure, and blood supply of the placenta, and the visceral connections of the umbilical cord in the newborn. San'iku zensho was one of the last Japanese obstetrical writings produced in the period following the 'reforms' instituted by Genetsu and Genteki Kagawa, and is probably the most representative treatise - certainly it was the most comprehensive - on the state of obstetrics in Japan prior to the reopening of that country to Western influences."-Mestler, A Galaxy of Old Japanese Medical Books, II, pp. 498-99. Very good set. A few minor defects to the wrappers.
book (2)

A collection of ten printed pamphlets & two manuscripts concerning mabiki 閔引き, “thinning,” a euphemism for infanticide in Edo-period Japan

[Japan]: ca. 1840-69. A fascinating collection of pamphlets and manuscripts regarding infanticide in 19th-century Japan. "From the 1790s to the 1870s, and especially in Eastern Japan, infanticide was a central topic of the public conversation, with abortion often mentioned in the same breath.While opponents of infanticide produced a steady stream of policy proposals and pamphlets with haunting illustrations, acceptance expressed itself less in writing than in killing one's own babies and speaking ill of neighbors with too many children. Proponents of infanticide also articulated their logic in a number of widely shared metaphors. The most famous of these, mabiki or 'thinning,' likened infants to rice plants, some of which needed to be uprooted as seedlings to give their siblings the space and light to thrive. The metaphor encapsulates two of the fundamental assumptions of the act it described: that newborn children were not fully formed humans, and as such were disposable; and that to do right by their chosen children, responsible parents might need to destroy some infants at birth. "In the eighteenth century, the consensus of many villages in Eastern Japan was that parents could, and under many circumstances should, kill some of their newborns. Perhaps every third life ended in an infanticide, and the people of Eastern Japan brought up so few children that each generation was smaller than the one that went before it."-Fabian Drixler, Mabiki: Infanticide and Population Growth in Eastern Japan, 1660-1950 (University of California Press: 2013), pp. 1-2 (& see the entirety of this wonderful book). The collection comprises ten printed pamphlets, all of which are anti-infanticide. Each one makes an argument, through both text and striking images, that poverty was not caused by having too many children. In fact, having numerous children brought prosperity to a family. Indeed, the lives of the parents were made happier by having successful children. This argument is supported by moral and ethical reasoning. All of these pamphlets contain illustrations with the same theme: a newborn infant being smothered while the mother participates or watches. Facing or adjacent images show the same act, but now the participants have evil or monstrous faces. 1. Shison hanjō tebikigusa åå«ç æ˜Œæ‰‹å¼•è‰ [Prosperity Through Children]. Ten folding leaves. N.p.: August 1850. Two full-page woodcuts, one of a midwife suffocating a newborn in front of the mother, repeated on recto but now the midwife and mother have evil faces. 2. Shison hanei tebikigusa åå«ç æ„手引草 [Prosperity Through Children]. Five folding leaves. Osaka: Mukaida Keimin 迎ç"°æ™ çœ, n.d. One double-page woodcut of a mother suffocating an infant and, facing it, an evil-faced mother performing the same act. 3. Shison hanei tebikigusa åå«ç æ„手引草 [Prosperity Through Children]. Five folding leaves. Osaka: Mukaida Keimin 迎ç"°æ™ çœ, n.d. Woodcut illustrations as in 2. 4-7. Hendo minkan shison hanjō tebikigusa 邉土民é–"åå«ç æ˜Œæ‰‹å¼•è‰ [Countryside Folks, Prosperity Through Children]. N.p.: n.d. Different printings; each has four folding leaves with the same two woodcuts: one a mother suffocating her newborn, and the other a monster performing the same act. 8. Hendo minkan shison hanjō tebikigusa 邉土民é–"åå«ç æ˜Œæ‰‹å¼•è‰ [Countryside Folks, Prosperity Through Children]. N.p.: April 1869. Four folding leaves with two woodcuts: one a mother suffocating her newborn, and the other a monster performing the same act. 9. Shison hanjō tebikigusa åå«ç æ˜Œæ‰‹å¼•è‰ [Prosperity Through Children]. Seven folding leaves. N.p.: March 1864. One double-page & one full-page woodcut (different versions of no. 8) of a mother suffocating her newborn and a monster performing the same act. 10. Kodomo sodatsuru oshiegusa åä¾›ããã¤ã‚‹æ•™ã 草 [How to Successfully Raise Children]. Six folding leaves. N.p.: August 1840. Three full-page woodcuts, all color-printed, two of which depict a mother suffocating her newborn, followed by a monster performing the same act. Also included are two manuscripts, titled Shison hanjō tebikigusa åå«ç æ˜Œæ‰‹å¼•è‰ [Prosperity Through Children] and dated "copied in Spring 1832." The first manuscript, of nine leaves, contains two fine color drawings of a mother suffocating her newborn child with a facing image of a monster performing the same act. The other manuscript, on one long sheet of paper, contains much the same text and similar images, but in black & white. Minor worming but in nice condition.