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Jeff Weber Rare Books

Creating Beauty to Cure the Soul. Race and Psychology in the Shaping of Aesthetic Surgery.

Creating Beauty to Cure the Soul. Race and Psychology in the Shaping of Aesthetic Surgery.

GILMAN, Sander L. (b. 1944). 8vo. xii, 179, [1] pp. Index. Black silver-stamped cloth, dust jacket. Near fine. "Why do physicians who've taken the Hippocratic Oath willingly cut into seemingly healthy patients? How do you measure the success of surgery aimed at making someone happier by altering his or her body? Sander L. Gilman explores such questions in Creating Beauty to Cure the Soul, a cultural history of the connections between beauty of body and happiness of mind. Following these themes through an impressive range of historical moments and players, Gilman traces how aesthetic alterations of the body have been used to "cure" dissatisfied states of mind. In his exploration of the striking parallels between the development of cosmetic surgery and the field of psychiatry, Gilman entertains an array of philosophical and psychological questions that underlie the more practical decisions routinely made by doctors and potential patients considering these types of surgery. While surveying and incorporating the relevant theories of Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler, Karl Menninger, Paul Schilder, contemporary feminist critics, and others, Gilman considers the highly unstable nature of cultural notions of health, happiness, and beauty. He reveals how ideas of race and gender structured early understandings of aesthetic surgery in discussions of both the "abnormality" of the Jewish nose and the historical requirement that healthy and virtuous females look "normal," thereby enabling them to achieve invisibility. Reflecting upon historically widespread prejudices, Gilman describes the persecutions, harrassment, attacks, and even murders that continue to result from bodily difference and he encourages readers to question the cultural assumptions that underlie the increasing acceptability of this surgical form of psychotherapy. Synthesizing a vast body of related literature and containing a comprehensive bibliography, Creating Beauty to Cure the Soul will appeal to a broad audience, including those interested in the histories of medicine and psychiatry, and in philosophy, cultural studies, Jewish cultural studies, and race and ethnicity." â€" Duke University Press.
Astronomical periodical] ASTRONOMISCHE NACHRICHTEN.

Astronomical periodical] ASTRONOMISCHE NACHRICHTEN.

SCHUMACHER, Heinrich Christian (ed.). Articles no. 433-456. 4to. [2], iv, 436 pp. [Mostly paginated in double columns]. Tables (3 folding), articles, 1 engraved lithographic folding plate of Mars, engraved plate of the Moon, heightened with hand coloring) during an eclipse; browning throughout, first few leaves very lightly foxed, first leaf of article 433 with paper flaw essentially disrupting 5 lines of text. Early marbled boards, early ink ms. paper label; rubbed, spine ends worn, corners showing. Early ink ownership signature on title. Very good. "Astronomische Nachrichten (Astronomical Notes), one of the first international journals in the field of astronomy, was founded in 1821 by the German astronomer Heinrich Christian Schumacher. It claims to be the oldest astronomical journal in the world that is still being published. The publication today specializes in articles on solar physics, extragalactic astronomy, cosmology, geophysics, and instrumentation for these fields. The journal was founded in 1821 by Heinrich Christian Schumacher, under the patronage of Christian VIII of Denmark, and quickly became the world's leading professional publication for the field of astronomy, succeeding where others had failed or not achieved the same renown. Schumacher edited the journal at the Altona Observatory, then under the administration of Denmark, later part of Prussia, and today part of the German city of Hamburg." [Wikip.]. Articles on astronomy including a lithographic plate for J. H. Hofrath Mädler's 1841 observations of Mars. PLATES (plates 1, 2, 3 are folding): [1] 40 faces of the planet MARS; [2-3] Barometric readings in Dresden and Copenhagen (Christiania); [4] Lunar eclipse wherein the moon totally covers up the sun, showing titanic flares called solar prominences that become visible during the eclipse, protruding away from the edge the darkened lunar disk. CONTAINS 21 ARTICLES: 433. Hofrath Schwabe, Beobachtungen über die Excentricität der Staurnkugel in Ringe 1841. [Observations on the rings of Saturn, 1841]. ; ; 434. Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel (1784-1846). Astronomische Untersuchungen. [contains: Johann Heinrich von Mädler (1794-1874), "Physische Beobachtungen des Mars bei seiner Opposition im Jahre 1841."]; ; 435-7. Ritter Hansen. Bemerkungen über die Behandlung der Theorie der Stà rungen des Mondes. [Remarks on the treatment of the theory of perturbations of the moon].; ; 438. Geheimen-Rath; Ritter Bessel, Über einen Fehler in der Berechnung der franzà sischen Gradmessung und seineh Einfluß auf die Bestimmung der Figur der Erde. [About an error in the calculation of the French degree measurement and its influence on the determination of the figure of the earth]. Bessel was the first astronomer to determine reliable values for the distance from the sun to another star by the method of parallax. Director of the Kà nigsberg Observatory. Bessel; ; 438 beil. Heinrich Georg von Boguslawski (1827-1884), Sternbedeckungen beobachtet zu Breslau von 1840 August 24 bis 1841 Juli 4. 117 … [Star occultations observed at Breslau]. The author was a German hydrographer and oceanographer. ; ; 439-441. Thomas Clausen (1801-1885), Bestimmung der Bahn des Cometen von 1770. [Determination of the orbit of the 1770 comet].; ; 442. Johann August Grunert of Greifswald (1797-1872). Auszug aus einem Schreiben des Sir J.F.W. Herschel an den Herausgeber . [Excerpt from a letter from Sir J.F.W. Herschel to the editor].; ; 442 beil. Ansang von Herrn. Carl Ludwig Christian Rümcker (1788-1862), Sterncatalog. ; ; 443. Johann Franz Encke (1791-1865), Wiederkehr des Ponschen Cometen 1842. ; ; 444. Johann Heinrich von Mädler (1794-1874), Ueber den Doppelstern p Ophiuchi. [Doublestars in the 70 Ophiuchi binary star system].; ; 445. Samuel Heinrich Schwabe (1789-1875), Ueber die Sonnenflecken im Jahre 1841. [sunspots in 1841]. In 1857 Schwabe was awarded the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society.; ; 446. Piotr [Peter] Slavinsky (1795-1881), Suite des observations faites a l'Observatoire Imperial de Vilna etc. [Vilnius Observatory, Slavinsky was director 1835-1843]. ; ; 447. Thomas Clausen (1801-1885), Monds-Ephemeride für die Zeit der Culmination in Altona für 1842. [Moon ephemeris for the time of culmination in Altona for 1842.]; ; 448. Johann August Grunert of Greifswald (1797-1872). Versuch einer neuen Methode, die Bahnen der Cometen zu berechnen. [A new method to calculate the orbits of comets].; ; 449. Struve, Otto Wilhelm von (1819-1905). Notice sur une rà vision de l'hà misphà re cà leste borà al. ; ; 450. Johann Franz Encke (1791-1865), Bericht über die Bibliothek . ; ; 451. Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias Olbers (1758-1840), Bericht über die Bibliothek Hauptsternwarte in Pulkova . ; ; 452. Thomas Clausen (1801-1885), Mondsculminationen in Altona 1842. ; ; 453. Bericht über die Küsten â€" Vermessung in Nord-Amerika 353. ; ; 454. Vergleichung der Gaussischen Theorie des Erdmagnetismus mit A. Ermans magnetischen Beobachtungen. ; ; 455. Thomas Clausen (1801-1885), Mondculminationen in Altoma 1842. ; ; 456. Johann August Grunert of Greifswald (1797-1872). Versuch einer neuen Methode, die Bahnen der Cometen zu berechnen.
An Enquiry into the Duties of the Female Sex. The Second edition

An Enquiry into the Duties of the Female Sex. The Second edition, corrected.

GISBORNE, Thomas (1758-1846). 8vo. viii, 429, [3] pp. Original tree calf, blind-stamped spine, modern red gilt-stamped leather label; upper joint mended with kozo. Ownership signatures of C. A. J. L. Hughes, 1858; Cordelia Palmer. Very good. Second edition, corrected. Gisborne gives special attention to "amusements" suggested to be agreeable to the correct duties of a woman. He also addresses matrimonial life, parental duties, middle age and "The decline of life." / The book is an important contribution to the understanding of the societal views of women's role. The author, an Anglican priest, was also a friend of Hannah More. "An Enquiry into the Duties of the Female Sex is a religious conduct manual by Thomas Gisborne (1758â€"1846), aimed mainly at 'women placed in the higher or in the middle classes of society' (p. 2). Gisborne was a Church of England clergyman, a poet and a writer on moral and religious matters. An Enquiry into the Duties of the Female Sex covers a huge range of topics, including the differences between men and women, female education, choosing a husband, raising children and how women should spend their free time. / [An Enquiry and Jane Austen]: Jane Austen read An Enquiry into the Duties of the Female Sex in 1805, the year the book was published in its sixth edition. In a letter to her sister dated 30 August 1805, she writes 'I am glad you recommended "Gisborne", for having begun, I am pleased with it, and I had quite determined not to read it'. / We don't know why Austen had 'determined not to read' An Enquiry. Perhaps she expected it to be similar to the Mr Collins-endorsed Sermons to Young Women, referred to in Pride and Prejudice, which stresses the need for women to be submissive and modest. In fact, Gisborne praises woman's capacity for 'sprightliness and vivacity', 'quickness of perception' and 'fertility of invention' â€" as well as the more traditional female virtues of offering comfort and cheer to those around them. / Though Gisborne's views seem conservative to modern readers, many of them are similar to those that Austen expresses in her novels. He urges women to spend time each day reading improving books, mentioning as particularly suitable the works of William Cowper, one of Austen's favourite poets (p. 219). He warns against the 'absurd and mischievous' belief that a woman can reform a cruel and immoral man after marrying him (p. 238), and criticises mothers who prioritise wealth over happiness in choosing husbands for their daughters. He also criticises young men and women who flatter and flirt with one another, talking about trivial subjects and encouraging one another's vanity. However, unlike other writers of conduct manuals, Gisborne does not suggest that all conversation should be serious and worthy. He praises 'ease', 'gaiety', 'laughter' and 'wit' in conversation, as long as they are not insincere or mean spirited. / This is not to say that Austen would have agreed with all of Gisborne's views. For example, he worries that novels are addictive, and 'secretly corrupt' women's minds (though he does admit that they have some good qualities)." â€" British Library.
De Mulierum Organis Generationi Inservientibus. [With:] Partium Genitalium Defensio. .

De Mulierum Organis Generationi Inservientibus. [With:] Partium Genitalium Defensio. .

GRAAF, Regneri de (1641-1673). 2 parts in 1 vol. Small 8vo. [24], 334, [14], [8], 83, [1] pp. Engraved frontispiece portrait, half-title, 27 engraved plates (9 folding). Later blind-stamped calf, gilt spine, raised bands; neatly rebacked preserving original spine. Ownership signature of Thomas Pargiter, Coll. Lincoln, 1673. Very good. FIRST EDITION. Reinier de Graaf, who lived from 1641 to 1673, has given his name to the graafian follicle. But more important, he was on De Graaf studied medicine in Leuven, Utrecht, and Leiden. In 1664 he wrote his first treatise, on the pancreatic juice, representing work done as a student, when he succeeded in establishing pancreatic fistulas and keeping the dogs alive. e of the first great modern investigators of the female organs of generation." â€" Lester S. King, "De Mulierum Organis Generationi Inservientibus," 1672, JAMA. 1966; 195 (4): 324. "Graaf demonstrated ovulation anatomically, pathologically, and experimentally. He opposed the Aristotelian doctrine of the egg being formed in the uterus as a result of activation of the menstrual blood by the male semen, but held that generation takes place from the ovum pre-existent in the ovary. He herein gives the first description of ovarian (Graafian) follicles and the corpus luteum. His was an advanced and accurate understanding of the anatomy of the female genitalia. The twenty-seven engraved plates illustrating Graaf's anatomical research add interest to this small volume." â€" Heirs of Hippocrates. PROVENANCE: Thomas Pargiter (1655-1720), Coll. Lincoln, Doctor of Divinity of Greatworth, Northamptonshire. REFERENCES: Hirsch II, 815/16: Garrison and Morton 1209: Heirs of Hippocrates, 418; Cushing G344; Wellcome III, p. 142; Waller 3669: Norman Coll. I, 926.