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Patrick Pollak Rare Books

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I. Ultraviolet Dichroism and Molecular Structure in Living Cells. II. Electron Microscopy of Nuclear Membranes. Lecture given at the Symposium on Submicroscopical Structure of Protoplasm May, 22-25, 1951 at the NAPLES ZOOLOGICAL STATION.

WILKINS, M[aurice]. H. F. pp. 104-114. 2 text figures, 2 photographic plates with 11 illustrations. Original printed wrappers, a very good copy of an extremely scarce OFFPRINT. TOGETHER WITH : WILKINS, M[aurice]. H. F. An Easily Used Ultra-Violet Microscope Objective. OFFPRINT from Nature, Vol. 170, Nov. 22, 1953. pp. (883-885). 1 figure. Very good copy. TOGETHER WITH : WILKINS, M[aurice]. H. F., SEEDS, W. E., STOKES, A. R. and WILSON, H. R. Helical Structure of Crystalline Deoxypentose Nucleic Acid. OFFPRINT from Nature. Vol.172, Oct.24, 1953, p. 759 [pp. 8. 3 figures]. Original printed grey paper wrappers, a very good copy. *We have built molecular models of the type described by Watson and Crick and have adjusted them to conform with our experimental data. The result is promising: .'. GARRISON-MORTON #752.2 TOGETHER WITH : WILKINS, M[aurice]. H. F. and BATTAGLIA, B. Note on the Preparation of Specimens of Oriented Sperm Heads for X-Ray Diffraction and Infra-Red Absorption Studies and on Some Pseudo-Molecular Behaviour of Sperm. OFFPRINT from Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Vol. II, 1953. pp. (411)-415, (i) 1 figure. Very good copy. TOGETHER WITH : WILKINS, M[aurice]. H. F. VII. The Performance of Spherical-Mirror Reflecting Objectives when Used for Ultra-Violet Photomicrography. OFFPRINT from Journal of the Royal Microscopical Society, Vol. LXXIII, Part 2, Oct.1953. pp. 77-81, (i). 5 plates (17 figures). Stapled as issued, very good copy. TOGETHER WITH : WILKINS, M[aurice]. H. F. and DE CARVALHO, S. The Violet Light Microscope. A Method for Visual Estimation of Heme in Living Cells. OFFPRINT from Blood. The Journal of Hematology. Vol. VIII, no. 10, Oct. 1953. pp. 944-946. 2 figures. A very good copy. TOGETHER WITH : DAVIES, H. G., WILKINS, M. H. F. and BODDY, R. G. H. B. Cell Crushing: a Technique for Greatly Reducing Errors in Microspectrometry. OFFPRINT from Experimental Cell Research, Vol.6, No.2, pp. 550-553. 1954. Academic Press. New York. Stapled into original printed paper wrappers, a very good copy. *The first paper above has résumés in French, German and Italian. A fundamental paper in the history of DNA analysis - James Watson was among the audience at this lecture and particularly noted Wilkins' contribution. In his memoir 'What Mad Pursuit' page 67-68, Francis Crick writes - 'One of the oddities of the whole episode is that neither Jim nor I were officially working on DNA at all. I was trying to write a thesis on the X-ray diffraction of polypeptides and proteins, while Jim had ostensibly come to Cambridge to help John Kendrew crystallize myoglobin. As a friend of Maurice Wilkins I had learned a lot about their work on DNA - which was officially recognized - while Jim had become intrigued by the diffraction problem after hearing Maurice talk in Naples.' James Watson, Double Helix, p.21 et seq - 'It was Wilkins who had first excited me about X-ray work on DNA. This happened at Naples when a small scientific meeting was held on the structures of the large molecules found in living cells . His [Maurice's] talk was far from vacuous and stood out sharply from the rest . Maurice's X-ray diffraction picture of DNA was to the point. It was flicked on the screen near the end of his talk . he stated that the picture showed much more detail than previous pictures and could, in fact, be considered as arising from a crystalline substance. And when the structure of DNA was known, we might be in a better position to understand how genes work. Suddenly I was excited about chemistry.' See GARRISON-MORTON 752.2 for Wilkins' paper in Nature, 1953 - Helical Structure of crystalline deoxypentose nucleic acid. Wilkins shared the Nobel Prize with Watson and Crick in 1962.
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On the Origin of Vertebrates, Deduced from the Study of Ammocoetes. Parts I-XIII, complete. I & II -:- pp. (513)-581, (i). 1 coloured plate with 6 figures, 7 text figures. III -:- pp. (i), (154)-188. 1 double-page coloured plate, 6 text figures. IV -:- pp. (i), (638)-671, (i). 1 coloured plate with 6 figures, 15 text figures. V-VIII -:- pp. (465)-587, (i). 2 coloured plates with 10 figures [1 folding], 33 text figures. IX -:- pp. (i), (224)-267, (i). 12 text figures. X -:- pp. (i), (164)-208. 13 text figures. XI -:- pp. (i), (168)-219, (i). 6 text figures. XII -:- pp. (371)-401, (i). XIII -:- pp. (1)-15, (i). 2 text figures.

GASKELL, Walter H[olbrook]. TOGETHER WITH : GASKELL, W. H., STARLING E. H., GADOW, H. and others. Discussion on the Origin of Vertebrates. Reprint from Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London, Session 122. 1910. pp. (ii), (9)-50. All in original printed paper wrappers, excellent condition apart from the slight damage to the foot of the backstrip in one part, signature of SIR A[rthur]. S[mith]. WOODWARD on one wrapper, neat stamp of University College London on each front cover of the main series and either the final plate or text leaf, in all other ways a very good set. *Exceptionally rare in this form and precedes GARRISON-MORTON #243 The Origin of Vertebrates, 1908 - 'Gaskell was probably the most brilliant of Michael Foster's pupils. His history of the origin of vertebrates from invertebrate ancestors is not universally accepted.' In his review of the Linnean Society discussion, in NATURE 1910, J. GRAHAM KERR, stated - 'The remarks made by Dr. Gaskell and his supporters make it apparent that there exist wide differences between what they accept as the correct principles of morphological research and those which are accepted by other working morphologists. The forgoing paragraphs are not meant as a criticism of Dr. Gaskell's hypothesis. They are merely meant to direct attention to an extraordinary want of agreement as to methods or principles of morphological research.' In part XIII, Gaskell sums up his thesis - 'In a series of papers published in this Journal I have developed my theory of the origin of vertebrates, and have compared step by step, every organ in the arthropod with the corresponding organ in the vertebrate, and shown how one after another each has fitted into its right place, on the assumption that the arthropod has given rise to the vertebrate without any reversal of surfaces, an assumption which necessitates the formation of a new alimentary canal for the vertebrate.' GASKELL [1847-1914] had hoped to complete his study but never did so; in part XIII he stated - 'I am aware that in the course of these papers I have promised at some time to consider separately the vascular and lymphatic systems and the external covering, and I still hope to be able some day to publish something on these subjects. At present, however, I am engaged in putting the whole story into book form, and until that is accomplished I am not likely to add to this series.' SIR ARTHUR SMITH WOODWARD FRS (23 May 1864 – 2 September 1944) English palaeontologist, known as a world expert in fossil fish. He also described the Piltdown Man fossils, which were later determined to be fraudulent. He is not related to Henry Woodward, whom he replaced as curator of the Geology Department of the British Museum of Natural History.
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An Act for regulating Schools of Anatomy. WILLIAM IV. CAP. LXXV. 1st. August 1832.

ANATOMY ACT pp. 713-718. Disbound from the annual volume, a very good copy as issued. *'Whereas a Knowledge of the Causes and Nature of sundry Diseases which affect the Body, and of the best Methods of treating and curing such Diseases, and of healing and repairing divers Wounds and Injuries to which the Human Frame is liable, cannot be acquired without the Aid of Anatomical Examination: And whereas the legal Supply of Human Bodies for such Anatomical Examination is insufficient fully to provide the Means of such Knowledge: And whereas, in order further to supply Human Bodies for such Purposes, divers great and grievous Crimes have been committed, and lately Murder, for the single Object of selling for such Purposes the Bodies of Persons so murdered.'. The Anatomy Act was the essential legislative instrument for bringing to an end the crime of body-snatching and the illegal sale of cadavers for dissection. Having thus provided a legal source of human bodies for the Anatomy Schools, it was no longer necessary for this need to be supplied solely from the corpses of hanged criminals. The practice of either giving the bodies of criminals for dissection or of hanging them in chains was therefore legally abolished. SEE RICHARD HUNTER A Short History of Anatomy, pp. 59-86 - 'Until the passing of the Anatomical Act of 1832, the only 'subjects' available for dissection in medical schools were the bodies of those people who had paid the penalty of death for their misdeeds. But the dissection of hanged criminals was performed with grave risk. Indeed, so real was this risk that a strongly-worded resolution was passed by the College of Surgeons of Ireland in 1830, begging the Government to relieve its members from the duty of dissecting executed criminals. A man was hanged in Carlisle in 1820, and the friends of the culprit were so outraged at the dissection of the body that they determined on revenge. All the medical men who took part in this dissection received personal injuries . This Act does away with all secret sources of supply for the anatomical rooms of Great Britain and Ireland, and students no longer go prowling about the country graveyards looking for 'subjects' for dissection . The body-snatcher's occupation is gone.'
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On the Origin of Species, by means of Natural Selection; or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. London. 1860. [sic]. A review published in : The Quarterly Review, VOL. 108. July & October, 1860.

DARWIN, Charles Robert] [WILBERFORCE, Samuel]. pp. 225-264. Contained in the entire volume : pp. iv, 614. Contemporary half calf and marbled boards, a very good copy. *See R. B. FREEMAN - Charles Darwin - A Companion. p. 303 : Darwin to Huxley, 'I would give five shillings to know what tremendous blunder the Bishop made; for I see that a page has been cancelled and a new page gummed in.'. Wilberforce described the book as '. the most unphilosophical work he ever read.' Freeman states that Richard Owen primed Wilberforce to write this review; Owen had written one for the Edinburgh Review in April of the same year, 1860, and both Owen and Wilberforce had attended the notorious Oxford meeting of the British Association in June 1860, though Darwin was ill and could not be there. At that meeting Wilberforce had asked Huxley whether he claimed descent from an ape on his father's or his mother's side. In a subsequent letter to Dr. Dyster, Huxley wrote that he had replied . '. If then, said I, the question is put to me would I rather have a miserable ape for a grandfather or a man highly endowed by nature and possessing great means and influence and yet who employs those faculties and that influence for the mere purpose of introducing ridicule into a grave scientific discussion - I unhesitatingly affirm my preference for the ape.'