last 7 days
last 30 days
older than 30 days

Patrick Pollak Rare Books

Critica Sacra

Critica Sacra, Sive de Variis Qvae in Sacris Veteris Testamenti Libris Occvrrvnt Lectionibvs Libri Sex. Recensvit Mvltisqve Animadversionibvs Avxit GEO. IO. LVD. VOGEL.

CAPPELLI, Lvdovici [CAPPELL, Louis]. pp. XXII, 1104, (ii) Corrigenda; VII, (i), 680. Contemporary vellum, embossed stamp on the titles of both volumes of J. H. WILLIAMS, RECTOR OF LLANGADWALADR [Anglesey], plus the earlier signature on the title of v.II of S. J. WALD, 1786, plus the later signature of GEORGE T. BALE on both front free end-papers, very nice copies. *Louis Cappel (15 October 1585 – 18 June 1658) French Protestant churchman and scholar, born at St Elier, near Sedan. He studied theology at the Academy of Sedan and the Academy of Saumur, and Arabic at the University of Oxford, where he spent two years. At the age of twenty-eight he accepted the chair of Hebrew at Saumur, and twenty years later was appointed professor of theology. Amongst his fellow lecturers were Moses Amyraut and Josué de la Place. As a Hebrew scholar he made a special study of the history of the Hebrew text, which led him to the conclusion that the vowel points and accents are not an original part of the Hebrew language, but had been inserted by the Massorete Jews of Tiberias, no earlier than the 5th century; he also concluded that the primitive Hebrew characters are those now known as the Samaritan, while the square characters are Aramaic and were substituted for the more ancient at the time of the captivity. These conclusions, published anonymously in his book Arcanum punctuationis revelatum (Leiden, 1624), were hotly contested by Johannes Buxtorf II, since they conflicted with those of his father, Johannes Buxtorf senior; Elias Levita had already disputed the antiquity of the vowel points, with which neither Jerome nor the Talmud showed any acquaintance. Cappel's understanding was proved through the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, where the Hebrew did not include vowel points. Cappel's second important work, Critica sacra, went further, and was controversial from a theological point of view; having dismissed the antiquity of the vowel points, he now held, based on the various readings in the text and the differences between the ancient versions and the Masoretic text, that the consonantal text of the Hebrew Bible was susceptible to change, corruption, and human interference, which amounted to an attack on the verbal inspiration of Scripture. He had completed the book in 1634, but fierce opposition prevented him from printing it at Paris until 1650, in which he was aided by Jean Morin, who was enthusiastic about the book and agreed with its conclusions. Bitter as was the opposition to Cappel's views, it was not long before his results were accepted by most scholars. PROVENANCE : J. H. WILLIAMS was Rector of Lllangadwaladr, Anglesey, from 1824 until 1868.
British Land Birds. Engraved on Wood. WITH : British Water Birds. Engraved on Wood.

British Land Birds. Engraved on Wood. WITH : British Water Birds. Engraved on Wood.

BEWICK, Thomas. Each volume with Title-page with engraved vignette and 157 leaves, each with an engraving, all on light wove paper except for the final sheet of Water Birds which is of a heavier grade. Most of the plates are captioned in pencil with the common English names, occasionally with the Latin binomials [Linnaeus] and the French common names [Buffon] added. 10 plates of the Land Birds and 46 of the Water Birds do not have captions; there are one or two additional pencil notes - the plate of the Magpie states 'Drawn by Mrs Walker' [?wife of the printer]; that of the Siskin - 'I shot two very perfect specimens at Fencote. Feby. 12th 1829'; and on the Blackcap - 'Mrs Walker has painted both male & female'. Finely rebound in modern brown morocco by JOHN VIVIAN, the spine with 5 raised bands and panels gilt, the boards with gilt-lined borders, all edges gilt, marbled end-papers, the first title slightly foxed and the corners browned and a bit chipped, occasional foxing and the odd little mark, one sheet with a light red crayon line, overall a very nice copy ex libris RICHARD FREEMAN, Darwin scholar, with his purchase notes at the front. *ROSCOE #43 AND #44. One of 100 copies; FREEMAN British Natural History Books, #308 [he states 'without text or captions'; the pencil captions above appear contemporary]. Regarding the additional note to the plate of the Magpie above, AUSTIN DOBSON also remarks on this plate - 'To the left of the magpie is one of those worn-out old horses, with whose sufferings Bewick had so keen a sympathy. It has apparently broken its neck by falling over a little cliff, part of the rails of which it has carried with it in its descent.' AUSTIN DOBSON. Thomas Bewick and His Pupils. 1889. p.106.