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Antiquariat Dasa Pahor

Artois Atrebatum Regionis Vera Descriptio Johanne Surhouio monte Auctore

Artois Atrebatum Regionis Vera Descriptio Johanne Surhouio monte Auctore

Gerard DE JODE (1509-1591). Copper engraved map sheet with full contemporary colour and silver highlights, with no text on verso, recently remounted upon a larger sheet of paper with added French lines in gilt and blue (Very Good, excellent original colour, map trimmed to neatline as it was once bound in a contemporary atlas factice, sporadic minor restoring to the colour mostly in margins), map proper: 37 x 45,5 cm (14.6 x 17.9 inches). An exceedingly rare map by Gerard de Jode, printed only as a broadside after the publication of his atlas of 1578. This map of Artois is one of the Gerard de Jode’s rarest maps. It embraces the area between Kortrijk in Belgium and Calais and Arras in France. Our example is coloured with stunning original colours and is heightened with silver lines. The map is based on the draft by Jacques de Surhon (died 1557) a Flemish cartographer and silversmith. This de Jode’s map was never published in an atlas and has been for centuries referred to as lost ("Quoique nous ayons perdu toute trace des exemplaires de de Jode / Although we thought we have lost all the traces of the examples [of the map of Artois] by de Jode, - E. Rocart, Un cartographe du XVIe siècle, Jacques de Surhon, 1929, p. 522). The Story Behind the Map - In 1579, Abraham Ortelius published in his atlas Theatrum Orbis Terrarum his version of the map of Artois, based on the draft by Jacques de Surhon (died 1557). He wrongly attributed it to Jacques’s son or brother Jean de Surhon (Joannes Surhonius) as the latter was selling the maps as his own, which Ortelius only discovered in 1587, when he corrected the name of the draftsmen in the text of his atlas. After seeing the map of Artois in the Ortelius’s atlas in 1579, also Gerard de Jode asked archduke Matthias for the privilege to publish the same map, which it was approved (E. Rocart, Un cartographe du XVIe siècle, Jacques de Surhon, 1929). According to the imprint on our map the privilege was given for four years. As de Jode’s atlas was published a year earlier, he was possibly printing this map only as a broadside and not as a part of the regular program in the atlas. In the second edition of the atlas, by Cornelis de Jode, in 1593 the map appears with more elaborate cartouche and whit changed details. Separately Published Maps by de Jode - This is a separately issued map without text on the back. As most of the 1578 de Jode maps were issued with text on the back in an atlas, examples were also sold by the author separately without the text (Shirley, p. 51, no. 119; KOEMAN, Atlantes Neerlandici, vol. 2, p. 206). De Jode’s grand project to make an elaborate atlas was namely extremely costly, time consuming and unlucrative, and the author would, as it was normal at the time, sell maps separately on demand to pay his daily costs. Only a small number of atlases was actually sold. The survival rate of de Jode’s separately published maps is extremely low due to their large format. They would, like our map, usually survive in privately composed atlases. This map was contemporary coloured and mounted back to back with another map in an atlas factice. All the maps from this atlas fragment were trimmed to the neatline and re-margined in order to obtain equal sizes of sheets in the atlas. Such practice was common in the 16th century composite atlases. The map has recently undergone professional restoration whereby it was removed from its contemporary backing and remounted upon a larger sheet of paper with added decorative French lines in gilt and blue. The map’s stellar period colour and gilt highlights have been fully preserved.
zur Darstellung der Reise des Dr. Max Freiherrn von Oppenheim vom Mittelmeer zum Persischen Golf

zur Darstellung der Reise des Dr. Max Freiherrn von Oppenheim vom Mittelmeer zum Persischen Golf, 1893

Heinrich KIEPERT (1818 - 1899). Colour lithograph, original folds (Very Good, overall clean and bright, just some old discreet reinforcements from verso to a few splits along old folds and fold vertices), 84 x 63.5 cm (33 x 25 inches). SYRIA / LEBANON / PALESTINE / ISRAEL / TURKEY / JORDAN / WORLD WAR I / RAILWAYS: The scarce World War I edition of the stellar map Heinrich Kiepert originally made to illustrate Max Freiherr von Oppenheim’s travels in the Levant, but here revised as a special ‘Railway Edition’ to depict the extensive, new railroad systems in the region that played major role in the on-going conflict. This is a special World War I ‘Railway Edition’ of the map of the upper Levant, originally made in 1893 by Heinrich Kiepert, the era’s foremost authority on the geography of Turkey and the Middle East, to illustrate the travels of the great orientalist Max Freiherr von Oppenheim. The map, focussing on Syria and Lebanon, embraces a great expanse of the Middle East, extending from Iskenderun (Turkey) and Aleppo (Syria), in the north-west, from to Haifa (Israel) and Dera’a (Jordan) in the south-west; and then over as far as Deir ez-Zor, in the east. The map is incredibly accurate and detailed, carefully expressing the region’s complex topography, while labelled virtually every city, town, village, road, caravan trail and archaeological site, most with their names carefully transliterated into German so as to be true as possible to their correct native or traditional pronunciation (a personal hobby of Kiepert). Although the map was first issued 22 years before the present edition, it still remained one of the best and most accurate maps of the region. Accordingly, the publisher Ernst Vohsen posthumously updated Kiepert’s work to showcase the Levant in its critical role in the on-going Great War. Notably, when the original edition of the map was issued in 1893, there were no completed railways in the Levant; however, a massive infrastructure boom from 1895 to 1911 utterly transformed the situation. Running roughly west-east along the top of the present edition of the map, from the Amanus Mountians, through Aleppo, to Ras al-Ayn, is a key stretch of the Anatolian-Baghdad Railway, which since 1903 was, with German funding and technical assistance, being built from Konya, Turkey, towards Baghdad, creating one of the world’s most geopolitically charged transport corridors. Known as the Bagdadbahn in German, the line aimed to eventually connect Berlin to the Persian Gulf. As of 1915, the railway was far from complete, as gaps existed in northern Iraq, but also in the Tauris and Amanus (Nur) Mountains, the latter of which is shown here by intermittent lines. The inability to complete the route during the war was a major factor in the Central Powers’ ultimate defeat. That being said, the incomplete line allowed the Ottomans to send troops from Istanbul to Baghdad in only 21 days (weeks shorter than was previously possible), surprising the British in Mesopotamia. The Anatolian-Baghdad Railway would not be completed until 1940. Damascus was the head of the Hejaz Railway, a grand project which was intended to aid pilgrims on the Hajj and the solidify the Ottoman Sultan’s claim to being the Caliph of Islam. It was intended to be built from Damascus to Mecca; however, the line was only completed as far south as Medina, in 1908. The present map only shows the northern part of the Hejaz Railway, while the southern sections of the line played a key role during the WWI’s Arab Revolt, as from 1916 it was attacked by Lawrence of Arabia and his local allies. Also depicted are the short, but important, Levant lines, including the Beirut-Damascus Railway (completed 1895); the Jezreel Valley Railway (completed in 1905), connecting Haifa with Dera’a (Jordan); and the HomsTripoli Railway (completed in 1911), linking Syria with that venerable Lebanese trading port. As it turned out, the railway system in the Levant played key role in buttressing the OttomanGerman positions in the region. While most of the Central Powers’ positions collapsed in Mesopotamia, Southern Palestine and in Arabia through 1916 and 1917, they held firm for some time in Northern Palestine, Lebanon and Syria. The Ottomans and Germans were always able to bring in enough troops and supplies to ensure that their positions there were well stocked. The British and their allies had a terrible time making their way north of Jerusalem, and it was only on October 1, 1918, that they finally took Damascus. Therefore, while the railways did not alter the end result of the war, they certainly allowed the Ottoman-German side to stay in the game a lot longer than they would have otherwise. SEE OUR WEB PAGE FOR A LONGER DESCRIPTION.
Lughat-i chaghatay ve turki-yi 'othmani

Lughat-i chaghatay ve turki-yi ‘othmani

Sheikh Suleiman Efendi Uzbek al-Bukhari (1821-1890)). 8°. 20 pp. (introduction), 320 pp., contemporary half red morocco on red cloth (binding slightly worn on the spine and the edges, title page with a clear cut on the inner side, old taxation stamp and old numeration in black ink on the title page, leaves slightly age-toned with minor foxing and tiny tears and loss of paper in the margins otherwise in a good condition). This is one of the groundbreaking dictionaries of the Chagatai language, written by an Uzbek author Sheikh Suleiman Efendi al-Bukhari (1821-1890). A long introduction is followed by over 300 pages of dictionary and explanations. Chagatai (?????) is a today extinct Turkic language, which was widely spoken in Central Asia between 16th and early 20th century. It was also used as a shared literary language. Chagatai was named after Genghis Khan's second son, Chagatai Khan, the Khan of the Chagatai Khanate (1225?– 1680s), a descendant empire of the Mongol Empire, which was expanding in the large part of the Central Asia and thus connecting Turkic Peoples with the inhabitants of what is now China and Russia. Today the modern languages closest to Chagatai are Uzbek and Uyghur. The author of the book Sheikh Suleiman Efendi al-Bukhari (1821-1890) was an Uzbek diplomat, linguist and author, who was writing poems in Chagatai under a nom de plume Naksi. For his dictionary Sheikh Suleiman Efendi used examples from the poems, written in Chagatai by prominent authors, such as Nevâyî, Baykara, Lutfi, Agehi, Munis and Mir Haydar, as well as examples from his own poetry. References: OCLC 31332084. Kaman, S. (2019). Seyh Su?leyman Efendi ve "Lugat-i Cagatay ve Türkii Osmani"ye tan?k olarak katk?lar? RumeliDE Dil ve Edebiyat Ara?t?rmalar? Dergisi, (16), pp. 69-97.
Ducatus Carnioliae Tabula Chorographica

Ducatus Carnioliae Tabula Chorographica, iussu, sumptu?que, inclutorum provinciæ statuum geometrice? exhibita, per Ioannem Dismam Floriantschitsch de Grienfeld, paroch. et consist. archid. Officij Sitticiencis,

Janez Dizma FLORJANCIC de Grienfeld (1691 - 1757). Copper engraving with 19th Century outline hand colour, printed on 12 sheets with each sheet dissected into 10 sections and mounted upon 19th Century linen, each section bearing pastedown manuscript labels to verso; map housed within 19th Century decorative card box with later pastedown typed label (Very Good, map sections overall clean and bright, sheets produced with uneven printing quality due to the original technical difficulties of the press, some weak lines replaced with old manuscript in ink, box with light marginal wear), each of the 12 sheets: 46 x 64.5 cm (18 x 25.5 inches); if sheets joined would form a map approximately 184 x 193 cm (72.5 x 76 inches). A newly ‘rediscovered’ edition (until now thought lost!) of Janez Dizma Florjan?i?’s monumental map of Carniola (western Slovenia), which possesses the distinction of being the finest and most important single cartographic document in the region’s history, and also the largest and most sumptuously adorned map published anywhere in Southeastern Europe up to the time; the map was first published in Ljubljana in 1744, while the present edition was issued in that same city in 1782 under the auspices of the mining tycoon and natural scientist Žiga Zois; a masterpiece of Enlightenment Era cartography that remained for many decades the only broadly accurate and detailed general map of Western Slovenia, a map that was ardently sought after by Napoleon Bonaparte (but which eluded him) during his conquest of the region. This monumental map of Carniola (most of today’s western Slovenia), historically an integral duchy of Habsburg Inner Austria, and neighbouring lands, represents the ambitious merger of Enlightenment scientific discovery and provincial rococo artistry. The Ducatus Carnioliae Tabula Chorographica is the result of the priest, geographer and astronomer Janez Dizma Florjan?i?’s many years of pioneering reconnaissance across his native land, the product of which was engraved in grand form and initially published in 1744 in Ljubljana by the local printer Abraham Kaltschmidt. The map immediately became (and remains to the present day) the most important and highest quality cartographic document in the history of Slovenia and has the distinction of being by far the largest and most elaborately decorative map published anywhere in Southeastern Europe up the time. The map remains a critical source for scholars as it provides the earliest complete and broadly accurate overview of the region during the pre-industrial age, adorned with a vast wealth of information on settlement patterns, transportation systems, the locations of churches and archaeological sites, as well as the delineation of political boundaries (indeed the map is still cited by lawyers in property and international boundary disputes). The map remained the only broadly accurate map of the region from many decades, and the few examples that existed were universally prized. . SEE OUR WEB PAGE FOR A LONGER DESCRIPTION.