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Phrenology, in Connexion with the Study of Physiognomy. Illustration of Characters. With Thirty-Five Plates. To Which Is Prefixed a Biography of the Author by Nahum Capen. Also, a Broadside, a Copy of pp. 136-37 of Text of Biography, Resolves of the Boston Medical Society.

Spurzheim, J[ohann] G[aspar] Illustrated. Lithographs (drawn by B.F.N.) by Annin Smith & Co.) 168.191 pp. 8vo. Broadside: 9-1/2? H x 5-5/8?W Green publisher's clloth. Printed paper label on spine. Blue paper broadside. Refs.: AmImp 21343. Groce & Wallace, Dict. Artists in America, pp. 11, 474, 497-8. Spurzheim (1776-1832). was a German physician, who, with F. J. Gall, invented the field of phrenology, divining personal characteristics from the examination of the skull. It was based on the theory that behaviors were represented by areas of the cerebral and cerebellar cortex, areas reflected externally by irregularities of the skull. Both Gall and Spurzheim made models of skulls to reflect their concepts; Spurzheim's models were less abstruse and more useful to the layman. Initially co-workers, Gall and Spurzheim fell out over what the latter perceived as insufficient credit to him for important ideas in their work. Spurzheim traveled much in France, Germany, Britain and finally to America, lecturing widely. He was very popular here, but contracted what apprears to have been typhoid fever and died in Boston. His brain, heart and skull were preserved and displayed to the public. A monument was erected in his honor in Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Although phrenology was proven to be based on erroneous concepts, its ideas had a major influence on nineteenth century education, neurology, and criminology. This is the first edition of Spurzheim's major work in English. Nahum Capen (1804-86), the author of Spurzheim's included biography. was a Boston publisher who, after meeting Spurzheim in 1832, became converted to Phrenology, edited "Annals of Phrenology" and other related works. He was postmaster of Boston and is credited with inventing the outside letter box collecton system, the first such in America. Includes a note by Nahum Capen bound in with Report of Spurzheim's Visit to a Prison and Comments on Blacks. This erratum slip by Capen is bound in before the index to the biography of Spurzheim, clarifying the details of a visit by Spurzheim to the Hartford Asylum. On pp. 136-37 of the biography is the report of a series of resolutions passed at a special meeting of the Boston Medical Association expressing their appreciation for his visit, respect for his research and his work for human improvement, their finding the death of Spurzheim to be a calamity to mankind and to America, the resolve to communicate their sense of loss to his European friends and relatives, the determination of the Association to attend his funeral declaring their respect and appreciation for his contributions to education and improvement of the human mind. These resolves were reprinted verbatim as a small blue broadside, which is quite rare, acquired separately, but laid into this volume. William B. Annin and George G. Smith were noted Boston engravers, especially of maps and views; B. F. N. is likely Benjamin F. Nutting (before 1813-1887), the noted portrait painter and lithographer. He was a fellow apprentice with Nathaniel Currier at Pendleton's lithography studio in Boston ca. 1828-33. Mild wear at ends of spine and in front hinge. Abrasion of covers. Paper label chipped. Closed partial tear of leaf 39-40, but pages complete. A few small spots of foxing. Else a Very Good copy.
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A 12 pp. Advertising Supplement at Front of a Single Monthly Issue of the American Journal of the Medical Sciences. No.XLII.- February, 1838, Pp. 279-550.

Dickens] 12 pp Caalogue + 272 pp whole issue. 8vo. Original printed paper wraps. A remarkable 12 pp, Publisher's advertising supplement, here printed for "The American Journal of Medical Sciences". It's purpose appears to be the advertisement of a number of literary works, by or about Charles Dickens, Sir Walter Scott, Washington Irving, Thomas Jefferson, J. Fenimore Cooper and Judge Haliburton ("Sam Slick"). The first 4 pages are devoted to the works of Charles Dickens. On the first page is the announcement of the new first American illustrated edition of "Pickwick Papers", which had been first published in America in a pirated edition by this publisher. The first page, illustrated with caricatures of Pickwick and Sam Weller is captioned "Boz. Boz. Boz!". The illlusrations announced for the new edition are those by Sam Weller, Jr. (Thomas Onwhyn) and Alfred Crowquill, Esq. (Alfred Henry Forrester), engraved by Yeager. P. 2 consists of a list of these illustrations. P. 3 announces, for May 3, 1838, a new work by Dickens, untitled but likely "Nicholas Nickleby", to be issued in parts. The publisher offers also "Oliver Twist" and, the long-promised and still to be further postponed "Barnaby Rudge" P. 4 offers "Sketches by 'Boz' " in one volume for both parts, illustrated by George Cruikshank and uniform with "The Pickwick Papers"."'The American Journal of the Medical Sciences" is one of the earliest and longest lasting medical journals in America, second only to The Boston Medical and Surgical (New England Medical) Journal. It was initially, as here, published by Carey, Lea and Blanchard, the illustrious Philadelphia publisher, noted for his early and popular piracies of Dickens's works, including "Sketches by Boz", "The Pickwick Papers", "Oliver Twist". and "Nicholas Nickleby". A very rare and delightful item of Dickensiana, published in an unusual place. Owner's signature on front cover: "Dr. Horatio Thompson". Moderate. foxing. Wear at ends of spine. Corners mildly bumped. Else, Very Good.
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The Fall of the House of Usher. In. Bentley’s Miscellany, Whole Vol. VIII, pp.158-70, 1840.

Poe, Edgar Allan Copiously Illustrated volume, Poe stories unilllustrated. 643 pp. 8vo. Half brown calf, with blue marbled boards Grey end papers. Gilt titling on spine and on black leather label.T.e.g. Refs.: Thomas Hansen, Southern Humanties Review, Vol. 26 (2), pp.101-13, 1992. For "The Little Frenchman", see Kevin J. Hayes, in James M. Hutchisson, "Edgar Allan Poe: Beyond Gothicism", pp. 119 ff. Poe's magnificent story, "The Fall of the House of Usher" was first published in "Burton's Gentleman's Magazine", of Philadelphia, in September, 1839. Slightly revised and with the addition of the poem "The Haunted Palace" (previously published separately in the April 1839 issue of the Baltimore Museum magazine), it was here republished for the first English edition in Volume VIII (1840) of the magazine "Bentley's Miscellany", edited then by W. H. Ainsworth, after he resignation of Charles Dickens. It is an example of the most gothic of Poe's mysteries and imaginary tales and widely thought a masterpiece of the genre. The many allusions of the story have numerous roots and references, to music, to philosophy, to literature.(particularly, according to Hansen, German literature, the tales of E. T. A. Hoffman and of Heinrich Clauren. Entire volume of the journal replete with important material and elegant illustrations by George Cruikshank (1792-1878), John Leech (1817-64), and Alfred Crowquill (Alfred Henry Forrester)(1804-72).The other material of interest are more articles by E. A. Poe ("The Irish Gentleman and the Little Frenchman" and "The Duc de l'Omelette."), early horror tales (The Transylvanian Anatomie") by Richard Brinsley Peake (1792-1847), a prominent dramatist and author of short literary works, Thomas Ingoldsby, the better part of "Guy Fawkes" a novel by W. Harrison Ainsworth. Also present is the first printing of H. W. Longfellow's "Wreck of the Hesperus" and "Voices of the Night". as well as several anecdotes by Judge Thomas Chandler Haliburton (author of "The Sayings of Sam Slick"), etc. Foxing of the preliminary pages and the margins of illustrations. Front hinge starting. Else, Very Good.
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A Set of Three Miners’ Soap Trade Cards with Illustrations of Characters from “Pickwick Papers”.

Charles Dickens] Trade Cards,- Illustrated. 3 separate Cards. 2-3/4? W x 4-1/8? H. Loose, as issued. Three trade cards for Miners' Soap, issued by Gowers & Co. in the 19th century. They have colored lithographic image from Dickens's "Pickwick Papers", including The Fat Boy, Mrs. Bardell, and Sam Weller. "The Fat Boy" card has no statement about Miners' Soap on recto or verso, but is obviously from the same set as the others; the "Mrs. Bardell" card states on recto,"If she had only used Miners' Soap, he would have been captivated"; the "Sam Weller" card states on recto, "I say, young 'oman, when we marries, you must use the "Miners' Soap." The verso sides of the latter two cards extoll Miners' Soap and claims manufacture by Gowans & Co., Buffalo, NY. The cards claim, on the verso, to be protected by copyright by a court decree. On recto, the Bardell card claims to be registered in 1875 according to Act of Cngress; the Weller card dates its compliance to 1870 and the "The Fat Boy" card in 1843. These cards were, thus, issued shortly after Dickens's death. As printed on two of the cards, they were registered by Clay, Cosack and Co., who apparently had a thriving business in lithographed cards in the 1860's and 1870's.Gowers & Co. was a prominent soap manufactory in Buffalo, NY, started by Peter Gowans, an immigrant to America about 1817 from Scotland, where he had also manufactured soap. His son, John Gowans (b. 1834) continued the business into the 20th century, with Theodore Gowans (b. 1874, Buffalo; Yale, 1896 and recorded in the Yale Decennial Report for his class as working in the family firm in 1906). At times the firm was known as Gowers & Beard (ca. 1864), Gowers & Sons (ca. 1880-1902 (ref.: business directories for Buffalo) For some time it was known as Gowers & Stover's and produced many trade cards under their auspices. Earlier trade cards for the firm, such as those offered here, are quite rare. Very small loss at corner of the "Mrs. Bardell" card without encroaching on text or image. Minimal soiling & edge wear. Else, Very Good