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General Orders. No. 231

General Orders. No. 231. 4pp. Removed from bound volume. Left edge with tick marks, a bit rough with small breaks. A view minor creases. Overall, a very good copy. Washington: War Department, Adjutant General's Office, July 23, 1863. This printed General Order involves two soldiers of the California Column. In 1861, the California Volunteers rallied to Lincoln's call for volunteers. Former gold seekers were transformed into tough and efficient soldiers. They did not fight in the battles of the eastern United States. Instead, they were sent to the Southwest, prevented a Confederate takeover of Arizona, established mail and other essential services, created maps, enacted laws, and founded institutions. Two of these soldiers (among many) did not enjoy the heat, fighting Indians, etc. John O'Brien of the California Volunteer Cavalry (stationed at Mesilla, Arizona) and Private Thomas Boylan of the California Volunteer Infantry (stationed at Tucson, Arizona) did a "no-no." O'Brien attempted to shoot his commanding officer with a Colt Navy pistol; Boylan took up a shovel and attempted to whack his buddies and officers. Both were sentenced "to be shot to death with musketry." How did it end? "The failure of the record, in each case, to show that the sentences were concurred in by two-thirds of the members of the Court, renders the sentences inoperative. The prisoners will be released from arrest and returned to duty." [In part: Masich, Civil War in Arizona].
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What I Saw in California: Being the Journal of a Tour by the Emigrant Route and South Pass of the Rocky Mountains, Across the Continent of North America, the Great Desert Basin, and Through California, in the Years 1846, 1847

Bryant, Edwin Volume I in the Calafía Series from the press, described by Wagner-Camp as "a sumptuous volume." Not noted but one of 500 copies. Pp. xxiv, 481 plus 8 illustrations on 16 unnumbered pages, map. Notes, Index and Bibliography by Marguerite Eyer Wilbur. Frontis and Drawings by Dorothy Smith Sides. Layout and Design by Thos. W. Williams at his Fine Arts Press. Beautifully printed letterpress. Half pebbled leather and light brown imitation parchment over boards, covered wagon design embossed at lower corner of front cover, spine lettered in gilt. Fore-edges untrimmed as issued. Owner's name on inner cover. Spine slightly dry, but a fine copy of this edition, normally found in very rough condition. Bryant traveled to California during the great migration of 1846 from Kentucky as a young journalist. It was generally recognized that Bryant kept as that time what is the first complete record of life on the overland trail, and California during the feverish days of the Mexican War that preceded California's annexation to the United States in 1848. This Fine Arts Press edition incorporates a number of conveniences to aid the interested reader; obscure passages which had gone unchanged in the various earlier reprints are clarified by Wilbur in her explanatory notes. Her bibliography and superb index are extremely useful. As Dick Dillon noted, the Fine Arts Press edition, ".has become a collector's item in its own right." [Curtiss: Thomas E. Williams & The Fine Arts Press: pp. 59-60, #28, p.102; Zamorano Eighty: 12, note].