Rudi Thoemmes Rare Books

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Together twelve items

Together twelve items, mostly inscribed: eight offprints, three draft typescripts, and a long letter to Adolf Grünbaum.

HEMPEL, Carl Gustav From the collection of Adolf Grünbaum, Hempel's friend and colleague at the University of Pittsburgh, eleven rare publications and a letter of rich content, general condition very good. Hempel was known to his friends as Peter, and most of his inscriptions here are signed 'Peter'. Carl Hempel (1905 97) was one of the 20th century's great philosophers of science and a major proponent of logical empiricism. Born in Germany, he studied mathematics and logic at Göttingen with David Hilbert, before completing his PhD in philosophy at Berlin. In 1937 he emigrated to the United States to be Rudolf Carnap s postdoctoral student at Chicago. Later he was professor of philosophy at Yale and then Princeton, before ending his career at the University of Pittsburgh. Hempel made canonical contributions to many central areas in philosophy of science, such as probability and confirmation theory, scientific explanation, induction, semantics, theory structure, and the logic of functional explanation in biology and the social sciences, some of which are reflected in the pieces collected here. (1) 'Le problème de la vérité' (Separat ur "Theoria" häfte 2, och 3,1; 1937, pp. 206-246). (2) 'A Note on Semantic Realism' (mimeographed draft typescript, 1950 with note from A.G., 8 pp.). (3) 'The Concept of Cognitive Significance: A Reconsideration' (inscribed, pp. 61-77, Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Vol. 80 no. 1, July 1951). (4) 'Reflections on Nelson Goodman's "The Structure of Appearance"', pp. 108-116, The Philosophical Review, Vol. LXII, No. 1, January 1953. (5) 'Empirical Statements and Falsifiability' (inscribed, pp. 1-7, Philosophy, Vol. XXXIII No. 127, Oct, 1958). (6) 'Some Problems of Taxonomy' (mimeographed draft typescript, 28 pp., later published in Proceedings of American Psychopathological Association Work Conference, 1959. (7) 'Inductive Inconsistencies' (inscribed, pp. 439-469, Synthese Vol XII no. 4 Dec. 1960). (8) 'Logical Positivism and the Social Sciences' (inscribed, pp. 163-194, Studies in the Philosophy of Science, eds Achstein & Barker, 1969). (9) 'Die Wissenschaftstheorie des analytischen Empirismus im Lichte zeitgenössischer Kritik' (inscribed, photocopied draft typescript, 26 pp, 1975). (10) 'Der Wiener Kreis: Eine Persönliche Perspektive' (pp. 21-26, Proceedings of the 3rd International Wittgenstein Symposium,1978). (11) 'Scientific Rationality: Normative vs. Descriptive Construals' (inscribed, pp. 291-301, Proceedings of the 3rd International Wittgenstein Symposium,1978). (12) A substantial typed letter on Johns Hopkins stationery to Grünbaum dated 1969 on semantic rules and terminology in philosophy and on physics questions concerning mass, velocity, etc., 2 pages, approx. 800 words.
Collection of draft typescripts and offprints

Collection of draft typescripts and offprints, 1956-65.

FEYERABEND, Paul Karl 3 typescripts and 7 offprints, some signed, general condition very good. In 1957 Feyerabend first went to the Minnesota Center for the Philosophy of Science in Minneapolis, where he met Herbert Feigl, Carl Hempel, Ernest Nagel, Hilary Putnam, and Adolf Grünbaum, among others. Around this time, many of Feyerabend's most important early papers were published, including several of those collected here: (1) 'Eine Bermerkung zum Neumannschen Beweis', offprint from Zeitschrift für Physik, Bd. 145, S. 421-423 (1956). (2) 'A Note on the Paradox of Analysis', offprint from Philosophical Studies, Vol. VII, no 6, December 1956, pp. 92-6. (3) 'On the quantum-theory of measurement', offprint from Colston Studies, Vol. IX, University of Bristol, 1957, pp. 121-30. (4) 'An Attempt at a Realistic Interpretation of Experience', offprint, Meeting of the Aristotelian Society, 10th Feb. 1958, pp. 143-70. (5) 'Comments on Rozeboom's Memo of November 6, 1958' (unpublished, mimeographed typescript, stapled, 10pp). (6) 'On the Interpretation of Scientific Theories' (mimeographed draft typescript with underlining and correction, stapled, 8 pp., published in 1960). (7) 'Das Problem der Existenz theoretischer Entitäten', offprint from Probleme der Wissenschaftstheorie, Festscrhift für Victor Kraft, Springer, 1960, pp. 37-72 (8) Review of The Structure of Science by Ernest Nagel, stapled offprint from British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 17, 1961, pp. 237-49, signed by Feyerabend. (9) 'Reply to Criticism, Comments by Paul K. Feyerabend on Smart, Sellars and Putnam', offprint from Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 2, 1965, pp. 223-61. (10) Half-page typed précis of a Feyerabend seminar 'Continuity and Discontinuity of Changes in Nature', Adolf Grünbaum's copy with his signature, undated. 'Feyerabend will be remembered as an influential critic of positivism and empiricism, and as a co-founder of the notion of incommensurability. He will continue to be revered as champion of pluralism, who reshaped widely held views on the scientific method, and who argued that scientific progress needs to be protected from dogmatism through the proliferation of a plurality of competing views. His challenges to the objectivity of science continue to be fertile as a founding force for the mounting postmodernist movement in the philosophy of science and in the newer discipline of science studies. Together with Popper, Kuhn, and Lakatos, he was one of The Big Four philosophers of science of the second half of the twentieth century' (Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers, Thoemmes Press, 2005).
The Economic Consequences of the Peace. London: Macmillan

The Economic Consequences of the Peace. London: Macmillan, 1919.

KEYNES, John Maynard First edition, first impression of Keynes's important second book, which established him as a leading economist. The initial print-run was 5000 copies but 2000 were lost at sea between Edinburgh and London. It was reprinted in 1920. After WW1, Keynes attended the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 as a delegate of the British Treasury, but he resigned in protest at the huge reparations imposed on Germany. He wrote this book directly afterwards as a condemnation of Allied policy which, he argued, was detrimental not only to Germany but to all the nations of Europe. The Marshall Plan, which aimed to rebuild Europe after WW2, was similar to the system proposed by Keynes in The Economic Consequences of the Peace. As a young man, Bryan Magee once asked Bertrand Russell who was the most intelligent person he'd ever met. Russell replied unhesitatingly 'Keynes - every time I argued with him I felt as though I were taking my life in my hands' (Magee, Confessions of a Philosopher, 1998). PROVENANCE: from the library of Eric Stanley (1923-2018), Professor of Anglo-Saxon at Oxford, longtime editor of the scholarly journal 'Notes & Queries', and an active contributor to the OED for more than 50 years. PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Large 8vo, [viii], 279 pp., original navy blue cloth lettered in gilt, slight wear at spine ends and corners, boards a little bowed, initials 'E.S.' on pastedown, a small mark in the lower margin of p. 3, otherwise internally very clean, a nice copy.
Matho: of jongelings waereld-beschouwing. In tien zamenspraaken. Waar in de verschynsels der stoffelyke waereld beknoptelyk verklaard

Matho: of jongelings waereld-beschouwing. In tien zamenspraaken. Waar in de verschynsels der stoffelyke waereld beknoptelyk verklaard, en daaruit de beginsels van den natuurlyken Godsdienst afgeleid en overtuigelyk bewezen worden. Alles geschikt naar de vatbaarheid en ter onderrigtinge van Jonge Lieden, die lust hebben zig in deeze nutte Weetenschap te oefenen. Naar de vemeerderde en vebeterde derde Uitgaave uit het Engelsch vertaald. Amsterdam: Yntema & Tieboel, 1767.

BAXTER, Andrew First Dutch translation, very rare. WorldCat locates only 4 copies: KB Den Haag, Tresoar, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, and Univ. Of Wisconsin, Madison. Andrew Baxter (1686-1750) was born in Aberdeen and educated at King's College there. Afterwards he mostly supported himself by tutoring the sons of noblemen. In 1741 he went with two pupils to Utrecht and resided there, making occasional trips to Spa, Cleves and other places, until 1747, when he returned to Scotland. In 1738 Baxter published Matho - a Latin exposition of the first principles of astronomy, among other things, intended for his pupils. Two years later he brought out a version in English, greatly enlarged. Hume seems not to have referred to Baxter, either in his published writings or his correspondence, but Hutcheson did, citing him in A System of Moral Philosophy. Baxter was one of the earliest critics of Berkeley, opposing, in the second volume of 'English Matho', Berkeley's immaterialism and arguing instead that the existence of matter is crucial to theism. PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: 2 volumes, large 8vo, with half titles, [viii], 355; [vi], 376, 29 pp., 2 folding plates, contemporary half leather worn at edges, large loss of speckled paper covering to upper board of Vol. 1 (please see photo), internally clean and unbrowned, with no stamps or inscriptions.
The Fable of the Bees: or

The Fable of the Bees: or, Private Vices, Publick Benefits. London: printed for J. Rorerts [i.e. Roberts], 1714.

MANDEVILLE, Bernard First edition of a book so infamous that its author's contemporaries restyled his name ‘Man-devil’. Another issue of the first edition has a more wordy title-page, and the name "Roberts" correctly spelled in the imprint. The Fable was a republication, with lengthy commentaries, of Mandeville’s 433-line allegorical poem The Grumbling Hive: or Knaves turn'd Honest (1705), in which in which the bees are motivated by vicious drives and yet, because of unfathomable workings of the social mechanism, prosperity comes to the whole: "Millions endeavoring to supply / Each other’s Lust and Vanity / Thus every Part was full of Vice / Yet the whole Mass a Paradise". But the bees, hypocritically feigning discontent at having their prosperity depend upon their vices, pray to be made virtuous. Their prayers are answered, but with catastrophic results. Avarice, debauchery, waste, intemperance, and gluttony suddenly disappear, but millions are thrown out of work. Prosperity, in other words, depends neither on the designs of the state nor on the benevolence of individuals, but on allowing individuals to act freely in their own self-interest. The Fable was widely condemned, among others by Berkeley and Hutcheson, but it had great influence, particularly on the thought of the classical economists. Keynes quotes Mandeville with approval and at length in his General Theory of Employment and Money (pp. 359-362) as one of his own precursors. PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: 12mo, (xxiv), 228 pp., contemporary panelled calf, rebacked some time ago, ownership inscription at top of title-page, lightly soiled and foxed throughout, a brown dampstain through a dozen leaves in gatherings G and H, a decent copy.
Einleitung zu seinem Entwurf eines Systems der Naturphilosophie. Oder: Ueber den Begriff der speculativen Physik und die innere Organisation eines Systems dieser Wissenschaft. Jena und Leipzig: C.E. Gabler

Einleitung zu seinem Entwurf eines Systems der Naturphilosophie. Oder: Ueber den Begriff der speculativen Physik und die innere Organisation eines Systems dieser Wissenschaft. Jena und Leipzig: C.E. Gabler, 1799 [bound with] Erster Entwurf eines Systems der Naturphilosophie. Zum Behuf seiner Vorlesungen. Jena und Leipzig: C.E. Gabler, 1799.

SCHELLING, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von First editions of the two works on Naturphilosophie that Schelling published during 1799. Schneeberger 55, 56; Adickes 1976, 1977. 'After the publication of his lectures [Erster Entwurf eines Systems der Naturphilosophie], Schelling, under the influence of Goethe, felt the need to clarify and develop an aspect of Naturphilosophie that he had neglected, namely the role of experiment and observation. During a particularly intense period, from the middle of September to the middle of October 1799, the two met almost daily to discuss this problem, and together they spent almost a week going over Schelling's Einleitung zu dem Entwurf eines Systems der Naturphilosophie (Introduction to the sketch of a system of nature philosophy). Schelling proclaimed that the conversations had produced a great florescence of ideas for him. The Einleitung stated unequivocally the necessity of experiment in discovering the laws of nature. And indeed, Schelling - the knight errant of idealism - proclaimed that all of our knowledge stems from experience. It is hard to doubt that Goethe did anything but stimulate, promote, and encourage this appeal to experience as the true Excalibur of natural science. The Einleitung clearly marks the deviant path of Schelling's idealism, which led him, within two years, to develop the kind of Spinozistic objectivism that Fichte scorned' (Robert J. Richards, 'Nature is the Poetry of Mind, or How Schelling Solved Goethe's Kantian Problems' in Kant and the Sciences, eds Friedman & Nordman, MIT Press, 2005). PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: 2 works in one volume, 8vo, [ii], 83, [1], [iv], x, 321, [1] pp., contemporary marbled boards with printed spine label, slightly rubbed, a little wear at lower corners, library bookplate on pastedown and early owner's name on front free endpaper, light foxing throughout, with browning and spotting in places, generally sound copies in an attractive binding.
An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding. In Four Books. Written by John Locke

An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding. In Four Books. Written by John Locke, Gent. The Second Edition, with large Additions. London: Printed for Awnsham and John Churchil, and Samuel Manship, 1694.

LOCKE, John The important second edition, now with a portrait and Locke's name on the title-page, and 31 leaves of new material. One of about 700 copies printed (Nidditch). Yolton 62B. Wing L2740. 'When Thomas Basset was running out of copies of the first edition in February 1693, he signed a contract with Locke . to pay him ten shillings per sheet for additional materials for a new printing. These additions included an expansion of Book I, Chap. IV; the chapter on power (2.21) was almost entirely new; a new chapter, 'Of Identity and Diversity', was inserted as 2.27 and a discussion was added to 2.9.8. Other numerous additions were made throughout, sectional summaries added in the margins, and an analytical index supplied. Locke further had an engraving made from his portrait done by his amanuensis Sylvester Brounower . engraved by P. Vanderbanck [which] served also as the frontispiece to the third and fourth editions. Locke also had the corrections and new material printed up separately for his friends to insert in their copies of the first edition' (Yolton). PROVENANCE: John Banson, LL.D., was Clerk and Fellow of Trinity Hall, Cambridge and later (from 1751) Rector of Swanington in Norfolk. The annotations in the copy (presumably by him) cross-reference terms within Locke's Essay and sometimes point outwards to other works including Bacon's Advancement of Learning (1605), John Pearson's Exposition on the Creed (1659), John Wilkins's Of the Principles and Duties of Natural Religion (1675), Samuel Parker's Demonstration of the Divine Authority of the Law of Nature (1681), James Tyrrell's Disquisition of the Law of Nature (1692), William Wotton's Reflections upon Ancient and Modern Learning (1694), and Tillotson's Works. PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Folio, engraved frontispiece portrait, [xxxix], 407, [11] pp., contemporary panelled calf, rebacked, armorial bookplate of John Banson with underlinings and annotations scattered throughout, later ownership inscription of James Best dated 1799 on pastedown and title-page, worm trace running through lower fore-corner, light browning and dampstaining to front pastedown and first few leaves (please see photos), overall a good copy.
An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding. In Four Books. Written by John Locke

An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding. In Four Books. Written by John Locke, Gent. The Third Edition. London: Printed for Awnsham and John Churchil, and Samuel Manship, 1695.

LOCKE, John The third edition, one of about 800 copies printed (Nidditch). The text is a line-by-line reprint of the second edition with minor adjustments. Yolton 63. Wing L2741. PROVENANCE: 'Ralph Willett (b. 1719), book-collector . matriculated at Oriel College, Oxford, in 1736 but did not take a degree. On his father's death in 1740 estates in the West India islands came to him, and for the rest of his life he was able to gratify his taste for books and pictures. Willett's library was remarkably rich in early-printed books and in specimens of block-printing. Many works were on vellum, and all were in the finest condition. A description of the library was printed in octavo, in French and English, in 1776 [and] a catalogue of the books in the library was distributed by Willett among his friends in 1790. He died without issue in 1795 . His library was sold by Leigh & Sotheby on 6 Dec. 1813, and the sale occupied seventeen days' (ODNB). Inserted loose is a letter typed on Eton College notepaper from the schoolmaster Raef Payne to Oscar Wood, philosophy tutor at Christ Church, Oxford, about the bookplate: ". it would be nice to find a link with a philosophical forebear" (January 1984). PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Folio, engraved frontispiece portrait, [xxxix], 407, [11 + 1] pp., contemporary panelled calf, spine gilt in compartments with red morocco label, worn at corners and spine ends, joints cracked but firm, faint ownership inscription 'Ralph Willett' on title-page and later armorial bookplate of Ralph Willett Payne on pastedown, worm hole in upper margin running through first half of the volume, small hole in final leaf with loss of advertisement text, internally clean and fresh, a decent copy in an unrestored contemporary binding.