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Antiquariat Botanicum

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Eden: or a compleat body of gardening. Containing Plain and Familiar Directions for Raising the several useful Products of a Garden, Fruits, Root, and Herbage; from the practice of the most successful gardeners, and the result of a long experience. Together with the culture of all kinds of flowers, according to the methods of the English, French, and Dutch florists.

HILL, JOHN SIR] HALE, THOMAS. 1st Edition. Folio (42 x 26 cm). Contemporary tooled calf with new spine with original red morocco label laid down; raised bands and plane panels; wear to corners repaired; covers with some wear more so on rear; modern ink inscription on ffep. Collation: [2-Frontisp.], [ii], [i]-iv, ii, [iii-iv] [1]-714pp. + 60 engraved plates. Engraved frontispiece by Grignio after Wale. It is entitled: "The Genius of Botany explaining to the gardener the characters of plats, while Flora & Pomona offer him their choicest products as rewards of his labour" (Henrey II, p. 95). The binding has been expertly repaired. Text and plates in very good condition. There is some dusting and moderate foxing to head of some leaves and earlier worming in clear area along head of last 49pp. There is strong impression on plates. Hill’s "Eden contains descriptions and cultural details concerning the various products of the garden under the time of year in which they flower or fruit, the phrase name used by Linnaeus for each plant is given, and each is referred to its place in (Linnaeus’s) sexual system, which is explained. Advice is offered on what to do each month in the kitchen, flower, and fruit gardens " (Henrey, p. 98). Hill made drawings of plants from nature and engraved many of the plates from these drawings. Hill also copied a number of figures from the Hortus floridus Crispian van de Pass’s (Henrey, op.cit.).(Cleveland Herbal 442; Dunthorne 129; Henrey 776; Hunt 559; Nissen BBI 880; Stafleu TL2 2770).
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Lettere Mediche Del Dottore Martino Ghisi Medico Cremonese La Prima Delle Quali Tratta Di Varj Mali, Curati Col Mercurio Crudo, E La Seconda Contiene L’istoria Delle Angine Epidemiche Degli Anni 1747 E 1748. Cremoni: Pietro Ricchini, 1749; Bound With Ebembitar De Limonibus Tractatus Arabicus In Latinum Versus AB ANDREA BELLUNENSI Typis Primum Evulgatus A Martino Ghisio Medico Cremonensi Dicatus Nobli AC Clarissimo Vio Don Paulo Valcarengo Physico Collegiato Cremonae Ferrariae . Serenissimi Ducis Mutinae Medico Consulenti.

GHISI, MARTINO RICCHINI 8vo (23.8cm x 16.5cm). Large paper copy. Two works bound together. Later half vellum and marble boards with new brown calf label; red speckled edges. Binding is very good with a few minor wormholes at upper areas of rear hinge, not through rear end paper. Collation: [10 ff.], 116, 22, [6]pp.; xii, [2]3-32pp. Text is exceptionally clean and bright. One page has two Copy comes from an Italian book collector who kept the book in pristine condition. These two publications were originally published as pamphlets. The first title is divided into two parts. The first concerns Ghisi’s medical practice in Cremona: activities with disease and illnesses, with numerous literature citations referenced in text; details in foot notes. The second part contains his detailed analysis of diphtheria epidemic, "Istoria delle angine epidemiche." The second title is an edited copy of Andrea Bellunensi’s 1602 Latin translation of Ibn al-Baytar’s Arabic treatise on lemon- De Limonibus, Tractatus Embitar Arabis, per Andream Bellunensem Latinitate donatus The Latinized name of Ibn al-Baytar is Ebembitar. Andrea Bellunensis is the pseudonym of Andrea Alpago.Ghisi dedicates the De Limonibus to Don Paulo Valcarenghi under whom he studied in Cremona, Italy. Dr. Valcarengi was "a doctor of some renown who had founded a practical school of medicine in Cremona" (DSB V. p.384) In his dedication to Dr. Valcarenghi, Dr. Ghisi discusses the history of Andrea Bellunensi (Andrea Alpago), Avicenna and Greek physicians and Alpago’s Latin translation of Ibn al-Bitar’s Arabic treatise on Lemons, De Limonibus. Ghisi further notes the importance to have a correct accurate text. Careful comparison of digitized copies of De limonibus by Alpago and Ghisi, respectively, reveals that there are occasional clear difference not only in text with addition of a few words here and there, but grammatical punctuation as well. Thus, the edited text of De Limonibus has made valuable minor text and punctuation corrections, improving the readability of details for lemon morphology, quality of fruit, medicinal properties to name a few. Ghisi’s desired that his work on De Limonibus be an improvement of Andrea Bellunensi’s translation of the Arabic text of the physician, Ibn al-Bitar. He was successful in this effort. This is a fine rare copy of the first citrus book originally written in Arabic and later translated in 1602 by Andrea Bellunensi (Alpago) into Latin. Ghisi’s 1757 edited copy of De Limonibus has added clarity to Alpagos’ text. As such, this is the definitive Latin edition for De Limonibus. No other edition or editing has appeared since Ghisi’s 1757 publication. Andrea Alpago was a physician who lived in the sixteen century. "About this time the doctrines of the Arabian physicians were commonly taught in the Italian schools, and the works of Avicenna were held in high reputation. In his eagerness to become more fully acquainted with these works, and to read them in their original tongue, Alpago was induced to travel into the East, and spent much time in obtaining a knowledge of the Arabian language. He went to Cyprus and Egypt, and he is said to have remained thirty years in the East, making his principal residence at Damascus. On his return to Italy, he was presented with a chair of medicine in the school at Padua; he died suddenly a few months after his appointment. The labours of Alpago were principally directed to the works of Avicenna and other Arabian physicians many of which he translated into Latin," which included "Embitaris Tractatus de Limonibus ab Andr. Alpago La tinitate donatus Parisiis 1602," (Soc. Diff. Useful Knowledge, 1843. pp. 309-310)Ghisi was a physician in Cremona, Italy. He then studied under Paolo Valcarenghis in Cemona before moving to Florence. He returned to Cremona to practice and in 1747-1748 combated an epidemic, which struck a large number of children and adolescents in the Cremona region. Ghisi made careful clinical and meteorological observations on the epidemic, publishing the results in a pamphlet entitled Lettre mediche del Dottor M. Ghisi. Of particular note is the section entitled "Istoria delle angine epidemiche," the first truly complete scientific description of diphtheria. (DSB V, p.384). Little is known about Ghisi’s interest in De Lemonibus other than what he mentions in the dedication to Dr. Valcarenghis. He may have provided lemon juice to children and adults that he attended. (Haller v.1, p. 200; Nat. Lib. Med. 18th Century, p.174; Sequier p.2)
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Ueber einen neuen Formbestandtheil des Säugetierblutes, und die Bedeutung desselben für die Thrombosis und Blutgerinnung überhaupt.

BIZZOZERO, GIULIO. Vorläufige Mitteilung (pp.17-20). , 20/ 2. -August Hirschwald, 14. Januar 1882, 8°, pp.17-32, Fine paper binding.First Edition in German of Italian publication: "Su di un nuovo elemento morfologico del sanguae dei mammiferi e della sua importanza nella trombosi et nella coagulazione". Osservatore, 1882, 17, 785-87; 18, 97-99.Giulio Bizzozero "gave the blood platelets their name and found that they play a part in blood coagulation." Bizzozero (1846-1901) referred in his essay on a new form component of the bloodand its role in thrombosis and coagulation, the platelets, as he called the platelets, as the third independent form component of two to three times smaller diameter than the erythrocytes circulating beside them and the white blood cells in the blood. However, the question of thrombocytogenesis could not really be solved until 1906 by James H. Wright (1869-1928), who observed the formation of platelets from constrictions on the pseudopodia of the megakaryocytes of the bone marrow. A further stimulation of the biostimulatory research by Bizzozero resulted from the fact that he brought the platelets5in connection with the blood clotting. They, and not the white blood cells, played the main role in the coagulation, because it was likely that the platelets were not only involved in the pathological thrombosis. Bizzozero proposed a bridge to Virchow's view in 1882 with the conclusion that "their proliferation would alter the conditions of the circulation, and it is probable that in such cases the slightest alteration of the walls of the vessel may give rise to widespread thrombosis". Cf. Axel W.Bauer & Kerstin Mall, H- MOSTASE, THROMBOSE AND EMBOLISM. Historical concepts on the physiology and pathology of blood clotting(Garrison & Morton No. 881, Ital.)
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The Garden of Eden: or, An accurate Description of all Flowers and Fruits now growing in England., In two parts

PLATT (SIR HUGH). 6th Edition. 8vo (`24 x 9 cm). Contemporary tooled calf. Spine and corners repaired. Collation [xxviii], 148pp.; [xvi], 159, [1]pp. Second part has a separate title-page and pagination. Text had fore-edge has fraying and marginal damp staining; early worming on rear fep. This is a posthumous publication of Platt’s 1608 Floraes paradise that continued to be published with the ne title The garden of Eden and edited by Charles Bellingham. The second part was issued in 1660. The first part contains a brief description of all sots of Fruits and Flowers, with the means ho to advance their Nature and Growth in ENGLAND (p.1). This is done in an alphabetical manner with each brief essay numbered and the subject printed in the fore-edge margin. The second part is similarly organized but much enlarged with longer essays and more focus on trees. Provenance: bookplate of Harold Hulme Brindley. He was a British zoologist, educated at St. John’s College, Cambridge where he took honours in the Natural Sciences Tripos in 1888. He aided Weldon and Bateson in a period largely devoted to measurements designed to ascertain the technique of natural selection. He also contributed to the study of variation of the Mollusca and the Orthoptera group of insects, and acted as an Examiner in zoology at Glasgow University, 1915-18 and 1925-6. He was also a Fellow of St John's, and, from 1914 to 1923, Steward of the College. Brindley was deeply interested in shipping, and rose to distinction as a nautical archaeologist. He was a founding member of the Navy Records Society and of the Society for Nautical Research, serving as its Vice-President. In 1935 he was Head of the Seal Room of the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich. (Nature 153, 309, 1944; ODNB) (Henrey 299; Hunt 340; Wing P2388)
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Cours de Microbiologie III.

PEREZ (CHARLES), Original blind stamped beige boards, spine laid down with new hinges. Collation: 130 pp. + 57 pen and ink drawings. This is the personal notebook of Charles Perez (1873-1952) of microbiology courses given at the Institut Pasteur. Subjects covered: Streptothricées (given by Metchnikoff): 9 pages and 8 small drawings; Diphtérie (given by Martin): 20 pages and 4 small drawing;Technique des microbes anaérobies (given by Barrel): 8 pages and 10 drawings; Septicémie et Charon symptomatique (anonymous): 12 pages and 2 small drawings; Tétanos (given by Barrel): 25 pages and 2 small drawings; Coccidies et Cancer (given by Mesnil): 11 pages and 20 small drawings;Antiseptiques (given by Duclaux): 9 pages and 4 small drawings; Hématozoiaire du Paludisme (given by Laveran): 10 pages and several drawing in colors and black; Phagocytose (given by Metchnikoff): 13 pages and 12 small drawing in colors and black; Immunité (given by Metchnikoff) : 13 pages and 1 drawing.Charles Pérez becamed a noted French zoologist and biologist, of microbiology courses given at the Institut Pasteur in November and décember 1899.There is around 60/70 pages with several original drawings of instruments and cellules. There is around 60/70 pages with several original drawings of instruments and cellules.The courses given by Duclaux, Laveran, Metchnikoff etc. about tetanos, antiseptic, coccidies and cancer, paludism, phagocytose, immunity and some rare new microbes provided students with the most current research by these noted scientists and physicians
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An Attempt towards a Natural History of The Polype: In a Letter to Martin Folkes, Esq.

BAKER, HENRY. 8vo. Contemporary pebbled calf with new period leather spine; original red morocco label. Gilt embossed family coat of arms on front and rear covers for John Henry Gurney. There is wear along edges of boards and some loss to corners. CollationL [3], 4-218, [4] pp. Frontispiece is a copper engraving of a Polype; numerous woodcuts throughout. Missing final ad leaf. All edges red; foxing present on last 4 leaves and some spotting in text. "Baker's most important scientific study, for which he received the Copley medal of the Royal Society in 1744, concerned his observation under the microscope of crystal morphology His other main microscopical research involved repeating the experiments on freshwater polyps (Hydra viridis) of Abraham Trembley. Trembley's discoveries, reported to the Royal Society in January 1743, caused a sensation, since the polyps, when cut in two, grew into two complete specimens, a plant-like property strangely combined with the animal-like ability to move and ingest worms. Baker, in association with Martin Folkes, examined the creatures with the microscope, and, with due acknowledgement to Trembley, published in November 1743 An Attempt towards a Natural History of the Polype. He also examined, and made measurements on the twenty-six bead microscopes bequeathed to the Royal Society by the Dutch microscopical pioneer Antoni van Leeuwenhoek. Baker's account of these unique instruments is a valuable historical document."(G. Turner -ODNB)Copy donated by John Henry Gurney to Quekett Microscopical Club. Gurney signature on front free end paper with date of 1878 beneath. The red circular stamp of The Quekett Microscopical Club present in text, most common next to image of polype. This is one of Baker’s natural history books and a very good study of polypes.
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New Improvements of Planting and Gardening, both Philosophical and Practical In Three Parts. I. containing, A New System of Vegetations. Motion of the Sap Of Salts, and Improvement of Forest-Trees. .Desighs of Garden –Plats II. The best Manner of Improving Flower –Gardens, or Parterres; of raising and propagating all Sorts of Flowers III. Of Improving Fruit-Trees, Kitchen-Gardens, and Green-House Plants. With the Gentleman and Gardener’s Kalendar; to which is added, that scarce and valuable Tract intitled Herefordshire-Orchards (by I.B.-John Beale).

BRADLEY (RICHARD) 4th Edition. 8vo (18.2 x 11.6 cm). Contemporary paneled calf with some wear; raised bands on later spine; gilt label; small patches to lower cover repaired; two ink spots on fore edge of text block; edges speckled red. Collation: [xvi], 63, [64], [viii], [65]-435, [1-Bl], [ii], [1]-104, [ii], 36, [7-Index], [1-Corrigenda], [2-Addenda], [1-Errata], 5-Cat.] pp. +11 copper engraved plates., 8 folding. Text has light browning at head.The organization of this series of tracts has continuous pagination with separate title pages printed in red and black. There is a fourth part, The Gentleman and Gardener’s Kalendar where it is noted on the title page that this tract includes several "Acts of Parliament to encourage the Planting of Timber-trees, Fruit-Trees and other Trees for Ornament, Shelter or profit " The last tract of this publication contains for the first time a copy of John Beale’s Herefordshire-Orchards A Pattern for all England. Written in and Epistolary Address to Samuel Hatlib, Esq. "John Beale was a clergyman and writer on agriculture and natural philosophy. Beale began a weekly correspondence with Samuel Hartlib in 1656, two of his early letters being published as Herefordshire Orchards, a Pattern for All England (1657). (Nichols, Lit. anecdotes, 1.447)."(ODNB). Provenance: Engraved bookplate of Patrick Hume Earl of Marchmont on front paste down. He was a politician born at Redbares, Berwichshire who served several English monarchs and Queen Anne. His coat of arms occupies the bookplate with motto "True to the King" along with description of his position as Viscount Blasonberrie, and Lord Polwarth of Polwarth and Lord High Chancelor of Scotland. There is also a loose bookplate from Rachel McMasters Miller Hunt library tipped in.This work contains the three different tracts that Bradley wrote on botany, gardening and vegetable physiology from 1717 to 1718. In this 1724 fourth edition of the New improvements of planting and gardening there is addition of John Beale’s treatise on Herefordshire-Orchards. Henrey, p. 437). Bradley was a Fellow of the Royal Society and in 1724 was elected Professor of Botany at Cambridge. (ODNB)
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Pambotanologia. Sive Enchiridion Botanicum. Or A Compleat Herball. Containing The Summe Of What Hath Hitherto Been Published Either By Ancient Or Moderne Authors Both Galenicall And Chymicall, Touching Trees, Shrubs, Plants, Fruits, Flowers, &C. In An Alphabeticall Order: Wherein All That Are Not In The Physick Garden In Oxford Are Noted With Asterisks. Shewing Their Place, Time, Names, Kindes, Temperature, Vertues, Use, Dose, Danger And Antidotes. Together With An [Brace] Introduction To Herbarisme, &C. Appendix Of Exoticks. Universall Index Of Plants: Shewing What Grow Wild In England.

LOVELL, ROBERT 1st Edition. 12mo (14.o x 4.5 cm). Contemporary tooled calf with new spine; red morocco with gilt labeling; blank panels with tooled gilt borders. Collation: [lxxxiv], 672 pp. Later feps.; paper wear and repair to title page and second leaf with loss of some letters; text soiled and tightly trimmed, mainly at head. Provenance: Signature of "Ar. Jacob" on verso of title page. This may be that of Dr. Arthur Jacob (1790-1874) Irish ophthalmologist who trained in Paris, London and Trinity College, Dublin, and who discovered ‘Jacob membrane’ the layer of rods and cones in the retina in 1816. He was most active and influential in advancing medicine in Dublin from hospitals to medical society. (ODNB) Lovell received an M.A. from Christ Church, Oxford, and practiced medicine at Coventry. The present work is an omniumgatherum of everything he could find in literature on the use of individual herbs arranged alphabetically by English name. Unfortunately, the work is of rather limited use since there are neither illustrations nor descriptions of plants. (Clevleand Herbal 238 -2nd ed.)
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Serenissimi marchionis et principis Bada-Durlacensis hortus Carolsruhanus, in tres ordines digestus, exhibens nomina plantarum. quae aluntur per Christianum Thran,. Accedit aurantiorum, citreorum limonumque malorum catalogus, auctore Josua Rislero,.

RISLER, J.; C. THRAN Two parts in one. 8vo (18.0 x 10.0 cm). Contemporary calf with raised bands gilt "fleur-de-lis" in panels; red leather label; wear and some loss to corners and fore edge of upper board. Collation: [xiv], 224 pp.; 14 [2- Corrections and Eratta] pp. Red edges; marble end papers; text has occasional minor spotting and soiling. The two parts in this fine catalog contain lists of plants growing in the Royal Gardens and Orangerie at Carlsruh. The first part lists plants that Christian Thran, main gardener, had recorded in his diary. In this section the plants are separated into Exotic plants (Plantarum Exoticarum in Hybernaculis Adserv andarium), Perennial plants (Plantarum Perennium) and Annual plants (Plantarum Annuarum). Plants in each section are numbered and this system is maintained throughout for a total of 2,993 plants in the main garden. There is no change in the numbering. Within each section the plants are listed alphabetically and each genus and species is referenced for literature citation(s) with author, publication and page where described. There is separate section in the preliminary pages that contains the shorthand used by Risler for author citations. There are only three early publications by Linneaus cited since Species Plantarum was not published until 1752. The second part has a half-title page, Catlaogus Malorum Aurantiorum, Citreorum & Limonum vulgo Agrumi Dictorum HORTI CAROLSRUHANI. The text for this work contains listing of all citrus fruit growing in garden at Carolsrhuh, most likely in the Orangerie. The text under the heading Agrumi Horti Carolsruhani is organized into alphabetical sections that have separate sequential numbering of species for each: A. Aurantia cortice & medulla dulci eduli. sp.1-7; B. Auratia, cortice amaru & medulla dulci. sp. 8-12; C. Aurantia, cortice amaro & medulla acri. sp. 13-34; D. Citrea, fructu acido. sp. 35-40; E. Limones, fructu acido, sp. 41-44; F. Limones, fructu dulci. Sp. 45-51; G. Limones, fructu acido & aliae species. sp. 52-85; H. Quum Agrumi sequentes nondum fructificarint Quare ferie Alphabetica separatism recenfentur. Aurantium, sp.86-93 &; Limon, sp. 94-151; Aurantium sp. 152-154. Within this list there are 6 unnamed Limon species. Most of both Aurantia and Limon species have reference citation, principally to second volume of Volkamer’s 1708 publication Hesperides Norimbergenses. There are 12 Aurantia and 27 Limon species for which no reference is cited. Christian Thran was the gardener for margrave Karl Wihelm of Baden-Durlach from 1731 to 1746 who asked him to create the palace garden in the French baroque style. (Castles of Karlsruhe & University of Karlsruhe). Thran kept a diary of his work as head gardener and is responsible for the list of all the plants. In his Preface Josua Risler explains that the council (overseeing the garden?) ordered this publication, requesting him to check Thran’s list and add literature citations. This made the list more usable by any reader, particularly as the references cited often had illustrations of the plant of interest to the reader. Risler was also asked to prepare the second section on citrus fruits complete with references. These plants were probably not covered in Thran’s diary. Also, the citrus plants would most likely be in the Orangerie. It is understandable that Josua Risler, a pharmacist, prepared the list of all the genus and species of citrus fruit growing in the Carolsruh Orangerie. He would be most familiar with citrus fruit, as well as being knowledgeable of botanical literature to add proper citation to all the plants. The exception, as noted, is for a number of citrus species for which bibliographic reference is lacking. It is possible that these citrus plants were known to Risler, as they would have been in the German pharmacopeia of the time, possibly added from voyages, plant explorations or described in other publications unknown to him (Pritzel, 7369)
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Herberier,Bourbonnais]. 1er & 2er Cahier de Botanique à dupoux Jaques rammassées pendant l’année 1895-1896.

DUPOUX,JACQUES. 2 Volumes. 4to. Pebble brown spines with blue pebbled paper on boards; spines plain with some wear along hinges; boards with wear and some loss on covers, edges and corners. The two volumes contain a total of 943 preserved and skillfully mounted plant specimens three per page. The plants are situated in rectangular areas marked by ink lines. There is a number beneath each plant that corresponds to a number on facing page. There is Latin name, author, locale found and medicinal properties. The plates and text are in very good condition. The plants are classified by family and have been mostly collected in the vicinity of Saintis -Pourçain-sur-Sioule.The two volumes end with tables: abbreviation of the names of authors, medicinal plants, names of plants and their numbers in the herbarium. The first of the two tables that are at the end of each volume is signed, but name not clear. This herbarium was prepared from the Allier region of France in 1895 to 1896 by Jacques Dupoux who was most likely a student of pharmacy. These herbaria were a general requirement of students of pharmacy since the 18th century. They not only provided the student with a reference record of the medicinal plants of their area, but were also of great historical value for the phytogeology for plants in various regions of different areas of France.
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Thesis pour Le Doctorat En Medicine – Essais Ophthalmoscopiques.

DELORME, EDMOND Original 4to blue green printed wrappers; minor wear and few paper tears, repaired. Collation: [5] 6-46 pp. + 4 pls. (1 colored). Plus large 8vo volume in red morocco spine and red pebble boards, containing 11 original hand drawn color images of the eye; two additional loose and labeled color drawings; and one color chromolithograph plate. This plate labeled Plate II was a test plate not connected to any lithograph in the thesis. The color drawings in gauche and watercolor in the bound volume cover innervation of the eye with one drawing of comparison to Sommering, Tympanic membrane, choroid degeneration, glaucoma and others with details of vascularization in the eye. utstanding collection of 13 original drawings in gouache and watercolor studies and preparatory work of Emond Delorme, one of the most important French military surgeons who received the Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour. Provenance: Ink signature of V. Stoeber on upper right corner of Thesis cover. This collection comes from the personal library of Victor Stoeber, ophthalmology pioneer in France and thesis director for the young Delorme in Strasbourg. This collection comes from a private source and represents the skill and medical expertise of Edmond Delorme who went on to be one of the greatest French military surgeons from the late 19th to early 20th century. He was a pioneer in aseptic surgery when in the army and later was made director of the School of Val de Grâce He was an ingenious surgeon and inventor of new techniques in Grace. In addition it comes directly from private funds and is the earliest medical studies of one of the largest French military surgeons from the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, the pioneer in aseptic surgery army, future director of the School of Val de, ingenious thoracic surgeon and inventor. The young Edmond Delorme, from Luneville in Meurthe-et-Moselle was, apparently, attracted to military medicine. He entered the Imperial School of Strasbourg Military Health Service in 1866 at the age of 19. There followed further courses Victor Stoeber, "professor of clinical ophthalmology at the Faculty of Medicine of Strasbourg" who gave him the taste for specialty, ophthalmology, as evidenced by his drawings of the beginning of the year 1870 and his thesis of the end of 1871.The drawings predate Delorme’s army commitment during the 1870 war. They are, apparently, the only medical manuscript material prepared by Delorme for this early period of his professional life that has been preserved. The entire collection of Delorme water- color drawings was never published.
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Of Natural Philosophy

WATT, WILLIAM 8vo. Contemporary half calf with marble boards; spine gilt with label of black morocco gilt, edges speckled black, binding with fine repair to spine. Collation: [iv], 298pp. + 11 full-page illustrations and 1 fold-out (10 in colour, two in black and white). Neat cursive script, 24 lines per page. Forty four (44) colored illustrations present in text. Light browning, minor staining to foldout illustration. Paper watermarked C. Wilmott 1807. A fine rare and attractive manuscript of science course notes, probably following the natural philosophy course of Robert Eden Scott of King's College Aberdeen (1769-1811), and offering insight into the teaching of physics at the height of the Industrial Revolution. The compiler was one William Watt, who was a student at the college 1806-1810, and who neatly adds his name to one of his careful illustrations, at end. Those illustrations include one of the famous Boulton and Watt steam engine of his namesake James Watt (we have been unable to establish if they were related). It appears that William Watt may have used diagrams present in the 1805 edition of James Ferguson's 'Lectures on Select Subjects in Mechanics', and also from Olinthus Gregory's 'Treatise of Mechanics' (1806) as guide in preparing those included in this manuscript.The volume begins with an introduction to natural philosophy, which is followed by a section on the general rules of physics. The section following, although not titled, appears to be a study of movement, with individual chapters on the center of gravity, mechanics, the lever, pulley, axis in peritrochio, inclined plain, wedge, screw, machines in general, friction, wheeled carriages, the pendulum, and projectiles. The third part is on hydrostatics, the fourth on pneumatics, the fifth on electricity, the sixth on magnetism, and the seventh on optics. This part has chapters on light and refraction, lenses, dioptrics, particular lenses, vision, catoptrics, chromatics, telescopes (the astronomical telescope, Galilean telescope, terrestrial telescope, Newtonian reflector, and Gregorian telescope) and microscopes (the double microscope and solar microscope).Watt's full-page illustrations individually depict the telescopes and microscopes, and also the magic lantern, the camera obscura, and a meal mill, air pump, and fire engine, besides the Boulton and Watt engine. (Research provided by Dr. Ben Marsden of University of Aberdeen)
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De Chirurgie ende alle de opera, ofte wercken van Mr Ambrosius Pare, raedt, ende opperste chirurgijn van vier koninghen in Vranckrijcke, nu eerst uyt de Francoysche, in onse ghemeyne Nederlansche sprake, ende uyt de vierde editie, ghetrouwelick overgheset, door D. Carolum Battum, Medicijn, ordinaris der stadt Dordrecht. Ende in desen laetsten druck, van veel fauten verbetert. Met alle de figueren soo wel der anatomien als van de instrumenten der Chirurgien, ende van vele diversche monsters.Tot

PARE (AMBROISE). Folio. Contemporary calf; raised bands; rear hinge repaired; minor wear to binding. Collation: [16], 940, [12] pp. + numerous woodcuts in text. Title page and several other pages repaired. There is some spotting and staining in text, but general appearance is very good, particularly seen in the strong impression for the woodcuts. Provenance: Ex Libris Jean-Jacob de Gruytere médicin à Menin et de Henri-Marcel Van Mock(sic) date du 17 Février 1755, and Ex Libris Dr. Leboucq. This is another page-for-page reprint of the text of the 1604 edition. The publisher is the same as that of the 1615 edition, his device appearing on both title-pages (Doe, p. 197). Doe also points out that the Dutch editions were fare superior to the "very inferior" Latin edition. In addition, the Dutch editions used the same woodblocks used for the French editions minus "a few historical woodcuts, which the printer left out by the translator’s advice because they were not instructive and would have encumbered the book " (Doe, pp.193- 194). This is another page-for-page reprint of the text of the 1604 edition. The publisher is the same as that of the 1615 edition, his device appearing on both title-pages (Doe, p. 197). Doe also points out that the Dutch editions were fare superior to the "very inferior" Latin edition. In addition, the Dutch editions used the same woodblocks used for the French editions minus "a few historical woodcuts, which the printer left out by the translator’s advice because they were not instructive and would have encumbered the book " (Doe, pp.193- 194).
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Materia Medica Liber I. De Plantis secundum Genera, Loca, Nomina, Qualitates, Vires, Differentias, Durationes, Simplicia, Modos, Usus, Synonyma. digestus.

LINNAEUS, C. 1st Edition. 8vo (20.2 x 12.4cm). Contemporary mottled calf binding, later spine has raised bands and original red morocco label. Collation: (32), 252 pp. + 2 engraved plates. Frontispiece is facing p.1 and folding plate is opposite p.27. This is the only publication on medicinal plants by Linnaeus. Linnaeus had extensive knowledge on medicine and of plants and their medicinal properties, many growing in his own garden.In the 18th century you couldn’t choose to study botany as a subject at any Swedish university. If you were interested in botany, your only way to learn more was to study medicine. That’s what Linnaeus did. He practised as a physician for several years during the 1730s and 1740s and amongst his patients he treated the Swedish queen Ulrika Eleonora. When he became a Professor of Medicine in 1741 he interrupted his medical practice and started teaching medicine and botany for the students in Uppsala. In that way he learnt about medicinal plants, both as a result of his interest in botany and through his medical studies. Many of the medicines used in those days were medicinal plants.In 1749 he published Materia Medica Latin term for medicine and the book is a list of plants, minerals and animals that Linnaeus considered cold be used in medicine. During the first half of the 18th century in Sweden a book from 1686, known as Stockholm Pharmacopoeia, was used as a list of known medicines.Linnaeus’ Materia Medica also acted as a jolt to the Swedish medical authorities that it was time to modernise medicine and just over twenty-five years later the book Pharmacopoea Svecica was published in 1775 – it was the first national Swedish Pharmacopoeia. Since Linnaeus thought much of the contents of the Stockholm Pharmacopoeia was useless for treating ailments, he modernised the list and motivated his choices in his Materia medica. This and his two subsequent books were used in the teaching of medicine and pharmacology for several decades all over Europe (which at that time was considered the whole world). Linnaeus also wrote several theses on medicines and pharmaceutical control, for example how to determine the quality and usefulness of medicinal plants by using taste and smell and also to make sure that the product was not too old.Linnaeus’ Materia Medica also acted as a jolt to the Swedish medical authorities that it was time to modernise medicine and just over twenty-five years later the book Pharmacopoea Svecica was published in 1775 – it was the first national Swedish Pharmacopoeia.In his botanical garden, Linnaeus kept all the important medicinal plants that could be grown in Sweden as well as many plants that he wanted to observe as a botanist. He used the garden to demonstrate medicinal plants and botany to the medical students.("Linné" Upsula Univ. website) (Soulsby, 968).