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Wayside Flowers and Ferns.  From Original Water-Colo Drawings by Isaac Sprague.  Descriptive Text by the Rev. A. B. Hervey; With Selections by the Poets

Wayside Flowers and Ferns. From Original Water-Colo Drawings by Isaac Sprague. Descriptive Text by the Rev. A. B. Hervey; With Selections by the Poets

Sprague, Isaac Troy, N.Y.: Nims and Knight, 1887. Folio. 320 x 230 mm., (12 1/2 x 9 3/4 inches). 48 leaves of text and 10 full-page colored lithographic plates. Original publisher's decorated binding, some minor scrapes to the boards; paper lightly toned by age and one plate with outer margin and corner with small tears; otherwise a very good copy. First edition. Beautifully rendered colored lithograph plates of the botanical work of Isaac Sprague, the "most accurate of living botanical artist . . ." working in the late 19th century. The plates, based on water color drawings, were printed by Nims and Knight, the noted Troy, New York publisher who specialized among other subjects, in illustrated books and botanical art. Sprague was the younger brother of Hosea Sprague the meteorologist and local historian of Hingham, Massachusetts, who at an early age was apprenticed to a carriage painter where his skills were quickly recognized. His ability to translate observed object into drawings caught the attention of James Audubon and in 1840 he accompanied him on his trip up the Missouri River to sketch quadrupeds. Upon is return he was introduced to Asa Gray and began a long collaboration of rendering botanical specimens into drawings for Gray's works. Gray was quoted as saying that Sprague "raised the level of botanical illustration in this country to that of the great European centers." John Galluzzo. Looking Back at South Shore History, from Plymouth Rock to Quincy Granite. Charleston S. C., 2013. G. Edmund Gifford, "The Massachusetts Audubon Letter"' 1975.
The Westover Manuscripts: Containing the History of the Dividing Line Betwixt Virginia and North Carolina; A Journey to the Land of Eden

The Westover Manuscripts: Containing the History of the Dividing Line Betwixt Virginia and North Carolina; A Journey to the Land of Eden, A.D. 1733, and a Progress to the Mines. Written from 1728 to 1736, and Now First Published

Byrd, William Petersburg, VA: Edmund and Julian C. Ruffin, 1841. 8vo. iv,143,[1] pp. Contemporary cloth backed plain boards, most of cloth spine gone. Sound. Lightly foxed throughout. Inscribed by the co-publisher, Edmund Ruffin, to W[illiam] H[enry] Ruffner dated 1849. First edition. Posthumously published writings of William Byrd II (1635-1744), prominent Virginia planter, author, and colonial official. In 1728, Byrd was one of the commissioners appointed to delineate the disputed border between Virginia and North Carolina. "His history gives an excellent description of the region along this disputed line. The book is one of genuine literary merit and displays a keen sense of humor. Byrd makes many references to the indolence of North Carolinians, their lack of religion, their poverty, laziness, and disrespect for law and order." Ruffin is perhaps best-known today for his 1860 work, Anticipations of the Future, "designed to show the necessity of secession and the glories of an independent South."--DAB. However, from about 1815 until the 1850s he was most active in developing agriculture and in preparing a landmark report on the agricultural history of Virginia. After the war Edmund Ruffin committed suicide rather than live under the rule of the Northern Republicans. Ruffner, 30 years younger than Ruffin, was chaplain at the University of Virginia in 1849-51. Sabin 9721. Howes B 1077. Clark, I: 50; also see 48 & 49. See Dictionary of American Biography for sketches of both Ruffin and Ruffner.
Letter Archive of the American Alpine Club

Letter Archive of the American Alpine Club, Philadelphia, Pa

Bryant, Henry G. 1916. Small folio. 310 x 255 mm. (12 x 10 inches). 302 pp., with carbon and tracing paper copies, index section in front. Many manuscript notes in Bryant's hand. Bound in a "Tokio Letter Copying Book", 3/4 calf, cloth sides, spine very worn; some sheet of tissue creased and a few of the manuscript pages are difficult to read, but text block sound and tight. The American Alpine Club was founded in 1902 and is still today the leading national organization in the United States devoted to mountaineering, climbing, and the multitude of issues facing climbers. These letters contain fascinating correspondence pertaining to ongoing expeditions, the regular publication of the club's Alpina Americana magazine, as well as potential publications. The business matters of the club are prominent, especially efforts to revise bylaws. Most of the letters were written by Henry Grier Bryant (1859-1932), a vice president of the club. Henry G. Bryant was considered one of Philadelphia's most recognized geographers at the turn of the century. He was an explorer who, in 1892, was second in command of the Peary relief expedition and was also a writer with an avid interest in the arctic. His financial independence enabled him to devote his life to expanding geographic knowledge. He was also an officer of the Geographic Society of Philadelphia, and an explorer and traveler to Labrador, Greenland, the Canadian Rockies, South America, and southern and southeast Asia. An example of the content of this archive is a letter from Bryant to Mr. V. Stefansson of the Canadian Arctic Expedition at Herschel Island in Edmonton in 1914 (p.53) states: "I have just received from Dr. Hovey the enclosed newspaper clippings relating to the Crocker Land Expedition, which I hope will reach you before you start for your northern trip. Since Dr. Cook has made himself notorious by his impostures in connection with Mt. McKinley and the North Pole-it seems to be the fashion to question the results of returning explorers. Even Col. Roosevelt did not escape this experience. But Mr. A. Savage Landor, the discredited Tibetan traveller and recent author of a book entitled "Across South America" who questioned the Colonel's results will have difficulty in proving a case...I have recently finished and mailed to Rome a Summary of Geographical Work accomplished by the U. S. from 1889 to 1913...a very laborious undertaking and am heartily glad it is at last off my mind." A letter on p. 47 is to Annie Smith Peck (1850-1935) born in Providence, RI. It concerns her apparently controversial resignation from the club. Annie Smith Peck was a well-known mountain climber, who scaled the Matterhorn in 1895 and made the first ascent of Huascaran in Peru in 1908. One of the peaks of Huascaran is named in her honor. Another woman in the club (with whom there is correspondence) was Mary L. Jobe Akeley, geographer, mountaineer, photographer and writer. She mapped the headwaters of the Fraser River, then returned to the Canadian Northwest to explore uncharted mountains, one of which was later named in her honor. Her first trip to Africa was in 1924 with her husband, Carl Ethan Akeley, renowned explorer, natural scientist, sculptor, photographer and inventor.The American Alpine Club letter book offers many insights into the activities of American explorers at this time. The American Alpine Club's officers were all highly accomplished and affluent men. The then president was Harrington Putnam of Brooklyn, NY, a Supreme Court judge. A vice president was Joseph Nisbet LeConte (known as "Little Joe") the son of Professor Joseph LeConte, the University of California geology professor who confirmed John Muir's glacial theory of the origin of Yosemite Valley. Father and son were charter members of the Sierra Club. Little Joe was a professor of mechanical and hydraulic engineering at the University of California, Berkeley, and made many mountaineering trips in the Sierra beginning in 1887. He made a series of triangulations of major peaks from Mt. Ritter to Mt. Whitney to facilitate accurate map-making. He recounted numerous Sierra Club outings in the Sierra Club Bulletin, both in writing and in some of the finest early photographs available. He died in 1950. The club's councilors included Lewis L. Delafield, the son of LewisL. Delafield, a member of a prominent New York family and a well-known financial and business lawyer who started a law practice in1857. The American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia holds four letter books and three folders of correspondence of Henry G. Bryant's from 1886 to 1911, mostly pertaining to the activities of the Geological Society of Philadelphia and the American Alpine Club.
Sketch of Scenery of Massachusetts

Sketch of Scenery of Massachusetts, with Plates. From the Geological Report of Prof. Hitchcock

Hitchcock, Edward Northampton: Published by J. H. Butler, 1842. 4to. 280 x 220 mm., (11 x 8 3/4 inches). 75 pp. Illustrated with 14 full-page lithographic plates (one folding) and 37 wood engravings in the text, one highlighted in color. Original brown ribbed cloth, title gilt on upper board; some fading to the cloth, corners and edges lightly worn, minor lost at head and tail of spine; lightly foxed throughout, plates clean and bright. Originally published as a part of the Geological Report for the State of Massachusetts (1841), the text and images were issued separately for the "lovers of fine scenery" in the cities and towns of the Commonwealth. Edward Hitchcock, a polymath in fields of the natural sciences, worked with the scientist Benjamin Stillman and took his degree in theology at Yale College. He was one of the most notable American scientists to wed the two disciplines and was admired by members of both schools of thought for his judicious application of rationalism and faith. He was the President of Amherst College from 1845 to 1854, President of the American Association of Geologist and elected to the National Academy of Science. His geological survey for Massachusetts took he and his wife Orra from one end of the state to the other and in addition to recording geological information he wrote a narrative of the natural beauty of the state that was highly regarded at the time. His work is beautifully illustrated with lithographs and wood engravings by his wife Orra White Hitchcock and H. I. van Lennep. They originally appear in the 1841 Final Report of the Geology of Massachusetts, published in Amherst and Northampton. The lithographs were beautifully printed by the noted lithographer Benjamin W. Thayer of Boston. Mrs. Hitchcock is known to have illustrated many of her husband's scientific works and is referenced in all the biographical dictionaries consulted. Recently the Mead Art Gallery at Amherst College and the American Museum of Folk Art in New York presented large exhibitions of her work and placed her in the pantheon of women artists and scientists. Although there are remnants of her original drawings, paintings, and sketches in the archive at Amherst College she is mostly remembered for her published illustrations that elucidated her husband's scientific publications. In the introduction to the exhibition at the American Museum of Folk Art the statement reads, "In the early years of the nineteenth century, when the natural world was a place of wonder, Edward Hitchcock, theologian and scientist, saw the interconnectedness of God's created world, and Orra White Hitchcock made it manifest through her art for all to comprehend and marvel." Sabin 32249. Peters, American on Stone, p. 382. Robert L. Herbert and Daria D'Arienzo, Orra White Hitchcock (1796-1863): An Amherst Woman of Art and Science (Amherst, Mass.: Mead Art Museum and University Press of New England, 2011). Charting the Divine Plan: The Art of Orra White Hitchcock (1796-1863) American Folk Art Museum, June 12, 2018-October 14, 2018 (356).
Mexico.  Landscapes and Popular Sketches.  Edited by Dr. Gaspery

Mexico. Landscapes and Popular Sketches. Edited by Dr. Gaspery

C.(arl Christian) Sartorius London: Trübner & Cie, 1858. 4to. 265 x 210 mm. (10 1/2 x 8 1/4 inches). [ii], vi, 202 pp. Engraved frontispiece, engraved title-page (with the date 1859 in the imprint), and 16 full-page engraved plates after original sketches by Moritz Rugendas. Original brown cloth, decorated in bind and gilt; rebacked sympathetically, some fading of the cover and some sporadic foxing to the tissue guards and to a few plates; with faults quite a good copy. The first edition of Sartorius's Mexico was published in Darmstadt in 1855 in nine parts, followed by editions published in London and New York in 1858-59. Satorius's book is one of the key travel books which illustrates the landscape and people of Mexico. Satorius was a refugee who left Germany looking for political and religious freedom. He became a wealthy miner and businessman and spent the later years of his life exploring and writing about his adopted country. Working with the artists Moritz Rugendas, they produced an image of the country that focused on the pastoral settings and the rugged lives of the rancheros. Rugendas's drawings and paintings were highly detailed and provided a series of engravers the opportunity to produce some stunning images of the Mexico during the 1850's. C. M. Kurz, J. Poppel and W. Lang were responsible for translating the lyrical style of Rugendas into engravings that captured the terrain and the lives of the Mexican people. Together, Satorius and Rugendus were interpreters of the Mexican state for both European and American audiences and were active in promoting emigration and business development in that country. Sabin 77121. See David J. Fox's review of a new edition of Rugendas's Mexico published in 1961 by Brockhaus of Stuttgart, in The Geographical Journal , Vol. 128, No. 4 (December 1962), pp. 538-539. (354) `.
Hints on Public Architecture

Hints on Public Architecture, containing among other Illustrations, Views and Plans of the Smithsonian. Together with an Appendix Relative to Building Materials .

Owen, Robert Dale New York: George P. Putnam, 1849. 4to. 325 x 250 mm. (13 x 9 3/4 inches). 17 (table of contents and list of illustrations bound out of order), 119 pp. Illustrated with a frontispiece, engraved title-page, 6 full-page lithographs, 7 full-page engravings, and 99 woodcut illustrations in the text. Bound in blue publisher's cloth; front cover faded at the top; bookplate and library pocket removed from front and rear of the volume. First edition. R. D. Owen wrote his Hints on Public Architecture "to introduce the members of the Building Committee of the Smithsonian Institute to concepts of good taste in architecture, as demonstrated by current British examples by A. W. Pugin and discussed in the writings of John Ruskin."* Owen was a member of the House of Representatives from Indiana, member of the Building Committee and he was instrumental in the passage of legislation that would fund the building of the structure. A controversy has arisen with the various designs for the Smithsonian in Washington and members of the Committee and the Congress needed guidance as to the proper role of architecture in publically funded buildings. The book lays out a justification for the Norman Romanesque as an appropriate architectural style for American public buildings, using the Smithsonian Building as a model. The book is extremely well illustrated with the best lithographers and wood engravers used to produce the images. The American branch of Ackerman & Co. and Napoleon Sarony created the highly detailed lithographs and W. Roberts, Bobbett and Edmonds, and J. H. Hall produced many of the wood engravings. Owen's Hints is a veritable gallery of wood engravers and lithographers of the mid-19th century. Hitchcock 885. * Quote from the Smithsonian Institution Website. (310).
The Artist & Tradesman's Guide. Embracing some Leading Facts & Principles of Science

The Artist & Tradesman's Guide. Embracing some Leading Facts & Principles of Science, and a Variety of Matter Adapted to the Wants of the Artist, Mechanic, Manufacturer and Mercantile Community

[Shepard, John] Utica: Printed by William Williams, 1827. Small 4to. 225 x 140 mm., (9 x 5 1/2 inches). 216 pp. Original blue boards, white cloth spine; cloth spine worn, remnants of paper label visible yet binding is sound. Text browned throughout; page 129 torn at inner margin without loss, signature z with heavy staining to inner margin, with some minor loss of text. Bookplate removed. First edition. Shepard's Artist and Tradesman's Guide is filled with information on the useful arts, including using chemistry to create all kinds of receipts for soaps, dyes, brewing, distillation, wine making and syrups. As a jack of all trades, Shepard includes information on painting, making paints, cosmetics, salts and powders and other medicinal productions. His essay on the arts of printing, engraving and etching are informative as are his methods for gilding and using silver as a decorative element when working with glass. What is missing is any tips on home building, woodworking, cabinet making, and plumbing. As an appendix to his work, Shepard includes information on transportation cost and custom house tariffs on all sorts of good either imported or manufactured locally. With faults an interesting provincial imprint that demonstrated the economic drive which characterized the development of the City of Utica, recently exposed to new markets because of the opening of the Erie Canal in 1823. Rink 213. American Imprints 30585. OCLC cites numerous copies in American libraries. (375).
Three (3) Land Documents of a Paper Mill in Essex County

Three (3) Land Documents of a Paper Mill in Essex County, New Jersey

(NEW JERSEY PAPER MILL). 1816-1818 1818. Informative series of financial instruments that illustrate the contractual arrangements between a bookseller from New York and a merchant from Connecticut in an enterprise that would perpetuate the Third River Paper Mill in Passaic, New Jersey. The Third River, which passed through the property where the paper mail was constructed, flowed through the towns of Little Falls, Clifton and Montclair and was the sources of industry and wealth for decades in these New Jersey towns. According to John Bidwell in his book, American Paper Mills 1690-1832, a grist mill on the Third River was transformed to paper manufacture when the property was purchased by the firm Bird, Hopkins, and Whiting in or around 1808. Hopkins was a bookseller from New Jersey who also was a stationer and a proprietor of a paper warehouse, who remained in the paper business for decades. Samuel Whiting, a New York bookseller was half owner of the property and paper mill with Hopkins and was the principal in the sale of land that is documented in the small archive offered for sale here. An interesting footnote is that Whiting used the symbol "S W & Co" and his watermark in much of the paper he produced, and it appears on some of the leaves in this historical collection. 1) Indenture of Property. Samuel and Hannah Whiting to William Leffingwell land in Aquackenuck, N.J. June 1, 1814. Signatures of Samuel and Hannah Whiting,  William Leffingwell, witnesses Henry S. Dodge, John L. Tiffany, Brockholst Livingston. Seals, red ribbon. 10 x 15 in., 8 pp. Folds, edge frayed with slight loss, small tears at folds. 2) Mortgage. Peter Morris of  Aquackenuck, Joseph S. Kingsland, Jr. and Martha Kingsland, to Luther Bradish. August 15, 1816. Sheet  18 x 20 in. Separated at center fold. Printed, filled form. Signatures of parties. Witnessed on verso by Aaron Munn, docketed. Folds, browned, tears at fold, edges frayed, corner missing. 3) Bond signed by Peter Morris and Joseph Kingsland, Jr. to Luther Bradish for $17,000. 15 x 20 in. 3 pp. Folded in half. Tears at folds, edges folded, right corner torn out. The first document dated June 1, 1814 is a contract between Samuel Whiting, a New York bookseller and his wife Hannah, with William Leffingwell of New Haven, Ct., a prominent merchant. Leffingwell was purchasing half of a parcel of land owned by Whiting in Aquackenuck, Essex County, New Jersey. This parcel included a Paper Mill and Dam on the Third River, which is a tributary of the Passaic River, well known as one of the industrial centers of New Jersey during the flowering of the industrial revolution. The eight-page indenture includes the requisite "red tape" or ribbon binding the pages together and two promissory notes attached with wax. In addition to the signatures of the Mr. and Mrs. Whiting and William Leffingwell, the document is signed by Luther Bradish, Lieutenant Governor of New York and later President of the New York Historical Society and the American Bible Society, and signed in three places by Henry Brockholst Livingston, Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court. The second document shows a mortgage initiated by Luther Bradish, who had taken over the holdings of William Leffingwell. Bradish is contracting with Peter Morris of  Aquackenuck and Joseph S. and Martha Kingsland, Jr. who purchased the interest of Samuel and Hannah Whiting. Joseph Kingsland was a paper manufacturer and slave holder who employed his slaves in erecting what became known as the Third River Saw Mill as well as the paper mill run by Peter Morris. The mill cut the lumber into curbing and then shipped it on sloops from the dock at the mouth of the Yantacow or Third River. In 1821, on the  death of Joseph Kingsland, Sr. Joseph Kingsland, Jr. and Peter Morris (his son-in-law) continued to operate the Madison Paper Mills. The third document outlines the financial relationship between Bradish and the papermakers, Kingsland and Morris, and shows payments that were made between 1817 and 1823. This is an interesting series of document that is signed by some prominent members of the business and political world the second decade of the 19th century. Although there is damage to the paper stock, the manuscript has only minor loss and the secretarial hand is very legible.
Improved Air-Tight Stoves

Improved Air-Tight Stoves, Manufactured and for Sale by H. & F. Simpson, Agents for Dr. Orr. Corner of Congress and Water Streets . . . Boston

H. & F. Simpson Boston: J. G. Torrey, printer, 1838. Broadside. Folio. 400 x 275 mm. (15 3/4 x 11 inches). Text printed within an ornamental "greek key" border. Folded, with a printed strip of text with a change of address pasted beneath the title. Attractive and apparently rare broadside which advertises the manufacture and sale by H. & F. Simpson of a new line of air-tight stoves invented by Dr. Isaac Orr. The business of supplying safe and efficient home heating and cooking products was one of the most competitive markets in the growing urban centers of the northeast. Dr. Orr's invention, was considered one of the most reliable and safe stoves produced in the 1830's and 1840's. His design and Simpson's manufacture of the air-tight stove for burning coal was considered "a good article" and won a Diploma of Merit by the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanics Association in 1844. The same year Simpson's Improved Cooking Range won a Silver Medal and called a "superior article." H & F. Simpson Air-Tight Stove was in general use through New England and New York State throughout the 19th century. Not in Romaine. Not cited in OCLC. Fourth Exhibition and Fairs of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association, Boston, 1844, p. 47, No 905. For details about Dr. Orr and H. & F. Simpson see Howell Harris's blog post "The American Kitchen Rare from its Origin through the Civil War" at (365).
A Treatise on the Insect Enemies of Fruit and Fruit Trees.  With numerous illustrations drawn from nature by Hockstein

A Treatise on the Insect Enemies of Fruit and Fruit Trees. With numerous illustrations drawn from nature by Hockstein, under the immediate supervision of the author

Trimble, Isaac P. New York: William Wood & Company, 1865. 4to. 290 x 225 mm. (11 1/2 x 9 inches). [ix]-xvii, [19]-139 pp. (collates per the copy at Princeton). 11 full-page lithographic plates, 9 of which are printed in colored. Publisher's green cloth, title gilt on upper board and in blind on lower cover; joints cracked but expertly repaired, corners and edges bumped, and the green cloth is faded in some places; preliminary leaves foxed as are the tissue guards, otherwise quite a clean copy. First Edition. Isaac Trimble was chief entomologist for the State Agricultural Society of New Jersey and well as a member of the Horticultural Association of the America Institute. His book was a practical manual for the preservation of fruit trees and was directed at the numerous fruit farmers of this country. His text discusses the recent literature on the destruction of fruit and fruit trees by insects and attempts to provide an observational element to the discussion so farmers, not interested in the science can observe infestation and do something about it before infection occurs. The plates in the book, drawn by the New York City artist A. Hochstein, complements Trible text with beautifully printed color plates that demonstrate the devastation that insects do to fruit. Hochstein was a specialist in drawing and painting flowers, fruits, and insects and worked with a number of publishers producing illustrations for horticultural texts. The plates in this book are unsigned by were probably executed by R. Craighead, a printer on Centre Street in New York City. Bennett, p. 106. See also Volume 15, page 10 of The Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste (1860) for an advertisement featuring the work of Hochstein. (357).