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Saggi di agricoltura, manifactture, e commercio, coll’ applicazione di essi al vantaggio del dominio pontificio dedicate alla santità di nostros ignore Clemente XIV

TODESCHI, CLAUDIO. 4to, pp. viii, 98, [1] errata, [1] blank; engraved vignette on the title, engraved historiated initials, head- and tailpieces in the text; lightly brown-spotted in places, a little tear on page 'iij', but a very good copy in later half roan, decorated paper boards; extremities a little worn.First edition of this uncommon and attractively ornamented set of essays on trade, manufacturing, and agriculture, by the Ferrara economist and philosopher Claudio Todeschi (1737-1790s). Todeschi was the author of several works on philosophical and economic subjects, as well as serving as Ferrara's ambassador to the Holy See. In the present work, divided into three essays, he draws heavily on British theoreticians and historians, including Locke and Hume, as well Italian thinkers such as Genovesi, in advocating the modernisation of the economy of Papal States, emphasising in particular the importance of importing technologies from more advanced countries, most notably France and Britain. In addition, Todeschi highlights the importance of scientific and technical education, encouraging the establishment of scientific institutions and technical competitions. This is of a part with his philosophical writings, which emphasise (in works such as Pensieri sulla pubblica felicità) the importance of utility and the public good. Higgs 4862; Kress Italian 394 (with a blank leaf at the end, instead of the errata); not in Goldsmiths' or Einaudi. Outside Continental Europe, OCLC records copies at the BL, Columbia, Newberry, Minnesota, Texas, and Harvard.
Compendio utilissimo di quelle cose

Compendio utilissimo di quelle cose, le quali a nobili e christiani mercanti appartengono.

VENUSTI, Antonio Maria. 8vo, ff. 15, [1], 32, 127, [1]; first three leaves repaired in the lower margin (not touching text), light foxing to some pages, some waterstaining in the lower margin of the last few quires, but a good copy in early eighteenth-century stiff vellum, flat spine with red morocco lettering-piece; vellum on the spine cracked but repaired, somewhat soiled; early ownership inscriptions on the title-page, including the date 1717.First edition, containing Discorso d'intorno alla Mercantia and Trattato del Cambio di Lione o di Bisenzone and Trattato de' Cambi, and including the Italian translation of Saravia de la Calle's Institutione de' Mercanti.'Venusti examines into the elements of a just price which he considers to be the one prevailing at the time and place of a contract - the circumstances of selling and buying, the quantity of goods and money, the number of buyers and sellers, and the convenience and usefulness of the bargain, according to the judgement of upright men incapable of dishonesty. [He] makes a minute analysis of these elements, illustrating them by the theory of supply and demand, and to some extent opposing this by the theory of cost of production, asserting that giusto prezzo springs from abundance or scarcity of goods, and of merchants and money, not from cost, labour, or risk' (Palgrave III, p. 618).EHB 699; Kress Italian, 34; not in Einaudi or Goldsmiths'. Language: Italian
Bilan général et raisonné de l'Angleterre

Bilan général et raisonné de l’Angleterre, depuis 1600 jusqu’à la fin de 1761; ou Lettre à M. L. C. D. sur le produit des terres & du commerce de l’Angleterre.

VIVANT DE MEZAGUES]. 8vo, pp. [iv], 260; some light foxing to title and last leaf; a very good copy in contemporary mottled calf, spine gilt in compartments with gilt lettering-piece, red edges, marbled endpapers; light wear to boards and edges.First edition, a nice copy. 'The object of the "letter" is to show that the wealth and trade of England were not greater than that of France. With this view the author examines into the balance of trade between England and other countries (including Ireland), the national income and debt, exchanges, imports and exports of bullion, war expenditure, etc. He concludes that England, after having been a gainer by her trade during the 17th century, was in 1761 a loser from a monetary point of view. He supports the argument by statistics from official and the best private estimates, and carefully considers objections. He calculates that the "territorial income" of England about 1760 was £20,000,000 sterling; also that from two-fifths to a third of the national debt was held by foreigners' (Palgrave).The work appeared in English as A General View of Englandin 1766. According to the translator, Vivant de Mézagues was at the head of his country's finances in the 1750s. We can discover nothing more about him, but Higgs notes that Blanqui classes him a Physiocrat.Goldsmiths' 9743; Higgs 2770; INED 4468 bis. Language: French
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A Sammelband of three pamphlets, comprising:

VICTORIAN POLITICS. (i) John TYNDALL. The Sabbath. Presidential Address to the Glasgow Sunday Society Delivered in St Andrew's Hall October 25, 1880. London, Spottiswoode and Co. for Longman, Green, and Co., 1880. 8vo (210 x 136mm), pp. 48; a few light spots; original printed upper and lower wrappers; wrappers a little spotted and marked, otherwise a very good copy. First edition in book form. (ii) Robert WALLACE. Irish Usurpation in British Politics (Revised and Authorised Report.) Speech Delivered . in Committee of the House of Commons, on July 12th and 13th, 1893. London, Colston & Company for The Temple Company, [?1893]. 8vo (212 x 136mm), pp. 16; variable light spotting; original printed upper and lower wrappers; wrappers spotted, otherwise a very good copy. First and only edition. Very rare. (iii) William Edward Hartpole LECKY. Introduction to Democracy and Liberty . Reprinted from the Cabinet Edition. London, Longmans, Green, and Co., 1899. 8vo (212 x 136mm), pp. lv, [1 (blank)]; a few light spots; original printed upper and lower wrappers; wrappers a little spotted, otherwise a very good copy. First separate edition. Three works bound in one volume, early 20th-century English half polished calf gilt over cloth by Bickers & Son, London, spine gilt in compartments and lettered directly in three, patterned endpapers, top edges gilt, brown silk marker; extremities minimally rubbed, spine slightly faded, endpapers slightly spotted; provenance: Arthur E. Clementson, 19 April 1911 (pencilled inscription on front flyleaf, noting that the volume was bound by Bickers; The Sabbath with further inscription on upper wrapper dated 18 January 1881).A Sammelband of three late-nineteenth-century British political works, bound up for the owner by Bickers. The first item, The Sabbath, is by the scientist John Tyndall (1820-1893), and was an address delivered to the Glasgow Sunday Society in his capacity as president. The Society was formed to obtain the opening of museums, art galleries, libraries and gardens on Sundays, to promote the delivery of Sunday lectures on literary, philosophical, and scientific subjects, and to provide concerts of high-class music on Sundays. Like his great friend T.H. Huxley, Tyndall was committed to progressive scientific ideals 'which challenged the hegemony of the traditional religious world view' (ODNB), and in this lecture he argues that Sabbatarians should make common cause with the reformers, exhorting them to, 'Back with your support the moderate and considerate demands of the Sunday Society, which scrupulously avoids interfering with the hours devoted by common consent to public worship. Offer the museum, the picture gallery, and the public garden as competitors to the public-house. By so doing you will fall in with the spirit of your time, and row with, instead of against, the resistless current along which man is borne to his destiny' (pp. 44-45). Perhaps unexpectedly, Tyndall makes his case from a conservative standpoint: 'Most of you here are Liberals; perhaps Radicals, perhaps even Republicans. In the proper sense of the term, I am a Conservative. Madness or folly can demolish: it requires wisdom to conserve [.] The first requisite of a true conservatism is foresight [.] We have here represented not a true, but a false and ignorant conservatism. The true conservative looks ahead and prepares for the inevitable. He forestalls revolution by securing, in due time, sufficient amplitude for the national vibrations' (p. 45). The address was first published in the November 1880 issue of The Nineteenth Century and then separately published with small additions in this form, before being collected in Tyndall's New Fragments (London, 1892).Written by Robert Wallace (1831-1899), the theologian, sometime editor of The Scotsman, and radical Member of Parliament for Edinburgh East from 1886 to 1899, Irish Usurpation in British Politics is a closely-argued and witty attack on Gladstone's proposal to omit sub-sections 3 and 4 of clause 9 of the Home Rule Bill, 'the effect of which would be to leave Irish Members free to vote on all questions, British as well as Imperial, in Parliament' (p. [3]) – essentially a precursor of Tam Dalyell's 'West Lothian Question'. Wallace – who had 'with perfect heartiness defended this great principle of this Bill', which 'proposes to give [Home Rule] with a comparatively generous hand, although not with the fullness and absoluteness that I, for one, would have desired' (loc. cit.) – objected to the amendments because they would 'pervert the Bill, so that it shall be no longer simply a measure to give self-government to Ireland, but shall become at the same time a proposal to take away self-government from Great Britain' (p. 4). Wallace concludes by restating his opposition to the amendments and characterising it as that of a faithful friend: 'I have observed that Governments, like individuals, have two classes of friends, the candid and the sugar-candied [.] For myself, I am afraid there can be little doubt about the category to which I belong, for, unfortunately, Nature has not endowed me with any plethora of saccharine attributes [.] to begin with, and such as may have been bestowed, have, I apprehend, become almost atrophied by negligent culture' (p. 16). Gladstone's second Government of Ireland Bill passed the House of Commons on 1 September 1893 after eighty-two sittings and an extended session, and 'Gladstone personally took the bill through the committee stage in a remarkable feat of physical and mental endurance' (ODNB); as Roy Jenkins wrote, 'In different parts of the House, even among his bitterest opponents, there was a sense of witnessing a magnificent last performance by a unique creature, the like of whom would never be seen again' (Gladstone (London: 1995), p. 603). Nonetheless, the bill was defeated by Salisbury's Tory majority in the House of Lords, and the 'Grand Old Man' resigned office on 3 March 1894, to be replaced by Rosebery. This pamp
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Discussions in Economics and Statistics.

WALKER, Francis Amasa. 2 volumes, 8vo, pp. [ii], v, [2], 454, [2]; iv, 481, [3]; with a frontispiece portrait of the author; a very good copy, unopened, in the original publisher's cloth, spine direct-lettered gilt.First edition of this collection edited by Professor Dewey of more than fifty articles by Francis Amasa Walker, some published here for the first time, classified under the heads of Statistics, National Growth, Social Economics, Finance and Taxation, Money and Bimetallism, and Economy Theory.'As an economist, President Walker stands for three ideas. He was a conservative and consistent advocate of international bimetallism; he was a successful critic of the wage fund doctrine; and, while contemplating with equanimity any reorganization of industrial relations that might take place under the form of agreement or contract, he was a strong opponent, both as a moralist and as a scientist, of any measure that looked like confiscation of property or forcible change' (Henry C. Adams on the Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 8, No.3, pp.412-413).Francis Amasa Walker (1840-1897), former General of the Union Army and later President of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), was 'internationally the most widely known and esteemed American economist of his generation, [with] a varied and distinguished public career At home Walker was primarily known as an outstanding educational administrator and statistician, for he permanently raised the standards of government statistics, helped to create a permanent Bureau of the Census, and served as the President of the American Statistical Association from 1882–97. Abroad, he was recognized more as an economic theorist, especially for his work on wages, money and current policy.' (The New Palgrave, IV, p. 850). Language: English
The divine legation of Moses. In nine books. The fourth edition

The divine legation of Moses. In nine books. The fourth edition, corrected and enlarged . The first volume, in two parts. London, for J. and P. Knapton, 1755. WITH: The divine legation of Moses. In nine books. The third edition, corrected and enlarged . The second volume, in two parts.

WARBURTON, William. 2 vols bound in 4, 8vo, pp. vii, [1], xlviii, 329, [1]; [3], l-lvi, 323, [25]; liii, [8], xl, 433, [1], with 10 engraved plates; [2], 525, [23]; small loss to fore-edge of vol. 2 pt 1 leaf K3; very good, crisp and clean copy in contemporary calf, spines gilt in compartments with red and black morocco lettering and numbering pieces, red edges, marbled endpapers; armorial bookplates and blind embossed stamps of the earls of Macclesfield, with old shelfmarks B.VI.25-28; a handsome set.A handsome mixed set from the library of the earls of Macclesfield. Warburton (1698-1779) was a religious controversialist who argued that an established national church was dictated by natural law and the civil contract. In The Divine legation of Moses (first published 1738-41) he argued: 'the absence of doctrine of the immortal soul, and of a future state of rewards and punishments, from the Jewish religion adumbrated by Moses, was a proof of that religion's divine inspiration. It was a response to the argument of deists like John Toland, who in turn was inspired by Spinoza, that there was no trace of the doctrine of immortality of the soul in the Old Testament, though it was to be found in ancient Egypt' (J. Robertson, The Case for the Enlightenment, p.280). 'Warburton built his case for the necessity of the doctrine of future rewards and punishments on selected presuppositions of his opponents. The state of nature, he accepted, was just as the Hobbists represented it, a condition in which men's appetite for self-preservation led to mutual violence. Against this religion alone was an insufficient check, and the magistrate was required to establish civil society. But the magistrate's authority too was insufficient, because one sided. He could punish, but he could not reward' (Ibid.).'Having outlined his intended argument, 'the necessity of religion in general, and the doctrine of a future state in particular, in civil society', Warburton devoted the remainder of book I to identifying a succession of thinkers who had denied that necessity, and who had, in effect, defended atheism' (Ibid.).In the course of his argument Warburton discussed ancient language, hieroglyphs and emblems, evidence from Egypt, Greece and Rome, as well as numerous other sources and authors. This work was read by Condillac, Rousseau and Herder among others. ESTC T127851; cf. T127850. Language: English
Serious considerations on various subjects of importance. By John Woolman

Serious considerations on various subjects of importance. By John Woolman, of Mount Holly, in the Jerseys, North America, deceased; with some of his dying expressions.

WOOLMAN, John. 12mo, pp. [vi], 137, [1, publisher's advertisement], each part with its own title-page included in pagination; a very good copy in contemporary plain calf; small chip to head of spine and two small holes at foot, corners slightly bumped, a few marks; printed slip, completed in manuscript, giving rules of the library of the Society of Friends at Wigton to front pastedown.First edition (quire B beginning on p. 7) of this collection of works by John Woolman (1720-1772), the Quaker minister and anti-slavery campaigner, comprising his 'Considerations on the true harmony of mankind, and how it is to be maintained', 'An epistle to the quarterly and monthly meetings of Friends', 'Remarks on sundry subjects', and 'Some expressions . in his last illness'. A Dublin reprint was issued in the same year. Woolman's crusade against slavery began when he was asked, and refused, to write a bill of sale for a black slave, and his campaign took him thousands of miles through America and England, where he died at York. His impassioned speech at Philadelphia in 1758 prompted Quakers to begin freeing their slaves – the first large body to do so in America. Woolman also championed the cause of Native Americans. This copy contains a printed slip laying out the six rules of the library of the Society of Friends at Wigton in Cumbria, which was also open to Quaker members in Bolton and Kirkbride.ESTC T13151; Sabin 105207. Language: English
De Vrouwen-Peirle

De Vrouwen-Peirle, ofte dryvoudige historie van Helena de Verduldige, Griseldis de Zagtmoedige, en Florentina de Getrouwe.

WOMEN-PEARLS]. Three parts in one volume, 4to, ff. 56, with separate titles but continuous pagination; printed in Black letter in double column, titles with three full-figure woodcuts of female saints each, 13 woodcuts in text, including two of the title cut; part 1 with 5 small woodcuts within ornamental borders; dust-soiling throughout, edges somewhat frayed; disbound with evidence of the original sewing, and preserved in recent marbled boards; a contemporary woman's ownership inscription ('Collette') on the first title.An attractive copy of the 'Women-pearls', a Flemish chapbook portraying three remarkable women and their marvellous stories derived from Medieval romances. It went through numerous and mostly undated editions, alluring readers with the added, winning visual appeal of naïve-style woodcuts and archaic types.The stories appeared first separately in the Northern Low Countries, and were later published in combined editions in the South. First up is Helena the Patient, the wife of King Henry of England and mother of Saint Martin of Tours. Her attribute is patience, and her story, apparently first told by the Norman poet Alexandre de Bernay, is one of lacerating loss and final reunion. Helena is followed by an even more patient Griseldis, prey to the sadistic and dubious humour of a heartless husbands: her tale was retold in various forms by Boccaccio, Petrarch, Chaucer and Perrault, and in the present version, adapted for school readings in the seventeenth century, the incest references are cleaned up. The unassailable virtue of the last heroine, Florentina the Faithful, is proven by the miraculously unsullied immaculate white (through scenes bathed in blood and mud) of her crusader husband's shirt. Having frustrated the Sultan's attempt to seduce her, Florentina sets off for the Orient to rescue her beloved spouse.Van Heurck, Les livres populaires flamands, 1931, pp. 41-45 (different edition). OCLC shows no copies of this edition in US libraries. Language: Dutch
Iacobi Blanchoni ucessiensis adversus Ludovicum beneventanum abbatem selestensem defensionum liber.

Iacobi Blanchoni ucessiensis adversus Ludovicum beneventanum abbatem selestensem defensionum liber.

BLANCHON, Jacques. 4to, pp. 40; printer's device on title, one large and several 5-line finely engraved initials, some criblé, some historiated, some grotesque; a very good copy in modern marbled boards, the manuscript ownership inscription of Cardinal Altemps (1561-1595) on the title-page.First edition of a very rare work of sixteenth-century Lyonnese Neoplatonism, an elegantly-printed de Tournes edition. Ostensibly a simple series of remarks against the theses of the (presumably sternly Scholastic) abbot of Selestan, this is a tract of Renaissance moral philosophy. The theme of dignitas hominis concentrated the philosophical efforts of several Lyonnese men of letters inspired by Ficino and Pico della Mirandola. Like Charles de Bovelles and P. Boaistuau, Jacques Blanchon systematically harmonizes Aristotle's philosophy and science with the hermetic thought associated with the writings of Hermes Trismegistus. Anticipating Charron and Montaigne, Blanchon does not accept demonology and witchcraft, exposing the foolishness of popular beliefs largely on grounds of common sense rather than strict Scholastic rationalism. Further chapters address ideas and knowledge, nature, the soul, the impact of need on morality, human freedom from predestinations and from the stars, and some false etymologies. Blanchon was also the author of a tract 'De summo hominis bono' published in the same year.Adams B2099. Rare: two locations in the UK (Cambridge and St. Andrews), one in the US (Newberry), one in France (BNF) and two in Switzerland (Basel and Bern). Language: Latin
Logica

Logica, o sia arte del ben pensare.

LONGANO, Francesco]. 8vo, pp. [xvi], 234, [10]; author's name stated at end of preface; occasional very light browning or spotting, some very discrete modern pencil annotations and corrections in Italian and English; contemporary mottled calf, gilt panelled spine decorated in compartments, gilt lettering-piece, all edges sprinkled in blue; joints cracked but holding, slight loss to spine ends and to gilt lettering-piece, spine somewhat worn, a few worm-holes affecting only the margins of marbled end-papers; a good copy of a scarce book.First edition, very rare (one other copy only traced, in Italy), of this early work on logic by the important Italian enlightenment philosopher Francesco Longano (1728-1796). Divided into four discorsi, Longano's treatise is one of reasoning rather than of formal logic. He discusses the senses, memory and temperament, the division of mental acts, the origins and development of language, types of speech, the nature of propositions, and the development of syllogisms, before investigating the causes of error, and the types of mistake that can be made in sensing, in speech, in the forming of propositions, and in the construction of arguments. The final discorso is concerned with truth: its origins and definition, the nature of evidence, demonstrations of certainty (whether epistemological or moral), and ways of determining probability. Longano concludes with rules for philosophising well, and for expressing the truth. Throughout, he draws heavily on Bacon, d'Alembert, Condillac, and others.Longano (1728-1796) was a key player not only in the theoretical development of the Italian Enlightenment. His thoughts on freedom and equality, although only rarely organised in a systematic philosophy, sprang from thorough observation of features of Southern Italian society and, once crystallized in theory, turned back to inform action and programs of reform. A pupil of the economist and reformer Genovesi, and an admirer of Locke, Longano's early interest in philosophy evolved into active criticism of social structures founded on inequality and exploitation, then re-emerged in its more theoretical form in his late work of the 1790s. Longano's perceptive synthesis of the Western logical tradition spans from Aristotle to Bacon, Descartes, Locke, Wolf, Condillac, and Hume.Only one copy of this work has been located in a public library (University of Sassari, Italy) and there are no auction records of it in the last thirty years. Language: Italian
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The Life of the Right Honourable Francis North, Baron of Guilford, Lord Keeper of the Great Seal, under King Charles II and King James II, wherein are Inserted the Characters of Sir Matthew Hale, Sir George Jeffries, Sir Leoline Jenkins, Sidney Godolphin, and Others, the Most Eminent Lawyers and Statesmen of that Time . Third Edition.

NORTH, Roger. 2 volumes, 8vo (218 x 131mm), pp. I: xvi, 317, [1 (publisher's advertisement)]; II: [2 (title, verso blank)], 347, [1 (blank)], [20 (index)]; engraved portrait frontispieces of Lord Keeper Guildford and Sir George Jeffries; occasional light spotting, bound without final l. I, X8 [?but possibly the inset singleton title to vol. II]; contemporary full English calf, the flat spines gilt in compartments, contrasting green and red morocco lettering-pieces in two, gilt board-edges, brown-speckled edges; slightly rubbed and scuffed causing small surface losses, some cracking on joints, nonetheless a very fresh, attractive set; provenance: John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon (1751-1838, autograph ownership signatures 'Eldon' on pastedowns and armorial bookplates on upper pastedowns).Third edition. The lawyer, politician and writer Francis North, first Baron Guildford (1637-1685) was educated at St John's College, Cambridge and the Middle Temple. Application, ability and fortunate associations all contributed to his rapid advance in his profession and in 1668 he was appointed King's Counsel by Charles II (on the advice of the Duke of York), and then Solicitor-General in 1671. He was knighted the same year, and his interests began to turn towards politics: in 1673 he was elected Member of Parliament for King's Lynn and became Attorney-General in the same year, and then Chief Justice of Common Pleas in 1675; this was followed by his appointment as Lord Keeper of the Great Seal in 1682, which gave him authority over the chancery, its court, and the passing of all royal charters and commissions. As a Privy Councillor and Lord Keeper who was aligned to the anti-Catholic interests of government, 'North had become the indispensable legal mind behind the so-called "tory reaction" from 1681 to 1685. Under his leadership commissions of the peace were remodelled and corporations were rechartered by the score to ensure that local government rested in the hands of those the crown could trust' (ODNB). However, the death of Charles II and the coronation of the Catholic James II in 1685 saw North's star wane, and rumours circulated of attempts to replace him as Lord Keeper with Sir George Jeffreys – however, any such plots were pre-empted by North's death on 5 September 1685.The Life of the Right Honourable Francis North was written by his younger brother, the lawyer and politician Roger North (1653-1734) and first published posthumously in 1742; a second edition followed in 1808 and this third edition in 1819. The ODNB comments that, Francis North 'was fortunate among the many lawyers prominently engaged in the partisan conflict of the last years of Charles II in having a thorough and sympathetic biographer: his brother Roger. Roger's long and loving account, constructed out of his extensive transcripts of North's private papers, is balanced by the less favourable views offered by Gilbert Burnet and others [.] to his brother, North was a prudent, quiet man, always above the political contest in which self-interest deformed the actions of others [.] North's brother and others testify to the fact that there was more to the lord keeper than law and politics. He was a serious musician, having begun his study of the bass viol at Cambridge; he continued to play and to compose throughout his life. Evelyn called him "a most knowing, learned, ingenious gent., and besides an excellent person, of an ingenuous sweet disposition, very skillful in music, painting, the new philosophy and politer studies"'.This set was formerly in the library of the distinguished lawyer and politician, John Scott, Earl of Eldon, who was educated at University College, Oxford and the Middle Temple, and appointed King's Counsel in 1783. Like Francis North, Eldon was a Member of Parliament and a Privy Counsellor, and held the offices of Solicitor-General (1788-1793) and Attorney-General (1793-1799), before being appointed Lord Chancellor in 1801, holding the office (apart from a brief interval of thirteen months) until 1827 – the longest tenure to that date, which saw him enjoy the favour of both King George III and King George IV. Noted for the scrupulousness of his judgments, Eldon 'was not only a prominent political figure for over forty years but also the greatest lawyer of his time' (ODNB).Cf. Lowndes p. 1703 (1st ed.)
The Travels and Adventures of William Bingfield

The Travels and Adventures of William Bingfield, Esq; containing, as surprizing a Fluctuation of Circumstances, both by Sea and Land, as ever befel one Man . with an accurate Account of the Shape, Nature, and Properties of that most furious, and amazing Animal, the Dog-Bird. Printed from his own Manuscript . Vol. I [-II].

BINGFIELD, William, pseud. 2 vols., 12mo., pp. ii [of viii], 269, [1]; viii, 246; with a fine folding frontispiece by Boitard of Bingfield in a landscape full of wild creatures, cannibals, and his pet Dog-Bird, but wanting the contents leaves to volume I; a very good copy in contemporary speckled pale calf, neatly rebacked, new endpapers.First edition of one of the most entertaining imaginary voyages of the eighteenth century. The pseudonymous Bingfield, brought up by his mother in Norfolk after his father had been killed in the Battle of the Boyne, joins the army, buys a commission, and meets and falls in love with Sally Moreton. Their courtship is cut short when she is sent to an uncle beyond the sea and Bingfield's regiment is despatched to Africa. South of the Line his ship encounters a fierce storm that drives it on for eighteen days before it sinks. Washed up on a fertile island, he encounters 'a very large Creature of the Bird Make', ferocious and flightless, 'walking upon two Legs, but without the least Feather or Down about it, its Covering being long shaggy Hair. It had . the sharpest and strongest Teeth in its Mouth . and a long Tail hairy, and like a Pig's.' A pair of the 'Dog Birds' can run down and kill a tiger or a stag. Bingfield shoots one of the creatures, finds her nest, and brings up the young who become quite tame. The tame 'Dog-Birds' help him to rescue his beloved Sally (shipwrecked herself on the way to an enforced marriage in India) from cannibals.Together they rescue Malack, a black man from another island who had been a prisoner of the cannibals. With Malack as their guide they restore a captive native king to his throne and help another to overcome his enemies. After Sally dies, Bingfield and La Bruce, a French female captive, set out for a Portuguese factory, marry, and set sail for Europe, only to encounter pirates off Madagascar. Having seized the pirate ship, but short of food and water, they are rescued by a Dutch vessel bound for the Spice Islands. Eventually they get back to England, where Bingfield's mother is still alive, and they live happily and raise a family.Chapter XIX in volume II includes 'reflections on the right to make slaves', the Dutch sea captain having sold into slavery Malack's long-lost mistress (and future wife) Hormunka, whom he regarded as his property because he had rescued her from the sea. After much discussion the transaction is reversed.According to Lockhart this tale was a favourite with Sir Walter Scott, who first read it at the age of ten and only after some difficulty re-acquired it in later life. His copy is still at Abbotsford. Dickens refers to it in All the Year Round as 'the most popular successor to Peter Wilkins'.ESTC lists six copies in the U.K. and twelve in North America. Raven 174; R. J. Howgego, Encyclopedia of Exploration [volume V]: Invented and apocryphal Narratives of Travel (2013), p. 46. Language: English
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Les Indiens, ou Tippoo-Saïb, fils d’Hyder-Ally, &c. Avec quelques particularités sur ce prince, sur ses ambassadeurs en France, sur l’audience qui leur a été donnée par sa majesté Louis XVI, à Versailles le 10 Août 1788; précedées du précis d’une partie de l’administration de M. Hastings, &c.; & suivies de quelques détails relatifs aux événemens de la guerre de 1782 dans l’Inde .

TIPU SULTAN.] 8vo, pp. viii, 229, [1 errata], 1 folding table at end; woodcut head-piece; very occasional light foxing; very good in contemporary calf, gilt fillet border to covers, spine gilt in compartments with lettering-piece, gilt edges, blue paste paper endpapers; some rubbing to extremities; contemporary marginal annotation to p. 193; a nice copy.The apparently unrecorded first issue of this work on Tipu Sultan (1750-1799), ruler of the kingdom of Mysore and implacable enemy of the British East India Company. The only copies recorded institutionally (on ESTC, COPAC, and OCLC) have the title Les indiens, ou Tipou-Sultan, fils D'Ayder-Aly and a 'note indispensable' explaining that the Sultan's true name is 'Tipou-Sultan' and not 'Tippoo-Saïb' and that of his father 'Ayder-Aly' rather than 'Hyder-Ally', but that the work was printed before these corrections could be made. The title-page was clearly updated on most copies, except this one.After an introduction discussing how the English and French came to hold power in India, and the career of Joseph Marquis Dupleix, the main body of the text is devoted to Hyder Ali (c. 1720-1782) and Tipu Sultan and their conflicts with the British East India Company in the Anglo-Mysore Wars, with several references to Warren Hastings. Then follows a description of Tipu and his court, and of his audience with Louis XVI in August 1788. The folding plate at the end details the strength of the French army and navy that set out for India in December 1781.See ESTC T130612. COPAC and OCLC record only copies with the second issue of the title, 3 in the UK (BL, NLS, Royal Asiatic Society) and 2 in the US (Duke and Minnesota).