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Musick’s Monument; or, a Remembrancer of the best Practical Musick, both Divine, and Civil, that has ever been known, to have been in the World .

MACE, Thomas. Folio, pp. [20], 272, with the engraved portrait of the author by William Faithorne after Henry Cooke (neatly inlaid and possibly supplied), three full-page engraved illustrations, one engraving in the text, and many pages of lute music in tablature from movable type; title-page slightly foxed, a few spots and stains, but a very good copy in late nineteenth-century polished panelled calf, gilt; bookplate of Kennett of the Dene, booklabel of John Charrington; slipcase.First edition of 'one of the most important and informative source-books for English seventeenth-century instrumental music which we possess' (Grove, 5th edition). The author was a clerk of Trinity College, Cambridge, and an acknowledged master of the lute. The first part of the book concerns Church Psalms, their poetry and music. The second and longest is the 'civil Part: or, the Lute made easie'. There are directions for choosing, tuning, repairing, performing on, and composing for the lute, and numerous examples in tablature (pp. 32-230). The final part is devoted to the viol and 'musick in general'. For a serious treatise Musick's Monument is written in an unusually informal, personal style that leaves the reader with a striking impression of Mace's 'love of his art', his patience in adversity, and 'his devout and amiable disposition' (Grove). At the front are a number of dedicatory epistles in verse, including one 'by way of answer to some, who seem to dislike my way of rhyming'.Mace was born in about 1613 and lived into the reign of Queen Anne: 'he could have sat on Shakespeare's knee, and . he could have complimented the young Handel on the great promise of his genius' (Watson). During the parliamentary siege of York he was resident in the loyal city where he heard the 'most excellent Singing of Psalms'. Later at Cambridge he seems to have been involved with early public concerts, and one of the plates is a plan for a Musick-Roome with galleries for auditors, but it was never built.At some time Mace suffered two broken arms, and as he grew older he became almost totally deaf, a terrible disability for a teacher and performer. In order to lessen the effects of his infirmities, he devised a lute with 50 strings which he called the 'dyphone' or double-lute (half lute and and half theorbo). He could hear himself playing the double-lute by placing his teeth 'close to the edge of it'. Then 'I hear all I play distinctly, so that it is to me, I thank God, one of the principal refreshments and contentments I enjoy in this world'. One of the full-page engravings shows the double-lute, and another a table organ, also of Mace's devising.Sadly for Mace growing deafness was not his only problem, for his beloved lute had fallen out of fashion, overwhelmed by a new enthusiasm for 'scolding' violins. Musick's Monument, published by subscription, was probably one consequence of his declining fortunes. Subscribers – many from York and from Cambridge – included the Vice-Chancellor, masters of seven colleges, Henry More, Isaac Newton, James and Thomas Lawes, and in London 'Hum: Salt, the Printer-Composer of this Book', apparently otherwise unrecorded, whose skill Mace praises in 'An Advertisement concerning the Value and Price of this Book'. The price to subscribers was 12s. which was to be increased three months after publication, 'there being not many of them printed'.Henry Watson, 'Thomas Mace, the Man; the Book; and the Instruments' (with plates transcribing some examples of lute tablature into modern notation), Proceedings of the Musical Association, 1908-9, pp. 88-107; Wing M 120.
Beschryving van Arabie

Beschryving van Arabie, uit eigene waarnemingen en in ‘t land zelf verzamelde narigten. Opgesteld door Niebuhr. Uit het hoogduits vertaald, en vermeerderd met een volledig register van ‘t geheele werk. Amsterdam and Utrecht: Johan Joseph Besseling for S.J. Baalde and J. van Schoonhoven & Comp., 1774. 4to (256 x 208mm), pp. [2 (blank l.)], [6 (half-title, verso blank, title, verso blank, dedication)], XXXXI, [1 (instructions to the binder)], 408, [12 (index)], [2 (errata, imprint)]; printed in Roman, Arabic, and Hebrew types; engraved title with allegorical vignette by N. van den Meer jr, 16 engraved plates by van den Meer, Carel Jacob de Huyser, et al., one folding, 7 engraved maps and plans by de Huyser, Th. Koning, et al., 5 folding and one hand-coloured in outline, 2 hand-coloured folding facsimiles, and one folding letterpress genealogical table, type-ornament headbands, woodcut tailpieces and initials; a few light spots and marks, one plate with small area of early colour, some

NIEBUHR, Carsten. C. NIEBUHR. Reize naar Arabië en andere omliggende landen uit het hoogduitsch vertaald. Amsterdam and Utrecht: Johan Joseph Besseling for S.J. Baalde and J. van Schoonhoven & Comp. (I) and S.J. Baalde and Bartholomeus Wild (II), 1776-1780. 2 volumes, 4to (257 x 207mm), pp. VIII (half-title, verso blank, title, verso blank, editor's preface), [6 (contents and plates)], 484, [2 (errata, imprint)]; II: [16 (half-title, verso blank, title, verso blank, preface, contents, plates)], 455, [1 (imprint)]; printed in Roman and Arabic types; 91 engraved plates by C. Philips Jz., C. Brouwer, C.F. Fritsch, O. de Vries, et al. after Georg Baurenfeind, de Huyser, P. Kramer, et al., 34 folding, and 34 engraved maps and plans by Th. Koning, C.H. Koning, Tringham, et al. after Niebuhr et al., 9 folding and one with routes marked in red and green; letterpress tables in the text, type-ornament headbands, woodcut tailpieces and initials; occasional very light spotting, damp-marking on first and last quires of I, some light creasing on folded maps, one with short, skilfully-repaired tears, one plate with old repair on short tear. First Dutch edition. Röhricht 1484; Tiele 796.2 works in 3 volumes, uniformly bound in contemporary Dutch mottled calf, spines gilt in compartments, one with traces of lettering-pieces, one in second work numbered directly in gilt. others with central gilt fleurons enclosed by floral sprays, all edges speckled red; endpapers of second work replaced, a little rubbed and bumped, shaken, causing one map to detach and some quires to loosen, old repairs at spine-ends, lacking lettering-pieces, nonetheless a very crisp copy; provenance: occasional early annotations or corrections throughout – early reading notes in Dutch and Arabic on rear flyleaves, endpapers, and ll. tipped onto stubs of excised final [?blank] ll. in the first work and first vol. of the second work.First Dutch editions in a uniform binding. Described by H.StJ.B. Philby as 'the father of Arabian travel' (The Heart of Arabia (London: 1922), I, p. xv), the German-Danish traveller and writer Niebuhr (1733-1815) was born in Lauenborg, and lost both of his parents at a young age. A modest inheritance enabled him to study mathematics in Hamburg and then attend the University of Göttingen. In 1757 he enlisted into the corps of Hanoverian engineers and in 1760 he was invited to join a scientific expedition proposed by the Hebrew scholar Johann David Michaëlis of Göttingen University and sponsored by Frederick V of Denmark. Accompanied by the Swedish natural historian Peter Forrskål, F.C. von Haven (a Danish linguist and orientalist), C.G. Kramer (a Danish physician and zoologist), the German artist Georg Baurenfeind, and the other members of the party, Niebuhr set sail for Constantinople on the Danish warship Grönland in February 1761, and from Constantinople the expedition travelled onwards to Alexandria, to commence its explorations. 'They spent a year in Egypt, ascending the Nile and visiting Suez and Mount Sinai. Disguised as pilgrims [ ] they left Suez in October 1762 for Jiddah, from where they advanced down the coast in a tarrad (open boat), making frequent landings as far as Al Luhayyah [ ]. They then travelled along the coastal plains on donkeys as far as Bayt al Faqih, but during this part of the journey Niebuhr and von Haven contracted malaria. Forrskål diverted into the hills to collect herbs. By way of Zabid they reached Mocha [ ], where the authorities destroyed Forrskål's specimens and von Haven died [ ]. Leaving Mocha on 28.6.63 they made their way inland to Ta'izz and Yarim, where Forrskål died of malaria [ ], then to Dhamar and San'a [ ], where, after two days house arrest, they were received graciously by the Imam with gifts of money. From San'a [ ] they arrived back in Mocha on 5.8.63. While there, all four of the survivors collapsed with fever and had to be carried on board a vessel bound for Bombay. On the voyage Baurenfiend and Berggren [a Swedish former soldier] died, to be followed by Kramer in February 1764, leaving Niebuhr, who by that time had adopted native dress and diet, as the only survivor. Niebuhr remained in India until the autumn of 1764, then sailed from Bombay to Muscat [ ], where he boarded a small English frigate for Bushire [ ]. From Bushire he set off overland through Shiraz, Persepolis, Babylon, Baghdad, Mosul and Aleppo. [ ]. On instructions from the Danish Royal Court, Niebuhr then continued his travels to Cyprus with orders to copy the Phoenician inscriptions there. From Cyprus he proceeded to Jerusalem (1766) in the company of Franciscan monks bringing the annual alms from Malta to Jerusalem. Niebuhr described the town and its inhabitants in minute detail and made a map of the surrounding area. Continuing northward along the coast, he crossed the Taurus Mountains of Turkey to Brusa and Constantinople (February 1767), then made his way homeward through Poland and Germany. He arrived back in Copenhagen on 20.11.67 after an absence of seven years' (Howgego). In Denmark the government funded the engraving of plates to illustrate his travels, which were then gifted to Niebuhr, and he began work on his official report, which was first published in German as Beschreibung von Arabien aus eigenen Beobachtungen und im Land selbst gesammleten Nachrichten abgefasse (Copenhagen: 1772), translated into French in 1773, and then Dutch as Beschryving van Arabie in this edition. This work forms 'a compendium of the Arab world' (R.H. Guichard, Niebuhr in Egypt: European Science in a Biblical World (Eugene, OR: 2013), p. 312); the first part is a general description of Arabia, its political boundaries, agriculture, science, social mores, etc., and the second is dedicated to individual provinces, including Yemen, the Hejaz, the Hadramaut, Najd, Oman, and Sinai, based either on his own observations when he had visited an area, or those of Arabs familiar with the area. Each member of the expedition had b
A New Chart of the World on Mercator's Projection with the Tracks of the Most Celebrated and Recent Navigators'.

A New Chart of the World on Mercator’s Projection with the Tracks of the Most Celebrated and Recent Navigators’.

TEESDALE, Henry. A hand-coloured folding world map, engraved by John Crane Dower and printed on 2 sheets, total dimensions 1307 x 1959mm, dissected and laid down onto linen, each sheet with a marbled paper outer cover on the verso of one panel and edged with green silk tape; some light spotting and foxing; the 2 sheets folding into the original dark-purple, hard-grained morocco, book-form covers, upper cover lettered in gilt, both covers with borders of gilt floral and foliate rolls enclosed by triple gilt rules and triple blind rules; extremities slightly rubbed and bumped, spine-ends slightly chipped and with short tears, nonetheless a very good example.A rare example in the elegant original morocco cover. The London map publisher Henry Teesdale (1776-1855) issued both atlases and maps, and was elected a fellow of the Royal Geographical Society shortly after its establishment in 1830. Teesdale's 'New Chart of the World' was engraved for him by John Dower of Pentonville and first issued in 1836; it was evidently a successful publication and was successively revised and reissued in 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842, 1845, 1846, and 1852. The map reflects the great public interest in Arctic exploration in the 1840s, which had enjoyed a 'golden age' in the thirty years after the Napoleonic Wars, when British expeditions mapped large areas of previously-unknown Arctic territories. A panel headed 'Arctic Expeditions' lists the expeditions of Sir John Ross and W.E. Parry in 1818; Parry's expedition with Hecla and Griper in 1819-1820; Parry's expedition with Hecla and Fury in 1821-1823; Sir John Franklin's 1819-1822 and 1825-1827 expeditions; and Sir John Ross' 1829-1833 expedition. Many of the discoveries made by these and other travellers are marked on the map, including those of Dease and Simpson in 1839, which charted unknown parts of the proposed Northwest Passage and would encourage Sir John Franklin to undertake his fateful last expedition in 1845.Political features of note are the depiction of Texas as an independent republic, with the caption 'Texas was acknowledged an independent state by England, Novr 1840', and the labelling of Alaska as 'Russian America' (it would be purchased by the United States in 1867). Much detail is given on the coast of Australia and in New South Wales, while the territory of 'South Australia' is outlined and annotated 'Land granted by the British Government and colonised, 1837', and Norfolk Island is glossed 'here refractory convicts are sent from Botany Bay'. On the coast of Africa, Liberia is marked, with a note 'This district has been purchas'd from the native chiefs by a company of American Philanthropists (called the Colonization Society) for the purpose of forming settlements for the emancipated slaves of the United States, and is now in a flourishing condition', and St Helena is also shown, with the caption 'Bonaparte exiled June 1815 died 1821'.The map is fully coloured, and shows a wealth of information: in addition to the compass rose, caravan and shipping routes, etc., inset panels of text provide information on 'Course of the Monsoons', 'Steam Conveyance to India', and 'Computed Distances of Places from London'. The map also records important historical and contemporary expeditions and voyages, including those of Vasco da Gama, Dampier, Anson, Bougainville, Phipps, Cook, Bligh, Vancouver, Flinders, and Krusenstern.This 1845 issue of Teesdale's 'New Chart of the World' is rare, and COPAC only records two examples in the UK (British Library and Oxford); similarly, Anglo-American auction records only list three copies of it at auction since 1975.
Relation du second voyage fait à la recherche d'un passage au nord-ouest

Relation du second voyage fait à la recherche d’un passage au nord-ouest, par Sir John Ross . et de sa résidence dans les régions arctiques pendant les années 1829 à 1833; contenant le rapport du capitaine de la marine royale Sir James Clarck Ross, et les observations relatives à la découverte du Pole Nord; ouvrage traduit . par A.-J.-B. Defauconpret .

ROSS, John. 2 vols, 8vo, pp. lxi, [3], 456, with frontispiece portrait, large folding map (closed tear repaired with tape to verso), and 9 engraved plates (3 coloured); [4], 544, with 10 engraved plates; some browning and foxing throughout, occasional small damp marks to upper margins; else good in contemporary calf, covers and spines richly gilt, red morocco spine labels, marbled endpapers and edges; a little wear to extremities, boards slightly rubbed and marked; presentation inscription signed by Ross to front free endpaper of vol. 1.First French edition (published in the same year as the English first) of Ross's Narrative of a second voyage in search of a north-west passage, this copy with additional plates and with a presentation inscription from Ross to the French soldier, diplomat, and politician Horace Sébastiani de la Porta.Since Ross's first expedition to discover the Northwest Passage in 1818 failed in its objective, the Admiralty refused to sponsor his second expedition. This compelled him to undertake it as a private venture in the small paddle-steamer Victory, which was sponsored by Felix Booth (the Sheriff of London), and crewed with a privately-raised company that included Ross's nephew James Clark Ross. The expedition's purpose was to discover a Northwest Passage by way of Baffin Bay, Lancaster Sound, and Prince Regent Inlet, and it achieved several firsts: it was the first expedition to use a steam engine in polar exploration; the first to explore the region of the Gulf of Boothia; and James Clark Ross was the first person to reach the Magnetic North Pole. The expedition did much to restore Ross's reputation, and he was knighted on his return by William IV.The presentation inscription to the front free endpaper of vol. 1 reads: 'To their excellencies the Count & Countess of Sebasastiani [sic] with the authors most respectful compliments London 15 September 1835 John Ross'. A veteran of the Napoleonic Wars and a former Naval Minister and Foreign Minister under the July Monarchy, Sebastiani (1772-1851) became France's ambassador to the United Kingdom in 1835, his appointment no doubt occasioning this gift from Ross. As well as being handsomely bound, this copy contains many more additional plates than the two called for on the title-page.Arctic Bibliography 14866; Sabin 73385.
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The past and future of British relations in China.

OSBORN, Sherard. Small 8vo, pp. vi, [2], 184, with 2 folding maps, lacking the folding map of China; a remarkably clean copy in red pebble-grained cloth by Edmonds & Remnants of London (binder's ticket to lower pastedown), boards blind-blocked, spine lettered in gilt with gilt ornaments, brown endpapers, uncut and opened by hand; somewhat bumped at caps and corners, a few faint marks, hinges cracked; ink presentation inscription to half-title, 'The Viscount Palmerston &c &c, with the author's respectful compliments . Aug 30/60', pastedown signed 'Palmerston?.Presentation copy of the first edition of Osborn's short work on British relations with China, informed by his service with the Royal Navy in China in 1840-42 and 1857-58 and partially drawing on his earlier articles for Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine and the Royal Geographical Society. Published at the end of the Second Opium War (1856-60), the present copy is inscribed to and signed by the then Prime Minister, Viscount Palmerston, who counted among his achievements as Foreign Secretary the opening of China to British trade through the First Opium War some twenty years previously. 'An intelligent and resourceful officer,' Captain Sherard Osborn (1822-1875) had 'a brilliant, if unconventional, career, largely devoted to the projection of power from the sea against the shore' (ODNB). He rose very quickly in the Navy on his early trips to the Far East, commanding his own ship by the age of seventeen, though his later return met with somewhat less success: after leading six steamers to China in 1863 for the service of the Chinese government, he resigned on hearing that his orders would not be received directly from the imperial government and returned to England. In addition to three periods in China, he served with distinction in the Black Sea during the Crimean War, being appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath and to the Ottoman Order of the Mejidiye (fourth class) and receiving the cross of the Légion d'honneur. His greatest fame, however, is likely derived from his involvement in the search for Sir John Franklin, commanding the Pioneer in the Arctic expeditions of 1850-51 and 1852-54 and publishing Stray Leaves from an Arctic Journal (1852), The Discovery of a North-West Passage by Captain M'Clure (1856), and The Career, Last Voyage, and Fate of Captain Sir John Franklin (1860).
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A Voyage to Abyssinia, and Travels into the Interior of that Country, Executed under the Orders of the British Government, in the Years 1809 and 1810; in which are Included, An Account of the Portuguese Settlements on the East Coast of Africa, Visited in the Course of the Voyage; a Concise Narrative of Late Events in Arabia Felix; and Some Particulars Respecting the Aboriginal African Tribes, Extending from Mosambique to the Borders of Egypt; together with Vocabularies of their Respective Languages.

SALT, Henry. 4to (335 x 253mm), pp. iii-xi (title, verso blank, dedication, contents), [1 (blank)], [4 (list of plates and errata)], 506, i-lxxv (appendix), [1 (blank)]; printed in greek, arabic, ethiopic, and roman types; 27 engraved plates by C. Heath after Salt, 6 engraved maps by A. Macpherson after J. Outhett (the charts of Annesley Bay and Howakil Bay printed on one sheet), 4 folding, one hand-coloured, engraved headpiece and tailpiece by Heath after Salt, wood-engraved illustrations in the text; 3S4 a cancellans; occasional light offsetting and spotting, headpiece slightly misregistered and overlapping letterpress, skilfully-repaired tears on 3 folding maps; mid-19th-century full English Russia gilt, boards with borders of triple gilt rules enclosing triple blind rules, rebacked with 20th-century calf, spine gilt in compartments, gilt morocco lettering-piece in one, lettered directly with date at the foot, gilt-ruled board-edges and turn-ins, marbled endpapers, all edges marbled, green silk marker; provenance: the Earl of Minto (engraved armorial bookplate on upper pastedown, probably that of Gilbert John Elliot Murray Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto (1845-1914), over traces of an earlier, removed bookplate) – Bernard Quaritch, London (pencilled collation note on rear flyleaf signed A.W.S. and pencilled price-codes) – Sir Malin and Lady Constantine Eugenie Sorsbie (1906-1988 and d. 1988, married 1955, engraved armorial bookplate on front free endpaper).First edition, large-paper issue. The traveller, artist and antiquarian Salt (1780-1827) briefly worked as an artist in his native Lichfield and London, before joining Viscount Valentia on his tour of India and the Middle East in 1802 as a secretary and draughtsman. During the expedition, Salt was sent to Abyssinia, on a mission to the Ras of Tigré, 'whose affection and respect he gained, and with whom he left one of his party, Nathaniel Pearce' (ODNB), and the party returned to England in 1806; Valentia published an account as Travels in India in 1809, illustrated by Salt, and the artist also issued his own 24 Views in St Helena, India and Egypt in 1809. 'On 2 March 1809 Salt sailed on a mission from the British government to Abyssinia, to carry presents to the king and report on the state of the country. Owing to factious unrest, he was prevented from going to the king at Gondar and was obliged to deliver the presents instead to the ras of Tigré. While in Abyssinia he made many observations on the geography, the customs of the people, and the flora and fauna. He brought back many specimens, including a previously unknown dik-dik. Another member of Salt's party, William Coffin, chose to remain in Abyssinia when Salt returned to England in 1811. In 1812 Salt became a fellow of the Royal Society and of the Linnean Society, and a correspondent of the Institut de France. In 1812 he was elected one of the very few honorary members of the African Association in acknowledgement of information he had procured in its interest. In 1814 he published A Voyage to Abyssinia, which was received with some acclaim' (op. cit.). Described by Blackmer as a 'very interesting work', A Voyage to Abyssinia includes an account of the Portuguese settlements on the east coast of Africa and an appendix giving the vocabularies of the dialects spoken by different indigenous peoples inhabiting the coast from Mozambique to the borders of Egypt. It is also notable for 'a description of shooting hippopotamus on the Tacazzi River, with perhaps the earliest printed illustration of hippo shooting' (Czech). The work was issued in both standard and large-paper copies; the former are around 300 x 230mm when bound and the large-paper copies (such as this) are some 35mm taller and 25mm wider, on paper watermarked 'W. Balston 1814'. This copy was previously in the library of the Earls of Minto, and the bookplate is presumably that of the soldier, journalist and administrator Gilbert Kynynmound, the fourth Earl of Minto, who was appointed Governor-General of Canada in 1898, holding the office until 1904, and then Viceroy of India (1905-1910); he is described by the ODNB as 'a perfect example of the aristocratic pro-consul who was so much the backbone of the running of the British empire'. The volume was later in the library of Sir Malin and Lady Constantine Sorsbie: Malin Sorsbie was born in England, and then studied in Canada at Manitoba University, before joining the Royal Canadian Mounted Police in 1926. In 1930 he was recruited into the Royal Air Force and then took up a position with Imperial Airways in 1936, before moving to BOAC in 1940 and finally holding the position of General Manager for East African Airways between 1947 and 1956. Blackmer 1479; Brunet V, col. 96 (noting copies on 'pap. Impérial'); Czech, African, p. 141; Fumagalli 139; Gay 2683; Hess and Coger 892; Ibrahim-Hilmy II, 208 (misdated 1809); Lowndes, p. 2180 (noting large-paper copies); SAB IV, p. 122. Language: English
Description des Indes Occidentales

Description des Indes Occidentales, qu’on appelle aujourdhuy le nouveau monde . translatee d’Espagnol en François. A la quelle sont adjoustees quelques autres descriptions des mesmes pays, avec la navigation du vaillant capitaine de mer Jaques le Maire, et de plusieurs autres.

HERRERA, Antonio de; LE MAIRE, Jacob et al. Folio, pp. [8], 103, [7], 107-254, [2, blank]; with engraved title and 5 engraved illustrations, bound without the portrait of Le Maire and the 17 maps; engraved initials, head- and tail-pieces; light damp staining to title and first quire; very good in contemporary stiff vellum, paper label to spine, green cloth ties; a few wormholes to joints and hinges, some staining to covers.First edition in French of Herrera's description of Spanish conquests in the New World (first published in 1601 as an introduction to his famous Décadas), together with the first authorised publication of Jacques Le Maire's journal of his epic voyage of 1615-16, during which he discovered Cape Horn (pp. 107-174).Backed by his father Isaac – who had founded the Australische Compagnie in 1614 to break the monopoly of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) on trade routes to the East Indies – Jacob Le Maire (1585-1616) sailed for South America from Holland in 1615 with Willem Cornelis Schouten aboard the Eendracht. In January 2016 the expedition passed through the strait that was soon to bear Le Maire's name, and sighted, named, and rounded Cape Horn for the first time. Sailing north into the Pacific, Le Maire made several important discoveries, including the Hoorn Islands, the eastern coast of New Ireland, and the island of New Hanover. After arriving at Batavia in October 1616, Le Maire was accused of infringing the monopoly of the VOC and sent back to Holland. He died at Mauritius on the homeward journey, while Schouten's safe return in July 1617 set a new record for a circumnavigation. Isaac subsequently sued the VOC for the return of his son's journal and initially tried to keep the results of the expedition secret in the hope that the Le Maire Strait might be used exclusively by his own company's ships.The engraved title to Herrera's Description features various Aztec gods and a map of the Americas showing California as an island. Le Maire's Navigation australe is illustrated with five attractive engravings, including views of Cocos Island and the Hoorn Islands. This edition 'concludes with the Spanish and English voyages to Magellan's Straits and the descriptions of America given by Ordoñez de Cevallos and Bertius' (Sabin).Borba de Moraes I, p. 400; Sabin 31543; Wagner 12a.
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Extrait du registre de la Compe. des Indes aujourduy 22 feurier 1720 [and copies of other items relating to Law’s Mississippi System].

LAW, John]. 8vo, pp. [8]; neatly written in brown ink within a ruled border, 19-37 lines per page; a few small stains, two small holes to final leaf touching a few letters; stab-stitched with green thread; in very good condition.A contemporary manuscript by an anonymous copyist reproducing some of the key documents surrounding John Law's Mississippi system and the Visa instituted following its collapse. In just four years, Law completely transformed the French monetary system to a paper money/bank credit system and substituted shares in the Compagnie des Indes (the Mississippi Company) for the national debt. Having won great personal wealth and risen to the position of France's finance minister, Law was forced to leave France in December 1720 following the collapse of his system.The copyist of this manuscript devotes the first five pages to an extract from the register of the Compagnie des Indes for 22 February 1720, comprising twelve points, of which the copyist has omitted the fifth. The extract sets out the following important measures in the history of Law's system: the Compagnie is charged with the control and administration of the Royal Bank; the Bank is to remain Royal and there is to be no increase in banknotes without arrêts from the Conseil; the Compagnie is to keep accounts of the Bank's expenses and receipts as prescribed in the declaration of 4 December 1718; the Compagnie cannot demand 5% for money brought to the Bank's offices nor receive and give specie other than at the current price, payments in specie will be authorised below 100 livres, and in future the Bank will only issue banknotes of 10000, 1000 and 100 livres, and 10000 livres notes are within two months to be exchanged for specie; in return for shares, the Compagnie will pay the king 900 million livres, 300 million in 1720 and 600 million monthly thereafter over ten years; the 300 million is to be put on the king's account; the Bank is not to make payments for the king until the funds are in the Bank and is not to make payments above this amount; the Compagnie is to keep three books to record deposits of banknotes and individuals' credits and debits, to record deposits of shares not liable to seizure, and to record deposits of shares subject to mortgages and liable to seizure; the Compagnie is to create 10 million annuity shares ('actions rentieres') at 2% per annum; the directors propose that the Compagnie no longer operates offices for purchase and sale of shares and subscriptions and that its directors and employees should not undertake any private business with the Compagnie's effects; given the expansion of the Compagnie's operations, the directors propose increasing the number of directors (and here mention is made of Law and eight others).On pages 6-7 the copyist provides a summary of the contents of the highly important arrêt of 5 March 1720, which guaranteed the price of Compagnie shares at 9000 livres a share, effectively monetising them and creating a financial circuit out of line with the real economy. In May, Law attempted to correct the imbalance by reducing the value of banknotes and shares but by this time it was too late to avoid a crash.On the final two pages the copyist details the 'effets' presented to the Visa in 1721, amounting to a staggering figure of 3060484446 (this is copied out twice), and summarises some points of the arrêt of 23 November 1721. The Visa was established by decree in January 1721, under the direction of Paris Duverney, and set about making an inventory of the property of all those who had, directly or indirectly, shared in the profits of the Mississippi system, with the intention of taxing them retrospectively. Language: French
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Abbildung des auf der Strasse Quincampoix in Paris entstandenen so berühmten Actien-Handel. Excudit C. Weigel nach den Parisischen Original.

LAW, John.] Line engraving, 40 x 33½ cm; a fine dark impression.This engraving is a German version of 'Rue Quinquempoix en l'Année 1720'(BM Catalogue 1655). It gives a view, in angular perspective, of the Rue Quinquempoix, Paris, with crowds of persons assembled there during the share mania of the Mississippi, South Sea, and other schemes which bubbled in the financial atmosphere created by John Law of Lauriston.The title is engraved with a long German inscription divided into two parts by a medallion bust portrait in nearly full view, below inscribed I Law. To one side of the pedestal of this portrait a man appears to be chained, weeping bitterly; on the other side another man lies extended on the ground, in the act of stabbing himself with a dagger; a young woman sits near him in great distress. Above the medallion is a Janus head, the facial expressions of which are respectively happy and sad; a hand on the side of the former holds a cornucopia which is filled with jewels; another hand, on the side of the latter face, empties a cornucopia which contains bank notes marked '800,000', and '100, 000', &c.The French version of this print is no. 31 in vol I. of 'Het Groote Tafereel der Dwaasheid', a collection of Dutch satires on the schemes of Law and his contemporaries, also published in 1720.BM Catalogue 1656.
Eastern eclogues; written during a tour through Arabia

Eastern eclogues; written during a tour through Arabia, Egypt, and other parts of Asia and Africa, in the year M.DCC.LXX.VII.

IRWIN, Eyles.] 4to, pp. 31, [1, advertisement]; handsome large engraved vignette to title showing Pompey's pillar; very good in recent half calf over cloth boards, gilt lettering-piece to spine.First edition of these travel-inspired poems by the Calcutta-born East India Company servant Eyles Irwin (1751-1817), composed during his journey from India to England in 1777, and containing several interesting references to the British presence in India.When Irwin became embroiled in the political storm surrounding the governor of Madras, George Pigot, in 1776, he was temporarily suspended from the East India Company's service. Seeking redress, he left India for England early in 1777. The Eastern eclogues were the fruit of his eleven-month journey, together with his travel narrative A series of adventures (1780), an advertisement for which occupies the final page here. Irwin would later return to India and serve as superintendent of the Company's affairs in China.Each of the four eclogues has a distinct setting and subject: in the ruins of Alexandria, with footnotes on Pompey's pillar, Cleopatra's Needle, and a Franciscan convent; in an Ottoman harem on the Arabian coast; on the last words and suicide of a Brahman who jumps from the pagoda at Kanchipuram in Tamil Nadu, India; and on the ransoming of slaves at Tunis.Based on a scene witnessed by Irwin in 1771, the third eclogue, 'Ramah, or, the Bramin', is perhaps the most interesting. While the Brahman criticises British rule and prophesises its defeat by Muslims, Irwin's footnotes defend the East India Company's actions: 'The balance of power should be the principal object of every state, and the restoration of the king of Tanjore shews the Company to be attentive thereto', he writes, for example. 'Policy, as well as humanity, enforced this measure; which it is to be hoped, will obviate the prophecy of our Bramin, notwithstanding there is reason blended with his fanaticism.'ESTC T972.
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Untersuchung der Natur und Ursachen von Nationalreichthümern. Aus dem Englischen

SMITH, Adam. Two vols, 8vo, pp. viii, 632; xii, 740; some spotting and light browning throughout, but still a very good copy, in later marbled blue boards with red and green paper spine labels.First edition in German, the rare first issue, and the first translation into any language, of An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. This landmark translation, by JohannFriedrich Schiller, cousin of the famous poet, and ChristianAugust Wichmann, was reissued in 1792 with a third volume containing the translation of Smith's Additions and Corrections. 'The translator Schiller names Smith as his "friend" in the preface to the second volume; and since he was in London in the 1770s before setting up a bookshop in Mainz, it is possible he knew Smith personally when he was in London before and immediately after the appearance of the Wealth of Nations Two copies of the first volume [of this translation] have survived from Smith's library (Mizuta), the one in Glasgow University bearing on its cover the monogram of George III. Perhaps the King sent this book to Smith to show that his German connections were aware of his work' (Ross, Life of Adam Smith, p.365).Initial German reviews of the work were certainly very favourable. The first, published in 1777 by J.G.H. Feder, a professor of philosophy at the University of Göttingen, states: 'It is a classic; very estimable both for its thorough, not too limited, often far-sighted political philosophy, and for the numerous, frequently discursive historical notes'. Similar approbation is to be found in other contemporary reviews, published in Iselin's Ephemeriden der Menscheit and Nicolai's Allgemeine deutsche Bibliothek: 'The Economistes and he are fundamentally of the same mind, and, with the exception of the theory of taxes, he makes no statements which they do not accept. Blessed be the Briton, who thinks justly and wisely!' (XXXVIII, 300).Carpenter, Dialogue in Political Economy, 8; Goldsmiths' 11394; Humpert 12750; Kress S.4873 (with the Additions and Corrections); Tribe 12; Vanderblue, p.26; not in Einaudi; no copy of the first issue is recorded in NUC, although Kress holds the Vanderblue copy; on the reception of the Wealth of Nations in Germany, see C.W. Hasek, 'The Introduction of Adam Smith's Doctrines', in Cheng-chung Lai, ed., Adam Smith Across Nations (OUP, 2000), and Keith Tribe, 'The German Reception of Adam Smith', in A Critical Bibliography of Adam Smith (Pickering & Chatto, 20 02). Language: Latin
A Short introduction to moral philosophy

A Short introduction to moral philosophy, in three books; containing the elements of ethicks and the law of nature.

HUTCHESON, Francis. 8vo, pp. [2], iv, [6], 347, [1]; title a little soiled, but a very good copy in contemporary calf, upper hinge cracked but holding, top of spine chipped, corners rubbed; contemporary ownership in ink on the front free endpaper of B. Drayton.First edition in English (first published in Latin in 1745) of a major work of the Scottish Enlightenment by the man who has been called the 'father' of that movement. The Short introduction was to be of the utmost importance in the intellectual development of Adam Smith, perhaps the keenest pupil of 'the never-to-be-forgotten Hutcheson' (Smith's own words).'Hutcheson was a close follower of the third Lord Shaftesbury, and had a great influence upon the Scottish philosophers of the "common-sense" school. His first essays were directed against the selfish and cynical theories of Hobbes and Mandeville. He adopted and developed the "moral sense" doctrine as given by Shaftesbury in contrast to the egoistic utilitarianism of his time.he was apparently the first writer to use Bentham's phrase, "the greatest happiness of the greatest number".[and] He may be thus classed as one of the first exponents of a decided utilitarianism as distinguished from "egoistic hedonism"' (ODNB)His teaching in this may be regarded as the foundation in the corresponding utilitarian theory of economics, whose supporters included Smith, Bentham, James Mill and to a modified degree John Stuart Mill.'Hutcheson was a practical moralist in the Ciceronian tradition, a teacher of virtue who sought to persuade his students at Glasgow University and his reading public, not just to understand the good life but to live it' (Miller).Gaskell, 45; Jessop, p.145. Thomas Miller, Francis Hutcheson and the Civic Humanist Tradition, in Hook & Sher (ed) The Glasgow Enlightenment. pp.40-55.
Nanda Lal Bose paintings. Santiniketan

Nanda Lal Bose paintings. Santiniketan, Nandan, Birbhum, Bengal.

BOSE, Nandalal. Folio (37.5 x 28 cm), pp. [8], 23 plates (mostly colour) pasted to rectos of 23 blank leaves, another plate to title, one correction slip to p. [6], two correction slips to p. [8] (list of plates); lower outer corners slightly bumped, slight abrasion to upper blank margin of one plate; very good in publisher's clay-coloured, textured card wrappers, with title in black and reproduction of one plate to upper cover; small stain at foot of spine; signed 'Nandalal Bose 30.4.50' to title and with typescript note 'With love & affection from Nandalal Bose' on small card pasted to front flyleaf; cancelled ink stamp of Dartington Hall Library to front flyleaf and pencilled shelfmarks.An apparently unrecorded collection of reproductions of works by Nandalal Bose (1882-1966), one of the pioneers of modern Indian art and the foremost student of Abanindranath Tagore. In 1920 Bose 'went to Shantiniketan in Bengal to set up an art school as part of Rabindranath Tagore's comprehensive educational programme. Under his leadership this became the most vital centre of modern Indian art in the 1930s and 1940s . Inspired by Gandhi, he worked with indigenous materials and collaborated with craftsmen, seeing arts and crafts as a continuum whose shared principles he elaborated in his theoretical writings' (Grove Art Online).The preliminaries comprise the poem 'Nandalal Bose – man and artist' by Rabindranath Tagore and various reviews of Bose's works dated between June 1936 and December 1942.Provenance: The Dartington Hall Foundation (based on the Dartington Estate in South Devon) was established by Leonard and Dorothy Elmhurst in 1925. It was inspired by their close friend Rabindranath Tagore's progressive ideas on education and rural revival at Shantiniketan. Tagore visited the Elmhursts at Dartington twice.No copies traced on OCLC, COPAC or KVK.
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Vero e pieno ragguaglio delle ceremonie fatte per l’incoronazione di n. sig. Alessandro papa settimo il di 18 Aprile 1655.

ALEXANDER VII, Pope.] 4to, pp. [8]; woodcut papal arms to title, woodcut initial; text in Italian with some Latin; slightly browned; very good in recent decorative paper covered boards.Very rare first(?) edition of this detailed and entertaining account of the coronation of Pope Alexander VII in April 1655, capturing the splendour, colour and emotion of the occasion. The blow-by-blow narrative has a very modern feel, resembling present-day reporting of such events. After describing the elaborate furnishings (including tapestries worked entirely in gold) and seating arrangements (complete with platforms for special guests) laid out in advance in St Peter's Basilica, the narrative turns to the big day itself, tracking the ceremonials from ten o'clock in the morning and detailing the attendees and their functions, the paraphernalia and processioning, and the Mass and music, culminating in the crowning of Alexander with the papal tiara, and his blessing of the populace gathered in St Peter's Square to guns firing and shouts of 'Viva Papa Alessandro'. After a note on the size of the crowds and the fickle weather, the narrator lists the Cardinals who assisted at the ceremony, beginning with the great patron of the arts Francesco Barberini.Alexander would become known for his (initial) opposition to nepotism, support for the Jesuits, architectural projects in Rome, and writing on heliocentrism.OCLC records copies at the British Library and Getty only; not on ICCU. Another edition with twelve pages was published in the same year by Bernabo at Rome (also rare).
Account book.

Account book.

VINCENS, Jean Alexandre. Manuscript on paper, in French, folio (34 x 23 cm), ff. [2], 94, [4, mostly blank]; very neatly written in brown ink; very well preserved in modern red decorative paper over boards, label to upper cover with manuscript note 'Grand livre de nous .'; light wear to extremities.A unique record of the financial transactions and business dealings of a leading Protestant family of bankers and merchants in Nîmes, in the south of France, prior to and during the French Revolution, covering the period between May 1783 and Fructidor year VIII i.e. 1800.Jean Alexandre Vincens (1760-1840) was the son of Alexandre Vincens (1725-94), writer and professor of rhetoric, and Madeleine Devillas. His siblings included Jacques Vincens-Saint Laurent (1758-1825, soldier, noted singer, politician and historian) and Jean-César Vincens-Plauchut (1755-1801, politician). In 1789 Jean Alexandre married Madeleine, daughter of Louis Mourgue (1735-1810), receiving – according to this manuscript – a dowry of 25,000 francs in specie and 75,000 livres in notes.The Vincens family were major players: 'A Nîmes . le banquier Jean Alexandre Vincens-Mourgue sous la raison Vincens, Davillas, Pascal et Cie, reste la première maison du Gard, avec dix millions de chiffre d'affaires annuel' (Louis Bergeron, Banquiers, négociants et manufacturiers parisiens du Directoire à l'Empire). In 1793 Alexandre Vincens purchased the Ursuline convent in Nîmes for the use of Protestants, subsequently known as the Petit Temple.This detailed record of Jean Alexandre's income and expenditure shows his dealings with Boyer, Devillas, Vincens et Cie.; Vincens, Devillas, Pascal et Cie.; Boudon et fils; Pomier de Montpellier; and with his brothers (including Emile Vincens), wife, and father-in-law. In year III, Jean Alexandre and his brothers made a significant real estate purchase in acquiring the commanderie of Plan-de-Peyre, close to Nîmes, a property formerly held by the Grand Prior of the Knights of Malta, and this manuscript records numerous transactions relating to the estate.While our manuscript records income from lottery tickets, interest, annuities, rents, agios, and trade in all manner of goods, from cloth to furniture, some of the most charming detail lies in the records of expenditure. Here can be found payments, for example, for hairdressing, 'bonbons', scissors 'pour rogner les ongles', 'un moulin à café', 'une table a tric trac', books and maps ('Histoire de Don Quichotte', 'Gil Blas', 'une carte geographique de France'), a picnic on New Year's Day 1787, subscriptions 'à la comédie', a 'spectacle de Pinetti' (i.e. the magician Joseph Pinetti), dental care ('au dentiste pour m'avoir nettoyé la bouche', 'pour une dent fausse'), and sums 'perdu au jeu dans le courant de cette année'. In the midst of the Revolution there are also references to payments such as 'contribution pour la prime accordée aux boulangers' (in 1792), and 'pour le recrutement de l'armée' (1793), and several accounts are referred to as being 'abandonné à cause des assignats'. Language: French
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On stimulus in the economic life. The Rede Lecture MCMXXVII.

STAMP, Josiah Charles, Sir. 8vo, pp. [4], 68; a very good copy with extensive contemporary annotations and underlining in both pen and pencil, bound in the original drab paper boards, a little worn; a presentation copy with an inscription to the economist Phillip Sargant Florence signed by Stamp on the front free endpaper.First edition, the transcript of the Rede Lecture of 1927 delivered by Sir Josiah Stamp. Stamp discusses the term 'stimulus' in economics, defining it as essentially the 'the change in the degree of incentive, [i.e.] the increment in incentive'. Following a brief theoretical exposition on the concept, he provides a series of case-studies and analogies. For example, he discusses the continuously diminishing reaction of drug stimulus to a repeated constant dose. Sir Josiah Stamp (1880-1941) was a remarkable statistician, civil-servant, and business administrator. Entering the Inland Revenue Service in 1896 through the boy clerk examinations, Stamp rapidly rose through the ranks, eventually reaching the position of the secretary to the Board of Inland Revenue at the age of 36. During his period as a civil servant he prepared himself for the external degree of BSc in Economics from the University of London, achieving first class honours in 1911 without any teaching or guidance. His DSc in economics quickly followed in 1916. His awards and achievements are far too numerous to mention here in full but highlights include service as the British representative to the Dawes committee in 1924 as well as its successor the Young committee in 1929, a directorship at the Bank of England in 1928, and being raised First Baron Stamp in 1938.Phillip Sargant Florence (1890-1982) was an American economist who spent most of his life in Britain. He was a lecturer in economics at Cambridge between the years 1921 and 1929. It is likely that the annotations are in his hand. Language: English