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Altea Antique Maps

Macrobii Ambrosii Aurelii Theodosii

Macrobii Ambrosii Aurelii Theodosii, Viri Consularis, et illustris, In Somnium Scipionis, Lib. II. Saturnaliorum, Lib. VII. Ex uarijs, ac uetustissimis codicibus recogniti, & aucti.

MACROBIUS. Lyons: Sebastian Gryphius, 1556. 8vo, contemporary vellum, with blind-stamped illustrated decoration; two works in one; title with printer's device, pp. 177, with woodcut map, five diagrams & two initials; & pp.178-567, five initials, + (73) (index). Ink collector's stamp and small label on title page. Two works by Macrobius Ambrosius Theodosius, written in the early 5th century. 'In Somnium Scipionis' is a commentary on Cicero's 'The Dream of Scipio', the final part of his 'Republic'. In a fictional dream, the Roman general Scipio Aemilianus has a cosmic vision in which the universe is made up nine celestial rings, and he hears the 'music of the spheres'. He then sees the climate belts of Earth, with the Antipodes separated from the known world by a region of fire (Perusta). In this commentary, Macrobius interprets these visions, with diagrams to illustrate the theories. The original version of his map, first printed 1483, was important as one of the first maps to show the world as a globe, and for showing an Antipodes to counterbalance the land in the Northern Hemisphere. When this edition was published the 'Perusta' theory was controversial: as the Bible stated that the whole world was re-populated by the sons of Noah there could be no unreachable Antipodes. The 'Saturnalia' is an account of a banquet held during the holiday of the Saturnalia, and the discussions of the guests on various subjects, both historical and philosophical. The importance of the work is the quotations taken from earlier authors, including Seneca and Plutarch, often from texts now lost. The collector's stamp reads'Bibl. Bernhard Vrat' (Vratislavia - Wroclaw). See SHIRLEY: World 13.
Geological Map of the British Isles and Adjacent Coast of France Constructed from Published Documents

Geological Map of the British Isles and Adjacent Coast of France Constructed from Published Documents, Communications of Eminent Geologists and Personal Investigation. By John Phillips, F.R.S. G.S. and Engraved by J.W. Lowry.

PHILLIPS, John. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1849-50. Lithograph with original colour. Dissected and laid on linen, as issued, total 825 x 630mm. Label of French publisher and mapseller Andriveau-Goujon on linen. A colourful geological map of the British Isles by John Phillips (1800-74), nephew and protégé of William Smith (creator of the first geological map of the British Isles, 1815), and an important geologist in his own right, inventing the word 'Mesozoic'. Phillips lost his parents at an early age, becoming Smith's charge, accompanying him around the country during the creation of his geological maps. Later he taught geology at Oxford University, and became Professor of Geology at the Univerity of Dublin. He was keeper of the Ashmolean Museum from 1854-70, president of the Geological Society of London 1859-60 and president of the British Association in 1865. In 1841 he published the first global geologic time scale based on the correlation of fossils in rock strata, introducing 'Mesozoic'. A rare map: all the examples listed by COPAC all have been revised editions of 1862 (British Library, National Library of Scotland, Bristol University). We date this example to 1849-50 because of the address of the printer, Standidge & Co, at 36 Old Jewry.