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Hordern House Rare Books

Voyages from Asia to America

Voyages from Asia to America, for completing the discoveries of the north west coast of America. To which is prefixed, a Summary of the Voyages made by the Russians on the Frozen Sea, in search of the North East Passage.

JEFFERYS, Thomas, editor Quarto, with four folding maps on three folding sheets; a very nice copy in old half maroon morocco gilt. The second and best edition of Jefferys's English translation, published the same year as the significantly shorter first: a 'most important contemporary account of Bering's discoveries, by a scientist attached to his second expedition' (Howes). The text, with additions by Jefferys, is based on Gerhard Müller's obscurely published account of Russian discoveries in eastern Asia and north America, which appeared in 1753 as volume three of his exhaustive study Sammlung Russischer Geschichte. This work, Müller's magnum opus, was published in St. Petersburg, where he was a lecturer at the Academy. Müller's publication contained the first full narrative of the Bering expedition, a 'most important contemporary account of Bering's discoveries, by a scientist attached to his second expedition' (Howes). The text has significant additions by Jefferys, and thus is not simply a translation of Müller's work. It represents the best contemporary geographical knowledge regarding the question of the Northeast Passage. Although the text was a vitally important addition to the information available in English, the work's glory are the four maps, in particular the first large map "Discoveries made by the Russians on the North West Coast of America", showing both Kamchatka and the Northwest coast. Whilst it closely follows the very scarce original (also by Müller and published by the Academy of Sciences of St. Petersburg in 1754), Jefferys' version does incorporate some changes, including topographical information about Siberia, as well as being annotated with descriptions of events on Bering's expedition. The second, a large folding map of Canada, shows discoveries from Canada to the west of Hudson Bay and some points on the western coast. The first of the two smaller maps depicts "part of a Japanese map of the World", taken from a manuscript in the famous Sloane collection; the second the discoveries relative to the search for a passage to the South Sea by Admiral de Fonte and other Spanish, English and Russian navigators, respectively. These maps have an extra importance as we know that along with those in Staehlin's book they figured prominently in the planning for Cook's third voyage and were used by, and mostly confused, Cook himself during the progress of his final voyage (see Beaglehole, Life of Cook, pp. 486-489, 593-4, 599, 604-5, 613, 617, 627, 633). Provenance: Private collection (Sydney). Some slight browning of paper, tear in two leaves expertly repaired.
An Account of the New Northern Archipelago

An Account of the New Northern Archipelago, lately discovered by the Russians in the Seas of Kamtschatka and Anadir. Translated from the German Original. [with:] LE ROY, Pierre Ludwig. A Narrative of the Singular Adventures of Four Russian Sailors, Who Were Cast Away on the Desert Island of East-Spitzbergen

STAEHLIN, Jakob von Storcksburg Octavo, with a folding map on thick paper, coloured in outline; a nice copy, bound without half-title and advertisement leaf in contemporary calf, neatly rebacked. An important and surprisingly scarce North Pacific item. This is the first English edition, translated from the German publication ('Das Von Den Russen In Den Jahren 1765, 66, 67 Entdekte Nordliche Insel-meer Zwischen Kamtschatka und Nordamerika') published earlier in the same year. There is a long extra section (118 pp.) with separate title-page in this English edition, Le Roy's "Narrative of the adventures of four Russian sailors, who were cast away on the island of East-Spitzbergen". Staehlin "was Secretary to the Imperial Academy of Sciences in St Petersburg and a member of the Royal Society of London. In the present work he attempted to present the gradual progress of the new Russian discoveries of islands in the North Pacific, including the Aleutian Islands, Kodiak and Unalaska islands, and a number of others. Staehlin states that his compilation is based on the original reports of the Russian traders who, under a convoy from the Admiralty, commanded by Lieutenant Sind ('Syndo'), spent 1764-67 exploring the North Pacific area, discovering new islands and confirming previous discoveries. Extracts from the reports made to the Russian Senate, via the government chanceries in Irkutsk and Kamchatka, are joined to Staehlin's over-all narrative" (Lada-Mocarski). The map, which shows Alaska as an island, shows the track of three Russian boats which passed through the Bering Strait, coming from the Arctic Ocean, in 1648: this was Dezhnev's expedition.A popular account by David Roberts of their shipwreck appeared as Four Against the Arctic: Shipwrecked for Six Years at the Top of the World (2003). Provenance: Private collection (Sydney). A couple of holes in the map neatly repaired.
Narrative of a Voyage to the Pacific and Beering's Strait

Narrative of a Voyage to the Pacific and Beering’s Strait, to co-operate with the Polar Expeditions: performed in His Majesty’s Ship Blossom.

BEECHEY, Captain F.W. Two volumes, quarto, with two large folding engraved maps, a double-page map, 23 plates (including four double-page); bound without the half-titles and advertisement leaf found in some copies, but with the rare errata slip called for by Forbes and Hill (at start of second volume); contemporary polished olive calf gilt, spines gilt in compartments between raised bands with double labels. First edition of 'one of the most valuable of modern voyages' (Sabin). This is a particularly handsome set of the full-size ("Admiralty" issue) quarto first edition on larger paper, scarce today with the reduced octavo version of the same year more often seen. HMS Blossom was commissioned as a relief expedition to Bering Strait to meet Parry and Franklin on their search for a Northwest passage, and to explore the areas of the Pacific on her route. The ship visited Easter Island, the Mangarevas (on which Beechey was the first European to land), sailed through the Tuamotus, reached Tahiti and made two significant stops in Hawaii. Beechey gives an especially good description of life in Hawaii in narrating his second visit, the significance of which is discussed in full by David Forbes in the Hawaiian National Bibliography. At Kamchatka Beechey learned of Parry's return, and spent July to October in Kotzebue Sound, tragically missing Franklin near Point Barrow, Alaska, by just fifty leagues. The next year he continued his exploration of the Arctic, entering Kotzebue Sound from the west. Additionally his book gives good accounts of his stops at San Francisco, Monterey, and Okinawa. Beechey also describes his important visit to Pitcairn Island, and publishes the detailed description of the mutiny on the Bounty that was told to him by John Adams, the last of the survivors. The fine engravings include two views of Pitcairn, one of California, and five of Okinawa. A little light spotting, less than usual, a really good set.
Spinifex and Sand: a Narrative of Five Years' Pioneering and Exploration in Western Australia

Spinifex and Sand: a Narrative of Five Years’ Pioneering and Exploration in Western Australia

CARNEGIE, David Wynford Octavo, with illustrations and folding maps (two in a rear endpocket); endpapers a little spotted and two maps with short tears (expertly repaired); a very good clean copy in the original pictorial cloth with a signed card from the author. First edition of one of the most enthralling works of Australian inland exploration: a fine presentation copy, accompanied by a prophetic note by Carnegie: "I do not suppose I shall see W.A. again.". In 1892 Carnegie joined the gold rush to Coolgardie, Western Australia, where he spent eighteen months prospecting and working in mines. In 1894 and 1895 he was commissioned to conduct prospecting expeditions, which although yielding little gold, honed his bushcraft and exploration skills. Carnegie's sights were set on crossing Western Australia from south to north, and he aimed to establish the nature of the country and any gold-bearing deposits between the southern goldfields and the Kimberleys in the north, and between the east-west routes taken by Warburton in 1872-3 and Forrest in 1874. Setting off from Coolgardie in 1896, Carnegie and his party crossed the Gibson Desert and the Great Sandy Desert. It was here for a month that the party traversed a regular succession of spinifex-covered sand ridges, 15-18 metres high. The results of the expedition were disappointing, but Carnegie's achievement in crossing some 4800 kilometres of the most inhospitable land imaginable in thirteen months, with minimum losses, was significant. In 1897 he was awarded the Gill Memorial medal by the Royal Geographical Society in London for his exceptional achievement. The following year he published this account of the expedition. This copy has a signed presentation card from the author dated "10 Feb 1899" (not long after publication) which reads: "Dear Mr Smith, I am sending you today a parcel containing a copy of my book on W.A. viz 'Spinifex and Sand'. I hope this will find both Mrs Smith & yourself in very good health. I do not suppose I shall see W.A. again". Tragically, his prediction proved correct; Carnegie was killed the following year, aged just 29, whilst serving in northern Nigeria where he was shot with a poisoned arrow during a minor skirmish.
Viaje y translaccion del famoso Barrington a Botani-Bay en la Nueva-Holanda

Viaje y translaccion del famoso Barrington a Botani-Bay en la Nueva-Holanda, puesto en español con algunas correcciones y notas.

BARRINGTON] SANTIAGO DE ALVARADO Y DE LA PEÑA, D. 16mo (115 x 75mm), engraved frontispiece, 192 pp.; a fine fresh copy in contemporary Spanish marbled calf, gilt spine, red morocco label. Very rare Spanish imprint detailing the life and adventures of gentleman pickpocket George Barrington. Ferguson records many versions of Barrington in one form or another, perhaps the most exotic being the Russian translation published in Moscow in 1803 (known from the single copy in the Mitchell Library), but this bizarre Spanish version eluded him; nor did any copy appear in time to be added to the Ferguson Addenda. More recently Garvey has identified four copies: Mitchell Library, National Library of Australia, and two in the Biblioteca Nacional de Espana. This is essentially an abridgement of the Voyage to New South Wales, but is more than just a translation as extra editorial matter includes a section of fifteen pages concerning the geography of Australia, with a description of Bahia-Botanica and the rest of New South Wales, preceded by a short explanatory note from the translator; along with a short history of the exploration of the Pacific, this establishes the setting for the Barrington narrative for Spanish readers unfamiliar with the history of the region. The charming engraved frontispiece ("Barrington salva la vida á un joven salvage") has come a long way from the original on which it is based. Some slight wear to extremities of binding but a neat and most attractive copy.
La Découverte Australe par un Homme-volant

La Découverte Australe par un Homme-volant, ou le Dédale français; Nouvelle très-philosophique: suivie de la Lettre d’un Singe, &ca

RESTIF DE LA BRETONNE, Nicolas Edmé] Four volumes, duodecimo, with altogether 23 engraved plates including the large double-plate (numbered 23-24, and thus sometimes leading to some confusion about the correct number of plates): pp. [3]-240, with four plates; [241]-436, with sixteen plates; [437]-624, 92, with two plates; [93]-422, [6], [2] 'table de figures', [2] adverts, with one double plate; without the dated 'faux-titre' ('manque dans presque tous les exemplaires', and see below), but with the six 'Diatribes' normally suppressed ('de la plus grand rareté'); a fine copy in full crushed blue levant, spines lettered in gilt and decorated between raised bands, gilt florets and blind borders to sides, all edges gilt, gilt inner dentelles; a very attractive and neatly bound set. First edition, early complete and uncensored issue, of this remarkable book, very rare indeed on the market, describing an imaginary voyage by flying machine to Australia. The work is as famous for its strikingly beautiful suite of engravings as for its remarkable text. An illustrated utopia, and a pioneering work in the genre of air navigation, it was published just two years before Montgolfier's first balloon ascent, and is 'undoubtedly the most significant work of science-based speculative fiction produced before the French Revolution' (Brian Stableford, editor of the adaptation The Discovery of the Austral Continent by a flying Man, Hollywood, 2016). Restif de la Bretonne (1734-1806), the rival of Sade, compulsive writer and famous shoe-fetishist, was an eclectic and prodigious writer, author of more than 200 works. In the eighteenth century he was generally reviled as a pornographer, and some of his works were seized, but the fascination with society and its reform which animates his rambling, often erotic works have led to him being called both the "Rousseau of the gutter" and the "Voltaire of the chambermaids". There has been a recent resurgence in interest in his work, not least because of his importance to the utopian tradition. This is one of the least often seen of his contemporary publications, even in its mutilated state (see below). Uncensored as here, and in its first issue, it is a real rarity. The "French Daedalus" of the title is Victorin, inventor of a curious system of wings and umbrellas that allows him to make an aerial tour of Australia and the Pacific, accompanied by his beloved Christine. Together they visit a series of islands, each illustrated with an attractive engraving, populated by half-men/half-animals (beavers, pigs, elephants, serpents, frogs and more). The hommes-volants then fly to Megapatagonia, a mirror-image of the northern hemisphere "en petit", and land in the town of Sirap (i.e. Paris); the inhabitants of this antipodean nation speak French backwards, have shoes like hats and hats like shoes, and live by utopian tenets of brotherly love and communal wealth. The imaginative product of an age distinguished by actual exploration and discovery, the work echoes its famous contemporaries like Cook and Bougainville, picking up on the philosophical questions of utopias partly sparked by descriptions of Tahiti and other south seas paradises. Remarkably, the famous Lettre d'un Singe that concludes volume III, in which humanity is reviled by the monkey-child of a woman and baboon, ends with a four-page section quoting from the French translation of Cook's account of his visit to Mallicolo in the New Hebrides on the second voyage, and his comment that the people are 'comme une espèce de Singes'. A final note to this section makes the extraordinary assertion that Captain Cook was killed and eaten by the cannibal "Australians" in Hawaii ('Le Capitaine Cook. été mangé par les Australiens, dans l'Ile d'O-why-hie, près celle Sandwich, en 1778. Ainsi, quelques-uns de ces Peuples sont anthropophages.'). The wonderful and highly imaginative engravings that accompany Restif's text are by the Parisian artist Louis Binet (1744-c. 1800), a pupil of Jacques Firmin Beauvarlet, who had met Restif in 1779 and thereafter worked closely with him as virtually his official engraver. The 23 images here are his most famous work. This is an example of the original uncensored issue of the book and is rare in such complete form. Most copies known were heavily censored at the time of publication: the Parisian censor, the Abbé Terrasson, wrote to Restif explaining the sections that would need to be suppressed before publication could be permitted, and most copies of the work do indeed lack the forbidden parts. Terrasson particularly required the suppression of the "Diatribes", all six of which are present in the final volume here; 'Les exemplaires dans lequels se trouvent les six Diatribes sont de la plus grande rareté' (Lacroix). Most surviving copies have lost the last five, pp. 337-422, as well as the five final leaves of the volume. In addition, the points that identify this as the original rather than the subsequent - censored - issue more often seen include: the Avis de l'Éditeur for the Lettre d'un Singe (vol. 3) runs to five pages, while the later issue has just three, pp. 16 and 17 having been deleted; La Séance chés une Amatrice in vol. 4 (p. 325) occupies three pages, rather than the shortened page and a half of the later issue; the first of the six diatribes, L'Homme-de-nuit, begins on p. 328 (p. 326 in the second issue). The various censored passages mean that the second issue stops at p. 334 with the words: "Sur ce, je vous salue, honorable Lecteur. /Fin." In this copy the text continues to p. 422, with 5 further unnumbered leaves with an untitled note, a table of figures and of the pieces contained in the four volumes, and a list of works by Restif. This copy does not have the "oeuvres posthumes" half-title in volume 1, the lack of which may also be appropriate in an early issue. Provenance: "N.J.O." (presumably American, since his romantic bookplate, dated 1900, is by William Fowler Hopson, the New Haven Connecticut engraver); priv
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An Authentic Journal of the late Expedition under. Anson

ANSON] PHILIPS, John Octavo, iv, 516 pp; contemporary panelled calf, joints neatly repaired; an excellent copy. The first book-length account of the entire Anson expedition to be printed, dating a full four years before the appearance of the official narrative in 1748 (Bulkeley and Cummins's Voyage to the South Seas, 1743, concerns only the loss of the support ship the Wager on the South American coast soon after the beginning of the expedition). It is likely that 'John Philips', cited as author on the title-page, was a pseudonym: A. Grove Day pointed out that no such name appears on the ship's muster. 'Possibly the reason for assuming this nom de guerre may lie in the fact that the book contains a full account of the journey to England of the mutineers of the Wager after their ship was wrecked; for the author sympathises with them in their deserting their captain (Captain David Cheap), and his remaining officers. The story of the mutineers was supplied by Mr Bulkeley, a warrant-officer of the Wager, and a ringleader of the mutiny; and the case was still sub judice when the book was published by "John Philips". It must have been an instant success, for it was at once pirated by two separate publishers . This work . mentions names and events not referred to in the other books of the voyage; thus filling in gaps, sometimes important ones, in the history' (Sommerville, pp.314-5). Anson's return to England with HMS Centurion in the summer of 1744 was the occasion of huge popular celebration and intense interest in the events of his tumultuous four-year voyage round the world, which had culminated in the capture of the Manila treasure galleon. 'After the fleet's failure off Toulon in February the navy stood in need of a popular triumph, and the capture of a treasure galleon was in the public mind the next best thing to a fleet victory. Day after day the newspapers carried reports of the homecoming: the procession from Portsmouth to London, with thirty-two wagons laden with treasure; the feting of Anson and his men; details of the prize money and the dispute over its allocation' (Williams, p.229). The Philips text was rushed into print to meet this immense popular interest. It was first issued in eight weekly parts at sixpence each: a notice in the Gentleman's Magazine, September 1744, records it as 'Publishing weekly, at 6d. each no.', which shows that it was already appearing a little more than a month after the formal discharge of the Centurion's crew in late July. We handled an exceptionally rare set of the original parts in 1997: on checking the page numbers in this copy where the parts began and ended (pp. 64, 128, 192, 256, 320, 388, and 452) we can see evidence of differing stitching between the sections, tending to confirm the commonsense conclusion that parts were sold as printed but also kept from the same printing to make up complete books, that is "bound from the parts" Provenance: Early bold signature of Sir (?) Pinchard; armorial bookplate of the Keppel family; Rev Thomas Robert Keppel (Rector of North Creake, Norfolk; his signature dated 1846); his eldest son Major William George Keppel of Old Buckenham, Norfolk (printed label); Frederick E. Ellis (with his Shaw Island bookplate); private collection (Sydney).
A Collection of Original Voyages: containing I. Capt. Cowley's Voyage round the Globe. II. Captain Sharp's Journey over the Isthmus of Darien

A Collection of Original Voyages: containing I. Capt. Cowley’s Voyage round the Globe. II. Captain Sharp’s Journey over the Isthmus of Darien, and Expedition into the South Seas, Written by himself. III. Capt. Wood’s Voyage thro’ the Streights of Magellan. IV. Mr. Roberts’s Adventures among the Corsairs of the Levant; his Account of their Way of Living; Description of the Archipelago Islands, Taking of Scio, &c

HACKE, William Octavo, with three folding maps and three engraved plates, two woodcuts in the text; with the blank leaf D8, and complete with the three pages of publication announcements by Knapton bound in at the end; an attractive copy in contemporary speckled calf, neatly respined. Scarce first edition of this famous collection, one of the important works issued by the publisher Knapton to capitalise on the best-selling account of Dampier's first voyage to the South Seas. The work was prepared by William Hacke, who claimed to be a buccaneer himself but seems to have been more of an armchair pirate, making his living in London's Wapping from selling rutters, manuscript atlases copied from the "derroteros" plundered from Spanish vessels. Hacke's collection brings together the accounts of four voyages which provide important source material, particularly for the history of the buccaneers. Although the voyages of the buccaneers were private enterprise expeditions, they were responsible for considerably extending geographical knowledge: Cowley, who sailed for many months with Dampier in the early 1680s, sailed further south than had previously been done, and named some of the Galapagos Islands. His narrative is accompanied by a fine world map which marks his track across the Pacific to Guam, China and then through the Straits of Sunda and the Cape of Good Hope. Similarly, Sharp provides perceptive observations on Panama and the west coast of South America and was the Captain responsible for carrying off a Spanish atlas in 1680, 'from which Hacke made several highly important manuscript atlases' (Hill). The two concluding voyages which make up the collection are those of Wood, who was with Sir John Narborough during his crucial navigation of the Magellan Straits and the straight-talking Roberts, press-ganged onto a corsair in the Levant. Not averse to massaging history, Hacke in his role as editor literally created the fictional 'Pepys Island.' The account of Dampier and of his cohort Cowley were fractionally different in the mapping of the Sebald de Weerts (now the Falklands) and Hacke falsified Cowley's journal to invent an island and name it after the diarist Samuel Pepys, then Secretary to the Admiralty. Burney writes incredulously that this error persisted in the charts for a full century because 'it seems never to have been generally understood, that Dampier and Cowley were at this time in the same ship, and their voyage thus far the same'. Hacke's work was part of the canonical group that was later reissued by Dampier's energetic publisher Knapton in the complete four-volume Dampier of 1729. Provenance: Private collection (Sydney).
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A Voyage Round the World. Containing an Account of Captain Dampier’s Expedition into the South-Seas in the ship St. George, in the years 1703 and 1704. Together with the author’s voyage from Amapalla on the west-coast of Mexico, to East India

FUNNELL, William Octavo, with five folding maps (one with small repair) and ten engraved plates; contemporary lightly panelled calf, very well rebacked. First edition of this important contemporary account of an early circumnavigation of the globe in which William Dampier's mate rushes (or is rushed by a publisher) into print: Funnell's voyage narrative is an essential component of the Dampier voyage canon ('the only Narrative which has been published of the Voyage of the Saint George and Cinque Ports' (Burney)), and was later incorporated into Dampier's collected voyages. At the time of publication, however, it incensed Dampier so much that he published his single-sheet refutation, A Vindication. Funnell is certainly not generous to Dampier: although he shows grudging respect for his captain's earlier mapping of the region, he charges him with frequent drunkenness, foul and abusive language, oppressing his crew, and gross cowardice. Funnell shipped on the St. George as steward and afterwards Dampier's mate, on a voyage designed to 'harass the Spaniards and take plunder from vessels and towns in South America' (Hill). The unhappy voyage was marred by almost continuous quarrelling among the captains and crew, including a series of desertions and mutinies. Funnell was one of the thirty-four of the original crew who left Dampier in Amapalla Bay and sailed on the recently taken prize-ship the Saint John. The ship was impounded at Amboyna by the Dutch and Funnell, together with the remaining crew, was embarked on the next Dutch fleet for Europe. Dampier returned to Peru and thence the Indies where he was also temporarily imprisoned by the Dutch. As a result, Funnell completed the circumnavigation (albeit by relay), and returned to England well before his captain. Dampier's own publisher Knapton rushed Funnell's narrative quickly into print. Burney criticises the mercenary motives of Knapton in publishing what was essentially 'A fourth volume. which contains not a word of Dampier's writing; but much that he disapproved'. Whilst Dampier's temper has long been questioned, surely Burney's summation of this publication is apt: it 'could not have fallen into worse hands than those of Funnell. Besides being extremely ignorant, he was void of regard or respect for veracity'. Provenance: Private collection (Sydney). Occasional light spots or marks but essentially an excellent copy in a well-preserved original binding, now rebacked.
The Observations of Sir Richard Hawkins Knight

The Observations of Sir Richard Hawkins Knight, in his Voiage into the South Sea. Anno Domini 1593

HAWKINS, Sir Richard Small folio; a fine copy in a finely executed 17th-century style binding by Aquarius of black deerskin, heavily gilt to spine and covers. A fine, clean copy of the rare first edition: "it deserves its fame, for no other book of the time provides us with a clearer idea of the events and undertakings of a maritime expedition at the end of the sixteenth century. Sir Richard Hawkins was not only an experienced sailor, but also a man of culture and an acute observer. His book is still read today with great interest and true pleasure" (Borba de Moraes). "The book is a unique work for its period. It is not merely a narrative and a rutter, or set of sailing directions for the Pacific voyage, but is deliberately intended as a treatise on the conduct of such expeditions and a body of doctrine on seamanship. It gives a fuller picture of life at sea than is to be found in any other Elizabethan work." (J. A. Williamson, The Observations of Sir Richard Hawkins, 1933). "With the Counsels consent, and helpe of my father, Sir John Hawkins, Knight", Hawkins begins, "I resolved a voyage to be made for the ilands of Japan, of the Phillippinas, and Molucas, the kingdomes of China, and East Indies, by the way of the Straites of Magelan, and the South Sea. The principall end of our designements, was, to make a perfect discovery of all those parts, where I shold arrive, as well knowne as unknowne, with their longitudes and latitudes; the lying of their coasts; their head-lands; their ports, and bayes; their citties, townes, and peoplings; their manner of government; with the commodities which the countries yeelded, and of which they have want, and are in necessitie". As Williamson notes, this "is no doubt true, but probably not the whole truth. There is no mention of attacking the Queen's enemies, nor of searching for the Terra Australis which had so powerfully exercised the minds of Englishmen twenty years earlier. The opening is extremely bald and abrupt. It looks as though Sir Richard made a hurried alteration before sending his script to the printer, and that his opening remarks may originally have contained matter which he thought it better to suppress. To the Spaniards in 1594 he avowed that he sailed with the purpose of attacking them; and since he had been caught in the act there was no reason for denying it. But it was obviously a point that it was inadvisable to labour in the pacific, pro-Spanish atmosphere of 1622. Equally, the true programme may have included Terra Australis among the countries to be explored. If so, there are intelligible reasons why he should not have mentioned this in 1622. Sir William Courteen, a wealthy London merchant. was at that time moving for a patent to monopolise 'all lands in the south parts of the world called Terra Australis.'. The thing was still a living project, and we do not know whether Sir Richard was concerned in it, or how far he considered his own knowledge as confidential". If the origins of the voyage are obscure, its actual progress, dramatically recounted by Hawkins, was short and sharp. Having sighted an unknown coast (probably the Falklands), he entered the Pacific through the Straits of Magellan, intending to strike well north of Callao. 'But Hawkins, one of the most civilised and attractive of the Elizabethan privateers, was on his own admission too easy-going for a wartime captain' (Rodger, Safeguard of the sea p. 281), and was swayed by his men's appetite for immediate loot to raid Valparaiso, an action that ruined all hope of further surprise. At first Hawkins evaded interception, but he was finally overwhelmed after a three-day running fight with two well-armed Spanish ships commanded by Don Beltrán de Castro. Hawkins was held captive for eight years and probably first drafted his Observations soon after his return to England in 1602. Provenance: Bernard Quaritch Ltd; private collection (Sydney). Last leaf of index lightly stained; tiny trace of worming on blank margins of a few leave at end; otherwise clean and excellent, a very attractive copy in a most handsome binding.
A New Voyage and Description of the Isthmus of America

A New Voyage and Description of the Isthmus of America, giving an account of the author’s abode there, the form and make of the country. With Remarkable Occurrences in the South Sea, and elsewhere.

WAFER, Lionel Octavo, with a map and three folding engraved plates; with the 2 pp Knapton advertisements at the end; a good copy in contemporary calf; skillfully respined preserving earlier manuscript label. First edition: one of the series of rarities relating to the buccaneers and William Dampier. It was published by Dampier's publisher Knapton. Wafer, surgeon on a trading vessel, had deserted in the West Indies in 1679, and joined the loose band of buccaneers which included Lynch and Cook, and eventually brought him into contact with Dampier. After the quarrel which divided the buccaneers, Wafer was part of the faction which attempted to cross the Isthmus at Panama. Badly burned in an accident, the surgeon was left behind among the Darien Indians until he recovered. Even the often ill-tempered Dampier was worried about his loss, writing 'we allowed him a Slave to carry his things, being all of us the more concern'd at the Accident, because liable our selves every Moment to Misfortune, and none to look after us but him'. However, Wafer's accident did have the unforeseen effect of producing one of the most important English works on the region. He gained the confidence of the Indians and was able to record much first-hand information about them and about the area. He temporarily adopted their distinctive dress, and when he returned to his shipmates sat amongst them unrecognised for almost an hour, until one suddenly exclaimed 'Here's our doctor!'. Wafer stresses the advantages to be gained from an English settlement on the Isthmus: 'a free passage by land, from the Atlantic to the South Sea, might easily be effected, which would be of the greatest consequence to the East India trade.'. Dampier, although writing his own brief record of Panama, notes that 'I shall leave this Province to Mr. Wafer, who. is better able to do it than any Man that I know, and is now preparing a particular Description of this Country for the Press'. Wafer published a revised second edition in 1704, which is the version later included in the four-volume Dampier of 1729. Provenance: With ms. ownership inscription from the year of publication "Liber Samuelis Nicoll pret. 3 sh. 1699"; Frederick E. Ellis (with his Shaw Island bookplate); private collection (Sydney). The folding plate at p.102 slightly frayed at its outer margin.
A Relation of Two several Voyages made into the East-Indies. containing an exact account of the Customs

A Relation of Two several Voyages made into the East-Indies. containing an exact account of the Customs, Dispositions, Manners, Religion, &c. of the several Kingdoms and Dominions in those Parts of the World in General: But in a more particular manner, Describing those Countries which are under the Power and Government of the Dutch

FRYKE, Christopher and Christopher SCHEWITZER Octavo, pp. [xvi], 358, [ii]; an excellent crisp copy in contemporary dark calf, carefully repaired at joints preserving original gilt spine panels and label. First edition in English, translated from the Dutch by "S.L.". and a scarce and interesting book, with detailed descriptions of the Cape of Good Hope, Mauritius, Java, Ceylon, Formosa and Japan. Fryke, a surgeon with the VOC, tells the story of his voyages in the 1680s around the flourishing Dutch settlements in the East Indies. His compatriot Schewitzer's description of his wanderings in the region, from 1675 to 1683, include detailed descriptions of Ceylon, the pearl-fisheries and gem mines, and finish with his shipwreck and fortunate rescue. These were stirring times, as both authors' accounts make clear, with some evident enjoyment at describing terrible punishments meted out at sea and on land. Of particular interest is what may well be the earliest description in print of Walking the Plank (p.151) where a Venetian soldier travelling with the ship was punished for sodomy and the cruel sentence carried out: 'But the Venetian was not at all concerned; and when he stood upon the Plank, ready to be thrown off, he begged for nothing but a draught of Arack. The Master told him, he should have drink enough in an instant, and desired him to consider of his latter end, and to provide for futurity, but all Remonstrances were in vain to the last, and so he was thrown over'. Traditionally the earliest description cited for the plank has been for a usage of 1769, when a seaman named George Wood is supposed to have confessed to a chaplain in Newgate Prison that he and his shipmates had forced others to 'walk the plank' (cited, among other references, by Douglas Botting in his The Pirates (1978)). A modern edition (London, Cassell and Co., 1929) noted that "Mr. Christopher Frick and Mr. Christopher Schweitzer, neither of them was a man of mark, nor took any prominent part in great events. They were both minor employees of the Dutch East India Company; the one a surgeon, the other a volunteer who went out as a ship's steward, and filled various subordinate posts, ashore and afloat, in the East Indies. They were engaged, for the most part, in the humdrum routine of trade, administration, and police in Eastern Seas and islands. For this very reason, they present us with a livelier picture of everyday life in the great overseas Empire of the 17th century Netherlands.their accounts of life on board a Dutch East Indiaman, of battles and shipwrecks, of seaports from Colombo to Nagasaki, of Cape Hottentots, Chinese traders, Cingalese pearl fishers, and Javanese villagers, are vivid, detailed, and trustworthy." Provenance: Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke (1690-1764), lawyer and politician, Lord High Chancellor (with armorial bookplate); with Maggs Bros., London, in 1983; private collection (Sydney).
Stirpes Novæ

Stirpes Novæ, aut minus cognitæ, quas descriptionibus et iconibus illustravit

L'HERITIER DE BRUTELLE, Charles Louis 6 parts in 1 volume, folio, (510 x 355 mm); with a general title-page, six part-titles (each with one or two woodcut vignettes) and 91 engraved plates (two double-page): 54 after Pierre Joseph Redouté, 26 after Freret, two after Prevost, two after Fossier, two after Jossigny, one after Aubriet, one after Sowerby, two after Bruguière and one anonymous, all in very good hand-colouring, protected by tissue guards; 19th-century green half sheepskin. A superb copy with glorious hand-colouring: a ground-breaking work of botany, this was the first significant work with engravings by the greatest botanical artist of the age, Pierre-Joseph Redouté. L'Héritier 'persuaded the young Redouté to make fifty-four drawings for his "magnum opus". The book is splendid in its spacious descriptions, its charming exotic plates, its implications for taxonomic history; and fascinating as an imposing piece of eighteenth-century bookmaking. It is in "Stirpes novae" that Luxemburg-born Pierre Joseph Redouté (1759-1840) emerges as an extraordinary botanical artist. He had the great good luck to have the very fine Dutch artist Gerrit van Spaëndonck (1746-1822) as his master in drawing, and L'Héritier de Brutelle as his instructor in "choses botaniques"'(Hunt). Charles Louis L'Héritier de Brutelle (1746-1800) was a self-taught French botanist who held several official positions; he corresponded with Joseph Banks and visited London several times, using the resources of the library at Soho Square and the gardens at Kew to write his two major books, the present work Stirpes Novæ (basically "new species") and his Sertum Anglicum (1788). Through his connection with Banks, it was L'Héritier who wrote the first scientific description of the Eucalyptus, based on a specimen collected by David Nelson on Cook's third voyage. Here he publishes an impressive range of exotic plants from the new worlds, including a large number collected by Joseph Dombey in South America, as well as many African and Indian Ocean plants, with dozens from the Cape of Good Hope and three from Mauritius sent to France by Bougainville's old shipmate Commerson. While the inclusion of plants from French gardens and botanists is to be expected in such a work, there is also an important group from the personal collection of Banks, most having been collected by Francis Masson, the private plant hunter sent out by Banks to South Africa on Cook's Resolution in 1772, and later a formidable collector in the Atlantic and central America. One plant, the Rhodora canadensis (Newfoundland) is specifically recorded by L'Héritier as from Banks personally. The book was originally planned to comprise two volumes, but only the first six fascicles were published (the present copy includes a leaf announcing the seventh fascicle). It was published with the plates either uncoloured (the majority of copies) or as a special edition with most of the plates colour-printed and finished by hand. In the present copy all 91 plates are in contemporary or near-contemporary colouring, finely executed and differing in detail from that of those copies with colour-printed plates. Although L'Héritier was initially embraced by the revolutionary government in France, successfully serving under both the ancien régime and the revolutionary government, most significantly as a senior environmental advisor (he was a royal superintendent for forests and waters in the Parisian region), like many of his colleagues he was lucky to survive the excesses of the Terror and seems to have inspired bitter enmity from his political rivals: he was assassinated on 18 August 1800, and the case has never been solved. Redouté's friendship with him proved a determining factor in the great botanical artist's career and enabled him to fully develop his extraordinary talents. Their superb collaboration here combined priority of description with new standards in engraving and book design: the elegant illustrations and the unusually fine letterpress created a model that would be much emulated over ensuing decades, not least through the direct influence of Redouté himself. It has been described as "one of the more delightful flower books of the eighteenth century" by a "botanist of unusual abilities and resources" (Hunt). Text and full-page plates printed on unwatermarked laid paper; paper of the 2 double-page plates watermarked: "IHS = DFC"; tissue guards watermarked: "J Watt & Co Patent Copying", the paper especially made for James Watt's famous copying machine, patented in 1780. [2], VI, 1-20, [2], [1] "VIII", 21-40, [2], [1], "X", 41-62, [2] "XI-XII", 63-102, [2], "XIII"-"XIV", 103-110, "109 bis" - "110 bis", 111-112, 111-112 bis, 113-118, 117 bis-118 bis, 119-120, 119 bis-120 bis, 121-134, [2], "XV-XVI", 135-184 pp.
A catalogue of the animals of North America. Containing

A catalogue of the animals of North America. Containing, an enumeration of the known quadrupeds, birds, reptiles, fish, insects, crustaceous and testaceous animals; many of which are new, and never described before. To which are added, short directions for collecting, preserving, and transporting, all kinds of natural history curiosities

FORSTER, Johann Reinhold Octavo, with an engraved frontispiece; a delightful copy in its original binding of unlettered speckled sheep. First edition, and a rare early work by the German-born scientist most famous for sailing on Cook's second voyage. Forster was a difficult man but a serious researcher, and this work represents his attempt to systematise the fragmented field of natural history studies from the Americas, largely based on specimens he had access to from the British collections of Thomas Pennant and Anna Blackburne, both pioneering natural historians. It was one of the central works in Forster's concerted push to establish himself in England and successfully brought him to the attention of the British scientific fraternity, attention which ultimately led to his appointment to Cook's voyage after the precipitate withdrawal of Joseph Banks in early 1772. A pioneering study of North America natural history on the Linnaean model, the book has a fine frontispiece plate of a falcon by the natural history artist Moses Griffith. Coincidentally, and this is a good example of the concentric circles of interest and acquaintance that emanated from Joseph Banks' house in Soho Square, Griffith was the artist privately retained by Pennant, and who had been commissioned the same year to paint the Rainbow Lorikeet collected on Cook's Endeavour voyage that Banks had brought back to England (that painting is today in the National Library of Australia). The work is, in effect, a manifesto for better collecting and more systematised recording of natural history from beyond the borders of Europe. The key point is that the book is designed in such a way as to encourage further work to be done, and perhaps the most significant section is Forster's important note on collecting and preserving specimens, 'Short Directions for Lovers and Promoters of Natural History.' This substantial part (about half) of the book gives a fascinating overview of the best practice of the era, much in the vein of similar guides such as those of John Ellis (1770) and William Curtis (1771), but with the added interest of having been penned by Forster himself, who personally went on to make an enormous collection of artificial curiosities and natural history specimens in the Pacific. These directions give quite an insight into how Forster personally went about his work with Cook, with glimpses of various practices that he helped establish: specimens should be accompanied by detailed field notes, as well as 'the name by which the animal goes in his country, or among the various tribes of Indian nations'. The book is very scarce, with only three copies recorded since 1993. We have not traced a copy of this original edition in any Australian library, where it is represented only by microform copies and by the second edition of 1882 (edited by Philip Lutley Sclater for the Willughby Society, its publication an indication of the scarcity of the original edition even then). Minor offsetting to title; a very good copy.
Spiritual Power": Commemorative Drawing for a Stained Glass Window for the Wesleyan Chapel

Spiritual Power”: Commemorative Drawing for a Stained Glass Window for the Wesleyan Chapel, City Road, London

SALISBURY, Frank Owen (1874-1962) Pencil ink and crayon on paper, 2490 x 1345 mm; signed lower right "Frank O. Salisbury"; framed and glazed. This very large and most impressive drawing by Frank Salisbury is the original design for the stained glass window entitled "Spiritual Power", commissioned by the Melbourne philanthropist and businessman Frederick Cato and installed in Wesley's Chapel, City Road, London in about 1930. The inscription lower left records its presentation by Cato and the inscription at centre notes that it is "To Commemorate the Sending of the Missionaries to Australia in the early 19th century". Frederick Cato (1858-1935) was one of the original founders of the great Australian grocery chain Moran & Cato, which by 1935 had nearly 200 branches in Victoria, Tasmania and New South Wales. He was an ardent Methodist and philanthropist and, among many other things, President of Queen's College at the University of Melbourne and a member of the Wesley College Council. A generous donor to the Methodist Ladies' College and the Methodist Boys' Homes, he also supported the missions in Arnhem Land, New Britain and India. His philanthropy extended to Great Britain, as witnessed by his commissioning of this stained-glass window, and continued his whole life; in the year of his death in 1935, he and his son Alec commissioned Paul Montford to model and cast a life-size bronze of John Wesley as a centenary gift to Victorian Methodism. The statue now stands at the front of Wesley Church in the city of Melbourne. The British artist Frank Salisbury achieved considerable success as a portrait painter of his day, gaining celebrity through his pictures of historical pageantry in the House of Lords, the Royal Exchange and the London Guildhall. Royal portraiture extended to include the childhood Princess Margaret and royal weddings, the Jubilee Thanksgiving of 1935 and the coronation of George VI. His fame spread across the Atlantic with portraits of Presidents Woodrow Wilson, Coolidge and Eisenhower, and stars of stage and screen. However his preferred medium was stained glass and several other examples of his work are at Wesley's Chapel. In 1833 he became Master of the Worshipful Company of Glaziers and Painters of Glass. The window, manufactured by Hawes & Harris of Harpenden, was dedicated in 1930 before a crowded congregation which included the High Commissioner for Australia and the Agent General for Victoria. A picture of the window was sent to Buckingham Palace and the Queen replied saying she found it "very charming". This impressively large drawing, showing the continuation of interest in a revived loosely pre-Raphaelite style, is a rare survivor in the fragile medium of early twentieth century stained glass design. Mounted on backing paper; some wear to edges and small repaired marginal tears, otherwise good.
A New Dictionary of Natural History; or

A New Dictionary of Natural History; or, Compleat Universal Display or Animated Nature. With Accurate Representations of the Most Curious and Beautiful Animals, Elegantly Coloured

MAVOR, William Fordyce] MARTYN, William Frederick Two volumes, folio, with 100 handcoloured engraved plates (most incorporating from four to eight images); title-pages printed in black and red; contemporary marbled calf, very skilfully rebacked to match, preserving original red and green labels. One of the great popular works of natural history, this beautiful large-format work is largely based on the great collection of curiosities and exotic specimens of Sir Ashton Lever, the most influential eighteenth-century collector: Lever may have been indulging his panache as a showman when he referred to his "Holophusicon" as "the first museum in the universe", but it was no exaggeration. Although the preface to the book describes how the illustrations are based on originals from the cabinets of virtuosi in "every part of Europe", it is clear that most, and almost all the newer specimens, are from the Holophusicon, which is singled out by the author as having been gathered "with the indefatigable industry, the consummate skill, and the munificent expense" of Lever himself. Lever employed Sarah Stone as the central artist responsible for depicting his collection, 'faithfully drawing and painting mounted birds, insects, mammals, fishes, lizards, fossils, minerals, shells and coral from all over the world, as well as ethnographical artefacts brought back from exploratory voyages, including those of Captain Cook' (Jackson, Sarah Stone, p. 9). This is particularly significant because many of the engravings in the present work, although not signed in any way, are based on originals by this important woman artist. The work was published in 1785 at a time when the study of natural history had never been more popular, in no small part due to the exotica brought back from Cook's voyages, but also due to Lever's employment of artists like Stone; and yet, the Leverian Museum itself was in crisis, leading to its sale by lottery the following year. The present work's reliance on Lever means that it is a remarkable overview of the natural history of the era and of the museum itself at the end of its days. The author's name "William Frederick Martyn" was the pseudonym of the indefatigable William Fordyce Mavor (1758-1837), a schoolmaster and writer of some note, who specialised in educational works, most famously his long series of abridged voyage accounts which included the voyages of Cook. Between the larger format of the book and the fact that it was recognised as an indispensable work of reference, it is unusual to see copies in very good condition, and the present set is unusually well-preserved. Provenance: Thomas Hammond Foxcroft of Halstead, Yorkshire, rector of Beauchamp Rooding, Essex (armorial bookplates). Slight rubbing to extremities and a little wear at corners of bindings but overall a very good set.
The Lord's Prayer. Composed for one or four voices

The Lord’s Prayer. Composed for one or four voices, and respectfully inscribed to the Right Rev. William Grant Broughton, D.D. Lord Bishop of Australia

NATHAN, Isaac A bifolium sheet of music, 345 x 270 mm; unbound. A rare and fragile piece of early pianoforte music by the vibrant and mercurial musician Isaac Nathan, who had arrived in Australia just four years before this publication. One-time friend and collaborator of Lord Byron, and tutor of Princess Charlotte, Nathan was born in Canterbury, England in 1799. His father, a singer in the local synagogue, had instructed his son in the lore of traditional Jewish music and throughout his life Nathan forged links between Jewish music and mainstream European culture. In this respect he is best remembered for his collaboration with Lord Byron on the Hebrew Melodies of 1815. Nathan composed the scores for Byron's verse including the enduring She Walks in Beauty. Following Byron's self-imposed exile and early death, Nathan continued to work as a singing instructor and composer. He struggled with gambling debts throughout the late 1830s and finally sought a fresh start in Australia in 1841. He burst upon the parochial Sydney scene and quickly established a reputation as a singing teacher, composer and conversationalist, becoming a prominent figure in Sydney social circles. Nathan played an important role in the advancement of Australian music as Sydney became increasingly cosmopolitan following the end of convict transportation. Possessing tremendous curiosity and famous for his wit, he was a successful ambassador for Jewish culture and also did much to foster public appreciation of Aboriginal music and culture. He composed Australia's first opera, Don Juan of Austria (1847), and was active as a musician at both St Mary's Catholic Cathedral and St James' Anglican Church Sydney. A little frayed at edges, otherwise very good.
No. 649. Loi relative à la découverte des deux frégates Françoises la Boussole & l'Astrolabe

No. 649. Loi relative à la découverte des deux frégates Françoises la Boussole & l’Astrolabe, commandées par M. de la Pérouse. Donnée à Paris, le 25 Février 1791 [caption-title]

LA PEROUSE] ASSEMBLÉE NATIONALE Quarto, 4 pp., uncut and unbound as issued; in fine condition. The search for La Pérouse was initiated with this French National Assembly decree, in response to a petition from the Société d'Histoire Naturelle. As well as this original Paris printing there were simultaneous issues of the decree in Valenciennes, Pau, Orleans, Grenoble and Auxerre. These printings are all rare today, the original Paris version especially so. Not known to Ferguson; the Ferguson Addenda (106a) adds the Auxerre imprint of this edict by reference to a copy recorded by the California bibliographer Edward Allen in his La Pérouse "Check List" of 1941. McLaren, who notes Pau, Auxerre and Valenciennes printings, all from copies held in Australian libraries, could cite this original Paris edition only by reference to Du Rietz's cataloguing of a copy in the Kroepelien collection in Oslo. In this, the first of two La Pérouse decrees issued in 1791, France formally acknowledged her fears for the loss of the expedition. The two ships had last made contact from the east coast of Australia, which they reached a mere six days after the First Fleet. Two years after this the mystery ran so deep that it has been said that Louis XVI was still asking for news on his way to the scaffold. The decree resulted immediately in D'Entrecasteaux's voyage. Such is this document's importance that it was reprinted at the start of the official account of the La Pérouse voyage where it stood as both an invitation for continued search efforts, and an implicit elegy for France's greatest explorer. 'The decree requested the king to authorize compensation for nationals of other countries willing to help in the search. It also requested him to commission one or more vessels, on which were to be embarked scientists, naturalists and artists to search for La Pérouse and to make scientific and commercial inquiries. Even if La Pérouse was found or news of him discovered, the leader of the expedition was to continue to make investigations useful to navigation, geography, commerce, the arts and the sciences. [In the political circumstances] widespread enthusiasm for a voyage of discovery was not surprising. Patriotism too was a uniting force; La Pérouse's expedition was a source of national pride, a demonstration to the world that England had no monopoly in glorious feats of maritime exploration.' (Frank Horner, Looking for La Pérouse: D'Entrecasteaux in Australia and the South Pacific, 1792-1793, Melbourne, 1995).
Deshima Oranda Yashiki kei [Map of the Dutch Residence at Deshima]

Deshima Oranda Yashiki kei [Map of the Dutch Residence at Deshima]

DESHIMA] TOSHIMAYA, Bunjiemon Woodblock print measuring 550 x 420 mm., with highlights in contemporary handcolouring; in an excellent modern frame. Rare and beautiful bird's-eye view of Deshima island in the bay of Nagasaki, the compound reserved for traders of the VOC or Dutch East India Company. This is the earliest such view in printed format. This print is also especially interesting as the first recorded Nagasaki-e (pictures from Nagasaki prefecture depicting foreigners) to have been brought to Europe: Titsingh (1745-1812) published a version of it in his Illustrations of Japan (1822). The Dutch traders of the VOC reluctantly admitted to Nagasaki in the late-eighteenth and early-nineteenth centuries were confined to the island in the harbour. Only about 200 by 80 metres, it had originally been set aside for the Portuguese as a compromise allowing them to be in Japan but preventing their propagation of Christianity. By this period the minute island was shared between Dutch and Chinese trading houses. The Dutch merchants of the VOC would have been exotic figures: their confinement to Deshima meant that they would barely have been seen by most residents of Nagasaki, let alone other Japanese of the period. The depiction of these exotic foreigners in the Japanese decorative arts began in the eighteenth century, and as well as prints and paintings it can be seen in porcelain by the Imari potters. To enter the artificial island visitors had to pass over a small wooden bridge and undergo a search at a well-guarded gate. To the right of the bridge one can clearly make out the famous wooden tablets (seisatsu-ba) protected in a wooden shelter which stipulated the rules for access to the island as well as threatened punishment to those who contravened the rules or failed to inform the authorities of a transgression. The print is remarkable for its attention to detail: it shows the living-quarters, storehouses, vegetable plots, guard-houses at each corner of the island, the bath-house, a dovecote, translators' offices, the stables (together with a scene showing the efforts to move an obstinate cow into its shed), the kitchen, as well as the various groups of people who lived on, or had access to the island. Deshima was usually inhabited by no more than twelve to fifteen people, most of whom can be identified in the print: the 'opperhoofd' with his Javanese servant holding an umbrella; a Dutchman smoking a pipe; courtesans; the translators; the Japanese guards; as well as other Dutch company servants (one of them doing the washing just to the right of the entrance). The text to the left of the bridge gives the dimensions of the island: South-eastern side 35 ken, top-side 118 ken, north-western side 35 ken, bottom-side 96 ken (one ken = six feet). The text in the top left corner records the arrival of the Dutch in Hirado during the Keicho period (1602) and their settlement under the patronage of the Daimyo Matsuura, Hizen-no-kami. The inscription in the bottom right-hand corner records that the island was constructed in 1636 from reclaimed land for the use of the Nanban-jin (Southern barbarians, i.e. the Portuguese). As a result of the anti-Christian laws of 1637 the Portuguese were expelled and instead the Dutch were moved from Hirado to Nagasaki in 1641. This fact is stated in the text at the bottom left-hand corner together with the observation that the Dutch have visited Nagasaki regularly for the last one hundred and forty-five years. Provenance: With Maggs Bros London in 2002; private collection (Sydney). Minor worming (old repair), small infill to centre of print, minor repairs throughout, slightly cropped margins, remnants of old kakemono mounting, but overall in good condition.
Oprecht Verhaal van 't Eiland Van Pines

Oprecht Verhaal van ‘t Eiland Van Pines, En deszelfs Bevolking; Of laatste Ontdekking van een vierde Eiland in Terra Australis, Incognita. Gelicentieert den 27. Iun? Oude of den 7. Iul? Nieuwe-st?l, 1668

ISLE OF PINES] [NEVILLE, Henry] Small quarto, 20 pp; old quarter calf with marbled boards. Early and very rare Dutch edition of this remarkable imaginary voyage, an utopia become dystopian, in which a ship of the VOC (Dutch East India Company) discovers a civilisation in western Australia: the five survivors of an English shipwreck a century earlier have procreated so successfully that there are now 11,000 residents of the accidental colony. One of three Dutch editions in 1668, this Rotterdam publication is the fullest. The text purports to describe the discoveries made by a Dutch ship on the Australian coast, and the narrator is supposed to be the Dutch sea captain van Sloetten. Neville's work was inspired by the tales of VOC wrecks on the coast of western Australia. In biblio-historical terms it occupies the space between the 1647 publication of Pelsaert's account of the Batavia shipwreck and consequent mayhem, the 1656 loss of the Vergulde Draeck, Thevenot's map and narrative of the Tasman discoveries published from 1663, and the 1701 publication of Vlamingh's explorations of the West Australian coast. It was something of a publishing sensation in the seventeenth century, with its racy tale of George Pine, shipwrecked with four women on the eponymous island, in a work which became a model for many later fantasies of the paradise of the South Seas. It has long been recognised as a significant precursor of the Robinsonnade genre, and specifically of Defoe's Robinson Crusoe itself. David Fausett (The Strange Surprizing Sources of Robinson Crusoe, 1994) has made this point strongly, connecting Neville's work forward to Defoe but also backwards to the loss of two Dutch ships on the Western Australian coast, the Vergulde Draeck and the infamous Batavia. He notes that the horrific events surrounding the Batavia wreck "no doubt helped to inspire the erotic theme central to the Pines story". The important Dutch edition has always been rare, as in fact have been all 1668 editions of Neville's work. Only the State Library of New South Wales has a serious holding, including the only copy in Australia of this version. The National Library holds a later Dutch edition (Petherick's copy of a 1669 Leiden version) along with two English versions. It seems that no early edition at all is held by the State Library of Western Australia, while the State Library of Victoria has one of the English editions of 1668 (exhibited in their "Mirror of the World" show), as does the State Library of South Australia. Neville's book appeared as two separate parts in London in 1668 and seems to have caused widespread excitement, leading instantly to a series of continental editions. Two pamphlet printings in Amsterdam in the same year were versions of the English first part which had appeared in June 1668. Each of these Amsterdam printings comprised just six pages of text, while this fuller publication which runs to twenty pages is the full version of both first and second parts. Its publisher starts with an announcement "To the Reader" which notes that "A part of the present relation is also printed by Jacob Vinckel at Amsterdam, being defective in omitting one of the principal things, so do we give here a true copy which was sent to us authoritatively out of England, but in that language, in order that the curious reader may not be deceived by the poor translation, and for that reason this very astonishing history fall under suspicion. Lastly, admire God's wondrous guidance, and farewell". The text also appeared almost immediately in two different French editions, a more complete translation with the title Relation de la découverte de l'isle de Pines, and an abridged version, entitled Nouvelle Découverte de l'isle de Pines située au delà de la ligne aequinoctiale. This latter formed the basis for an Italian edition, which presents the tale in its essentials; there were also German versions in the same year. It is remarkable for this period that such a widespread reach was achieved during the second six months of 1668. Since Worthington Chauncey Ford's first serious study (The Isle of Pines: An Essay in Bibliography, Boston, 1920), which noted that "from London the tract soon passed to Holland, which had ever been a greedy consumer of voyages of discovery, for the greatness of that nation depended upon the sea, at once its most potent enemy and friend.", Neville's text has been the subject of frequent studies and speculations. The often-made point that there is a smutty sub-text to be deciphered signals the anagram of "pines" and the 'sluttish' tone of the supposed narrator's name van Sloetten. Current work focuses on different kinds of significance; John Sheckter's lengthy recent study of Neville's work, for example, is abstracted thus: "A short fiction of shipwreck and discovery written by the politician Henry Neville (1620-1694), The Isle of Pines is only beginning to draw critical attention, and until now no scholarly edition of the work has appeared. In the first full-length study of The Isle of Pines, supported by the first fully critical edition, John Scheckter discloses how Neville's work offers a critique of scientific discourse, enacts complicated engagements of race and gender, and interrogates the methods and consequences of European exploration. The volume offers a new critical model for applying post-colonial and postmodern examination strategies to an early modern work. Scheckter argues that the structure and publication history of the fiction, with its separate, unreliable narrators, along with its several topics-shipwreck survival, the founding of a new society, the initial phases of European colonization-are imbued with the sense of uncertainty that permeated the era" A good uncut copy with generous margins; joints of binding splitting but sides firmly held.
Utopia: De optimo reip. statu

Utopia: De optimo reip. statu, deque nova insula Utopia libellus. Epigrammata [with] Desiderius Erasmus. Epigrammata

MORE, Sir Thomas Three parts in one volume, small quarto, in Roman, Greek, and 'Utopian' types (there is a page of the Utopian alphabet); full-page woodcut bird's-eye map of the island, three fine title surrounds (to Utopia, More's Epigrams and Erasmus' Epigrams) with another surround to the first page of More's Preface, the first by Ambrosius Holbein, the others by Hans Holbein; fine half-page woodcut vignette (dialogue in the garden with four figures including More and his hero Hythlodaye) at the start of the Utopia text by Ambrosius Holbein, woodcut historiated initials throughout by the two Holbeins, three large woodcut printer's devices; contemporary pigskin over wooden boards, lacks clasps, an excellent, well-margined copy in a quarter morocco case. A most attractive copy of the great 1518 Froben edition, illustrated by the two Holbein brothers, of this celebrated landmark of philosophy and voyage history, and one of the greatest pieces of Renaissance literature. For 500 years More's towering work has influenced writers, explorers, artists and mapmakers, has been the progenitor for an entire genre, and is one of a handful of works to have never disappeared from public consciousness from the moment it was published. More (1478-1535) was a statesman, humanist writer, advisor to Henry VIII and for several years Lord Chancellor, but his opposition to the Protestant Reformation and, ultimately, his refusal to countenance the King's annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon, led to him being tried for treason and beheaded. Although he was a writer all his life, there is no question that Utopia was his greatest book. The basic plot is well known: while travelling with an English political delegation on the continent, Thomas More claims to have met a man called Raphael Hythlodaeus who had sailed three times with Vespucci to the Americas, but had jumped ship in Brazil, setting out on a private expedition further southward. At a location unknown to More (the author claims with mock exasperation that someone coughed when the precise location was announced), Hythlodaeus discovered the island of Utopia, an ideal society of goods shared in common, where religious tolerance is the norm and universal education is practiced. People have endlessly debated every detail of More's book starting with the word itself (which could be taken to mean both "good place" and "nowhere") let alone the name "Hythlodaeus", which means something like "dispensing nonsense," but none can dispute its influence. Three hundred years before Oscar Wilde made his famous quip about how any 'map of the world that does not include Utopia is not worth even glancing at', the great chart-maker Ortelius actually printed a map of Utopia in 1595 or 1596 (the sole known surviving copy was purchased by the King Baudouin Foundation in the Netherlands in 2018). The work was first published, with simpler woodcut illustrations, with the help of Erasmus in Louvain. It was partly because of the numerous errors in the second, Paris 1517 edition (which had no illustrations), that Erasmus again took control here, with the artistic support of the Holbeins, producing this first Froben edition, the third and essentially best of the early editions: printed in Basle, its publication was a collaboration of four key figures, More and Erasmus, together with Hans Holbein and his elder brother Ambrosius, also an accomplished artist but who died as a young man; he was responsible for the famous detailed woodcut map of Utopia produced for this edition, and for the 'Dialogue' woodcut with the portraits of the protagonists - Thomas More himself, John Clement, Raphael Hythlodaye, and Pieter Gillies. Between them the two brothers produced the general title to the work and the delightful woodcut title-borders as well as the historiated initial letters. This edition was also important textually as it was the first to include More's revisions and Erasmus's Epigrammata, was the last edition published in More's lifetime, and is widely regarded as the standard text. (A "fourth" edition published nine months later at the end of 1518 was basically a reprint of this). On the basis of locations noted by More's bibliographer Gibson, this also appears to be the rarest of the early editions. Gibson records thirteen copies of the first edition, eleven of the second, only six of this third edition, and twelve of the derivative fourth. A further thirteen copies located could not be specifically identified as third or fourth editions. No other edition would appear for another thirty years. Neat restoration to joints, later end-papers, small old pale stain in upper gutter of first 20 leaves not touching text, a couple of old ink annotations in margin.
British Moths and their transformations [with] British Butterflies and their transformations

British Moths and their transformations [with] British Butterflies and their transformations

HUMPHREYS, H.N. and J.O. WESTWOOD Three volumes, quarto, profusely illustrated with full-page plates exquisitely hand-coloured; uniformly bound in half morocco richly gilt, all edges gilt, with the gilt arms of the Barons Sherborne. A remarkable collaboration and an exquisite work of Victorian natural history.As one of the pre-eminent entomologists of the Victorian period, John Obadiah Westwood (1805-1893) served as collaborator, editor, and consultant on many entomological publications. He was a prodigious author and researcher, publishing some four hundred scientific papers and some twenty books, as well as making numerous contributions to works by other authors. He was one of the founding members in 1833 of the Entomological Society, of which he became honorary life president in 1883, and a fellow of the Linnaean Society. It was for his study of Australian species that Anthony Musgrave, author of the Bibliography of Australian Entomology 1775-1930, named the period 1831-1861 "The Westwoodian Period", in recognition of his great service, during these years, to Australian entomology (Musgrave, p. 345). Henry Noel Humphreys (1810-1879) was an accomplished illustrator and scholar in numerous subjects. In addition to his entomological texts, Humphreys wrote works on ancient Greek and Roman coins, archaeology, and the art of writing and printing enriching even these simplest texts with exquisite chromolithographs printed by Owen Jones. He was inspired to embark on this ambitious planned survey of British insects following a trip to Italy. In the Preface he likened the person in the fields, unacquainted with natural history, to one placed in a library and unable to read. "He cannot read in the beautiful book of nature when in the summer it opens its brightest leaves". A contemporary review in The Lancet noted: The plates, exquisitely drawn by Mr. Humphreys, represent the insect in its three great stages-as the caterpillar, the chrysalis, and the butterfly or moth -all hanging side by side on the plants which furnish their ordinary food. The transformation thus seems to take place under the eye; and the metamorphoses are associated in the mind, without any effort." In response to Humphreys' claim that "Entomology is a branch of knowledge more easily acquired than many imagine. The individual beauty of the insects in every stage, the ease with which they are preserved, and the comparative facility with which a complete collection of British species may be formed, particularly of butterflies, of which we number scarcely more than eighty distinct species, render it a task of easy attainment" the same reviewer wryly noted "Mr. Humphreys throws out a suggestion, which has, perhaps, a touch of the butterfly Utopia in it, but which is ingenious, and deserves trial." Provenance: Each volume with the gilt arms of the Barons Sherborne, (with links to Australia through the Duttons of Anlaby, South Australia); and the bookplate of Princess Despina (Mary) Karadja (1868-1943), poet, writer on spiritualism, founder of the White Cross Union and wife of the envoy to the Ottoman empire Jean-Constantin Karadja, a distinguished diplomat and noted book collector.
Historia General y Natural de las Indias

Historia General y Natural de las Indias, Islas y Tierra-Firme del Mar Océano.

OVIEDO Y VALDES, Gonzalo Fernandez de Four volumes, folio, with a total of 15 plates (three folding, one coloured); a fine uncut set in contemporary half morocco. The first full publication of one of the great eyewitness accounts of the Spanish settlement of the New World, only published in full for the first time in this edition: "this is the source from which most literary writers have drawn their accounts of the early occurrences in the New World" (Church). The great sixteenth-century text was "a massive work which, if published when it was written, might have given its author the literary stature of Barros. As Oviedo's work stands, it is a noble monument; in fact, it is the greatest classic of the early years of Spanish activity in the New World to be chronicled by a contemporary." (Penrose). Oviedo gives the earliest full and credible descriptions of many New World species, along with the best depiction of life in the Americas in the early 16th century. The Spanish historian and writer was well-connected at the Spanish court, which enabled him, for example, to be present at the return of Christopher Columbus in 1493. After travel and study in Italy he made his way to the New World in 1514, holding held many offices there; he began his Historia general y natural in the 1520s; returning to Spain in 1523, publication of his brief work Sumario de la natural historia de las Indias brought him to the attention of the Emperor, and led to his appointment as official Chronicler of the Indies in 1532. He travelled frequently to the Americas, spending almost twenty years in Panama, Colombia, and on Hispaniola, until his death shortly after mid-century. The first nineteen books of his Historia general were printed in Seville in 1535. The twentieth book did not appear until 1577, the year of his death, while the complete fifty books of the history were printed only in this form in 1851-55. No full English translation was ever published. For the ethno-historian Oviedo's Historia is one of the most valuable of the early chronicles. He is especially important for southern Middle America, where he had considerable personal experience. For other areas he used many first-hand sources now lost to us. The strongest criticism that has been directed against him is that he followed his sources uncritically and is a more a chronicler than historian. But because of his interest in all aspects of the New World, he recorded much that is of interest to the student of Indian life at the time of Contact' ("Handbook of Middle American Indians", vol. 13).