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Catalogue des livres de M. l’abbe Courbon du Ternay, confesseur de Madame Louise de France

Courbon du Ternay, Abbe [Antoine] 8vo. [20], 206, 205-324, 15, [1] pp. Collation: a4 b8 (leaf b1/b4 bound out of order) c2 A-Tt4 A8, COMPLETE. Bound in original "temporary" drab wrappers pasted onto a printed waste, including a printed sheet of spine titles for a multi-volume edition of Voltaire. Approximately half of the drab paper covering the spine has torn away, revealing quire gatherings and sewing structure. All edges untrimmed. Preserved in a protective cloth case. No copy in BnF or the Grolier Club. Rale sale catalogue, priced and annotated in contemporary MS, of the 25,000 volume library of Abbé Courbon du Ternay (1721-1788), the confessor of Mme Louise-Marie de France (daughter of Louis XV), whom Cardinal de Bernis called 'homme terrible' on account of his scandalous behavior. The sale consisted of 5,811 lots (plus 40 Supplementary lots); while it realized more than 44,000 livres, it was still not enough to pay the Abbe's creditors. That the Abbe had gone blind in early 1787 certainly motivated the sale. According to the Preface, the sale was occasioned by "an unwelcome event that does not allow him to enjoy his library." It is an extraordinary fact that by December of that year, Pissot had catalogued the entire library, compiled and printed the sale catalogue, and organized the auction, which began on December 12; it took 56 days to disperse the library, and the sale lasted until January 22, as we see from the 15-page Ordre de la Vente, present in our copy, but not in B.H. Breslauer's (the only copy traced at auction by Rare Book Hub, which currently lists more than 9 million records). Our copy is further distinguished by containing, in addition to the prices realized, many salient notes in pencil noting various cataloguing errors, defective volumes, references to various bibliographic authorities, and even other library sale catalogues. Finally, after 232 years our specimen survives in remarkably good condition, preserved in the original drab wrappers, and completely unsophisticated. The method of catalogue arrangement conforms to that which was utilized by late-18th century "librairies de Paris," namely, 5 classes: Théologie -- Jurisprudence -- Sciences et arts -- Belles-lettres -- Histoire. The present sale catalogue is exceptional in that within each class are extremely well-organized and well-defined sub-classes, the result being a volume tantamount to a bibliography of all that was knowable and worth owning. The formation of the library had been the life's work of Courbon du Ternay; it was especially rich in books of theology, jurisprudence, and every class of history. It included some fine incunabula and several important manuscripts, unassumingly catalogued, such as the late 14th-century Cartularium Xenocochii S. Pauli Viennensis / Cartularium Delphinorum (lot 3474), now BnF MS latin 9908, which records laws and decrees dating from 1009 to 1357 (published in full by Ulysse Chevalier, Notice sur un cartulaire des Dauphins de Viennois en partie inédit, 1867). The prices in our copy document interesting elements of the market at that time: a "14th-century" illuminated Book of Hours on vellum (lot 201) realized just 8 livres 16 sols, whereas an illuminated copy of Hamilton's Antiquites Etrusques, Grecques & Romaines (lot 5126) sold for 432 livres, and Diderot's Encyclopedia (lot 2295 - the Paris edition, not the counterfeit according to our annotator) realized 580 livres. The first owner of our copy was evidently pleased with his purchase -- for only 8 livres -- of group lot 5685 which contained approximately 101 bound library sale catalogues. According to his notes on p. 314, he then sold two catalogues separately for 2 livres 11 sols: the 1662 DuFresne sale, and the 1707 Giraud sale. Who among us can blame him for keeping all the other catalogues for himself? Antoine Courbon, who later assumed the name Courbon du Ternay, was the son of a lieutenant in Saint-Etienne; he studied at the Saint-Irenee seminary in Lyon and then at the University of Valence. Tonsured in 1744, he joined the seminary of Saint-Sulpice in Paris, where he was ordained a priest in 1755. He became canon of Chartres in 1758 and archdeacon of Blois in 1761. He remained famous for having been chaplain of Louise-Marie de France, daughter of Louis XV, and for his extravagant spending. REFERENCES: DBF IX, 949-950. Migne, Dictionnaire de bibliographie catholique (1860) IV, col. 460. Guigard, Armorial du bibliophile I, p. 265 (named as "Jean-Hippolyte"). Le siècle des Lumières: Bibliographie chronologieque XXII (1786-1787) p. 230. Not in Blogie or North, Grolier Club. CENSUS OF COPIES: Institut catholique de Paris (Bibl. de Fels); Bibl. Mun. Limoges; John Rylands Library; Hunt Institute, Pittsburgh. The Breslauer copy (Christie's New York, 22 March 2005 lot 503) remains untraced.
Tulip Mania]. Tooneel van Flora. Vertonend: grondelijcke Redens-ondersoekinge

Tulip Mania]. Tooneel van Flora. Vertonend: grondelijcke Redens-ondersoekinge, vanden Handel der Floristen [.] Noch is hier by-gevoegt de Lijste van eenige Tulpaen vercocht aende meestbiedende tot Alcmaer op den 15 Februarij 1637

Cornelis van der Woude 4to. A4-C4, D2 [i.e. 28 unnumbered pages]. Bound in old paper wrappers. Some slightly browning, faint water damage at upper right corner of fols. 1-2, title-page with small paper repair in upper corner; final gathering (2 ff.) slightly detached from rest of textblock. Pasted onto the title-page imprint statement: a small printed slip, indicating the new location of Ioost Broersz's printshop. Title page also contains copperplate engraving of the Goddess of Tulips (signed "RB fecit 1631"). A scarce and very intriguing pamphlet printed during the financial crisis of "tulip mania," arguably the first stock speculation, and the first recorded speculative bubble. "Tulip mania" was a boom in the tulip trade in Holland and Utrecht that arose around 1634 and came to an abrupt end at the beginning of February 1637, and the present pamphlet is a strictly contemporary witness to its aftermath. Tulip mania is considered the first futures market in history, where contracts to buy bulbs at the end of the season were bought and sold between individuals, and not with the Exchange. Because of this, the Dutch described tulip contract trading as windhandel (literally "wind trade") because no bulbs were actually changing hands. Economists described the tulip mania phenonemon as the first extensively described bubble (or speculative wave) in world history, and is often used as a metaphor for a large economic bubble. During the Dutch Golden Age, the prices of the newly introduced tulip bulbs reached extreme heights. In January 1637, tulip bulbs were sold for more than ten times the annual salary of an experienced craftsman, and were worth about as much as an Amsterdam canal house. There was also speculation in options on tulips that were still buried in the ground. Pieter Cos's "Tulip Book" from 1637 lists the prices that his tulip bulbs realized at an auction, with some having selling prices as high as 3000 and 4200 guilders depending on the weight of the bulb. The tulip trade crashed on February 3, 1637 in Haarlem when, for the first time, buyers apparently refused to show up at a routine bulb auction. After the collapse, a new stream of pamphlets appeared, some mocking the tulip maniacs, and others in which the tulip trade was defended, as here. The "Tooneel van Flora" (The Theater of Flora) by the Alkmaar teacher Cornelis van der Woude was written for tulip growers who had seen their good name discredited by the speculators. The pamphlet contains -- in addition to arguments supporting the tulip trade in prose, verse, and sonnet format -- valuable commodity information in lists of tulip prices current as of 5 February 1637, a mere two days after the trade's collapse. The implosion of the tulip trade was so complete after February 3rd that virtually no information has survived concerning bulb prices in the spring of 1637, making our pamphlet an incredible source of information. Outside of the Netherlands, only the Harvard Business School / Kress Collection holds an actual copy of the printed pamphlet. Ours appears to be the only one currently on the market. Not listed in Rare Book Hub. Knuttel 4539.
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Large American Bookbinder / Bookseller Advertisement]. The Power of Religion on the Mind, in Retirement, Affliction, and At the Approach of Death

Murray, Lindley 12mo in 6's. A-Z6, Aa-Bb6, COMPLETE. Two binder's leaves at front and back. Paginated: xi, [1], 280 pp. Bound in contemporary American tree sheep, single gilt roll along recessed bands and head and foot of spine, double gilt roll along edges of red spine label, blue speckled edges. Large bookbinder / bookseller advertisement affixed to front pastedown (see below). Minor foxing here and there as is true in all copies on account of the paper stock; some staining to the outer margins, binding extremities a little rubbed. This large American bookbinder / bookseller label measures 153 x 91 mm and is the largest we've seen. Five other copies of it are known, and unlike ours -- which remains completely in situ -- they were either removed from the books that originally contained them, or were preserved merely as trade-cards (see Census below). The label describes the broad array of goods that were available from the original seller (and binder?) of this book, Oliver D. Cooke, including -- but hardly limited to -- traveling trunks, walking canes, silk umbrellas, portable writing desks, ink-stands, quills, tooth brushes, whips and lathes, sealing wax, ivory and dressing combs, and of course many types of paper stock, ink, blank books, Bibles, literature and books of moral instruction, and much more. Oliver D. Cooke (1766-1833) first went into partnership with his brother, Increase Cooke, under the name Increase Cooke & Co. In the 1799 Andrews Hartford Business Directory, he is listed as a purveyor of books, stationary, umbrellas &c. By 1804, Oliver had added "bookbinder" to his list of occupations, and in 1805 dissolved the partnership with his brother. From 1816-1819, Cooke was in business with Horatio G. Hale (1812-1853) and traded under the name Cooke & Hale. After this partnership was dissolved, Cooke formed his own firm, Oliver D. Cooke & Co., which he ran until his death. According to the American Antiquarian Society, the present bookbinder / bookseller label dates from 1802. Our copy of Murray's "The Power of Religion on the Mind" was first owned by Horatio Nelson Chandler (1804-1873), and bears his inscription on the first blank leaf. Originally of Colerain, Mass., Chandler became a merchant in Brattleboro. The movement of this copy (New York --> Hartford --> Massachusetts) attests to the vibrancy of the early American book trade. CENSUS: Three examples of this binder's label are held by AAS, none in situ: two are in the trading cards collection, and a third was inexplicably removed from the book that originally contained it; the other examples (University of Delaware and Connecticut Historical Society) were never affixed to books. This bookbinder's advertisement is not mentioned in Spawn and Kinsella, American Signed Bindings (Bryn Mawr); no examples of this binder appear in the Frederick E. Maser or Papantonio collections. The label itself is reproduced in the Archive of Americana, Broadsides and Ephemera as no. 19720. Tenth Edition, Corrected and Greatly Enlarged.
First Spanish Emblem Book]. Emblemas Morales de Don Iuan de Horozco y Covarruuias

First Spanish Emblem Book]. Emblemas Morales de Don Iuan de Horozco y Covarruuias, Arcediano de Cuellar en la Santa Iglesia de Segouia

Horozco y Covarrubias, Juan de 8vo. Three parts in one volume. Part 1: A-L8 (B4 mistakenly signed A4). Foliated 1-88. Parts 2-3: A-Z8, Aa-Ee8. Foliated [7], 201, 16. Altogether 320 ff. COMPLETE. Illustrated. Bound in early Spanish 19th-century marbled calf (or sheep?) with marbled endleaves, thin ornamental roll along bands and head and foot of smooth spine, floral stamp between each roll, orange calf spine label with rhombus-patterned background; edges stained blue. Text with significant browning here and there; in Part 3 small worm hole from T7-Z3 and pinprick worm hole from Z4-Bb2. Early ownership inscription on title-page heavily cancelled; "1821" date computation. Horozco's "Emblemas Morales" is justly considered to be the first truly Spanish emblem book, written in Spanish by a Spanish author, and printed and published in Spain. The work contains a total of 101 small woodcut emblems of high quality, all surrounded by elaborate woodcut borders in the late Renaissance style, with the arms and monogram of Juan de Bonilla, who paid for the publication. The text is divided into three parts: the first is Horozco's dissertation on emblems, while the second and third parts contain 50 emblems, each accompanied by Spanish verse of varying lengths. Our copy belongs to the third edition, following the 1589 and 1591 editions printed by Juan de la Cuesta in Segovia. For this 1603-1604 Caragoca edition, the woodcut emblems were recut, and the woodcut borders are entirely different. An important expression of the Spanish Golden Age (Siglo D'oro) was the development and proliferation of the emblem book. That Horozco's "Emblemas Morales" was the first is of the greatest significance. Throughout Europe, many Catholic orders, including the Jesuits, adopted the genre as a moral weapon of the Counter-Reformation. Horozco's emblems are of a moralizing and didactic character, "borrowed from Bocchi and Cousteau" according to Landwehr. Juan de Horozco y Covarrubias (1540?-1610) belonged to a distinguished family of humanists and clerics who held important positions of power in the Spanish court. The "Emblemas Morales" is his magnum opus; he dedicated the text to the memory of his uncle, Diego de Covarrubias y Leiva, one of the most well-known Spanish theologians and humanists of his time. Horozco was named bishop of Agrigento in 1594, bringing local Jesuits into the diocese and maintaining favorable relations with his Carmelite friends (through whom he established a Carmelite convent in Sicily) at a time when religious reforms after the Council of Trent were greatly increasing tensions between Catholic orders. Officials envious of his place and position in Rome and Spain denounced Juan de Horozco as a church official with "improper privileges," burning many of his works; he was ultimately removed and placed in the bishopric of Guadix where he remained until his death. Of this edition of the "Emblemas Morales," our copy appears to be the only one on the market. Cited in Landwehr Romantic, 396; Palau 116237; Praz p. 374; Salva 2081.
Le Decor Floral. 50 planches. Bordures et Panneaux - Semis

Le Decor Floral. 50 planches. Bordures et Panneaux – Semis, Fonds ornés, etc. (cover title)

Verneuil, Maurice Pillard] Folio (385 x 295 mm). Title-page (color collotype) + 50 color collotype plates after original photographs. Loose as issued in original cloth-backed illustrated boards (soiled, very worn and partially defective), three pair of cloth ties, all present. Title-page with original ownership stamp crossed out; some plates faintly soiled / worn along edges, not egregious, and certainly not affecting images or caption titles. Bookplate inside front board: "Ex libris Gaston Heliot." Preserved in a protective cloth case. Complete set of fifty design masterpieces by M.P. Verneuil, of great significance in the history of art history for indicating the logical transition from Art Nouveau forms to Art Deco repetition, the initial development credited largely to Verneuil himself. The hues of the color collotype photographs are eerily beautiful. The "Decor Floral" portfolio was issued for artists and designers, and is distinguished the meticulous arrangement of actual flowers, leaves, vines, and grasses, beautifully photographed and printed in soft, pale colors. The floral designs merge into ornamental friezes, pilaster columns, carpets, cornices, and mirrors, and MUST BE SEEN to be fully appreciated. Surely the present portfolio is one of the earliest expressions of what was to be called Art Deco. It was created by M.P. Verneuil (1869-1942), a famous designer who literally wrote the first book on the subject of Art Deco, namely in his "Etoffes et Tapis Etrangers" (1925) which documented - and championed - the Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes, from which the very term "Art Deco" takes its name. Verneuil's designs covered both the Art Nouveau and Art Deco periods, subsequently transitioning into his much acclaimed, almost dizzying geometric patterns that found their wildest expression in his "Kaleidoscope, ornaments abstraits" (ca. 1923). What makes the present portfolio so special is the austere elegance of the color collotypes, and the geometrical arrangements of the flowers and plants (all of which are named in the captions). It is a remarkable fact that our portfolio preceded by 25 years Karl Blossfeldt's first published effort, the great "Urformen der Kunst," which did not appear until 1928. The success of Verneuil's "Le Decor Floral" is due to the sensitive presentation and composition, relying on the symmetry juxtaposed with asymmetry; repetition of the motifs; and a certain formal purity. Highlighted are the lines and the graphic qualities of the flowers and plants, which include chrysanthemums, ferns, irises, wild gladiolas, mistletoe, holly, sapwood, laurels, wheat, violets, begonias, ivy, maple leaves, lily-of-the-valley, lemons, and much more. The result is the clearest rendition of the decorative potential of actual plant specimens. "Le Decor Floral" celebrates not only the shapes of nature, but man's ability shape Nature itself in the pursuit of aesthetic beauty. Whereas Verneuil's name does not appear on the portfolio's cover or title, there is no longer any doubt that this is his work. We have discovered in the 1903 Mercure de France (vol. VIII, pp. 514-515) the following announcement concerning the forthcoming publication of "Le Decor Floral" (here translated): La Librairie centrale des Beaux-Arts, which M. Levy directs with a keen sense the needs and trends of modern art, is publishing a series of documents of decorative flora, chosen by M. VERNEUIL [emphasis ours], and photographed from nature. The "Decor Floral," which will be published in instalments of ten plates, will form a complete volume in fifty plates and will be of the greatest utility to all decorators. It is a kind of herbarium that is easy to handle and whose advantage is to provide the artist, in a more durable and less fragile way than dried plants, exact documents not only as to the form, but also as for the color" (unsigned but written by Yvanhoe Rambosson). Another pre-publication description of the book is given in Bernard Quaritch's Catalogue 234, p. 121 (immediately above Verneuil's "Etude de la Plante: Son Application aux Industries d'Art," 1903) which we here translate from the French: "As its title indicates, this book is a collection of ornamental documents from nature, whose sole source is the vegetable kingdom. Is it not that the decorative arts of every era have taken their best inspiration? The interest of this book is twofold. To industrialists (sic), the work provides many decorative compositions that can be used as is, or can receive an even more ornamental application. Decorative panels, shaded borders, ornate backgrounds or spandrels, friezes or foliage, are all available herein, offering the most diverse compositions. To artists, the work furnishes numerous and excellent documents on the flower itself, the compositions being ornamentally variegated without modification, but always with the specter of its own constitution. The work serves to inspire variations on decorative compositions. It will be useful to all floral arrangers -- and who are they who do not use flowers? This work, important as much by the number of ornamental documents as by the number of the various plants represented, will contain 50 plates, and the color will add to its charm and to the precision of the documentation." Attention is drawing to an earlier photographic design portfolio by Martin Gerlach, whose "Festons und decorative Gruppen nebst einem Zieralphabet" appeared in Vienna in 1893. In our opinion Gerlach's work is considerably inferior to Verneuil's "Decor Floral": the placement of the flora (and fauna) is boring, and the color hues average. It is likely - if not certain - that Verneuil knew of Gerlach's work, having visited Vienna in 1902. Gerlach published another similar design portfolio at this time, namely the "Formenwelt aus dem Naturreiche" (1902-1904). Verneuil is not known to have undertaken photographic work, but in any event the real artistry of the "Decor Floral" is his and
Arlott And Ackroyd : Deluxe Limited Edition Signed By The Author And Ackroyd : With A Signed Etching Of John Arlott : With 13 Other Signatures Related To Cricket : With Related Ephemera

Arlott And Ackroyd : Deluxe Limited Edition Signed By The Author And Ackroyd : With A Signed Etching Of John Arlott : With 13 Other Signatures Related To Cricket : With Related Ephemera

Rayvern Allen, David & Norman Ackroyd (Illus.) The sole UK printing published by Christopher Saunders, Newnham On Severn in 2002. Number '99' of only 295 copies published. The BOOK is in Fine unread condition. It is housed in its' original slipcase which is in near Fine condition. The book has been numbered and signed by the author and illustrator to the publisher's official bookplate to the front pastedown, as called for. The frontispiece pocket contains an original copperplate etching of John Arlott by Norman Ackroyd. This has been numbered and signed by Norman Ackroyd and run off on his presses. The plate has been destroyed. The book has additionally been signed to the half-title on publication day by Norman Ackroyd, Leo Harrison (Cricketer), Colin Ingleby-Mckenzie (cricketer), Hubert Doggart (cricketer), Chris Saunders (Publisher), David Rayvern Allen (writer), John Woodcock (writer) and six others ( which I can not identify). The book is 'a celebration of cricket, wine, poetry and prose'. It contains eleven of Ackroyd's etchings, accompanied by appropriate pieces of Arlott's prose and poetry. There is the additional commentary by David Rayvern Allen, Arlott's biographer and an old friend of Norman Ackroyd. The books is printed on fine 200gm Zanders Medley Plus Creme paper and is hand bound in British green leather. Accompanied by ephemera relating to the book's publication including a small pamphlet ' Brearley on Arlott' which was the speech given by Mike Brearley on the occasion of the book launch at the Fine Art Society, the publisher's promotional flyer, the receipt for the original purchase of this title, a letter from the publisher to the original owner and the publisher's invitation to the book launch event. A stunning production. More images available on request. Ashton Rare Books welcomes direct contact.
The Life And Strange Surprizing Adventures Of Robinson Crusoe Of York Mariner : One Of Only 35 Special Copies Signed By The Illustrator

The Life And Strange Surprizing Adventures Of Robinson Crusoe Of York Mariner : One Of Only 35 Special Copies Signed By The Illustrator

Defoe, Daniel & Kauffer, E. McKnight (Illus.) The First UK printing of this illustrated edition published by Frederick Etchells & Hugh Macdonald, London in 1929. The BOOK is in Very Good++ or better condition. The limited issue of only 35 copies signed by Kauffer to the limitation page, this one unnumbered. Printed on T. H. Saunders mould-made paper, and bound in quarter morocco. There was also a trade edition of 500 copies unsigned on normal paper and bound in cloth. Original blue quarter morocco, titles to spine silver, blue buckram boards with Kauffer's design in silver to the front board, edges untrimmed. The morocco spine is slightly sunned and rubbed. Internally, apart from some offsetting to the endpapers, the book is clean and the binding remains tight. Frontispiece and 7 hand coloured illustrations by E. McKnight Kauffer, using the pochoir process. This deluxe signed issue is rare, with only two copies recorded at auction in the past 50 years. Kauffer was born in the U.S.A. but settled in England in 1914. He was a member of both Wyndham Lewis's 'Group X' and the' Cumberland Market Group'. Kauffer's real genius was in advertising art; he produced seminal posters for the London Transport Board and for the Great Western Railway, as well as book jackets and illustrations. A very attractive production. More images available on request. Ashton Rare Books welcomes direct contact.
Aphra Behn : Signed By The Author : Additionally Signed By The Author's Mother With A H/W Letter From The Author's Mother

Aphra Behn : Signed By The Author : Additionally Signed By The Author’s Mother With A H/W Letter From The Author’s Mother

Sackville-West, Vita The First UK printing published by Gerald Howe Ltd., London in 1927. The BOOK is in Very Good++ condition. Light pushing at the spine ends with a little rubbing at the corners. The gilt titling to the spine remains very bright. Light offsetting to the end-papers with a little toning to the page edges. Some light age related markings to the covers. The scarce WRAPPER is complete and is in Very Good++ condition. Generally toned more-so at the edges and the spine with a little loss at the spine ends. Some professional Japanese tissue paper repairs to the folds on the verso which do not show through to the front. The wrapper is protected in a removable Brodart archival cover. Frontis portrait drawn by J. Gower Parks. Part of the 'Representative Women' series with General Editor, Francis Birrell. The book has been signed by the author to the title page. A presentation copy, additionally inscribed in the year of publication by the author's mother (the Dowager Victoria Sackville-West) to the front upper blank end-paper. The recipients were Mr and Mrs Hamilton-Rice. Accompanied by a loosely inserted 4 page letter from the Dowager (on her personal headed paper) to the same recipients. Alexander Hamilton-Rice was an American explorer, physician, geographer and geologist, especially noted for his expeditions to the Amazon basin. He was professor of geography at Harvard university. In the letter, the dowager refers to the river 'Orinoco' (Hamilton-Rice had earlier explored this river), trying to get her daughter and son-in-law Harold Nicolson 'better known' as writers in the states and pushing Virginia Woolf's review of Nicolson's book 'Some People'. A very scarce association title with the original wrapper with no copies listed at auction in the last 20 years. More images available on request. Ashton Rare Books welcomes direct contact.
The Geology of Sussex; or the Geology and Fossils of the Tertiary and Cretaceous Formations of Sussex. New Edition. Revised and Augmented by T. Rupert Jones

The Geology of Sussex; or the Geology and Fossils of the Tertiary and Cretaceous Formations of Sussex. New Edition. Revised and Augmented by T. Rupert Jones

DIXON, Frederick 4to. xxiv, 469, (1) pp. Contemporary brown buckram, gilt lettered to the spine, occasional marginalia and underlining in pencil with a corresponding pencilled ownership inscription of a Robert Insoll dated 1880, later ink ownership stamp of the geological firm V. C. Illing & Partners 64 lithographic plates - 3 hand coloured and 2 double page, plus one further plate and a geologically coloured folding map along with illustrations in the text. Neatly rebacked preserving the original spine, slight wear to the extremities, generally very good. The best edition of this well-known work (first published 1850), benefiting from the inclusion of plates from Gideon Mantell's Fossils of the South Downs (1822) which were not included in the previous edition. It remains to this day an invaluable tool for the study of the South Downs. The early ownership inscription is likely to be by Robert Insoll of the Old Orchard, Eastbourne, who was the local agent for the Duke of Devonshire. The Cavendish family owned various lands in and around Eastbourne, Jevington and Pevensey. Vincent Charles Illing studied geology at Cambridge before embarking on a long and distinguished career as an exploratory geologist with a specialism in oil and gas fields, both in academia and later in business. He received numerous awards including the Murchison Medal in 1944 and election to the Royal Society a year later.