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Nigel Phillips

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The Art of Metals, in which is declared the manner of their generation, and the concomitants of them. In two Books. Written in Spanish by Albaro Alonso Barba?in the year, 1640. Translated in the year, 1669. By the R.H. Edward Earl of Sandwich.

BARBA, Alvaro Alonso. 2 volumes in 1, 8vo, pp. (iv), 156; 1 leaf, pp. 91, 1 engraved plate. Without the final blank leaf. Both titles within ruled border. Contemporary mottled calf, rebacked and corners repaired, gilt centres and new red morocco label on spine. Short (2 cm.) tear touching two letters without loss at bottom of I5, some small marks and stains, but a very good copy. Early signatures of George Bullock of Yeovil on p. 1, George Stoddon on last blank page, and of W. Parish on front pastedown. Second edition in English of the first two Books of this celebrated treatise on mining and metallurgy, the first significant work on the subject in Spanish, and the first work on mining in the Americas. The first Book deals with the generation of metals and things accompanying them, and the second with the extraction of silver by mercury. It also includes the earliest special chapter on petroleum products (Book I, ch. 9) in Peru and elsewhere. The methods of extraction that Barba himself discovered were in large part responsible for the vast wealth that Spain gained from Peru. The book was kept secret in Spain, but when the Earl of Sandwich was Ambassador to Spain, he obtained a copy and translated two of the five books and had them published by Samuel Mearne, the royal bookbinder and publisher. Wing B678 and 682. Another issue (or possibly edition) of the first Book has the title The First Book of the Art of Mettals. Duveen p. 42; Neville I, p. 70 (both with the alternate title). Hoover catalogue 83. Sabin 3254. Norman catalogue 115. No complete English edition of all five Books was done until 1923.
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De Litteraria Expeditione per Pontificam ditionem ad dimetiendos duos meridiani gradus et corrigendam mappam geographicam jussu, et auspiciis Benedicti XIV?

MAIRE, Christopher, & Roger Joseph BOSCOVICH. 4to, pp. xxi, (i), 516, (3) errata, and 4 folding and stilted engraved plates. Extra-illustrated with the map on three large folding engraved plates (see below). Half-title, title-page in red and black with woodcut ornament, some fine woodcut headpieces and initials. Some minor foxing on the first and last leaves, cut in lower margin of first leaf of dedication neatly repaired, cut in lower margin of Eee4, a few small wormholes in the endpapers just encroaching on title and margin of final map sheet. Contemporary vellum (short tear at top of lower joint, a few small wormholes in spine), spine lettered in gilt, red sprinkled edges. FIRST EDITION. The first measurements of the shape of the earth to prove Newton?s theory that it was ellipsoid and flattened at the poles were taken by French expeditions to Peru in 1735, and to Lapland in 1736. Interest was aroused and Pope Benedict XIV commissioned two learned Jesuits, Christopher Maire, who was English, and Roger Joseph Boscovich, from Dubrovnik, to measure an arc of the meridian between Rome and Rimini and to prepare a new map of the Papal States. ?The onerous work took three years. its results confirmed?the geodetic consequences of unevenness in the earth?s strata, the possibility of determining surface irregularities by such measurements, as well as the deviation of meridians and parallels from a properly spherical shape? (DSB). The result appeared in this fine volume divided into five parts of which the first, fourth and fifth are the work of Boscovich. ?Part One describes past studies on the shape of the earth and gives a vivid account of the history of the journey? Part Three corrects the existing geographical map. Part Four is one of the few treatises of that time on practical astronomy. Part Five is devoted to the theories of geodesy?? (Whyte, Boscovich, p. 45). The map, which was issued separately and is rarely found with the book, as here, shows the Papal States. It has a large explanatory tablet on the first sheet and a fine title cartouche on the third.
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Instruction sur la nouvelle Machine inventée par MM. Launoy, naturaliste, & Bienvenu, machiniste-physicien, qui a été annoncée dans le Journal de Paris, le 19 avril, 1784. Avec laquelle un corps, contre sa propre tendance, monte dans l?atmosphere avec une vitesse qui égale le vol d?oiseau, & est susceptible de pouvoir être dirigée à la volonté de l?homme?

LAUNOY, ? , & ? BIENVENU. 8vo, 15 pages. Drop-head title. First leaf a little soiled and upper and lower outer corners neatly restored. Contemporary blue wrappers. Contained in a calf-backed chemise lettered in gilt on spine and matching slipcase. FIRST EDITION. Description of the first prototype for a helicopter, an airscrew model demonstrated before the Académie des Sciences in Paris in April 1784. It consisted of two two-blade rotors contra-rotating on the ends of a short pole, worked by a simple bow-string mechanism. This is in essence the principle of the helicopter and was to lead to all subsequent helicopter development. It was studied by Sir George Cayley who made a model of the Frenchmen?s design in 1796 and later improved it. Purchase of this pamphlet served as an admission ticket to view the three helicopter models then on display at Bienvenu?s house in the Rue de Rohan, Paris. The first machine was the one demonstrated at the Académie des Sciences; the second a larger machine three times the size of the original; and the third a model of a proposed machine,?réservée essentiellement à l?examen du Public? (p. 2). Tissandier, Bibliographie aéronautique, p. 26. Hodgson, p. 394. Gibbs-Smith, Sir George Cayley?s aeronautics, pp. 1?3. Rare; OCLC lists three copies, one in the Bibliotheque nationale and two in Germany.
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Code de la Nature, ou le véritable esprit de ses loix, de tout tems négligé ou méconnu.

MORELLY, ? .] Small 8vo, pp. 236, (4). Title printed in red and black with an engraved vignette. Contemporary speckled calf, spine gilt in compartments, red morocco label, red sprinkled edges, a very fine and clean copy. FIRST EDITION of this proposal for the ideal state, which included unity of funds, public use of tools and products, equal education, communal self-sufficiency and the abolition of financial remuneration. See the long account of this book in the Nouvelle Biographie Générale: ?It is remarkable that these ideas, which were the most extreme of the socialist policies of the period, appeared at a time when political economy was being established on the principles of the wealth of nations. Morelly had a definite talent for rhetoric, and he laid emphasis on ideas of public prosperity; his philosophy was very attractive before its practicalities demonstrated its dangers; even Morelly did not appreciate its full significance. His Code de la Nature is both the last of the inert Utopias which, from Plato?s Republic to the Télèphe of Pechmeja, proposed a state of ideal well-being with no practicability, and the first of the more alarming Utopias produced by the French proletariat with the idea of immediate application? (in translation). Goldsmiths 9074. Kress 5457. Higgs 1107. Hartig & Soboul, Pour une histoire de l?Utopie en France au 18è siècle, p. 55.
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The Earthquake Catalogue of the British Association, with the discussion, curves, and maps, etc. (From the Transactions of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1852 to 1858.) Being the Third and Fourth Reports.

MALLET, Robert, & John William MALLET. 8vo, 1 leaf, pp. 176, (117)?212, 326, 136, and 15 plates (including 11 folding, 2 coloured, and 8 graphs) numbered I?XV + X bis (V and VI are on one sheet). Contemporary green half calf, marbled sides, spine ruled and lettered in gilt (spine faded to brown). Presentation copy, inscribed by Mallett at the top of the title-page: ?The Earl of Enniskillen with the author?s respects.? Armorial bookplate of the Earl of Enniskillen on front pastedown. OFFPRINT, consisting of four separate parts, compiled from the sheets from four different volumes (for 1852, 1853, 1854 and 1858) of the Transactions of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, separately published with an added title-page. These four parts comprise Mallet?s Third and Fourth Reports to the British Association (the First and Second Reports are on the history of earthquakes and do not form part of the Catalogue). The first large-scale historical study of earthquakes, which includes in the two reports between 6000 and 7000 separate recorded earthquakes from every known part of the world. ?Between them, they contain an extensive catalogue?which he prepared and debated with his son John W. Mallet?of 6,831 earthquakes reported between 1606 B.C. and A.D. 1858 and his seismic map of the world? (DSB). The Fourth Report includes a bibliography of earthquakes. The Reports of the British Association are not uncommon, but The Earthquake Catalogue, being a separately published compilation, is very rarely found.
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A General Map of Ireland to accompany the Report of the Railway Commissioners shewing the physical features and geological structures of the country. Constructed in 1836 & engraved 1837?8.

LARCOMB, Thomas A., & Sir Richard GRIFFITH. Large engraved map with contemporary hand colouring, 71 x 58 inches (180 x 147 cm) across the engraved area, dissected and mounted on 6 folding linen sheets edged in red cloth. Signed by Larcombe and Griffith (see below). In its original plain linen wrap and contained in its original leather case with flap and tongue, lettered in gilt on spine. The case inscribed ?Major Hodge, 4th Dragoon Guards.? The case rubbed and a little worn at the corners, the map in fine condition. FIRST EDITION, first issue of the second published geological map and railway map of Ireland. Griffith?s first geological map of Ireland, on a scale of 1 inch to 10 miles, was published in July 1838 to accompany the second report of the Irish Railway Commission. The publication of the present much larger map, on a scale of 1 inch to 4 miles, was delayed but it finally appeared in March 1839. The present copy is uncoloured geologically, but it appears that coloured copies are very rare and were only coloured to order. ?It was remarkably detailed?? (DSB). The first railway map of Ireland was contained in the same second Report of the Irish Railway Commission (the first Report does not appear to have included a map), and in the same way was succeeded by the present map. ?Title, left-hand top corner. Legend with 26 tablets in left-hand margin. Signed: ?Dublin, March 28th, 1839 Richard Griffith.? References, authorities and scales in lower margin. Below these is the MS. signature of Thos. A. Larcomb, Lieut. R.Eng. (in charge of the Trigonometrical Survey of Ireland at this time and responsible for the engraved basis of the present map and plate)? Coloured examples of this map have not been seen, but an uncoloured copy is in the Library of the Geological Survey, London? (Davis). A.G. Davis, ?Notes on Griffith?s geological maps of Ireland? in J. Soc. Bibl. of Natural History, 2, 6 (Oct. 1950), pp. 209?211. For particulars of Griffith?s life and work, particularly the progress of his geological survey of Ireland, see M. H. Close, ?Anniversary address to the Royal Geological Society of Ireland? in J. Roy. Geol. Soc. Ireland, 15 (NS. 5, 1880): 132?148. See also Joan M. Eyles in DSB, 5, 537?539.
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Report of the Experiments on Animal Magnetism, made by a committee of the medical section of the French Royal Academy of Sciences: read at the meetings of the 21st and 28th of June, 1831, translated, and now for the first time published; with an historical and explanatory introduction, and an appendix. By J.C. Colquhoun.

HUSSON, Henri Marie.] 8vo, pp. xii, 252. Half-title. Original cloth-backed boards, printed paper label (worn) on spine, uncut. Boards somewhat soiled and a little worn at corners, slight wear to ends of spine.Inscribed on the front free endpaper ?With the Author?s Compliments?; signature of W.P. Alison on half-title (William Pulteney Alison, 1790?1859, social reformer and professor of medicine at Edinburgh; small stamp of Edinburgh University Library on title and shelf label at foot of spine. FIRST EDITION IN ENGLISH, and the first generally published edition of the findings of the commission set up by the Royal Academy of Medicine of Paris to look into animal magnetism. ?The report was favourable, describing experiences of healing through animal magnetism and instances of paranormal phenomena connected with somnambulism? The translation is preceded by a long introduction by Colquhoun, who was one of animal magnetism?s staunchest supporters in England. Colquhoun states in the title that the report is ?now for the first time published? because the original French edition by Husson was very rare and never broadly distributed publicly? (Crabtree, Animal magnetism, an annotated bibliography, 354). Norman Catalogue M96 has the 1836 translation published in Boston.
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Visual Adaptation.

CRAIK, K[enneth] J[ohn] W[illiam]. 4to, (iv, including one blank) + 213 leaves of carbon copy double-spaced typescript on the rectos only + 1 additional leaf of text (dated in ink 24.1.43) inserted after f. 109 and text on 3 following leaves lightly crossed through + 16 unfoliated leaves with 20 (mostly photographic) mounted illustrations + slip of addenda to the bibliography inserted at f. 223. Black cloth (slight wear on corners), lettered in gilt on spine. Signed by Craik at the foot of the preface (this leaf is mounted on a stub and dated 2/5/40) and with many small manuscript corrections throughout. Loosely inserted is an offprint of Craik?s paper ?Origin of Visual Images? from Nature, vol. 145, p. 512, March 30, 1940. Craik?s unpublished doctoral thesis on adaptation from a psychological point of view and its biological significance, submitted to Cambridge University in May 1940. One of the founders of the field now known as cognitive science, Craik?s thesis is marked by a lively recognition of the interrelation of physical, physiological and psychological problems and situations. He spent the war years studying psychological problems about the role of the human operator in the manipulation of certain instruments of war, and designing those instruments accordingly. In 1943 he published his only book, The Nature of Explanation, in which he drew parallels between the operations performed by minds and machines and suggested that perception and performance are based on mental models of the environment. At this point calculating machines came to the fore as centrally important models for psychological processes and Craik proceeded, speculatively, to explore their possible bearing on perception. In 1948 his two-part paper ?Theory of Human Operators in Control Systems?, published posthumously in the British Journal of Psychology, introduced the concept of intermittent control in the context of human control systems, important ideas which are all present or foreshadowed in the present thesis. Later that year Norbert Wiener named this new communication and control theory ?cybernetics? As with his wartime contemporary at Cambridge Alan Turing, Craik?s work remained largely inaccessible, much of it being officially restricted. His designs included aircraft cockpits for diminishing mental and physical fatigue, windscreens with superior visibility, and instrument lighting. He died in 1945, aged 31, after being involved in an accident on his bicycle. This is an early version of Craik?s thesis, at least one later version being known, and is extremely rare, being unpublished. See Bartlett, F.C., ?Kenneth J.W. Craik, 1914?1945 [obituary]? in The Eagle, March 1946, 454?465. ODNB.