La payse (Pièce en un acte) - Rare Book Insider
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La payse (Pièce en un acte)

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Mémoires de Vidocq, chef de la Police de Sureté jusqu’en 1827, aujourd’hui propriétaire et fabricant de papier à Saint-Mandé.

4 vol. in 8°, de 2f. VIII-420pp., 2ff. 462pp., 3ff. 434pp., 2ff. 420pp., ill. d'un portrait gravé, (sans les ff. de fx-titre en tête) demi-basane blonde moderne à coins, dos très orné, p. de t. rouge et verte, rousseurs habituelles sinon bel exemplaire décoratif. Edition originale très recherchée, de ces Mémoires, remarquable témoignage sur les moeurs criminelles de l'époque et sur la langue argotique, par l'ancien forçat qui fut le créateur et le chef de la police de sûreté. Ils ont été rédigés d'après des notes fournies par Vidocq, avec de nombreux rajouts dans le but de pimenter le récit. Il a paru en plus 2 volumes de suppléments en 1830, ils sont très rares et manquent dans la plupart des séries. ¶ Yve-Plessis, biblio. argot n° 117-118 - Michel Foucault, Surveiller et punir p.288: "L'importance presque mythique qu'il a prise aux yeux mêmes de ses contemporains ne tient pas à ce passé (de voleur et de brigand), peut-être embelli; elle ne tient pas non plus au fait que, pour la première fois dans l'histoire, un ancien bagnard, racheté ou acheté, soit devenu un chef de police; mais plutôt au fait qu'en lui, la délinquance a pris visiblement son statut ambigu d'objet et d'instrument pour un appareil de police qui travaille contre elle et avec elle." - Dict. oeuvres, IV/p.476: "On ne s'étonnera pas si un personnage aussi étrange, aussi romanesque, est entré de son vivant dans la littérature et a inspiré aux différents écrivains qui l'ont approché des interprétations aussi contradictoires de son rôle et de sa personne que celles de Vautrin ou de Jean Valjean" - Le Clère Biblio. police n°1010 (c'est seulement en 1832 qu'il fut nommé très officiellement chef de la sûreté.)
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The Mental Capacity of the American Negro.

Pamphlet, 8vo, original wrappers, Illustrated with tables and charts, 71pp. First separate printing. Some edge tears and chipping, a couple of edge pieces missing, not affecting text, normal aging; good overall. First appeared in Archives of Psychology, No. 28. Marion J. Mayo (1871-1948) was an educator with multiple degrees who taught in New York before heading West to tech at a college level in St. Louis. At the time it appeared, Mayo's study was almost entirely ignored, with the notable exception of a critical review by W.E.B. DuBois. Nevertheless, Mayo's long-forgotten thesis, submitted for a doctorate in Philosophy at Columbia University, is generally cited in comprehensive bibliographies as the earliest relevant work. DuBois' scathing review criticized Mayo's methodology of reaching broad conclusions on the basis of a small sample of students (school records of 150 Black students in New York high schools) but he was primarily perturbed by those conclusions â€Â" that "as regard the mental heredity of the Negro and white races as represented in our Northern states, the average mental ability of the white race, so far as this ability is exercised in school studies, is higher, but not a great deal higher, than that of the colored race". DuBois was also disturbed by Mayo's premise that the underlying racial distinction was not due to opportunity but rather heredity. Calling this a "monstrous" conclusion, DuBois goes on to enumerate in detail all the ways in which Black children had been deprived by opportunity from overwhelming racial discrimination. Interestingly, while I didn't do a close analysis of Mayo's material, and yes, whites clearly come off better in Mayo's study, some of the differences don't appear that significant, especially when you consider the historical context when this study was taken. This study preceded by eight years Robert Yerkes' famous study of race differences in mental tests of American soldiers during World War I. Work 574 & 625. Not in Howes
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Kissing.

[England]: William Simpson, 1883. 8vo, 49 pp. containing pasted and tipped in manuscript and printed sheets including 10 pp. autograph MS signed by Simpson; 2 pp. ALS from George Grove to Simpson; 2 pp. ALS from Alfred "Hajj" Browne to Simpson; 2 pp. ALS from Father A. Richardson to Simpson; various manuscript transcriptions by Simpson of others' work; and extracts from printed books and periodicals. Original red buckram, Simpson's Tibetan device in gilt on upper cover, title "Kissing" in gilt on backstrip. Simpson's bookplate on front pastedown. Cloth lightly sunned and slightly bubbled, contents with scattered foxing and offsetting unsurprising for the number and variety of unconventional papers bound. Very good overall. § A fascinating compilation of manuscript and printed texts on the symbolic and mystical significance of kissing, assembled by the Victorian war artist William Simpson with contributions from several learned friends. Simpson appears to have been considering publishing a scholarly work on the subject but there is no evidence the manuscript ever appeared in print. The numerous entries have been carefully bound with a fine original gouache title page dated 1883.William Simpson (1823-1899) was a pioneer war artist who traveled extensively for the Illustrated London News. Born to working class parents in Glasgow in 1823, his adventures took him around the world several times and made him an eye witness to many of the major events of the 19th century including the Crimean War, the Franco-Prussian War, and the Abyssinia Expedition. "As an observer and reporter for over forty years, he had contacts and friends all over the world; he mixed with people of every rank and learned many European and oriental languages and dialects needed on his innumerable travels." (DNB)Simpson is fascinated by the origins of kissing, and by the likelihood that contemporary customs contain echoes of the religious rites of ancient peoples. The heart of the collection is a ten-page, minutely-lettered manuscript, "the result of notes made while wandering in various regions of the world, and also from wanderings in some not much frequented regions of the world of books." The essay touches on customs of Ancient Greece, Abyssinia, Peru, and India, on Biblical and Talmudic scriptures, Tantric Mantras, the Vedas, Islamic traditions, and etymological evidence in Latin, Greek, Sanskrit, and Hebrew. His intent is to trace the connections between the breath of life, the creative power (of God), the word (the Logos), and the kiss. ("God breathed into man's nostrils the breathe of life, and he became a living soul. Here is the first kiss recorded.") "The practice of kissing I take to be that of a custom which has descended from the past when it was an act of adoration from its being a form of breathing. As an act of love or close friendship it has now lost its connection with the old symbolism although this is the case there yet remains rites and customs which are vestiges of the old relationship and which receive their explanation by the theory suggested in this paper."Bound in with Simpson's manuscript are many manuscript notes and transcriptions from others sources made in the course of his research, as are extracts from printed articles and books pertaining to the subject. Most interesting are the several manuscript contributions from friends and correspondents, including one from Sir George Grove, the first director of the Royal School of Music and the author of Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians.The whole eccentric document forms a fascinating unpublished source text for research into Victorian sexuality, British Orientalism, and perennial philosophy, greatly deserving of further attention.
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Pseudodoxia Epidemica: Of Unicornes Hornes. Illustrated by Alan James Robinson. Introduction by Jan van Dorsten

First Edition, Artist Proof issue, one of 5 copies only, all on obsolete Whatman paper (blue-white laid ca. 1962), from a total issue of 225, all signed by the artist, as follows: 5 AP copies (this copy) in an elegant full limp vellum non-adhesive binding, title in gilt on spine, frontispiece etching in 2 states, an extra suite (14), each signed and numbered, and two extra suites of working proofs (28), each signed and labeled "wp," and an original drawing, a unicorn within an oval border signed in full by Alan J. Robinson, housed in 1/4 vellum folder with Narwhal "horn" tooled in gold gilt on spine, housed in tan cloth over boards with vellum spine stamped with title in gold gilt; 15 State Proof copies, bound in full vellum non-adhesive limp binding with an original drawing and an extra suite of prints plus a suite of working proofs of the prints and state proofs of the etching; 60 deluxe copies in vellum binding and an extra suite; 150 regular copies on T.H. Saunders Laid. Page size: 9 1/2 x 7 inches. Bound by Gray Parrot with his binder's ticket at lower rear turn-in: full limp vellum, matching quarter vellum sleeve for extra suites all housed in vellum and linen clamshell box, box slightly worn with 2 or 3 minor bumps, book fine. Illustrated with 15 woodengravings and one etching by Robinson, the text is set and cast in Van Dyck Monotype by Winifred and Michael Bixler and printed by Harold Patrick McGrath in black and blue at Hampshire Typothetae. Jan van Dorsten, Professor of English Literature at the University of Leiden, Nethrlands and Head of the Sir Thomas Browne Institute there, has written an introduction on Browne's life, work and thought especially for this volume, which is Chapter XXIII of PSEUDODOXIA EPIDEMICA . In all, this is a lovely book, full of fantasy and romance, beautifully produced and executed by one of the finest naturalists working today.
De systemate orbis cometici de que admirandis coeli characteribus

De systemate orbis cometici de que admirandis coeli characteribus, opuscula duo, in quorum primo cometarum causae disquiruuntur, & explicantur. In secondo vero quid, quales quotue sint stellae luminosae; nebulosae; necnon, & occultae, manifestantur, & rerem caelestium studiosis commendantur .

ODIERNA, Giovanni Battista THE FIRST STUDY OF NEBULAE WITH FINE WOODCUTS. 4to [21.0 x 15.0 cm], 2 parts in one vol., (viii) pp., 102 pp., 1 f. blank; (iv) pp., 60 pp., (8) pp. including terminal blank, with 39 white-on-black woodcuts in text (12 full-page, 14 half-page, and 13 quarter-page). Bound in contemporary limp vellum. Binding well preserved. A few minor spots, blindstamp on front flyleaf; inscription on title (crossed through) Fra Giulio Amico J M C and signature of same on f. 4v.; 18th-century astronomical annotations on pastedowns. A very clean, crisp copy. First edition of this exceptionally rare and remarkable book on nebulae, the first of its kind, illustrated with striking white-on-black woodcuts. It is also a work of profound cosmological speculation placing it at the forefront of astronomical thought in the 17th century. Giovanni Battista Odierna (1597 1660) suggests in this work that all nebulae are composed of stars or stellar matter and that the centre of the Universe may lie far outside the solar system. Odierna was a Sicilian priest and disciple of Galileo who presented him with a telescope of medium focal length. Inspired by Galileo s Sidereus nuncius, he began a systematic investigation of nebular objects, the first of its kind. This study had not been pursued by other astronomers for various reasons, among them the emphasis on cataloguing fixed stars, the inadequacies of early telescopes for viewing objects of lower surface brightness, and finally because the systematic observations of nebulae would have inevitably called for a cosmological theory on the construction of the heavens a theory with which the seventeenth century, still laboriously digesting the Copernican revolution intensified by the debate on the teachings of Galileo, could hardy cope (Serio et al., op. cit.). The first part of the book is devoted to comets and was written by Odierna specifically to distinguish them from nebulae. Hodierna regarded comets as heavenly bodies very different from nebulae: besides their kinematical differences - comets have a rapid motion while nebulae have none - he thought that there was a more profound difference, the comets being made out of terrestrial substance, the nebulae being made out of stars and consequently, according to him, out of Lux Primogenita (ibid.). The second part of the work is devoted to nebulae. He records some forty-three nebulous objects of which nineteen have been shown to be true nebulae or star clusters, nine can be recognised as evident asterisms, while the remaining fifteen evade identification at the present time. Of the nineteen true nebulae, eleven (or twelve if we include the possible NGC 2451) were original discoveries. (He was unaware that the Andromeda Nebula and the cluster in Vulpecula, Cr 399, had been previously catalogued by Al-Sufi) It is a truly remarkable total, especially when one considers that in this same half-century following the invention of the telescope, the rest of the astronomical community discovered precisely one new object (M42, by Pieresc) (Jones, p. 188).
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Viridarium Gregorianum sive Biblia Gregoriana, New Testament (A Garden or Bible of Gregory); in Latin, decorated manuscript on parchment

FOURTEENTH-CENTURY MANUSCRIPT OF A RARE NEW TESTAMENT COMMENTARY COPIED BY A NAMED SCRIBE. In Latin, decorated manuscript on parchment, Southwest Flanders or Hainaut (Tournai?), c. 1350. Dimensions 240 x 170 mm., 120 folios, complete, catchwords in red and brown ink, quire signatures, written by a single scribe in a university bookhand, scrolling cadels at top lines sometimes in human and animal forms, numerous red and blue/black penwork initials of five to seven lines. BINDING: Nineteenth-century marbled boards and doublures, parchment covering corners and spine, spine title in red and black with filigreed decoration in red. TEXT: A New Testament commentary, Jacobus Folquerius's Viridarium Gregoriana , mined from many of Gregory the Great's works, drawing occasionally on Alulfus of Tournai's Gregorialis . The text is known in only three other manuscripts; this copy was, until now, apparently unknown, and is certainly the only of its kind on the market. PROVENANCE: Based on the script, this manuscript was copied c. 1350 by a scribe trained in Southwest Flanders or Hainaut (Tournai?). The parchment's texture and penwork initials are also consistent with this region. The scribe, moreover, names himself on the final folio: "Hic liber est scriptus ludofus sit benedictus." Ludolfus is otherwise unknown. The Germanic name Ludolfus, coupled with the manuscript's northwestern physical features, is consistent with production in this region; an auction record indicates this manuscript was previously in a Bordeaux private collection, although the blue pencil note in English suggests an interruption in French ownership. CONDITION: some small spots and parchment discoloration occasionally clouding text, several original holes in parchment once stitched, rodent damage to bottom inner corner of last two quires, minor cockling of leaves due to tight binding, some chipping on binding cover, edges, and hinges, staining on front flyleaves and some ink transfer to flyleaves adjacent to book block, overall in good condition. Full description and images available. (TM 1054)
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THE EARTH IS THE LORD’S: THE INNER WORLD OF THE JEW IN EAST EUROPE; With Wood Engravings by Ilya Schor

Octavo, 9.5 in. x 6.5 in., pp. 109. Black cloth-covered boards with design of three ornate Jewish arks (where the Torah scrolls are housed) of three different colors. Gold and silver lettering to spine. Yellow topstain. Very light rubbing to extremities. Brick-red endpapers of thick, laid paper. Lovely and stirring woodcuts (headpieces, tailpieces, and dropped capital letters) throughout by Ilya Schor, including a powerful full-page frontis depicting a rabbi cradling a torah in his arms in front of the open ark. Rubbing and light soiling to dustjacket. Chips to top/bottom of spine, corners, and to top edge of dustjacket back. Protected in mylar. The main part of this essay was contained in a paper read at the annual conference of the Yiddish Scientific Institute in January 1945. Abraham Joshua Heschel possessed the gift of laying out the complex spiritual, philosophical, ethical, and practical religious aspects of the Jewish people with utter and disarming simplicity, yet without sacrificing any of the innate complexities and deep cultural texture which being Jewish signifies, both inwardly in the close-knit Jewish community from which strength and survival issue forth, and outwardly in the larger world with its near-omnipresent challenges to daily existence. Two years after publishing this book, Dr. Heschel wrote "The Sabbath: Its Meaning For Modern Man"; it remains the richest yet most simple introduction to observing the Sabbath, we've ever come across. In it Heschel discusses a people from whom, historically, everything - land, possessions, freedom, status has been repeatedly, and often violently taken away, and yet to continue on, with fierce commitment to God, to a life of devotion and generosity to the community, they have created a "Palace In Time", which, being private, inward, intangible, nobody can ever take away. This "Palace" is none other than regular, weekly observation of the Sabbath. ".The story about the life of the Jews in Eastern Europe which has come to an end in our days is what I have tried to tell in this essay. I have not talked about their books, their art or institutions, but about their daily life, about their habits and customs, about their attitudes toward the basic things in life, about the scale of values which directed their aspirations. It is a story about an entire era in Jewish history, in which the attempt is made to portray the character of a people as reflected in its way of living throughout generations, in its loyalties and motivations, in its unique and enduring features The pattern of life of a people is more significant than the pattern of its art. What counts most is not expression, but existence itself. The key to the source of creativity lies in the will to cling to spirituality, to be close to the inexpressible, and not merely in the ability of expression. To appraise adquately the East European period in Jewish history, I had to inquire into the life-feeling and life-style of the people. This led to the conclusion that in this period, our people attained the highest degree of inwardness. I feel justified in saying that it was the golden period in Jewish history, in the history of the Jewish soul." (From A. J. Heschel's Introduction) "In 1930 there were in Europe about nine and a half million Jews. About eight and a quarter fell under Nazi domination. Of these, six million were exterminated. Jews had lived in Europe for almost two thousand years. They helped to create its civilizatiohn, they contributed their share to its economy, its science, its art. But over and above their contributions to general culture, they preserved a great tradition: the heritage of Moses, the legacy of their prophets and saages. All this has vanished. Who were these people? What did they stand for? What made their role important in the history of mankind.? (from Publisher's Preface by Henry Schuman).
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Commentaires de Jean Calvin sur la concordance ou Harmonie, compose des trois Evangelistes []

Folio. pp. [16] 1-204, 209-850 [2]; 369 [21]. Roman letter, little italic. Large woodcut printer's device to t-p of plumed skull atop a scorpion, set within an architectural frame, t-p slightly dusty. Address to the nobles of Frankfurt, alphabetical table of contents and passages within the work and another on the bible more generally. Very slight age browning, occasional marks, some later leaves with light water stain to lower margin, paper flaw to lower outer corner of hh2 and *2 not affecting text. Mss chapter numbers to upper outer corners of N1. ff. A good, well-margined copy in contemporary mottled calf with gilt rules, slightly scuffed, corners worn. Spine richly gilt in floral geometric pattern and bands raised, edges sprinkled red. The second edition of theologian and Protestant reformer John Calvin's (1509-1564) commentary on the gospels and acts of the apostles. He began his career as lay administrator to a local bishop, before pursuing a career in law, studying at Orleans and Bourges. Here, he was introduced to the doctrine of humanism, with particular influence from Erasmus and Jacques Lefevre d'Etaples, which promoted the restructuring of the church and society based on classical and Christian antiquity. It also encouraged the study of the Bible in Greek, Hebrew and Latin. Calvin's work hugely influenced Protestantism in Europe and North America, leading to the creation of multiple Calvinist churches, particularly in the USA; he is 'the most perseveringly followed by his disciples of any Western writer on theology', his other work on the 'Institutes of the Christian religion' becoming a handbook of Protestant belief. Calvin produced a number of in-depth biblical commentaries, covering most of the Old and almost the entire New Testament, except for the Revelation to John. In this edition, he addresses the gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke in tandem, but dedicates entire commentaries to John and the Acts of the Apostles. Lines of Scripture are quoted in chunks, in a larger font, followed by references and detailed comments on various phrases in each text. These include explanations, clarifications, and personal opinions with the aim of identifying examples of Harmony within the passages. 'His manner is classical; he reasons on system, he has little humour; instead of striking with a cudgel he uses the weapon of a deadly logic and persuades by a teacher's authority, not by a demagogue's calling of names.'
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[Librairie. Réglementation du Livre].

Ensemble 116 pièces sous chemise, pièce de titre manuscrite. Importante collection de publications éphémères (arrêts, mémoires, jugements etc.) qui offre un exemple remarquable de la réglementation des livres et son contournement aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles.« La librairie française est soumise au régime de la censure préalable exercée par la direction de la Librairie. Ce service dépend du chancelier qui rend compte directement au roi. La censure après parution, prononcée par le Conseil d?État ou par divers tribunaux, se manifeste par une condamnation publique et l?envoi au bûcher des livres prohibés dont la vente est interdite sous peine de lourdes sanctions. (?) La multiplication des éditions clandestines et des contrefaçons étrangères conduit à la mise en place en 1709 par l?abbé Jean-Paul Bignon ? que son oncle le chancelier Louis Phélypeaux de Pontchartrain avait nommé directeur de la Librairie en 1699 ?, du système dit de la permission tacite. (?) De 1750 à 1800, il est probable que plus de la moitié des livres français ont été publiés hors de France. Près des deux tiers des livres imprimés l?ont été sans privilège ni permission tacite, voire en violation d?une interdiction. Le pouvoir royal s?efforce de s?assurer le monopole d?une censure que revendiquent aussi la Sorbonne, l?Église catholique et les parlements. Cette rivalité gêne la politique des directeurs de la Librairie qui, en général, sont plutôt ouverts aux idées nouvelles. » (BnF, La Censure des livres et son contournement au 18e siècle par Michèle Sacquin).Citons à titre d'exemples parmi la centaine de pièces réunies : Jugement rendu par M. Hérault, lieutenant général de police, et les conseillers au présidial du Châtelet, commissaires du conseil en cette partie, qui condamne plusieurs particuliers du carcan et au bannissement, pour avoir établi une imprimerie clandestine et y avoir imprimé plusieurs ouvrages prohibés, scandaleux et contraires à la religion (Paris, Mariette, 1736) ; Arrest du conseil d'état du Roi, concernant les contrefaçons de livres, soit antérieures au présent arrêt, soit celles qui seraient faites en contravention des défenses portées audit arrêt (Lille, Péterinck-Cramé, 1777) ; Arrêt du conseil d'Etat qui condamne à une amende la Vve Valade et le sieur Prault, imprimeurs, pour avoir eu dans leurs imprimeries des compagnons imprimeurs sans billets de congé (Paris, Imprimerie Royale 1786) ; Arrêt du conseil d'Etat qui condamne les compagnons imprimeurs des imprimeries Didot jeune, Chardon et Vve Valade à faire sous peine de prison des excuses aux officiers de la chambre syndicale des imprimeurs et libraires (Paris, Imprimerie royale, 1786) ; Arrest du Conseil. qui déclare bonne et valable une saisie de livre faite à Nanci sur un colporteur sans qualité (Paris, Simon, 1785) ; Arrêt du conseil d'Etat portant règlement pour l'entrée des livres venant à Paris des pays étrangers (Paris, Langlois, 1738) ; Arrêt du Conseil d'Etat, qui ordonne la suppression de l'imprimerie établie à l'Hôtel de la Guerre à Versailles, et sa réunion à l'Imprimerie Royale (Paris, Desprez, 1775) ; Mémoire à consulter pour les libraires associés à l'Encyclopédie (contre le sieur Luneau de Boisjermain, un des souscripteurs, Paris, De l'imprimerie de Le Breton, 1770) ; Arrest du Conseil. qui ordonne que le sieur Allemand, libraire à Marseille, sera interdit de ses fonctions (Paris, Simon, 1778) ; Mémoire pour Jean-Augustin Grangé, imprimeur-libraire, accusé, contre M. le procureur du roi, accusateur ; Arrêt du Conseil d?Etat du Roy qui déclare la Veuve de Pierre-Jaceques Bienvenu, Marchand Libraire, en mille livres d?amende, et la déclare déchue pour toujours de la faculté d?exercer la Librairie pour avoir fait imprimer furtivement des ouvrages prohibés et contraires aux bonnes moeurs (Imprimerie Mariette, 1747) ; Arrêt du conseil d'état qui ordonne que les feuilles imprimées, les brochures et autres ouvrages prohibés saisis chez la Veuve Bienvenu et chez Claude-Nicolas Delormel, libraires à Paris, seront et demeureront confisqués (Paris, Imprimerie royale, 1746).