Falconry in the British Isles.

Salvin, Francis Henry / Brodrick, William.

Falconry in the British Isles.

London, John van Voorst, 1873.: 1873
  • $40,696
4to. (10), 171, (1) pp. William Brodrick's copy with 3 original watercolours by him, heightened with gum arabic. 28 hand-coloured lithographed plates after William Brodrick, some heightened with gum arabic. Contemporary half green morocco, gilt. Second edition, revised and enlarged: the best edition of this handsome work. This copy, with an impeccable provenance, is enriched by the inclusion of 3 fine original watercolours by the eminent William Brodrick (1814-88), falconer, taxidermist, physician, and artist, whose works of avian portraiture set the standard of their times. - Provenance: "Wm. Brodrick, Little Hill, 1873" (ink inscription to front free endpaper, and a partially erased pencil inscription to title). - Occasional spotting, heavier to endpapers and half-title; spine faded to brown, corners worn, rubbed. Harting 67. Nissen IVB 147. Schwerdt II, 145.
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Primera parte (Libro tercero y secundo volumen dela primera parte / Segunda parte y libro septimo) de la descripcion general de Affrica, con todos los successos de guerras que a avido entro los infieles, y el pueblo Christiano, y entre ellos mesmos desde que Mahoma inve[n]to su secta, hasta el año del señor mil y quinientos y setenta y uno.

Marmol Caravajal, Luis del. Small folio (278 x 185 mm). 3 vols. (8), 294, (16) ff. (1), 308 (but: 310), (8) ff. (2), CXVII ff. 19th century full calf with giltstamped spine (but spine of 3rd volume rebacked). Marbled endpapers. Extremely rare first edition of this important 16th century description of Muslim Africa, complete with the frequently missing third volume, printed at Malaga. "Ouvrage toujours fort recherché" (Brunet). A native of Granada, Luis Marmol Carvajal (1520-1600) took part in the 1535 Tunis campaign of King Charles V against the Ottoman Empire's Mediterranean forces. He was taken prisoner and spent more than 22 years in North Africa, including seven or eight years as a captive in Morocco, Fez and Tunis, where he learned Arabic. In his work, he gives an historical account of Christian-Muslim conflict, as well as of inter-Muslim strife, from the time of Muhammad until 1571, when Pope Pius V created the "Holy League" to drive Ottoman forces from the eastern Mediterranean. However, Marmol discusses not only military aspects, but also and more specifically Muslim North Africa, the Moorish militias, institutions, and customs, paying particular attention to Spanish commercial interests in these territories. He provides descriptions of many Maghreb cities as well of their various sieges and sacks by the Spanish, Portuguese, Genoese, and the Ottomans. - Corners slightly bumped; first sheets of the third volume have been washed and pressed. A good copy splendidly bound in the 19th century, with fine provenance: from the library of the great Spanish historian, Emilio Lafuente y Alcántara (1825-68), with his signature in vols. 1 and 2. Later in the library of Feliciano Ramirez de Arellano, Marqués de la Fuensanta del Valle (1826-96), founder of the Society of Spanish Libraries, with his armorial bookplate to all pastedowns; additional bookplate of the bibliographer Antonio Moreno Martin of Almería (d. 1990) to the third volume. - According to ABPC and Rare Book Hub, the present work only appeared at auction twice, both copies missing the third volume (present here). Ibrahim-Hilmy II, 18. Brunet III, 1439f. Heredia 3294. Palau 152.431, 152.432 & 152.433. Salvá 3356. For Acuña cf. Ticknor, History of Spanish Literature I, 497; S. Cory, Reviving the Islamic Caliphate in Early Modern Morocco, p. 6; D. Thomas, Christian-Muslim Relations. A Bibliographical History VI, 284.
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Physik nach Schubart.

Schubarth, Ernst Ludwig]. 4to (273 x 90 mm). (810) pp. Manuscript in black ink, in a neat and legible Kurrent hand. With 178 precisely executed pencil and ink diagrams and sketches in the margins, together with one full-page and two tipped-in folding drawings. Contemporary drab blue linen with gilt red cloth spine label. All edges red. A meticulously maintained record of one of Schubarth's lecture series, kept by a student, "W. Mück," and a fascinating look at 19th century physics. Unpublished. - Schubarth (1797-1868) was a medical doctor, surgeon, and technological chemist. He gave lectures on chemistry and physics at the Königliches Gewerbeinstitut in Berlin from 1821 to 1848 and at the Bauakademie Berlin from 1831 to 1862. Both universities merged in 1879 and thus were forerunners of Berlin's highly regarded Technische Universität. Schubarth wrote numerous books, including "Tabellen für den Unterricht in der Physik" (1831), "Elemente der technischen Chemie" (1833), and "Lehrbuch der theoretischen Chemie" (1822). He was one of only four academics who lectured at the Gewerbeinstitut during the inaugural year of 1821. It is not known whether these lectures were given at the Gewerbeinstitut or at the Bauakademie. They have never been published. - Schubarth was known to Alexander von Humboldt, who recommended him to Michael Faraday in a letter of 9 August 1846, describing him as "a savant whose work has been most useful for the progress of the industry of this country" (Faraday, p. 537) His image can be seen on the statue of the Prussian statesman Peter Beuth, the prime mover in 19th century Prussia's industrial renewal, where Schubarth is shown addressing a group of fellow scientists. - In his book "Aesthetics, Industry and Science: Hermann von Helmholtz and the Berlin Physical Society", M. Norton Wise notes: "From the perspective of technological modernism at the Bauschule, it is noteworthy that students learned their chemistry and physics entirely from a practical and industrial perspective. Ernst Ludwig Schubarth taught the basic courses, although he had no student laboratory and surely taught experimentation by demonstration alone. After habilitating at the Medical Faculty in Berlin, Schubarth became associate professor for materia medica and chemistry at the University and one of Beuth's most stalwart contributors at the Gewerbeinstitut and Gewerbeverein, serving for years as editor of its journal" (pp. 53f.). - Binding rather rubbed, front joint cracked but sound, back hinge cracking, spine cocked. Text somewhat toned, with some light soiling, but generally in very good condition. Cf. The Correspondence of Michael Faraday, Vol. 3 (2013). M. N. Wise, Aesthetics, Industry and Science: Hermann von Helmholtz and the Berlin Physical Society (University of Chicago Press, 2018).
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Commentariorum urbanorum Raphaelis Volaterani, octo & triginta libri [.]. Item Oeconomicus Xenophontis [.].

Maffei, Raffaelo. Folio (240 x 349 mm). (21) ff., 1 blank f., 468 ff., With woodcut printer's device to title-page (repeated on verso of final leaf) and several optical and geometrical sketches, tables, etc. Contemporary blindstamped full calf over wooden boards. Traces of clasps. Second Basel edition of this important geographico-historical compendium, published by the famed humanist printers Froben and Episcopius, who had previously printed the work in 1530. - The Italian Humanist Raffael Maffei (1451-1522) served as "scriptor apostolicus" to the court of Pope Paul II but also studied theology and philosophy with the Greek scholar George of Trebizond (1395-1484). Only later did he relocate to Volterra, where he created his most famous works. First published in Rome in 1506, his "Commentaria" offer a veritable encyclopedia of Renaissance knowledge: of the 38 "books", the first twelve treat of geography, the next eleven of famous men in history, with the remainder discussing modern science and scholarship, especially language and philology. Within this framework Maffei touches upon subjects so diverse as plants and animals, metals, gems, architecture, mathematics, geometry, optics, astronomy and astrology, grammar, rhetorics, and the fine arts. Specifically, he mentions the voyages of Christopher Columbus (ff. 139f.) and the geography of Muslim Arabia (f. 131) as well as the discoveries of the Portuguese and Spanish seafarers. The massive work served Conrad Gesner as a source for his "Bibliotheca universalis". The present edition contains a detailed index and includes, at the end, the author's translation of Xenophon's dialogue "Oikonomikos". - Binding a little scuffed with professional repairs, also to spine. An old ownership erased from the title-page; a small wormhole to the blank margin of the final four leaves. A good copy. VD 16, M 115. Adams M 103. Sabin 43768. Harrisse (BAV) 257 & Add. 146. Alden/Landis 544/13.
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De Plinii et aliorum medicorum erroribus liber.

Leoniceno, Niccolo. 4to. (16), 318 pp. Contemporary limp vellum with handwritten title to upper cover. Remains of ties. Finely printed Basel edition of this important work by the famous medical reformer and humanist Nicolò Leoniceno (1428-1524), correcting the botanical errors of Pliny and aiming to reinstate the classical Greek medical authorities at the expense of their Arabic and Latin interpreters who dominated medical opinion until the late Middle Ages: "Remembering the times in which Leoniceo lived, Garrison considers this work 'a feat of the rarest intellectual courage'. It was accepted by later botanists and thus made possible scientific description of the materia medica" (Garrison/M.). The much contested but ultimately highly influential treatise was first published in 1492 and again (with additions) in 1509. "The teaching in European medical schools at this time was ultimately derived from Greek physicians, especially Galen, but as interpreted and systematized by the Arabic authors. In the several stages of textual transmission, translation, and interpretation that separated European Arabist medicine from the original Greek sources, considerable distortion and corruption had been introduced [.] Leoniceno was one of the chief pioneers in [the] effort to recover and edit the works of the Greek physicians [.]; he sought to demonstrate that the words of the Greek physicians had been so often misconstrued by the Arabists as to make the resulting medical system a menace to human life" (DSB VIII, 248f.). - A good copy showing very little browning. The very appealing contemporary limp vellum binding is a little stained; five of the eight ties lost but for stubs. - Provenance: from the library of count Luigi Terni de’ Gregory of Crema, with the family bookplate and library stamp on the flyleaf; later stamp of the "Kristen Collection" on p. 45. VD 16, L 1233. Adams L 500. Durling 2791. Wellcome 3735. Cf. Garrison/Morton 1798. Schelenz 408.
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Luah diqduqa kasda ‘a ‘o-Arama ‘a]: Tabulae in Grammaticen linguae Chaldeae, quae in Syriacae dicitur. Multa interim de Rabbinico & Talmudico stilo traduntur.

Mercier, Jean. 4to. 165, (3) pp. With woodcut printer's device to title-page. Contemporary vellum. A very rare oriental grammar, unknown to Vater and Jülg: the first real grammar of Aramaic produced in France, expanded from Mercier's similarly titled "Tabulae in Chaldaeam grammaticen" published in 1550 (a slight work of a mere 36 pages). The French oriental scholar Jean Mercier (ca. 1510-70) studied under François Vatable, whom he succeeded as professor of Hebrew at the Collège Royal. Created Lecteur du Roi in 1546, Mercier later was forced to flee to Venice because of his Protestant sympathies but returned to France and there died of the plague. "L'hébraïsant J. Mercier, auteur de la première grammaire araméenne parue en France, estime que la connaissance des langues maternelles des 'adversaires de la foi' permettra de les battre avec leurs propres armes sans leur laisser la moindre échappatoire" (S. Kessler-Mesguich, Hébraïsant-Chrétiens des XVIe et XVIIe siècles, p. 91). - Rare; USTC locates only 7 copies in libraries internationally, of which only one is in America (Houghton Library). - Lower corner of final leaf remargined; modern endpapers, using old paper. An attractive, tightly bound specimen. Adams M 1310. French Vernacular Books 79777. OCLC 457680439 (BnF copy). Not in Vater/Jülg.
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Conicorum lib[ri] V, VI, VII. Paraphraste Abalphato Asphahanensi nunc primum editi.

Apollonius of Perga. Folio (228 x 330 mm). (36), 415, (1) pp. Title-page printed in red and black. With hundreds of geometric figures in the text. - (Bound after) II: Coenders van Helpen, Barent. Thresor de la philosophie des anciens où l'on conduit le lecteur par degrez à la connaissance de tous les metaux & mineraux [.]. "Cologne" (i.e., Groningen), Claude le Jeune, 1693. (6), 240 pp. Title-page printed in red and black. With allegorical frontispiece ("Escalier des Sages"), woodcut ornaments, 12 allegorical plates, and 5 copper engraved plates with alchemical motifs. Contemporary smooth, deep auburn full calf with gilt ornamentation and traces of a label to spine. Editio princeps of books V, VI and VII of the "Conica", the most original part of Apollonius's fundamental work on conic sections. The text survives only in the Arabic manuscript of Abu 'l Fath of Ispahan, purchased by the Medici family in the first half of the 17th century and here translated and edited by Alfonso Borelli. "This was a valuable addition to the mathematical knowledge of the time, for whereas Books I-IV of the Conics dealt with information already known to Apollonius's predecessors, Books V-VII were largely original. Book V discusses normals to conics and contains Apollonius's proof for the construction of the evolute curve; Book VI treats congruent and similar conics and segments of conics; Book VII is concerned with propositions about inequalities between various functions of conjugate diameters" (Norman). "The fifth book is especially important treating of normals as minimum and maximum straight lines drawn from given points to the curve" (Honeyman). "The sixth book is on the similarity of conics. The seventh book is on conjugate diameters" (Cajori). - A fine, wide-margined copy. - Bound first is the final edition of the "Thresor de la philosophie des anciens", a reference treatise for the theory and practice of alchemy, esotericism and hermetic philosophy that draws on Hermes Trismegistus, Paracelsus, and Sendivogius. Couched in the form of a dialogue, the book discusses the ten-step ascent to the single matter via two qualities, three principles, and four elements. The 17 remarkable allegorical plates despict alchemy, chaos, heat, love, the elements, sulphur, mercury, and salt. The Groningen politician Coenders (1601-78) first published this rare work in 1686. - Occasional light browning; title-page trimmed along top edge. Binding a little rubbed at extremeties, spine-end professionally repaired, but an appealing volume. I: Norman 58. Honeyman 119. De Vitry 29. Sarton I, 173-175. DSB I, 179-193 (Apollonius) & II, 308f. (Borelli). Cajori, A History of Mathematics, pp. 40f. DBI XII, 546. Riccardi I, 158 ("bella edizione, ed assai ricercata"). - II: VD 17, 7:651937N. Caillet 2419. Duveen 287. Verginelli 74. Brüning II, 2718. Brunet II, 1052.
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Reliqua librorum Friderici II. Imperatoris De arte venandi cum avibus. Cum Manfredi Regis additionibus. Ex membranaceo codice camerarii primum edita. [Including:] Albertus Magnus. De falconibus asturibus et accipitribus quibus annotations addidit suas Jo. Gottl. Schneider [ ] Tomus I[-II] [title vol. II:] Ad reliqua librorum Friderici II et Alberti Magni capita Commentarii [ ].

Frederick II]. 4to. 2 vols. bound as one. With 6 engraved illustration plates (I-VI, including 1 oblong folio folding). XVIII, 198; [4], 228 pp. Early 19th century half calf. Important scholarly edition, the first (and only?) one to contain the extensive commentaries by Johann Gottlob Schneider (1750-1822). One of the most important mediaeval works on hawking, "still one of the best" (Harting), and an important ornithological and zoological work in general, written by the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick (Friedrich) II (1194-1250). Frederick developed an enthusiasm for falconry in Italy and brought experts back from the Middle East when he returned from the crusades in 1239. His treatise discusses the capture, care and feeding, training and use of hawks, as well as the equipment, and was largely responsible for the spread of Middle and Near Eastern falconry through Europe. Frederick's text was first printed in 1596, but the present edition is "preferable à cause des excellentes motes de Schneider" (Thiébaud). The six plates show anatomical drawings of birds of prey, including a skull and skeletons. "By far the greatest contribution to zoology was due, mirabile dictu, to the Emperor Frederick II. His treatise on falconry, De arte venandi cum avibus, was completed by 1248 [ ] It is an astounding work, taking into account the Greek and Arabic literature on the subject, but essentially based upon the author’s own observations and experiments, and upon the information elicited by himself from his Muslim advisers. It set forth a number of new anatomical facts [ ] and discussed bird migrations and the mechanical conditions of flight. Frederick even instituted experiments to determine how vultures were attracted to their prey [ ] I said that Frederick’s knowledge was partly derived from Muslim writings. Indeed an Arabic treatise was translated for him by his astrologer and secretary, Theodore of Antioch, and another in Persian was also known to him" (Sarton). It is followed (vol. I, pp. 175-198) by another celebrated 13th century treatise on falconry: Albertus Magnus’s "De falconibus asturibus et accipitribus". It was originally part of his "De animalibus", where it comprised more than half of the text. "De animalibus" was first printed in 1478 and this part was included in the 1596 first edition of "De arte venandi cum avibus". Volume II contains Schneider’s commentaries, with a six-page Latin-German glossary of technical terms, a 20-page review of the literature, and an index. - With a modern armorial bookplate of the Verne d’Orcet family (barry of 7, sable and argent) at Château du Veuillin in Apremontsur-Allier (Nivernais), whose great library on the subject of hunting was begun ca. 1900. Volume I and the second half of vol. II slightly browned with occasional foxing or spots, but otherwise in good condition. The binding is slightly scuffed, the hinges worn with some cracks, and the foot of the spine damaged, but the book block is structurally sound and the tooling on the spine is well preserved. The greatest early work on hawking and falconry, in its most thoroughly annotated edition. Ceresoli, Bibliografia caccia, 243. Harting 308, pp. 168f. Lindner 11.0643.02. Nissen, IVB 333. Sarton, Introduction to the history of science II, 516. Schwerdt I, 188. Sotheby’s (Marcel Jeanson coll.) 28 February-1 March 1987, lot 241. Souhart, cols. 197f. Thiébaud, col. 432. VD18, 80448100 & 80448119 = 12775835.
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Antiquitatum Iudaicarum libri IX. In quis, praeter Judaeae, Hierosolymorum, & templi Salomonis accuratam delineationem, praecipui sacri ac profani gentis ritus describuntur.

Arias Montanus, Benedictus. 4to (170 x 240 mm). (4), 200 pp. With woodcut printer's device on title-page, 15 (of 16) folding engraved maps, and 1 engraving in the text (p. 126). Contemporary vellum with handwritten spine title; traces of ties. Rare first and only edition of this treatise on historical Palestine and the Jewish people by the eminent Spanish theologian Benito Arias Montano (1527-98), an intimate friend of Plantin's. Under the patronage of Philip II of Spain he supervised the edition of the eight-volume Antwerp Polyglot Bible (1569-72), from which massive effort grew the present, more specialized work (cf. Voet I, 584 for the plate of the Temple at Jerusalem). The remarkable map of the world (Shirley 125: 2nd state of 3), which shows the Jewish tribes dispersed over both hemispheres, is taken directly from the Antwerp Polyglot. Interestingly enough, "there is an unusual island shown in the position of Australia which has given rise to speculation" (Shirley). - Other engravings include a map showing the Middle East as far as Kuwait on the Gulf coast, a representation of Noah’s Ark, and several images of the Temple, depicting it as a symmetrically constructed City of God - the same ideal that informed the Escorial of King Philip. The book's nine parts treat the Holy Land and its geography, the Twelve Tribes of Israel, Jerusalem, the Temple, and the ritual institutions of ancient Judaism; the final chapter discusses the computation of time since the Creation. - The maps are identified with letters from A to P (some printed in red letterpress, others hand-lettered in ink). The first four plates are loose; the remaining plates are erroneously bound before their letter's respective quire signatures rather than in the place indicated by the text; the final plate Q (showing a Hebrew priest) is missing. - An old ink note (apparently a shelfmark) to the front pastedown. Occasional light browning; some tears to plates professionally repaired. Still a good copy of this rare work. Adams M 1630. IA 107.302. Fürst II, 389. Palau 16496. Röhricht 751 (note). OCLC 491966297. Cf. Shirley 125 and fig. 107 (p. 150).
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Jadawel mavadeh thavabet dar tool wa ard keh be rasad yaft-e Oloq Bayk ben Sharokh ben Taymoor], sive Tabulae long. ac lat. stellarum fixarum, ex observatione Ulugh Beighi [.].

Ulugh Beg ibn Shahrukh / Hyde, Thomas (ed.). Large 4to (188 x 233 mm). (32), 151, (1), 88, (8) pp. Title-page printed in red and black. With a full-page woodcut and Arabic letterpress genealogical diagram to fol. 4v and two Arabic coin specimens in the text; a few woodcut figurative initials and tailpieces. Contemporary vellum. Edges sprinkled red. Editio princeps of Ulugh Beg’s "Zij-i Jadid-i Sultani", in the words of the Encyclopedia Britannica "the greatest of star catalogues between those of Ptolemy and Brahe". Ulugh Beg (1394-1449) was the grandson of Timur, known in Europe as Tamerlane. In 1409, his father, Shah Rukh, appointed him governor of Samarkand, and he quickly set about turning the city into "the most important centre of science in the Islamic realm" (ibid.), constructing a great madrasah and "the most advanced astronomical observatory of his time [ ] Although it operated for little more than thirty years [ ] it made the most extensive observations of planets and fixed stars of any Islamic observatory" (Oxford Enc. of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam, p. 394). - In his preface Ulugh Beg explains that he compiled the Zij with the collaboration of Qadizade al-Rumi, Ghiyath al-Din al-Kashi, and ‘Ali Qushji, the pre-eminent astronomers of the age. Their star catalogue for the year 1437 amounted to "the only large-scale observation of star coordinates made in Islamic territory in the medieval period", determining the positions of 1018 individual stars. The work significantly revised the findings of classical figures such as Ptolemy and Hipparchos, in addition to those of the later Arab astronomers. The astronomers of Renaissance Europe, notably John Hevelius (1611-87), benefited greatly from these emended readings, which remained in use in the Islamic world until the 19th century (cf. Soucek, A History of Inner Asia, p. 130). Their first appearance in print was in 1648, when the latitudes and longitudes of 98 stars as determined in the "Zij" were published as part of a work entitled "Canicularia" by the English astronomer John Bainbridge (1582-1643). It was only in 1665 that Thomas Hyde, then a young student of oriental languages at Oxford, published the catalogue in full, with a lengthy commentary and a parallel Latin translation. His edition of the "Zij-i Jadid" was also one of the earliest books printed in Oxford to use Arabic types (the very first having been Bainbridge’s "Canicularia"), an innovation that marked a turning point in oriental studies in England. As official printer to the University of Oxford, Henry Hall was responsible for introducing a variety of Arabic, Persian and Turkish works to a European readership for the first time. While Pococke’s "Specimen Historiae Arabum" (1650) offered Europeans an unprecedented amount of new information on the history of the Islamic world, the 1665 printing of Ulugh Beg’s star catalogue introduced them to the scientific achievements of the Timurid dynasty. - Binding sound, albeit a little stained in places. Insignificant brownstaining throughout, due to paper stock, but in all a good, tightly bound copy. Arcadian Library 15735. STC 006125546. Burrell 829. Houzeau/Lancaster 1329. Macclesfield 2025. Madan 2724. Wing U-23, U-24, I-1073.
Anekdota zur neuesten deutschen Philosophie und Publicistik von Bruno Bauer

Anekdota zur neuesten deutschen Philosophie und Publicistik von Bruno Bauer, Ludwig Feuerbach, Friedrich Köppen, Karl Nauwerk, Arnold Ruge und einigen Ungenannten.

Marx, Karl] / Ruge, Arnold (ed.). 8vo. 2 vols. in one. IV, 320 pp. IV, 288 pp. Contemporary half calf with gilt title "Anekdota von A. Runge" (!) to spine. First edition, comprising both volumes. Contains Marx's first political pamphlet, the anonymous "Bemerkungen über die neueste preußische Censurinstruction. Von einem Rheinländer" (in vol. I, p. 56-88). Another anonymous essay, "Luther als Schiedsrichter zwischen Strauß und Feuerbach" (II, 206-208), has also been attributed to Marx, though Feuerbach may also have been the author of this brief piece. - Marx had sent Ruge his manuscript of the "Bemerkungen" from Trier on 10 February 1842 as a submission to the "Deutsche Jahrbücher", asking him for the time being not to reveal the author's identity to anyone save the publisher. Indeed, the essay was not published there, but in Ruge's present collection of "Anekdota", printed in Switzerland and comprising such contributions as either had been not admitted by the Saxon censorship or which he had not even bothered to submit. - Published in January 1843, the "Anekdota" appeared at the very moment when the liberal, democratic-leaning German press was particularly vigorously suppressed. The book struck a sensational blow against the pettily bureaucratic, reactionary censorship in the German countries by unmasking specifically the Prussian and Saxon censors' bias against all progressive scholarship and writing (cf. I. Taubert/W. Schuffenhauer, Marx oder Feuerbach?, in: Beiträge zur Marx-Engels-Forschung [1975], p. 37). - Corners and extremeties bumped. Early 20th century stamps "V. Rehdigersche Stadtbibliothek Breslau" to reverse of title-page; "Stadtbibl. Breslau" on lower flyleaf. Erased stamps overpasted on versos of titles; faded stamps of "Dr. Richard Kohn, pract. Arzt, Breslau". Occasional slight foxing, but a very good copy altogether in its first binding. Rubel 27 & 28. Stammhammer II, 10. Friedlaender 35. MEGA I.1, 151-175.