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The Pluralistic Universe.

The Pluralistic Universe.

JAMES, William. 1 blank leaf + TP + iii-[vi] = Contents + half-title + 3-[405] + 1 blank leaf, Octavo. First London Edition (McDermott 1909-5). James' great defense of pluralism which was originally delivered as the Hibbert Lectures given at Manchester College, Oxford in 1908-09. He begins the book, as he had begun Pragmatism, with a discussion of the temperamental determination of philosophical theories, which, he states, "are just so many visions, modes of feeling the whole push forced on one by one's total character and experience, and on the whole preferred - there is no other truthful word - as one's best working attitude". Maintaining that a philosopher's "vision" is "the important thing" about him, James condemns the "over-technicality and consequent dreariness of the younger disciples at our American universities " As he gets more specific about other theories, James passes from his critical discussions of Josiah Royce's idealism and the "vicious intellectualism" of Hegel to philosophers whose visions he admires: Gustav Fechner and Henri Bergson. After careful consideration of these thinkers' ideas, he then concludes by embracing a pluralistic position that he had more tentatively set forth in The Varieties of Religious Experience: that religious experiences "point with reasonable probability to the continuity of our consciousness with a wider spiritual environment from which the ordinary prudential man (who is the only man that scientific psychology, so called, takes cognizance of) is shut off". Whereas in Pragmatism James subsumes the religious within the pragmatic (as yet another way of successfully making one's way through the world), in A Pluralistic Universe he suggests that the religious offers a superior relation to the universe. Original publisher binding of grayish-green covers with green cloth on the spine. Spine and label darkened with some wear but still readable. The tips of the boards are lightly bumped with just a bit of wear to the top of the spine. "Neville R. Murphy June 1911" handwritten onto the front free end paper. Overall, this is a lovely and lovingly preserved first edition of one of William James' most important works. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Some Problems of Philosophy.

Some Problems of Philosophy.

JAMES, William. Half-title + TP + [v] = Quote page + vii-[viii] = Prefatory Note + ix-[xii] = Contents + half-title + 3-[237] + 1 leaf, Octavo. First London Edition (McDermott 1911-1)For years, James talked of rounding out his philosophical work with a treatise on metaphysics. Characteristically, he chose to do so in the form of an introduction to the problems of philosophy, because writing for beginners forced him to be nontechnical and readable. The result is that, although this is James's most systematic and abstract work, it has all the lucidity of his other, more popular writings. Step by step the reader is introduced, through analysis of the fundamental problems of Being, the relation of thoughts to things, novelty, causation, and the Infinite, to the original philosophical synthesis that James called radical empiricism.James died on August 26, 1910, before completing the final manuscript for this book. It was prepared for the press by H. M. Kallen and edited with a Prefatory Note by his son, Henry James, Jr. Original green publisher's covers with just a bit of sunning to the front cover. Very occasional pencil marginalia on the first 50 pages. Half title embossed with "Mr. Castar Numan". Contemporary review of this work laid . The spine label is a bit worn with a few letters missing, but still mostly readable. Overall, a well preserved, bright and tight copy of James' last published book. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Esquisse d'un Tableau Historique des Progrès de L'esprit Humain (Sketch for a Historical Picture of the Progress of the Human Mind).

Esquisse d’un Tableau Historique des Progrès de L’esprit Humain (Sketch for a Historical Picture of the Progress of the Human Mind).

CONDORCET, Marquis de. Half-title + TP + v-viii + [1]-390 + 391-392 = Table Des Matieres, Octavo. Fourth Edition. NOTE: On the bottom of the title page "An VI" is written next to the publication date. This signifies that this books was written in 1798 - year six of the French Revolutionary calendar. Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicolas Caritat, the Marquis de Condorcet, was a distinguished mathematician and a friend to Voltain, d'Alember and Turgot. He was invited to contribute to the Encycloédie and at the age of twenty-six was elected to the Academy of Sciences. He became the Academy's permanent secretary at the age of 39 in 1782. He welcomed the Revolution and played a major role in promoting its democratic principles. But he was outlawed during the Terror and went into hiding for a year - during which time he wrote the Esquisse. Then, fearing that he would be discovered, he fled but was captured and soon died in prison.In the Esquiss, published after his death, is considered Condorcet's greatest work and is often cited as the culmination of characteristically eighteenth-century philosophy. With its emphasis on the idea of progress, the book also established a dominant theme of nineteenth-century thought. Condorcet traces the history of man through ten epochs, moving from savagery through the development of civilization and knowledge up to Descartes in the eight epoch. The ninth epoch spans the Enlightenment from Descartes to the Revolution. For the tenth epoch, Condorcet predicted that equality of opportunity will come to prevail among classes and nations and that man will improve intellectually, morally and physically. "A belief in the ultimate perfectibility of man lies at the root of all progressive thinking about the human condition. The philosophes and Godwin had familiarized the reading public with this notion, but it was left to Condorcet to give it its finest and most durable expression Unlike Godwin, he does not preach absolute equality, but equality of opportunity. While progress is limited by human nature, as men desire freedom, so they will obtain it and the equality that goes with it. Knowledge of this comes only with education, and this explains Condorcet's zeal to improve it." (Printing and the Mind of Man 246)Printing and the Mind of Man 246 (First Edition) Mottled brown boards with gilt lettering and decoration to the spine. Joints cracked, but firm. With a small Parisian bookseller ticket to the upper left hand corner of the front board. Lightly foxed throughout. A lovley copy. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Friedrich Nietzsche.

Friedrich Nietzsche.

BRANDES, George. 1 blank leaf + 1 leaf with Publisher's ads on the verso + half title with "by the same author" on the verso +1 leaf with a photo Portrait of Brandes on the verso with a tissue guard + TP + half title + 3-117 + [119] = Publisher's ads for the Oscar Levy editions of Nietzsche's works in English, Octavo. First English Edition. Brandes was an influential Danish critic with tremendous cultural impact in the Scandinavian world from the 1870s into the 20th century. He was the first serious scholar outside of Germany to take favorable notice of Nietzsche's work and he wrote to Nietzsche - leading to a lively correspondence between the two men during the final years of the philosopher's lucidity. Commenting on Brandes' description of his philosophy, Nietzsche remarked: "The expression 'aristocratic radicalism', which you employ, is very good. It is, permit me to say, the cleverest thing that I have yet read about myself". It was also Brandes who advised Nietzsche to read the works of Søren Kierkegaard, with whom his thought had much in common. There is, however, no evidencethat Nietzsche ever did read any Kierkegaard.Since the late 1880s, Brandes had been focus on "great personalities" as the source of culture and it was then that he discovered Friedrich Nietzsche. His enthusiasm for the philosopher proved to be his introduction to Scandinavian intelligentsia and then, indirectly, to the whole world.Brandes' lectures on Nietzsche were finally gathered and published in a book which was translated into English by A.G. Chater and published in 1914. The book, presenting a sophisticated and very personal appraisal of Nietzsche, contains four separate essay. The first, "On Aristocratic Radicalism", dates from 1889. Ten years later, Brandes did a reappraisal of Nietzsche and his thought which reprinted their extensive correspondence and was simply entitled "December 1899" (see p. 56 here). The third, "August 1900" (p. 101 here) was some laudatory comments following Nietzsche's death. The final essay, "1909" (p. 109 here) contain Brandes' reflections on "Ecce homo", Nietzsche's recently published autobiography. n publisher's original brown cloth binding with gilt lettering to the front cover and the spine and publisher's device embossed the center of the rear cover. The exterior is light worn and rubbed in spots. A few pages are uncut. The book is otherwise tight, bright and clean. A nice copy of this important piece of Neitzscheana. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
An Authentic Narrative of the Success of Tar-Water

An Authentic Narrative of the Success of Tar-Water, in curing a great Number and Variety of Distempers, with Remarks, and Occasional Papers Relative to the Subject. To which are subjoined Two Letters from the Author of Siris.

PRIOR, Thomas. TP + (3)-(4) = Dedication + [1]-192. Octavo.First London Edition.Prior was a founder of the Dublin Society and a philanthropist. In school, he met George Berkeley with whom he formed a lifetime friendship. He subsequently entered Trinity College, Dublin, obtained a scholarship in 1701, and graduated B.A. in 1703. He later devoted himself to the promotion of material and industrial works among the Protestant population in Ireland.The book is an impressive collection of testimonial letters describing the curative powers of tar-water in cases of asthma, influenza, scurvy and scorbutic disorders, gout, rheumatism, consumptive coughs, and even smallpox. It offers a mass of anecdotal information on general ailments, standard treatments of the time (what the patients took or did before they discovered tar-water), and what was considered an intolerable condition as opposed to simply inconvenient. Prior's book makes several references to George Berkeley's book,Siris, and concludes with two letters from Berkeley, featuring his instructions on how to make the best tar-water and use it most effectively. Contemporary full leather boards with a double-line gilt border to the front and rear boards. Corners reinforced and rebacked with the original spine which has five raised bands and embossed lettering and decorations. There is a four-line k gift inscription dated 1753 to the upper right corner of the front free endpaper. An admirable copy of this book which is more renown for its presentation of contemporary medical practices than it is for the universal solution it purports to propose. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Qu'est-ce que la propriéte? (What is Property?).

Qu’est-ce que la propriéte? (What is Property?).

PROUDHON, Pierre-Joseph. Half-title + TP + [V]-XX = Preface + [1]-314 + [315]-[316] = Table des Matieres, Large 12mo. Second Edition.The first edition of this book is all but impossible to find having been published by César Bajat in an extremely small press run intended only for the members of the Academy of Besançon. This, his first book, was Proudhon's most notorious and the one that made him famous at the age of thirty-two. He was the first person to declare himself an "anarchist" and is widely regarded as one of that ideology's most influential theorists. (Proudhon is even considered by many to be the "father of anarchism".)The book garnered Proudhon instant notoriety not only for its radicalism but also for its most famous passage in which he characterizes property as "theft". The author's love of telling phrases distorted the nature of his argument somewhat, for this book was, in fact, an investigation of abuses that had entered into the institution of property rather than a condemnation of concept of property itself. The book's publication attracted the attention of the French authorities (of course!) and it was also noticed by Karl Marx who reviewed the book favorably. (Marx called it "the first decisive, vigorous and scientific examinationof the institution of property" and hailed it as a "scientific manifesto of the French proletariat") which led to a lively correspondence between the two revolutionaries. They influenced each otherin significant ways and even met in Paris while Marx was exiled there. Their friendship finally ended when Marx responded to Proudhon'sThe Philosophy of Poverty(1846) with hisscathing and provocatively titledThe Poverty of Philosophy. (1847).The arguments that Proudhon put forward in this early book, on the nature of property and the faults of government, are those which he elaborated and gave a deeper philosophical backing in his later writings. terim yellow paper wraps which are loosely adhered to endpapers covered with contemporary ink writings - both front and back. A completely fresh, tight and clean uncut copy of this important work in the history of European political thought. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Zur Genealogie der Moral (On the Genealogy of Morals).

Zur Genealogie der Moral (On the Genealogy of Morals).

NIETZSCHE, Friedrich. TP + [III]-XIV = Vorrede + half title + [1]-182 + [183] = Inhalt, Octavo. Second Edition (Krummel, XVI a, p. 102). The Genealogy has generated more scholarly comments in the past thirty years than any other book that Nietzsche wrote. The book contains three sustained and interlocking essays. The first addresses the origins of our conceptions of "good" and "bad," as against those of "good" and "evil" and contains Nietzsche's famous analysis of master morality and slave morality (a topic he had first introduced in Beyond Good and Evil the previous year). The second essay traces the origin of a "bad conscience" - the phenomenon of the soul taking sides against itself - while the third and final essays attacks the Christian advocacy of ascetic ideals, even while recognizing that "almost everything we call 'higher culture' rests on the spiritualization of, and giving depth to, cruelty (against oneself)." Throughout, Nietzsche employs his "genealogical" method, which has proven to be so influential in the 20th century.With the publication of On the Genealogy of Morals, Nietzsche returned to the more familiar world of prose and completed the third phase of his writings, which had begun with the four poetic books of Thus Spoke Zarathustra and continued through the purely prose restatement of Beyond Good and Evil. To complete the cycle, Nietzsche offered an addendum to Beyond Good and Evil, conceived of as an illustration of how the principles of that book might actually be applied in specific cases. The verso of the original title page carried the explicit notice: "An addition to the last published Beyond Good and Evil which is meant as a supplement and a clarification" The new book generally followed the format of the previous work, consisting of three essays, each of which was broken down into long, closely reasoned paragraph sections.Nietzsche maintained that the writing of Genealogy was completed in twenty days-between 10 July and 30 July 1887-but the correspondence with his publisher shows this to be something of an exaggeration. Certainly, two-thirds of the book was in Naumann's hands by 30 July 1887, but the finished manuscript-which included the third essay-was not sent until almost a month later. In general, this was a period of great creativity and activity: Genealogy was written, proofed, and released simultaneous with the printing and publication of the Hymn to Life Contemporary half-linen binding with marbled boards and gold printing on the spine. Covers lightly rubbed and the spine just a bit darkened. With the large bookplate (approx. 4" x 5") of a former owner (Dr. Johannes Feig Berlin) centered on the front fly leaf and with his namelightly stamped on the upper right corner of the title page. Internally clean, tight and bright. A very nice copy of one of Nietzsche's most important works. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
L'enracinement: Prelude a une declaration des devoirs encers l'etre humain (The Need for Roots: A Prelude towards a declaration of duties towards mankind).

L’enracinement: Prelude a une declaration des devoirs encers l’etre humain (The Need for Roots: A Prelude towards a declaration of duties towards mankind).

WEIL, Simone. Half title + TP + half title + [9]-249 + half title + [253] = Table + [255] = Printer's information, Octavo. Later Edition.Weil's most influential work, L'enracinement (The Need for Roots) diagnoses the causes of the social, cultural, and spiritual malaise thatshe saw afflicting the citizens of 20th century Europe. Weil insists that individuals need to be culturally and spiritually rooted to their past, present, and future if they are ever to lead fulfilling, joyful, and morally rich lives. The book also discusses the political, cultural and spiritual currents that must be nurtured so that people can access the sources of energy needed to maintain their "rootedness" and avoid destroying their ties to the past and the sense of community which is so essential to a satisfying and fulfilledlife. Having analyzed the problem and outlined a broad solution, Weil then offers specific suggestions for the proper way to rebuild France after the war, calling for a greater emphasis on the religious, political and social structures that would enhance the lives of individuals. Sheargued strongly for the centrality of a sense of duty towards community, arguing that it is not enough for us to declare empty support for various human rights, we need to follow through with the obligations those rights entail - rather than just continuing along the time-worn path of self-righteousness and rootlessness. Weil's warnings about the state of the modern world and the ways in which human beings could try to resolve these issues, continue to resonate even today. Original publisher's ivory wraps with green lettering to both covers and the spine. There is a very small chip to the top of the spine. Typical of books printed on such poor quality paper, the text is lightly browned throughout. Overall, a lovely copy of this strident presentation of Weil's thought. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Talks to Teachers on Psychology.

Talks to Teachers on Psychology.

JAMES, William. 1 leaf with book ads on verso + TP + [iii]-vi = Preface + [vii]-xi = Contents + half-title + [3]-301 + 303-305 = publisher's advertisements, Octavo. First Edition, First Printing. McDermott 1899-7. James "self-published" this book, i.e. he contracted with a Boston printer to print it and then made a separate contract with Henry Holt of New York to distribute it for him. There were two printing of this work from the same plates - most easily distinguishable by their size and by the six (rather than four) dots after the word "Relaxation" in the Table of Contents on page xi. This is a "large paper edition" copy measuring 7?/" x 5½". (See the Harvard Standard Edition of James works, Talks to Teachers, 1983, pp. 266-7.)A collection of lectures first delivered in the summer of 1892 and then several times later. The "talks" to teachers consist essentially of material from James' great Principles of Psychology applied to the art of teaching. Some topics include 'Psychology and the teaching art', 'The child as a behaving organism' and 'The law of habit'. The three final essays, which James called 'Talks to Students', include "the two essays which best express his social creed, 'On a Certain Blindness in Human Beings' and 'What Makes A Life Significant?' Their theme is the inherent preciousness of each unique human life, viewed from within; the unsuspected presence under a drab exterior, of adventure, courage and emotional warmth; and hence the need of tolerance and imaginative sympathy in human relations." (DAB). Original dark green covers with gilt lettering on front cover and spine. The four spine tips are lightly worn. Former owner's (Susan MeicsCorlies) bookplate to 1899") to the front free endpaper in kin and, below this, a later owner's name and date ("Evelyn Randall 1939") in pencil. Otherwise a tight and clean copy of this popular work by James. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Views of Society and Manners in America: in a Series of letters from that Country to a Friend in England during the Years 1818

Views of Society and Manners in America: in a Series of letters from that Country to a Friend in England during the Years 1818, 1819, and 1820. By an Englishwoman.

WRIGHT, Frances. 1 blank leaf + TP + half title + [v] = Advertisement + [vii]-viii = Dedication + [ix]-xii = Contents + [1]-387 + 1 blank leaf. Octavo. First American Edition. This is an account of America's original feminist and first utilitarian philosopher's initial visit to America. Praised by lovers of America it was immediately published in France, Holland, Sweden, as well as simultaneously in Britain. It went through a series of editions and brought her into contact with America's leaders (four Presidents of the U.S.A.), General Lafayette in Paris, Jeremy Bentham and a host of other famous and influential historical figures. Wright was scandalized by the contradiction of racial slavery in the U.S. and ends this work by claiming that the President of the United States had assured her in 1820 that "the day is not very far distant when a slave will not be found in America." (p. 385) Her second visit to America in 1825 was with the 61-year-old General Lafayette and caused a different kind of notoriety. At that end of the second visit she became an American reformer with the mission of ending black slavery and pushing the United States into the fullness of its promise that "all men were created equal." Later brown cloth - the spine with double gilt line borders top and bottom and the gilt title " WRIGHT VIEWS OF SOCIETY AND MANNERS IN AMERICA" in between. Front free endpaper with small stamp "Fred W. Haida Collection" in the upper right corner (which is repeated on the first blank leaf and again on the title page). The title page is significantly browned and has been inexpertly repaired on each corner. A partial circular stamp appears in the upper left corner of the title page (likely reading "Albany Library") with the inked number"1513" to the top right corner along with the aforementioned "Collection" stamp.The interior text is in much better shape than these first few leaves albeit with foxing throughout. On page [35], the name "William Austin" has been written in a contemporary penciled hand to the top of the page. On page 65 the same penciled hand appears at the top, this time as "William Austin Albany." At the bottom of the final page of text in the book (preceding the two-page poem), there is a 13-line pencil notation extolling Wright and her philosophy. The final page (387) has been damaged and repaired, replacing the bottom 1½" - but not effecting the text in any way. A damagedrepaired copy of this famous and important book by Wright - and therefore priced accordingly. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Notes on the Seminar in Analytical Psychology Conducted By Dr. C.G. Jung Zurich March 23 - July 6

Notes on the Seminar in Analytical Psychology Conducted By Dr. C.G. Jung Zurich March 23 – July 6, 1925; Arranged by Members of the Class.

JUNG, C. G. TP + 1 leaf = Forward page + [1]-227. 8½" x 10¾". Original Multigraph Printing.This copy is just one example of the four different 227-page Multigraph printings that have survived - none of which has been identified as having priority over the other. See Athena Rare Books Catalog 9: Important Books in the History of Modern Psychology & Psychoanalysis, Item #34 (available digitally on request) for a complete description of the differences between these four very similar printings. In that catalog, this version was identified as 34b. [DUE TO ABE SPACE LIMITATIONS, THIS IS EDITED DESCRIPTION OF THIS BOOK. A FULL DESCRIPTION IS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST .]This is the first of Jung's seminars to be transcribed and Multigraph printed - here for the benefit of the 27 seminar attendees and other interested parties. Unique among these Multigraph printings, there are four known different versions of this 1925 seminar - one of which is surely the first edition, but, as yet, there has been no priority established between these four. Please see the discussion of these issues and the differentiating descriptions in our Catalog 9, Item #34.The text was edited and prepared for printing by Cary F. de Angelo (whose name and the date of November 19th, 1925 appear on the Forward page). Cary de Angelo is better known as Cary F. Baynes - the name that appears on her widely-read translation of the I Ching. According to William McGuire's Introduction to the publication of this 1925 seminar in 1989, she was a "friend of Jung" and "a central figure in the world of analytic psychology" (Analytic Psychology, Princeton University Press, 1989, p. xiii). However, in 1930, when Mary Foote assumed responsibility for the editing and preparation of the texts for Parts IV through VI of Jung's Dreams Analysis Seminars (and for all of his subsequent seminars), these questions of printing priority disappear. Ms. Foote was nothing but methodical and possessed of sufficient foresight to ensure that enough copies were made during the press run of each Multigraph printing to satisfy the initial demand. She also preserved fairly comprehensive records of these printings - those records now being housed and available for study at Yale's Beinecke Rare Book Library. A privately-printed Multigraph volume that has been bound with three large staples. With unprinted olive thick card covers. The spine is covered with the original black canvas tape which is split just a bit along the bottom edge. Overall, an unmarked and very well preserved copy of this rare printing. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
The Diversions of Purley. Part One (Winged Words).

The Diversions of Purley. Part One (Winged Words).

TOOKE, John Horne. Half title + TP + [i] = Dedication page to the University of Cambridge + [iii] = Contents + [iv] = 2 Quotes + [1]=519 + [520] = Errata. Octavo. First Edition. This is the first edition of the First Part. The Second Part was not published until 19 years later, in 1805. John Horne Tooke was born John Horne, but in 1782 he added the name of his benefactor, William Tooke, who had made John Horne is heir. This book was written while residing at the elder Tooke's estate, Purley House - and hence the name. An inventive and adventurous philologist, Tooke claimed that all words were at bottom either nouns or verbs andthat they had no essential connection to either things or the objects of thought. William Hazlitt claimed this book was "in truth, one of the few philosophical works on Grammar that were ever written."As a philologist, Horne Tooke deserves credit for seeing the necessity of studying Gothic and Anglo-Saxon, and learnt enough to be much in advance of Johnson in that direction. His philology was meant to subserve a characteristic philosophy. Locke, he said, had made a happy mistake when he called his book an essay upon human understanding instead of an essay upon grammar. (DNB)It was clear even to his contemporaries that many of the etymologies were wrong, but in spite of these errors such important figures as Erasmus Darwin, Coleridge, James Mill, John Stuart Mill, and Hazlitt were still greatly impressed by Tooke's accomplishment and the soundness of his system. Contemporary marbled boards with a contemporary tan paper spine with gilt lettering on a red field. With a large former owner's book plate (Greek illustration a circle above ornate lettering for "Erasmus Hall Library") to the inside front cover. A clean, tight and bright lovely and unsophisticated contemporary copy of this important milestone in the history of English etymology and philology. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
The Strength and Weakness of Human Reason: or

The Strength and Weakness of Human Reason: or, The Important Question about the Sufficiency of Reason to Conduct Mankind to Religion and Future Happiness, Argued between an Inquiring Deist and a Christian Divine: and the Debate Compromis’d and Determin’d to the Satisfaction of both, by and Impartial Moderator.

WATTS, Isaac. 1 blank leaf + TP + [i]-[ii] = The Preface + 1-281 + [283]-[288] = Contents + 1 blank leaf. First Edition.Isaac Watts was pastor of a large Congregational church in London, and wrote prodigiously on logic and other philosophical topic, although he is best known as the author of well over 750 hymns (including the famous Christmas carol: "Joy to the World.")In this book,he candidly weighs thequestion of the sufficiency of Reason for personal salvation by arguing with a Deist in a conversation that is moderated by a third speaker. Thenames of the participants, Pithander, Logisto, and Sophronius, sound barbarous to English ears and Dr. Johnson commented that he thought the author was peculiarly unfortunate in his creative choices for names. The dialogue is conducted in a very liberal and candid style, but thespeeches are rather long and a little too formal to accurately depict an actual open conversation. The philosophical arguments, however, are well supported, andare even enlivened, at times, by some strokes of genteel wit. Watt's was not just a formidable thinker, but also an accomplished writer. Early 20th century (?)panelled calf which has been beautifully executed a contemporary style. Embossed covers front and back with five raised bands and gilt lettering and decorations to the spine. There is worming in the lower right corner of the final fifteen leaves (not effecting text) - beginning as a pinhole and then suddenly expanding to a 1" v-shaped hole in the final three leaves. A truly beautiful, tight, bright and clean copy of this uncommon book by Watts. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Letters Written During a Short Residence in Sweden

Letters Written During a Short Residence in Sweden, Norway, and Denmark.

WOLLSTONECRAFT, Mary. 2 blank leaves + TP + [i]-[ii] = Advertisement + [1]-262 + [263]-[264] = Appendix + [265]-[266] = Notes + [267]-[268] = Publisher's advertisements + 2 blank leaves, Octavo. First Edition. (Windle A7a)With the often missing publisher's ads in the rear. These letters - purportedly written to her lover, Gilbert Imlay - record Wollstonecraft's observations while on a trip pursuing his interests in Scandinavia. It is regarded to be the first book published by a woman about a business trip. Traveling with her child and a maid, Wollstonecraft was consumed by a great personal depression, fueled by herconstant doubts about Imlay's affections and fidelity - uncertainties which resulted in two later suicide attempt. But the book is most famous for its vivid picture of life and social conditions in Sweden, Norway and Denmark at this time including the inns, the peasants, the food, the state of the roads and the towns she passed through. Most of all, this book was revered for its descriptions of landscape and scenery. As her biographer, Claire Tomalin reports, "when Johnson published the Letters, they found an enthusiastic public, not least among young poets. The wording of her description of the waterfalls she visited appears to have played a part in inspiring Coleridge's description of the sacred river Alph in Xanadu; and the theme of the book set a fashion for questing romantic journeys. Byron, Wordsworth, Shelley and Mary's as yet unborn daughter Mary all read and followed in Mary Wollstonecraft's footsteps."(p. 228)This book also helped her to find a new love, enchanting the radical William Godwin who later declared that "if ever there was a book calculated to make a man in love with its author, this appears to be the book." Wollstonecraft and Godwin met shortly after this book was published and, soon after, she became pregnant with the poet Shelley's future wife. The couple married in 1797, but Wollstonecraft died giving birth to Mary Godwin. Contemporary ¾ leather with worn marbled boards and gilt decorations titling to the spine. With a contemporary former owner's signature to the top of the title page and the armorial bookplate of John Nicol Fergusson Pixley affixed to the inside rear cover. A lovely copy of this charming work by Wollstonecraft. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Historia mulierum philosopharum. (A History of Women Philosophers).

Historia mulierum philosopharum. (A History of Women Philosophers).

MENAGE, Giles. TP + 3-130 + [131]-[136] = Index Nominum + [137]-[156] = IndexRerum + 131-141 = Addenda Historiæ Mulierum Philosopharum + half title + [3]-80 + [81]-[93] = Tavola + [94] = Privilege du Rey + [95] = Errata, 12mo. First Edition.A groundbreaking work whichprovides an account of 65 different women philosophers that Ménage has found mentioned in the writings of the ancients. This first-ever history of women philosophers is not presented as straight narrative, but rather as a sort of dictionary of woman philosophers noting who they were, what they said and the places where mention of them can be found in ancient texts. Ménagededicated the book to Madame Anne Dacier, justifying her career choice and implying that her serious engagement with learning makes her, and women like her, theequal of contemporary male scholars. In the 1980's, the Historia mulierum was translated into English (The History of Woman Philosophers; translated by Beatrice Zedler; University Press of America, Lanham, MD, 1984) and served as the foundation for an even more recent study entitled Women Philosophers:A Bio-Critical Source Book (Greenwood Press, 1989) edited by Ethel M. Kersey.Written in Italian, the second part of the volume (with separate pagination) carries the title Lezzione d' Egidio Menagio sopr' L Sonetto VII di messer Francesco Petrarca (Lesson of Gilles Ménage on the Seventh Sonnet of Francesco Petrarch) and is a reprinting of the text originally separately published in 1678 by L. Billaine of Paris. The short book is devoted to an in-depth exposition of Petrarch's Seventh Sonnet, allowing Ménage to demonstrate his considerable skills as a philologist and grammarian. Contemporary vellum with gilt lettering on the spine title. The binding is lightly discolored with a few small darker stains to the front cover. There is some light discoloration to the lower right corner of the last four leaves. Overall, an extremely attractive copy of this landmark work feminist scholarship. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus.

Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus.

WITTGENSTEIN, Ludwig. Half title with publisher's list on verso + TP + [5] = Note page + 7-189 + 1 blank leaf, Octavo. First American Edition(Frongia/McGuiness "Tract." p. 42). Between "The world is everything that is the case" and "Whereof one cannot speak, thereof one must be silent," Wittgenstein presents this monumental work which is usually accorded the honor of being "the most important book of twentieth-century philosophy". Printed in English with facing German texts, this is the first American edition (printed from the original English sheets with a new title page) in book form of what first appeared in 1921 in the final number of Annalen der Naturphilosophie, the text here revised by the author and a translation made by Frank P. Ramsey under the editorship of C. K. Ogden. Bertrand Russell, Wittgenstein's one-time teacher, supplied the uncomprehending "Introduction". (Regarding the "Introduction", Wittgenstein wrote Russell on April 9, 1920: "There's so much of it that I'm not quite in agreement with - bothwhere you're critical of me and also where you're simply trying to elucidate my point of view." [WA, p. 23]) Apart from one paper published in 1929 - which he considered weak and confused - the Tractatus was the only philosophical work Wittgenstein published in his lifetime. The first printing of the book did not sell well (a second edition did not appear until 1933) and all copies were not bound at the time of publication. As more copies were called for and bound, at some point in late 1925 this undated ten-page catalog was added to the book (not present here). Original publisher's cloth with embossed publisher logo on the front cover and bright gilt lettering to the spine. There are two very small gouges to the gutter of the front spine. Otherwise, this is a bright, clean, tight and about as near fine a copy as one could hope to see. A beautiful copy of what many consider to be the most important philosophical work to be published the 20th century. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
De betoverde Weereld

De betoverde Weereld, zynde een grondig ondersoek van ‘t gemeen gevoelen aangaande de GEESTEN, derselver Aart en Vermogen, Bewind en Bedryf: als ook ‘t gene de Menschen door der selver kraght en gemeenschap doen. vier Boekenondernomen. (The Bewitched World, or, an Examination of the Errors in the Common or Vulgar Opinions Concerning SPIRITS: Their Nature, Power, Administration and Operations. and also the Effects Men are able to produce by their Communication with Good or Evil Spirits.).

BEKKER, Balthasar. Four books in one volume: 1 blank leaf + TP to Book 1 [1691] + 1 leaf with engraved portrait of Bekker on verso + [i] = Verklaaringe van't Sinnebeeld + half title with Beright on verso [signed by Bekker] + [v]-[viii] = Toe-Eigen-Brief + [ix]-[xx] = Voorrede + 1-137 + [138]-[139] = Register der Hoofdstukken (List of Chapters) + TP to Book 2 [1691] with Beright on verso [signed by Bekker] + [i]-[vi] = Voorrede + 1-246 + [247]-[248] = Nader Beright + [249]-[250] = Register der Hoofdstukken + TP to Book 3 [1693] + [i]-[vi] = Aan den bescheidenen Leser (To the Modest Reader) (signed by Bekker on page [vi]) + 1-57 [cancel not removed] + 55-188 + [189]-[190] = Register der Hoofdstukken + 1 blank leaf + TP to Book 4 [1693] + [i]-[iv] = Aan den Leser (signed by Bekker on page [iv]) + 1-224 + (217)-(224) + 225-277 + [278]-[279] = Register der Hooft-stukken + [280] = Register [Publisher's list] + 1 blank leaf; Quarto. First Edition. (Van der Linde, 16, 17, 19, 20; Coumont, B40.2)With the rare, engraved 1691 portrait of Balthasar Bekker created by Johannes Hilarides (1648-1725) entitled "Monothe-ist."[THIS DESCRIPTION HAS BEEN SHORTENED BECAUSE OF ABE SPACE REQUIREMENTS. FOR A FULL DESCRIPTION, PLEASE EMAIL.]De beoverde Weereld is one of the most important text of what Jonathan Israel recently termed the 'Radical' Enlightenment. It caused a furor when it was first published in Holland and the firestorm quickly spread to Germany, France and England - where the book was translated and published within three years of its original appearance in Dutch. Bekker was a Reformed pastor who had caught the infectious disease of 'philosophizing' after the manner of Descartes and Spinoza - which, more than anything else, meant the freedom to reconsider received doctrine in the light of reason. Bekker previously had encountered difficulties with two of this earlier published works - an unconventional adult catechism [1670] and a book confounding the prevailing superstitions about comets [1683] - (there had been three spectacular sightings between 1680 and 1682).But nothing Bekker had previously written prepared the local clergy - or northern Europe - for the book that he published in 1691. Picking up on suggestions originally made by Descartes and Spinoza, The Bewitched World argued lucidly and effectively against the popular belief in spirits and the power of the devil over human beings claiming such beliefs were insupportable either by reason or by a careful reading of the Bible. It has been claimed that Bekker's book was such an effective attack on these ideas that he all but single-handedly caused the demise of the witchcraft trials and devil-based persecutions that had plagued northern Europe for much of the 17th Century. While it is easy to exaggerate the impact of Bekker's book, it is clear that The Bewitched World was a seminal work in the undermining of superstition, an early and powerful blow against the authority of the Bible, a significant instrument for the weakening of the Church's hold on men's beliefs, and a primary contributor to the liberation of thought across northern Europe. Contemporary vellum binding with worn, all-but-illegible title handwritten on spine. Corners just a bit bumped and slightly sprung with half-a-dozen,horizontal, brown old abrasion line on the rear cover. As noted above, all four books have been hand-signed by Bekker ink. In Book 3, the pages are significantly browned from page 9 through page 110. A lovely first edition copy of one of the major works of the Radical Enlightenment. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Interpretation of Visions

Interpretation of Visions, Seminars given by Dr. C. G. Jung.

JUNG, C. G. Part I: TP + "Edited by Mary Foote" page + [1]-283; Part II: TP + "Edited by Mary Foote" page + [1]-275; Part 3: TP + "Edited by Mary Foote" page + [1]-201; Part 3: TP + "Edited by Mary Foote" page + [1]-201; Part 4: TP + "Edited by Mary Foote" page + [1]-163 +[1]-5 = Index of Dreams & Visions; Part 5: TP + "Edited by Mary Foote" page + Restricted Usage page + [1]-249; Part 6: TP + "Edited by Mary Foote" page + Restricted Usage page + [1]-230; Part 7: TP + "Edited by Mary Foote" page + Restricted Usage page + [1]-133; Part 8: TP + "Edited by Mary Foote" page + Restricted Usage page + [1]-159; Part 9: TP + "Edited by Mary Foote" page + Restricted Usage page + [1]-178; Part 10: TP + "Edited by Mary Foote" page + Restricted Usage page + [1]-227; Part 11: TP + "Edited by Mary Foote" page + Restricted Usage page + [1]-190; Part 12: 29 loose pages with a hand-numbered photostatic illustration on each page. 8½" x 10¾ " Note that the covers on Parts 9-11 are sized 11" rather than closely trimmed to 10¾" as are the first 8 volumes. The loose sheets Part 12 are 7" x 9¾". First Edition Multigraph Copies.In her Introduction to the 1997 edition of these seminars (published by Princeton University Press), the editor, Claire Douglas notes that:The seminar contains some of Jung's most psychologically revealing work. The effect of Jung's manner on the subject under discussion, as well as on his listeners then and readers now, makes this seminar one of the most problematical and interesting segment of Jung's work. [DUE TO ABE SPACE LIMITATIONS, THIS IS A MUCH REDUCED VERSION OF THIS DESCRIPTION. A COMPLETE DESCRIPTION IS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.]This unedited original text is accessible ONLY in this first edition printing. PROVENANCE:Part I& VIII have the name of "Eleanor Bertine" neatly written in ink in the top right corner of the front free end paper. Eleanor Bertine was, of course, one of the "first generation of Jungian analysts" and one of the three central figures in bringing Jung's theories to the United States - working in close and constant partnership with both Kristine Mann and Esther Harding; a group that William McGuire refers to as the "New York troika" (Analytic Psychology, Princeton University Press, 1989, p. viii). Bertine was a classmate of Mann at Cornell where they both earned their medical degrees in 1913. During the 1920s, they began analysis with Jung in Switzerland and in 1924 they decided to join Harding in establishing an analytic practice in the United States. She was a faithful and regular participant in Jung's seminars.ILLUSTRATIONS:Part 12 is nothing more than a set of covers acting as a folder holding the twenty-nine illustrations. The first twenty-one of these are photostatic prints pasted onto heavy paper and loosely inserted in the folder. The final eight illustrations are provided in color facsimiles. Each illustration has a number from 1 to 29 hand-lettered in ink beneath it. The first twenty-four illustrations were mounted on heavy tan paper while the remaining five were are pasted onto heavy grey paper. Part I to 11:Each of the eleven volumes is an original Multigraph copy with the single-sided text bound using three large staples. The covers are marbled blue boards with blue canvas tape on the spine. Each volume has identifying I A 30" to "V XI W 34". The "V" indicated Volume, the "A" and "W" being abbreviations for "Autumn" and "Winter" and the number indicating the year. The covers show just a bit of wear but nothing truly worth remarking. There is a small typed piece of paper pasted to the inside front cover of the first four volumes reading: "This report is strictly for the use of members of the Seminar, with the understanding that it is not to be circulated." In the remaining volumes this information is printed on the "Restricted Usage page" as noted in the collation at the top. Part 12:A 'folder-like' affair using the cover and spine materials that were used in all the other volumes. The two halves o
Posthumous Works of the Author of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman.

Posthumous Works of the Author of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman.

WOLLSTONECRAFT, Mary . Volume I: 1 blank leaf + half title + TP + [i]-[v] = Godwin's Preface + [vii]-[xi] = Author's Preface + [xii] = Errata +[xiii] = halftitle + [xv] = Contents + [1]-181 + 2 blank leaves; Volume II: 1 blank leaf + half title + TP + half title + [1]-196 + 1 blank leaf; Volume III: 1 blank leaf + half title + TP + half title + [i]-[iii] + Preface + [1]-192 + 1 blank leaf; Volume IV: 2 blank leaves + half title + TP + half title + [i] = Contents + [ii] = Errata + [1]-195 + 1 blank leaf; small Octavo. First Editions. (Windle A8a)Following Mary Wollstonecraft's death in childbirth, her husband, William Godwin, was so distraughtthat he couldn't even bring himself to attend the funeral. Instead, following his life-long habit, Godwin threw himself into work and, within four months, had delivered the text for both the Posthumous Works and the Memoirs of the Author of a Vindication of Womanto the publisher. As noted by William St. Clair: "The Posthumous Works, which are in four volumes, consist of the incomplete Wrongs of Woman, some notes for the second part of The Rights of Woman which was never written, an incomplete tale called The Cave of Fancy, and various practical hints relating to the upbringing of children In addition to these writing which had always been intended for publication,Godwinfilled most of [the later] two volumes with transcripts of Mary's letters to Gilbert Imlay, boldly proclaiming in the Preface to contain 'the finest examples of the language of sentiment and passion ever presented to the world', superior even to those in Goethe's Sorrows of Young Werther, and 'the offspring of a glowing imagination and a heart penetrated with the passion it essays to describe.' The letters covered Mary's first meeting with Imlay, their love affair, the birth of Fanny, Mary's threatened suicides, and the long painful breakdown of their relationship." (p. 181)The incomplete The Wrongs of Woman, or Maria - which comprises most of the first two volumes of this collection - wasanother of Wollstonecraft's feminist tour de forces. As noted by her biographer, Janet Todd, it was "clear on the political, economic, and legal ills of women, the wife's inability to own property, her lack of rights over her children when separated, the physical and financial abuse of men, together with the salve: the help women might give each other across class." The novel's heroine was "literally a prisoner of sex, immured in a madhouse by her husband so that he can control her property, and she traced the maze of legal and domestic oppression of woman to the same conclusion reached by the Vindication: Was not the world a vast prison and women slaves?" Contemporary maroon cloth, beautifully rebacked to match original spines with gilt lettering, lines and volume numbers. A really lovely set of this impressive posthumous collection of Wollstonecraft's works. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.
Original Stories from Real Life

Original Stories from Real Life, with Conversations Calculated to Regulate the Affections and Form the Mind to Truth and Goodness.

WOLLSTONECRAFT, Mary. Frontispiece illustration + TP + [iii]-vi = Preface + [vii]-viii = Introduction +[ix]-[xii] = Contents + [1]-177 + [178]-[180] = Publisher's advertisements, 12 mo. Second Edition (but the first thus with Blake's six illustrations appearing opposite the TP and inserted at pages 24, 74, 94, 114 & 173). [Windle A3b]The first edition of Original Stories from Real Life appeared in 1788; a fictionalized account of Wollstonecraft's experiences as governess for the daughters of a noble family in Dublin. Repackaging the tenets of her first book (Thoughts on the Education of Daughters) in novelistic form, this work present Mrs. Mason (a thinly disguised Wollstonecraft) as she "introduces two girls to the realities of poverty, hunger and child mortality. Their best education lies not in accomplishments with a view to the marriage market - in practice a property market - but in responsible fellow-feeling for the obscure, the rude the weak and misused." Wollstonecraft's teaching proved to be remarkably effective. Her eldest charge, Margaret, would eventually leave her husband and establish a free relationship with her lover, abandoning "class and country for her own experimental course that would allow her to develop a medical practice, decades ahead of the first professional women doctors." This copy includes William Blake's illustrations thatappeared in only some copies of the book - which was offered at two shilling without the illustrations and two shillings six pence if Blake's pictures were present. Blake's "woodcuts break with earlier eighteenth-century styles, the rococo ornamentation associated with aristocratic frivolity in Watteau or the property-portraiture of house, estates, horses,dogs, guns, wives and heirs. Blake's illustrations for Real Life have the purity of his poem 'Visions of the Daughters of Albion', a protest against the existing order that 'inclose'd [a woman's] infinite brain into a narrow circle'. In perfect harmony with Mary Wollstonecraft, he shifts inward and light up states of being: pity, grief, devotion. His illustrations are wordless sermons. Mrs. Mason appears in white, a stand-in for God; her arms are stretched out to form a cross, but without theusual iconography of pain: this model is not the martyr inducing voyeuristic emotions of horror. She has the purer, altruistic appeal of a teacher who wants to be of "use'." [Gordon, pp. 92-96, 133]Blake's six intaglio copper-plate engravings exist in two different states. Easson and Essick reports "the existence of an early state of the pls. 'prior to the first edition'" noting that only "the first state of pls. 1 and 2 were in fact published with some copies of the book", but "only a few copies have the first state". This copy has plates 1 & 2 in the second state and 3-6 in the first state. Contemporary full leather binding with some wear and a bit of light gouging, most especially to the front board. Simply and sympathetically rebacked with gilt double-banding. This is a pretty copy of this doubly important book (Wollstonecraft & Blake). Preserved a lovely custom cardboard ship case with paper identification label. ADDITIONAL PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST.