19th Century Rare Book & Photograph Shop Archives - Rare Book Insider
last 7 days
last 30 days

19th Century Rare Book & Photograph Shop

The Monroe Doctrine: Message from the President of the United States

The Monroe Doctrine: Message from the President of the United States, to Both Houses of Congress, at the Commencement of the First Session of the Eighteenth Congress. December 2, 1823. Printed by order of the Senate. 15 pp. [with] Documents Accompanying the Message of the President

Monroe, James FIRST EDITION IN BOOK FORM of the Monroe Doctrine, preceded only by the newspaper printings. The Monroe Doctrine marks the first American declaration of its place as a world power and has long been a cornerstone of American foreign policy. Concerned about the intervention of European powers in the New World, and objecting to Russia’s aggressive stance in the Northwest, James Monroe declared in his State of the Union Address on December 2, 1823, that “The American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintained, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers.” He added that any such interventions could not be viewed “in any other light than as the manifestation of an unfriendly disposition toward the United States.” For nearly two centuries the Monroe Doctrine has shaped American foreign policy, and it remains the most famous document of American foreign relations. In 1845 James Polk advised Congress that the principle should be strictly enforced and used it as an essential underpinning of American westward expansion. Many 19th-century presidents continued to cite the doctrine culminating in Theodore Roosevelt’s assertion of the right to intervene in the affairs of Latin America. John F. Kennedy cited the Monroe Doctrine as a basis for its confrontation with the Soviet Union in the Cuban Missile Crisis. He declared: “The Monroe Doctrine means what it has meant since President Monroe and John Quincy Adams enunciated it, and that is that we would oppose a foreign power extending its power to the Western Hemisphere, and that is why we oppose what is happening in Cuba today. That is why we have cut off our trade. That is why we worked in the Organization of American States and in other ways to isolate the Communist menace in Cuba. That is why we will continue to give a good deal of our effort and attention to it.” Virtually every president since Kennedy has cited the Monroe Doctrine as the basis for American actions in the Western Hemisphere. Examples of the Monroe Doctrine with the accompanying Documents are rarely seen in contemporary bindings without library markings. Grolier 100 Influential American Books 33. Our Documents: 100 Milestone Documents From the National Archives 66.
Commentaries on the Laws of England

Commentaries on the Laws of England

BLACKSTONE, WILLIAM 4to. Four volumes. Two tables (one folding) in volume two. Contemporary mottled calf, spines gilt, red and black morocco labels. Joints of first volume cracked but secure, minimal repairs to joints, minor wear and foxing. A splendid, tight set in a wonderful period binding. First edition of Blackstone’s Commentaries, a monument of the Anglo-American legal and political system and one of the key influences on the thought of the Founding Fathers and the shaping of the Constitution. “All our formative documents—the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, the Federalist Papers, and the seminal decisions of the Supreme Court under John Marshall—were drafted by attorneys steeped in Sir William Blackstone’s Commentaries on the Laws of England. So much was this the case that the Commentaries rank second only to the Bible as a literary and intellectual influence on the history of American institutions” (Robert Ferguson). Blackstone’s impact on American political and legal thinking was profound and immediate. In 1775 Edmund Burke observed that nearly as many copies of Blackstone’s Commentaries had been sold in America as in England. Thomas Jefferson observed that Blackstone’s Commentaries were “the most lucid in arrangement which had yet been written, correct in its matter, classical in its style, and rightfully taking its place by the side of the Justinian institutes.” A set of Blackstone’s Commentaries is a cornerstone of any library of the history and thought of the Founding Fathers. Fine copies in original bindings are virtually unobtainable. This splendid set, in a shimmering gilt-tooled calf binding of the period, is worthy of the greatest libraries. Provenance: Sir John Cust (1718-1770), speaker of the House of Commons from 1761-1770, with his bookplate. The 1793 edition of Blackstone’s Commentaries noted that “Sir John Cust was the last speaker who addressed the throne in the language of diffidence.” Printing and the Mind of Man 212. Grolier 100 English Books 52. [with] BLACKSTONE, WILLIAM. A Discourse on the Study of the Law. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1758. Contemporary marbled wrappers, inscribed “Duplicate.” A fine, untrimmed copy. First edition. This is Blackstone’s inaugural lecture as the first Vinerian Professor of English Law, delivered in October 1758. The lecture, which emphasizes the value of the study of law at university, has been called a “sensible, spirited, and manly exhortation to the study of law” (Sheppard, History of Legal Education in the United States). Rare: no other copies appear in the auction records of the past forty-five years. This is an excellent, untrimmed copy.
Illustrated autograph manuscript journal of his tour of the United States

Illustrated autograph manuscript journal of his tour of the United States, including the Indian Territories and Dodge City

WILD WEST.) MARKHAM, ALBERT HASTINGS, Capt. A FAMED ENGLISH EXPLORER IN THE WILD WEST. Albert Hastings Markham (1841-1918), of the Royal Navy, is best known for his role in the British Arctic Expedition of 1875-76, which achieved a Farthest North. This tremendous illustrated manuscript journal details Markham’s adventures in the Old West. His journey takes him from Liverpool to New York by Cunard steamer, then to Wisconsin to see his mother, who had emigrated there, and on to St Louis. He continues into Indian Territory, traveling by rail and then stage to Fort Sill. For four weeks, accompanied by two Indians, he hunts buffalo and cougar, wolves and turkeys. His journal is filled with fascinating stories of his interactions with Indians and his adventures and misadventures on the prairie. He then makes his way, with the assistance of the Caddoc Indians, to Camp Supply, from which he took the stagecoach to Dodge City. Approaching Dodge he was joined by a party of “cow boys” armed with “six shooters,” and he stayed with them at the camping site outside Dodge City known as Soldiers’ Graves, or Bear Creek, Station. Dodge City was established in 1872, just five years before Markham’s arrival, and it quickly became the “cowboy capital,” attracting the great lawmen and gunfighters including Wyatt Earp, Bat Masterson, and Doc Holliday. Markham notes that Dodge “enjoys the reputation of being the rowdiest of all rowdy western towns” and that it “contains a population of about 600 people – the houses are all wooden, and the majority of them are either saloons or dancing houses.” He marvels at “the sink of iniquity, the perfect ‘hell upon earth’ that Dodge City really is.” “Like Sodom & Gomorrah it would be difficult to find half a dozen virtuous people residing there!” Markham has a taste for adventure and an ear for great stories, and he soaks up what he learns from the “cow boys” he meets. The following passage gives a taste of the manuscript: “shortly after crossing the Cimarron we passed what is called a ‘cow camp’, that is a camp composed of ‘cow boys’ or ‘herders’ in attendance on a herd of cattle which they are driving from Texas to Kansas. This camp belonged to a party of 26 ‘cow boys’ and ‘bull whackers’, who had arrived thus far with 7,000 head of cattle. As we were jogging quietly along we were called in peremptory fashion to halt, when a couple of the roughest looking fellows I ever saw in my life each armed with a Winchester repeating rifle and a ‘six shooter’, and each carrying a saddle, intimated their intention of taking passage with us as far as Dodge! Our waggon was pretty crowded as it was but the driver thinking it better policy to acquiesce to their demand and thus avoid a brawl, consented to carry them on ” Approx. 360 pages on ruled paper; 10 watercolors; ephemera; correspondence. This illustrated manuscript, containing vivid tales of the American West by a keen observer with a taste for adventure, is worthy of exhibition and publication. The manuscript is extensively illustrated with inserted watercolors, ephemera, and correspondence. Details are on our website.
Mammoth Plate Portrait of Abraham Lincoln

Mammoth Plate Portrait of Abraham Lincoln

LINCOLN, ABRAHAM) Alexander Gardner Albumen print (18 1⁄2 x 15 in.), gold-ruled mount (22 x 18 in.) with Gardner’s imprint. Mount and print with minor soiling and foxing. A rare survival. A classic mammoth portrait of Abraham Lincoln, showing the President just days before he delivered the Gettysburg Address. A giant of American photography, Alexander Gardner is credited with introducing the large-format Imperial portrait to the United States while working as a staff photographer for Mathew Brady. Gardner left Brady’s employ in early 1863, and his studio quickly rivaled Brady’s for the quality and extent of its war and portrait photography. Gardner first photographed Lincoln as president-elect while working for Brady, and he went on to take Lincoln’s portrait more than any other photographer. Lincoln sat for Gardner on several occasions, usually visiting his studio on Sunday to avoid crowds. Lincoln sat for this splendid large-format portrait on Sunday, November 8, 1863. His private secretaries John Hay and John Nicolay joined him. Hay noted in his diary that “We had a great many pictures taken some of the Prest. the best I have seen.” Ostendorf notes that this portrait, one of five made that day, “emphasized Lincoln’s long, lanky legs.” Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address on November 19, 1863, just eleven days after this portrait was made. The large-format Gardner portrait is rare and much sought-after. Another example was sold at Sotheby’s on October 5, 2011, lot 43, for $98,500. Only a handful of copies survive, several of which are trimmed and cropped. We are not aware of any other uncropped example in private hands. This mammoth photograph, in original condition with the Gardner mount and imprint, is a rare and important survival. Provenance: descended in the family of Colonel Oliver Perry Taylor, of the 161st Ohio Volunteer Infantry, sold Cowan’s, 4-5 December 2008. Early inscription on verso with erroneous final sentence: “Abraham Lincoln. Sunday Morning Febry 26th 1865. Presented to O. P. Taylor by Dr. Chas. Gentrick then residing at Washington). The last photograph of Lincoln – only six copies were printed when the negative was accidentally broken.” Ostendorf, Lincoln’s Photographs O-79.
The Descent of Man

The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex

DARWIN, CHARLES Two volumes. Original green cloth. Minimal repair to head of spine. A near fine set. FIRST EDITION, FIRST ISSUE, with the uncorrected text in Vol. I and with the list of errata on the verso of the title-page in Vol. II. Freeman observes that “there are important textual differences” between the two issues of the first edition. One of these, later rectified with the removal of long passages from the second issue, is pointed out in the first issue’s inserted slip referring to “a serious an unfortunate error, in relation to the sexual differences of animals.” This is the work in which Darwin applied his theory of evolution by means of natural selection to man, a subject he had avoided for the decade following the publication of On the Origin of Species. The word “evolution” appears here for the first time in any of Darwin’s works (it was incorporated the following year in the sixth edition of the Origin). Darwin observed that man’s extinct ancestors would have to be classified among the primates, a statement that was misinterpreted in the popular press and caused a furor surpassed only by that of the Origin. Darwin wrote, “The time will before long come when it will be thought wonderful, that naturalists, who were well acquainted with the comparative structure and development of man and other animals, should have believed that each was the work of a separate act of creation.” Freeman 937
Sketches of the Life

Sketches of the Life, Writings, and Opinions of Thomas Jefferson, Selections of Private Correspondence.

JEFFERSON, THOMAS--VAN BUREN, MARTIN.) Rayner, B.L. 556 pp. Engraved portrait of Jefferson; engraved view of Monticello. Contemporary or original sheep, rebacked and recornered preserving spine. Foxed, Some staining and wear. A rare association copy of the first biography of Jefferson. FIRST EDITION. An outstanding Democratic Party association copy. Inscribed and signed as president by Martin Van Buren to Mr. & Mrs. O’Neil, dated Oct 30, 1838. Van Buren served as president from 1837 to 1841 following his terms as vice president (1833-37) and secretary of state (1829-31) under Andrew Jackson. The most influential figure in the Democratic Party after Jackson, Van Buren built the modern Democratic Party, leading it to dominance in the Second Party system era. This is the first full-length biography of Thomas Jefferson. Rayner published this laudatory biography, which includes selections from Jefferson’s correspondence and other writings, just six years after Jefferson’s death. A revised edition was published as The Life of Thomas Jefferson (Boston, 1834). Jefferson was one of the founders of the “Democratic-Republican” party, the forerunner of the modern Democratic party which Van Buren led to dominance a generation later. Books signed by Martin Van Buren are rarely seen in the market. This biography of Thomas Jefferson, signed by Van Buren as president, must be considered one of the most desirable Van Buren books to appear for sale in many years.
Autograph letter signed “Freud” on cigars to an unidentified correspondent “Honored Sir and Dear Brother.”

Autograph letter signed “Freud” on cigars to an unidentified correspondent “Honored Sir and Dear Brother.”

FREUD, SIGMUND FREUD’S CIGARS. In this fine letter Sigmund Freud asks a friend visiting Holland to bring back his beloved Dutch cigars, writing in small part, “Although I could just as well rely on your taste, in case you get to The Hague and make the purchase there, I’ll give you the address Hagen Spinecka and the brand Soberanos (1400 [presumably a series of the Soberanos brand] 15 dozen). The enclosed 60 florin note is to cover this purchase.” In turn-of-the-century Vienna, the Austrian government maintained strict control over the tobacco industry, and Freud relied on friends to bring him the cigars he smoked endlessly. Freud, who was rarely seen without a cigar, smoked twenty each day for most of his life. When Freud nephew Harry declined a cigar at age 17, the great man declared, “My boy, smoking is one of the greatest and cheapest enjoyments in life, and if you decide in advance not to smoke, I can only feel sorry for you” (Gay, Freud: A Life for Our Time). Freud said late in life that cigars have “served me for precisely fifty years as protection and a weapon in the combat of life I owe to the cigar a great intensification of my capacity to work and a facilitation of my self-control” (Cohen, Freud on Coke). Freud’s close friend Hanns Sachs remarked that Freud “was so fond of smoking that he was somewhat irritated when men around him did not smoke. Consequently nearly all of those who formed the inner circle became more or less passionate cigar-smokers” (Sachs, Freud: Master and Friend). Freud’s cigars played a role in his psychoanalytic practice. Raymond De Saussure, a psychoanalyst who was himself analyzed by Freud in the 1920s, recalled the special role of the cigar in connecting the patient to his analyst sitting just out of view: “One was won over by the atmosphere of [Freud’s] office, a rather dark room, which opened onto a courtyard. Light came not from the windows but from the brilliance of that lucid, discerning mind. Contact was established only by means of his voice and the odor of the cigars he ceaselessly smoked” (Ruitenbeek, ed., Freud As We Knew Him). One year after writing this letter, Freud mentioned his enjoyment of Dutch cigars while vacationing in Berchtesgaden in the Bavarian Alps. He hailed “the “the glorious air, the water, the Dutch cigars, and the good food, all resembling an idyll as closely as one can get in this Central European hell.” Freud’s attachment to Dutch cigars was so great that he once observed that “there are plenty of fine cigars [in Holland]. In fact, I have sometimes thought of settling in Holland for that reason” (Puner, Sigmund Freud: His Life and Mind). This letter is a wonderful relic of the life of Sigmund Freud, who is famously said to have declared, “Sometimes a cigar is just a cigar.
Scientific manuscript of a course of studies at Collège de la Trinité

Scientific manuscript of a course of studies at Collège de la Trinité,

Astronomy This fascinating scientific manuscript dating to the 1660s documents the state of scientific knowledge and education in France in the years following Galileo’s trial and the Church’s prohibition of Copernican theory. The manuscript comprises three parts: Physics (De Corpore naturali inspecie seu Mondo Coelo and Elementis, Generatione and corruptione rerum Meteorisque, etc), Magnetism (Tractatus de Magnete, Historia Magnetis), and Astronomy (of Praxibus Astronomicis, Systema Copernici explicatur, etc). The Astronomy section includes discussions of the world systems, especially that of Copernicus, and the names of Galileo, Gassendi, Kepler, Tycho Brahe, and others appear. The Magnetism section incudes mentions of Gassendi, Maignan, Descartes, Galileo, and Kircher, all of whom made vital contributions to the field in the seventeenth century. The Church declared heliocentrism to be heretical in 1616, and in the following years the Jesuits, especially astronomer Giovanni Battista Riccioli, were at the forefront of efforts to oppose the theory. This manuscript was evidently written at a Jesuit institution. The writer refers frequently to authors commonly cited by Jesuits. Copernican theory (admitted to be the “ingenious Copernican system”) is opposed by the theories of Riccioli. A sample calculation in the Astronomy section states “Hic Lugduni” (here in Lyon). These facts combine to suggest that the manuscript is by a teacher or student at the Jesuit Collège de la Trinité in Lyon. The organization is consistent with university textbooks of the seventeenth century, particularly with the use of “disputationes, abjectiones, quaestiones and reponsiones.” The manuscript’s clean lines and careful organization and orthography suggest that these are a teacher’s lecture notes. The Collège de la Trinité had a long tradition of excellence in the sciences, especially astronomy, with faculty including Honoré Fabri (1608-1688) and Claude Francois Milliet Dechales (1621-1678). The Jesuit teachers of science at the Collège de la Trinité at this period include Dechales, Pierre Port (1660-1661), Jean Bertet (1661-1665) and Pierre Violet (1665-1667) (see François de Dainville, Revue d’histoire des sciences et de leurs applications, 1954). An astronomical observatory was built at the school in 1701. The manuscript can be dated with some accuracy. A reference to the year 1662 appears in an astronomical calculation. The text refers to Bullialdus’s Astronomia Philolaica (1645) and Morin’s Tables Rodolphines (first published in 1650). This fine manuscript merits further study and publication. Its astronomical diagrams make it ideally suited for an exhibition on the Copernican controversy. Provenance: engraved bookplate with the coat of arms of Anne-Joseph d’Azincourt (1644-1689) (see Martin & Meurgey, Armorial du Pays de Tournus, 1920, and Marchand, Blazons du Bourgogne, 1975- 2001). Anne-Joseph of Azincourt, born in 1644 in Tournus, was a lawyer and jurist and alderman of the city of Dijon in 1687. Anne-Joseph d’Azincourt was the son of Charles d’Azincour, médecin ordinaire to Henri II of Condé c. 1645. We gratefully acknowledge the assistance of Professor Owen Gingerich in analyzing this manuscript.
Autograph letter signed to Reverend John McVickar of Columbia University

Autograph letter signed to Reverend John McVickar of Columbia University

JEFFERSON, THOMAS 1 page. 4to. Integral blank with address panel in Jefferson’s hand and with his franking signature. Old folds. Excellent condition. Jefferson and the study of political economy: “No country on earth requires a sound intelligence of it more than ours ” In this fine unpublished letter, written just months before his death, Jefferson observes that he no longer reads books as demanding as those on political economy, adding, “I rejoice nonetheless to see that it is beginning to be cultivated in our schools.” John McVickar, the recipient of this letter, was one of the first professors of economics in America. As the first Professor of Moral Philosophy and Political Economy at Columbia University, he published a new annotated edition of John Ramsay McCulloch’s Outlines of Political Economy, which was to serve as a fundamental economics text for his students. He sent Jefferson a copy of the book on March 12, 1826, observing that Jefferson’s own writings touching on political economy are referred to in the work. McVickar added, “The zeal with which you always entertain schemes of public utility has emboldened me to break in upon the dignified retirement of your closing years” Thanking McVickar for the book, Jefferson observes, “Long withdrawn from the business of the world, and little attentive to its proceedings, I rarely read anything requiring a very strenuous application of the mind and none requires it more than the subject of political economy. I rejoice nonetheless to see that it is beginning to be cultivated in our schools. No country on earth requires a sound intelligence of it more than ours. The rising generation will I hope be qualified to act on it understandingly, and to correct the errors of their predecessors.” This is an exceptional Jefferson letter discussing the intellectual pursuits of his final year and commenting on the importance of the study of economics.
An album of 20 excellent views of Niagara Falls

An album of 20 excellent views of Niagara Falls

NIAGARA FALLS, New York. 20 albumen prints including 9 mammoth plate (16 x 20 in.) photographs, mounted. Half green morocco, gilt-stamped on the upper board “Niagara Falls.” Binding worn but sound and attractive. Early German inscription on front pastedown, translated as follows: “From the estate of Uncle Erdwin and Aunt Tony Amsinck. The pictures are from the year 1867. (see their photo on the third-to-last page) Page 10, on the top left.” Slight staining, occasional foxing or fading to images. An outstanding album containing beautiful and unusual images including, as its final image, one of the most remarkable North American photographs of the period. This unique artistic photograph album is linked to three historically important Niagara Falls photographers: George Barker (a Canadian by birth who owned studios in both London, Ontario, and the Niagara Falls region), Platt D. Babbitt (with whom Barker is known to have worked), and Samuel J. Mason (a prominent portraitist and landscape photographer). The combination of their skills and the extraordinary vistas of the American and Canadian Niagara Falls has resulted in an album of photographs of great beauty. Further study is needed to make direct attributions for many of the photographs in the album. Evidence suggests that many are by George Barker, but because a studio fire destroyed his archive in 1870, except his stereoviews, certain attribution is difficult. Several of the photographs show the suspension bridge connecting Ontario to New York, while others are unusually large and high quality photographs of Niagara Falls themselves. Photographs of Niagara Falls are not uncommon because the natural wonder has long attracted artists, admirers and visitors, but albums of this high quality, great beauty and large format are now rare. The final photograph, a particular highlight, is the impressive seemingly moonlit photograph, attributed to George Barker. This magnificent photograph compares favorably with the work of any of the great European or North American photographic artists of the period.
The Frugal Housewife

The Frugal Housewife, or Complete Woman Cook: Wherein the art of dressing all sorts of viands, with cleanliness, decency, and elegance, is explained in five hundred approved receipts to which are prefixed various bills of fare, for dinners and suppers in every month of the year; and a copious index to the whole

CARTER, SUSANNAH FIRST AMERICAN EDITION. This is the second cookbook printed in America, preceded only by the similarly rare The Compleat Housewife printed in Williamsburg in 1742. Carter’s Frugal Housewife was one of the “enduring classics in the American marketplace, reprinted in American cities into the 1830s” (Snell). Printed from the London edition with alterations, The Frugal Housewife strongly influenced the first cookery book by an American author, Amelia Simmons’s American Cookery (1796). Simmons copied entire passages almost word for word from Carter. This first American edition of The Frugal Housewife, printed without a date, was advertised by Edes & Gill in the Boston Gazette as “this day Published” on 2 March 1772. Edes & Gill are best remembered as the most important printers in Boston during the American Revolution. In 1773, one year after publishing this cookbook, they and their newspaper, the Boston Gazette, played a crucial role in sparking the Boston Tea Party. For this cookbook they turned to another patriot, Paul Revere, famed as a silversmith and engraver. Paul Revere engraved two plates on copper to illustrate this work. Revere referred to his work in his Day Book on January 20, 1772, where he wrote: “Mesr. Edes & Gill Dr. To Engraving a Copper plate for coocrey [sic] Book & 500 prints 2-14-0.” Revere evidently engraved a single plate of copper with both illustrations. A FABULOUS PROVENANCE. This book bears the apparently otherwise unknown book label of Sally Parsons dated 1774. Women’s book labels on American books of this interest and period are of the greatest rarity. VERY RARE. No copy appears in the book auction records of the past 100 years, apart from an example lacking nine leaves including the title. In 1954 Goodspeed’s offered a copy with a portion of the title in facsimile—the only copy we have traced in the trade. Only four research libraries have copies (Library of Congress, Harvard, Brown, and American Antiquarian Society) and the 1772 Frugal Housewife is lacking from almost all of the great cookery collections. Seven copies are known worldwide. 12mo. [12], 166 of 168 pp., final leaf O6 in facsimile. 2 engraved plates. 18th-century sheep. Spine rubbed, front hinge starting at top. Light toning, small tear without loss to title. Generally in excellent condition, a remarkable survival, especially given the subject matter. Provenance: Sally Parsons 1774, with book label reading “The Property of Sally Parsons. 1774.” with decorative border on front paste-down.
Tender is the Night

Tender is the Night

FITZGERALD, F. SCOTT Original pictorial wrappers made by the publisher from the dust jacket. Some restoration to rear wrapper affecting the right margin of the jacket copy, marginal stain to p. 27, light spotting to endpapers, else very good. FIRST EDITION, the extremely rare advance issue in wrappers. Fitzgerald considered Tender is the Night, his fourth and final novel, to be his masterpiece, surpassing The Great Gatsby. Following an initially lukewarm reception, the novel’s reputation has steadily risen. Ernest Hemingway later observed that “Tender is the Night gets better and better.” The novel is now acclaimed as one of the great works of modern American literature. The author’s first novel in nine years, following The Great Gatsby, Tender is the Night tells the story of the rise and fall of a glamorous couple, the psychiatrist Dick Diver and his wife Nicole, who is one of his patients. At the time Joyce’s wife Zelda was hospitalized for schizophrenia. The advance issue of Tender is the Night is one of the great Fitzgerald rarities Of Fitzgerald’s eight novels, this is the only one for which advance copies were issued. “They are complete texts – not dummies – and were probably intended for use as review copies and salesman’s copies. The Scribner’s records indicate that five hundred copies were ordered, but it is unlikely that that many copies were distributed because it is so rare: three institutional copies have been located [Virginia, Pierpont Morgan, and the Bruccoli Collection at the University of South Carolina] . These are the most collectible copies of Tender is the Night in terms of priority and rarity” (Bruccoli and Baughman, F. Scott Fitzgerald in the Marketplace). The book has been the subject of stage, screen, theater, television, and ballet adaptations. Very rare: leading Fitzgerald bibliographer and collector Matthew Bruccoli located only three copies. Only two examples appear in the auction records of the past fifty years. Provenance: Henry Barnard Strong, with bookplate. Strong was member of the Yale class of 1922 and a member of Skull & Bones. Gerald Murphy, the model for Dick Diver in Tender is the Night, was likewise a Skull & Bones man.
A collection of 11 photographs including 8 superb photographs of Castillo San Marcos

A collection of 11 photographs including 8 superb photographs of Castillo San Marcos, the oldest military structure in the continental United States and 3 of the Cathedral Basilica of St. Augustine first built in 1565 and rebuilt in the 1790s

ST. AUGUSTINE, FLORIDA.) Unknown photographer. Eleven albumen prints (6 x 8 in.), mounted and captioned in a contemporary hand. Very good condition. This remarkable collection of early Florida photographs documents two of the most important early structures in Florida history: the fort Castillo de San Marcos and the Cathedral Basilica of St. Augustine. Built in 1672 the fort is the only extant 17th-century military structure in the continental United States. The church, located in the oldest parish of the United States (founded in 1565), was built in the 1790s. The eight photographs of Castillo San Marcos are: 1. Interior of Fort St. Marco. South West Corner showing entrance to Indian Prison. Old Well in the foreground. St. Augustine. Fla. 2. Interior of Fort St. Marco Showing entrance to Chapel. St. Augustine. Fla. 3. Interior of Fort St. Marco. Southeast Corner showing entrance to Dungeons. Chapel on the left. St. Augustine. Fla. 4. Fort St. Marco. South Front. Showing Drawbridge and Moat. St Augustine. Fla. 5. Doorway. Fort St. Marco. St. Augustine. Fla. 6. Entrance to Fort St. Marco. St. Augustine. Fla. 7. General view of South Front, Lunette Battery, and Moat, from parapet. Fort St. Marco, The Bay. Anastatia island, and Lighthouse in the distance. St. Augustine. Fla. 8. South Front from Parapet Fort St. Marco. Showing Drawbridge and Moat. St. Augustine Fla. The three photographs of the Cathedral Basilica of St. Augustine read: 1. Catholic Church. St. Augustine. Fla. 2. Catholic Church. The oldest church on the continent of America. St. Augustine. Fla. 3. Catholic Church. St. Augustine. Fla. Protecting St. Augustine Florida (the oldest continuously occupied European settlement within the United States and near the site of Ponce de León’s first landing in 1513) the Castillo San Marco was built while the Spanish Empire controlled Florida. Construction of the masonry fort began in 1672 after a devastating raid on the city by the British privateer Robert Searles. Over the centuries, Spain, Great Britain, the United States, and the Confederate States of America all controlled the fort. Several times over the course of its history the fort was used as a military prison. During the American Revolutionary war, the prisoners included Christopher Gadsden, the Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina and a delegate to the Continental Congress. Beginning in 1862 the United States used the fort as a military prison for Native Americans for several decades. One of the images shows the jail that was used for their confinement while another shows dungeons that were presumably used for the same purpose. In later years members of Geronimo’s band of Apache warriors, including women, children, and Geronimo’s wife were imprisoned. Ledger Art, a prominent art form among Plains Native Americans, began at the fort. Cathedral Basilica of St. Augustine is located in the oldest parish in the United States, having been founded in 1565. In 1586 Francis drake destroyed the first church, built in 1565. In 1566 Martín de Argüelles was born in the parish, the first recorded birth of a child of European ancestry in what is now the continental United States. DATING. The photographs showing the Cathedral Basilica of St. Augustine allow us to date the entire group, which are on identical mounts and have captions in the same hand. Due to the presence of a side chapel built in 1873, the absence of the rectory built in 1875, and the presence of a stonewall destroyed in 1875 we ascribe a likely date to the series of ca. 1874. The photographs display consistent tones, dimensions, mounts, inscriptions, and aging across the collection. These images appear to be unrecorded. We have made a comprehensive online survey of photographic collections of the time and place, consulted the Library of Congress’s digital archives, and queried area historical societies.
Photograph of Alexandra “Xie” Kitchin

Photograph of Alexandra “Xie” Kitchin

DODGSON, CHARLES LUTWIDGE [LEWIS CARROLL] Albumen print (4 x 5 3⁄4 in.), cabinet card mount. Inscribed in various hands: “Xie” (ink), “H.H.,” “Age 7,” and “presented by Lewis Carroll” (pencil). Dodgson, better known as Lewis Carroll, who took up photography in 1856, was one of the most accomplished Victorian amateur photographers. He is most famous for his portraits of girls. On seeing one of his child portraits, Tennyson agreed to sit for him, saying, “You, I suppose, dream photographs.” Beginning in 1856 Dodgson took about three thousand negatives, mostly portraits, over the span of about twenty-five years. He mastered the difficult techniques of the collodion process and devoted himself to art and composition, achieving results equaling those of the best professionals of his day. “The apparently contradictory aspects of his personality, artistic and imaginative on the one hand, and pedantically careful on the other, became the mainspring of his creative output, both as Charles Dodgson, the photographer, and as Lewis Carroll, children’s author” (Taylor, in Encyclopedia of Nineteenth-Century Photography). Xie (pronounced “Ecksy,” for Alexandra) was one of the most notable of Dodgson’s photographic subjects. She is now thought to have been six when this photograph was taken. Xie posed for Dodgson from age four until she turned sixteen. “Another of Lewis Carroll’s early favourites, was Miss Alexandra (Xie) Kitchin, daughter of the Dean of Durham. Her father was for fifteen years Censor of the unattached members of the University of Oxford, so that Dodgson had plenty of opportunities of photographing his little friend” (Life and Letters of Lewis Carroll). “His most frequent and favourite sitter was Alexandra Kitchin, better known by her pet name of ‘Xie.’ Over the years he photographed her more often and in a wider variety of costumes and settings than any other person” (Taylor). “With the exception of four pictures displayed at the 1858 annual exhibition of the Photographic Society of London, Dodgson had never exhibited his pictures, which were only known to a narrow circle of friends and acquaintances” (Fringier, “Out of Focus: A Portrait of Charles Lutwidge Dodgson” in Strange Sisters: Literature and Aesthetics in the Nineteenth Century). This is a splendid, representative example of Dodgson’s portraits of children, from the collection of his close friend Henry Holiday (see Provenance). Provenance: Henry Holiday, with his monogram on verso. Holiday, who illustrated The Hunting of the Snark, was a close friend of Dodgson. An album of Dodgson photographs belonging to Holiday is now at Princeton. Taylor & Wakeling, Lewis Carroll, Photographer 1891.
The President

The President, General McClellan and Suite on the Battle-Field of Antietam

LINCOLN, ABRAHAM.) Gardner, Alexander. Albumen silver print (7 x 9 in.), original printed mount with neat identifications of the figures in pencil. Surface lightly cleaned, mount trimmed at edge. A handsome example with the original printed Brady mount with title, copyright notice, “Gardner, Photographer,” “M. B. Brady, Publisher,” and date October 3, 1862. This photograph of Lincoln at Antietam is one of the best-known images of the Civil War. The Battle of Antietam, fought on September 17, 1862, was the bloodiest single-day battle in American history. The Confederate withdrawal was sufficiently heartening for Lincoln to announce his Emancipation Proclamation, which had been withheld awaiting a victory. Two weeks later Lincoln came to survey the Maryland battlefield, to see the troops, and to confront George McClellan, commander of the Army of the Potomac, who had failed to pursue Lee’s army. Soon after the engagement, Alexander Gardner and other photographers working for Mathew Brady came to the battlefield, capturing the carnage in dozens of photographs and then documenting Abraham Lincoln’s tour of the battlefield on October 3. In an unprecedented exhibition, Mathew Brady displayed Gardner’s Antietam photographs in New York. “Mr. Brady has done something to bring home to us the terrible reality and earnestness of war. If he has not brought bodies and laid them in our dooryards and along the streets, he has done something very like it. At the door of his gallery hangs a little placard, ‘The Dead of Antietam ’” (New York Times, October 20, 1862). Not long after Brady’s Antietam exhibition, Gardner struck out on his own, establishing his own gallery in Washington. Lincoln would sit for him more than any other photographer. The photograph shows, from left to right: Colonel Delos B. Sacket, Captain George Monteith, Lieutenant Colonel Nelson B. Sweitzer, General George W. Morell, Colonel Alexander S. Webb (Chief of Staff, 5th Corps), General George B. McClellan, Scout Adams, Dr. Jonathan Letterman (Army Medical Director), unidentified soldier, President Abraham Lincoln, Colonel Henry J. Hunt, General Fitz-John Porter, Joseph C. G. Kennedy, Colonel Frederick T. Locke, General Andrew A. Humphreys, and Captain George Armstrong Custer (Ostendorf p. 107). This is a classic photograph of Abraham Lincoln with the troops in the field, bearing the imprints of Mathew Brady and Alexander Gardner, the two most important figures in Civil War photography. Ostendorf, Lincoln’s Photographs: A Complete Album O-62
A Superb Collection of Photographs of Italy

A Superb Collection of Photographs of Italy

ITALY.) Alinari A superb set of monumental early photographs of Italy by Fratelli Alinari of Florence, the world’s oldest photography firm. Large folio (20 x 25 in.). Two volumes. Contemporary quarter calf. 134 albumen prints, mounted on heavy paper, each with manuscript caption. Various sizes, from 16½ x 21½ in. mammoth prints to several 3 x 4 in. prints. Some foxing, almost exclusively limited to margins of mounting paper. Some wear to binding, but a very handsome volume, with the photographs generally in fine condition. Magnificent photographs from masters of the genre. Fratelli Alinari, founded in Florence in 1852, is the world’s oldest photography firm. The three Alinari brothers pioneered the use of the camera for reproducing artwork and architecture from the great Italian galleries for public consumption. They are also known for their advocacy of the photographic portrait and for their photographs of Italian buildings and monuments. “The Alinaris were called to all the most important exhibits of the age. The Alinari images played a fundamental role in the perception and knowledge of the Italian work of art” (Encyclopedia of Nineteenth-Century Photography). In these two volumes, the Alinaris have focused on the architecture of the great cities of Italy. They capture the neoclassical elements of building façades and interiors as well as other city structures with exquisite detail and precision. They approach each subject from a unique perspective chosen to capture and draw attention to its most intriguing features – from the monumental Duomo and Campanile (dome and belltower) in Florence, to the balustrades of the Rialto Bridge in Venice, to the arches and columns of a cathedral doorway in Verona. Volume I is devoted to Venice, including the Palais Ducal, St. Mark’s Place, and the Grand Canal. Volume II contains images of Florence, Pisa, Bologne, Padua, and Verona, including landscapes, architectural views, and occasional reproductions of famous works of art. These two volumes present an opportunity to acquire superb, early large-format images of Italy’s most famous buildings and settings in extraordinary high-quality prints by the most famous photographer in the field.
Original Brady Photograph Maquette “President and Cabinet.”

Original Brady Photograph Maquette “President and Cabinet.”

LINCOLN & HIS CABINET.) Mathew Brady Studio. 16 x 18 in. Maquette comprised of nine excellent carte-de-visite-size albumen prints of Lincoln and his cabinet, each with a manuscript caption, the group above a scalloped paper label reading “President and Cabinet,” all mounted Institute address, Lincoln himself acknowledged Brady’s influence, on board. Minor discoloration to mount, otherwise fine. Mathew Brady and Abraham Lincoln. This splendid original Mathew Brady work of art celebrates Lincoln and his Team of Rivals at the height of the Civil War. Mathew Brady and his gallery created this superb maquette using the best possible examples of its finest portraits of Lincoln and his cabinet. Brady then photographed the piece and published it in much-reduced size as a carte de visite group portrait for sale to the public. The resulting carte de visite appears in Ostendorf’s Lincoln’s Photographs on p. 275. The nine Mathew Brady portraits making up this maquette are: Abraham Lincoln, President Hannibal Hamlin, Vice President William Seward, Secretary of State Edward Bates, Attorney General Edwin Stanton, Secretary of War Montgomery Blair, Postmaster General Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy William Pitt Fessenden, Secretary of the Treasury John P. Usher, Secretary of the Interior The famous Lincoln portrait at the top is Ostendorf O-84, made by Brady in Washington on Friday January 8, 1864. The maquette was made between July and November 1864. Fessenden succeeded Salmon P. Chase as Treasury Secretary on July 5, 1864, and Edwin Bates resigned as Attorney General in November 1864.
Liberty’s Torch in Madison Square Park

Liberty’s Torch in Madison Square Park

STATUE OF LIBERTY, Central Park.). Gelatin silver print. 11 x 14 in. Tear and crease at upper left. Newly and handsomely framed using archival materials. The torch of the Statue of Liberty was exhibited in Madison Square Park, New York to raise funds for the statue’s completion. The torch remained in the park from 1876 through 1882. “Bartholdi was inspired by French law professor and politician Édouard René de Laboulaye, who is said to have commented in 1865 that any monument raised to American independence would properly be a joint project of the French and American peoples. He may have been minded to honor the Union victory in the American Civil War and the end of slavery. Due to the troubled political situation in France, work on the statue did not commence until the early 1870s. In 1875, Laboulaye proposed that the French finance the statue and the Americans provide the site and build the pedestal. Bartholdi completed the head and the torch-bearing arm before the statue was fully designed, and these pieces were exhibited for publicity at international expositions. “The torch-bearing arm was displayed at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, in 1876, and in New York’s Madison Square Park from 1876 to 1882. Fundraising proved difficult, especially for the Americans, and by 1885 work on the pedestal was threatened due to lack of funds. Publisher Joseph Pulitzer of the New York World started a drive for donations to complete the project that attracted more than 120,000 contributors, most of whom gave less than a dollar. The statue was constructed in France, shipped overseas in crates, and assembled on the completed pedestal on what was then called Bedloe’s Island. The statue’s completion was marked by New York’s first ticker-tape parade and a dedication ceremony presided over by President Grover Cleveland” (Wikipedia). Eccentric tycoon and collector Benjamin Richardson rode in George Washington’s carriage in the parade.
Collection of papers of John M. Bailey

Collection of papers of John M. Bailey, Chairman of the Democratic National Committee, concerning the convention

DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION, Chicago, 1968). More than 50 items. Good condition, organized in plastic sheets in an old red vinyl three-ring binder. The 1968 Democratic National Convention of 1968, held in Chicago, was a landmark event in American political history. John M. Bailey of Connecticut, who had helped to orchestrate Johnson’s landslide victory in 1964, oversaw the contentious presidential campaign of 1968, in which Robert Kennedy, Hubert Humphrey, Eugene McCarthy, and others sought the Democratic nomination. This collection of papers to and by longtime Democratic National Committee Chairman John M. Bailey includes: • Eugene McCarthy, 3-page telegram requesting an opportunity appear before the Committee to present his argument that “the administration’s course in Vietnam is dangerous and wrong.” • Various papers by the McCarthy campaign concerning its goals and requesting information concerning officers, seating, and other logistical matters at the convention. In the end the party was less than helpful to the McCarthy campaign, instead unifying behind Humphrey. These papers help to reveal the struggles of the McCarthy campaign to present its dissenting views. • Convention press kit containing biographies, maps, flyers, and a poster. • Correspondence concerning credentials and passes. • Correspondence and press releases concerning the status of the campaign, ranging from state delegates voicing their concerns to a copy of Bailey’s memorandum to the White House reporting on developments state-by-state. • Copies of a letter signed by Kennedy two weeks before his assassination with a note stating that his family agreed to its distribution. The 1968 Democratic Convention in Chicago saw protests and riots outside the convention and a bitterly contested fight inside the convention hall ultimately leading to the nomination of Hubert Humphrey, who lost to Nixon in November.